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# In its 1903 decision in the case of Lone Wolf v. Hitchcock

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In its 1903 decision in the case of Lone Wolf v. Hitchcock [#permalink]

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17 Mar 2010, 02:08
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In its 1903 decision in the case of Lone Wolf v. Hitchcock, the United States Supreme Court rejected the Line efforts of three Native American tribes to prevent the opening of tribal lands to non-Indian settlement without tribal consent. In his study of the Lone Wolf case, Blue Clark properly emphasizes the Court’s assertion of a virtually unlimited unilateral power of Congress (the House of Representatives and the Senate) over Native American affairs.

But he fails to note the decision’s more far-reaching impact: shortly after Lone Wolf, the federal government totally abandoned negotiation and execution of formal written agreements with Indian tribes as a prerequisite for the implementation of federal Indian policy. Many commentators believe that this change had already occurred in 1871 when following a dispute between the House and the Senate over which chamber should enjoy primacy in Indian affairs—Congress abolished the making of treaties with Native American tribes. But in reality the federal government continued to negotiate formal tribal agreements past the turn of the century, treating these
documents not as treaties with sovereign nations requiring ratification by the Senate but simply as legislation to be passed by both houses of Congress. The Lone Wolf decision ended this era of formal negotiation and finally did away with what had increasingly become the empty formality of obtaining tribal consent.

The author of the passage is primarily concerned with

A. identifying similarities in two different theories
B. evaluating a work of scholarship
C. analyzing the significance of a historical event
D. debunking a revisionist interpretation
E. exploring the relationship between law and social reality

[Reveal] Spoiler:
C

According to the passage, which of the following was true of relations between the federal government and Native American tribes?

A. Some Native American tribes approved of the congressional action of 1871 because it simplified their dealings with the federal government.
B. Some Native American tribes were more eager to negotiate treaties with the United States after the Lone Wolf decision.
C. Prior to the Lone Wolf decision, the Supreme Court was reluctant to hear cases involving agreements negotiated between Congress and Native American tribes.
D. Prior to 1871, the federal government sometimes negotiated treaties with Native American tribes.
E. Following 1871, the House exercised more power than did the Senate in the government’s dealings with Native American tribes.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
D

As an element in the argument presented by the author of the passage, the reference to Blue Clark’s study of the Lone Wolf case serves primarily to

A. point out that this episode in Native American history has received inadequate attention from scholars
B. support the contention of the author of the passage that the Lone Wolf decision had a greater long-term impact than did the congressional action of 1871
C. challenge the validity of the Supreme Court’s decision confirming the unlimited unilateral power of Congress in Native American affairs
D. refute the argument of commentators who regard the congressional action of 1871 as the end of the era of formal negotiation between the federal government and Native American tribes
E. introduce a view about the Lone Wolf decision that the author will expand upon

[Reveal] Spoiler:
E

According to the passage, which of the following resulted from the Lone Wolf decision?

A. The Supreme Court took on a greater role in Native American affairs.
B. Native American tribes lost their legal standing as sovereign nations in their dealings with the federal government, but their ownership of tribal lands was confirmed.
C. The federal government no longer needed to conclude a formal agreement with a Native American tribe in order to carry out policy decisions that affected the tribe.
D. The federal government began to appropriate tribal lands for distribution to non-Indian settlers.
E. Native American tribes were no longer able to challenge congressional actions by appealing to the Supreme Court.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
C

[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #1 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #2 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #3 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #4 OA

Last edited by keats on 23 Oct 2016, 06:42, edited 3 times in total.
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Re: In its 1903 decision in the case of Lone Wolf v. Hitchcock [#permalink]

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14 Apr 2010, 21:19
c
d
e
c

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Re: In its 1903 decision in the case of Lone Wolf v. Hitchcock [#permalink]

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17 Apr 2010, 16:22
C
D
E
D

What is OA and where is this question from?
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Re: In its 1903 decision in the case of Lone Wolf v. Hitchcock [#permalink]

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21 Apr 2010, 04:19
12. C
It introduces the event Lone Wolf and then goes on illustrating the far more impact of that event.

13. D
line 20 to 35 state that Federal govt was involved in Treaties with Indians.

14. E
Passage presents a view that the event was propely emphasized by Clark 'but he fails to note
the decision’s more far-reaching'

15. C
Line 15-20
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Re: In its 1903 decision in the case of Lone Wolf v. Hitchcock [#permalink]

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03 Jun 2010, 10:31
1
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my turn
C
D
E
E --> it shouldn't be C since the court still NEEDED to make a judgment,obviously a trap choice
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Re: In its 1903 decision in the case of Lone Wolf v. Hitchcock [#permalink]

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18 Sep 2010, 22:27
vitid wrote:
my turn
C
D
E
E --> it shouldn't be C since the court still NEEDED to make a judgment,obviously a trap choice

Can anyone explain to me again about number 14 E and 15 E again.

i pick B, C, please explain why those are traps.
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Re: In its 1903 decision in the case of Lone Wolf v. Hitchcock [#permalink]

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22 Sep 2010, 12:57
C
C
B
C

I know some of them are wrong probably. But hey, it's ok.

OA now plz
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Re: In its 1903 decision in the case of Lone Wolf v. Hitchcock [#permalink]

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22 Sep 2010, 18:56
C,D,E,C
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Re: In its 1903 decision in the case of Lone Wolf v. Hitchcock [#permalink]

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10 Apr 2011, 07:42
According to the passage, the congressional action of 1871 had which of the following effects?

(A) Native American tribal agreements were treated as legislation that had to be passed by both houses of Congress.
(B) The number of formal agreements negotiated between the federal government and Native American tribes decreased.
(C) The procedures for congressional approval and implementation of federal Indian policy were made more precise.
(D) It became more difficult for Congress to exercise unilateral authority over Native American affairs.
(E) The role of Congress in the ratification of treaties with sovereign nations was eventually undermined.

OA : A .

thx guys. but i really dnt understand this one. I chose a B. got it all wrong!

P
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Re: In its 1903 decision in the case of Lone Wolf v. Hitchcock [#permalink]

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13 Apr 2011, 08:01
Q12: C
(front)…In his study of the Lone Wolf case…he fails to note the decision’s more far-reaching impact ….(end) The Lone Wolf decision ended this era of formal negotiation

Q13: D
(mid)…1871 when— following a dispute between the House and the Senate over which chamber should enjoy primacy in Indian affairs—Congress abolished the making of treaties with Native American tribes.

Q14: B (looks like I got this wrong according to others. I was between B or D - appreciate if you can explain! My thinking was that the weight of the Blue Clark example was on its failure to recognize the more far-reaching impact. Commentators believed otherwise, but in fact LW ended the era. It doesn't seem as it is brought up strictly to refute the commentators, rather the author is drawing an example to support his/her view.)

…he fails to note the decision’s more far-reaching impact… Many commentators believe… But in reality the federal government continued to negotiate… (“In fact”) The Lone Wolf decision ended this era of formal negotiation and finally did away

Q15: C
(mid)…the federal government totally abandoned negotiation and execution of formal written agreements with Indian tribes as a prerequisite for the implementation of federal Indian policy.….(end)The Lone Wolf decision ended this era of formal negotiation
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Re: In its 1903 decision in the case of Lone Wolf v. Hitchcock [#permalink]

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01 Mar 2013, 01:52
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This post was
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C D E C

Q12:
The author of the passage is primarily concerned with

The author is concerned about the far reaching impact of the Supreme Court decision during the Lone Wolf case. A decision which led to abolishing treaties... something the scholar missed to tackle...

A. there were no theories in the passage OUT!
B. he evaluated the scholar's work for a moment BUT that was primarily to get to his point about the effect of the Lone Wolf case later... OUT!
C. BINGO! Analyzing the far reaching impact of an event
D. he pointed out what a scholar was missing but that was ONLY in support to his primary purpose... OUT!
E. law and social reality? too generic.. OUT!

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Q13:
According to the passage, which of the following was true of relations between the federal government and Native American tribes?

A and B. we don't know about what the Native American tribes really thought of the issue and where they stand... OUT!
C. We know one case but we cannot generalize that they were reluctant on some other cases. We dont know. OUT!
D. BINGO! It was mentioned that abolishing the treaties happened in 1871. Then prior to that, there were treaties.
E. Which had greater power, not discussed in the passage. All we know that the Senate do the ratification and both houses pass this as legislation... Who has more power.. Don't know!! OUT!

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Q14:
As an element in the argument presented by the author of the passage, the reference to Blue Clark’s study of the Lone Wolf case serves primarily to

A. That is not the point of the author. He was just hinting on something Blue Clark's study lack upon. OUT!
B. No such comparison in the passage. OUT!
C. The author accepts that and does not challenge the unilateral power. OUT!
D. He does not refute that but he uses that as evidence of the far reaching impact of the Lone Wolf case decision by the SUpreme Court. OUT!
E. BINGO!

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Q15:
According to the passage, which of the following resulted from the Lone Wolf decision?

A. Treaties were abolished but that doesn't mean Supreme Court took the greater role. We don't know that. OUT!
B. This is like assuming beyond what the author has provided. Land confirmation for instance was not mentioned in the passage.
C. BINGO!
D. Not discussed to this extent in the passage. OUT!
E. We don't know whether Native American tribes were able to challenge or not. OUT!
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Re: In its 1903 decision in the case of Lone Wolf v. Hitchcock [#permalink]

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09 Jun 2013, 22:31
rohitgoel15 wrote:
In its 1903 decision in the case of Lone Wolf v. Hitchcock, the United States Supreme Court rejected the
Line efforts of three Native American tribes
(5) to prevent the opening of tribal lands
to non-Indian settlement without tribal
consent. In his study of the Lone
Wolf case, Blue Clark properly
emphasizes the Court’s assertion
(10) of a virtually unlimited unilateral power
of Congress (the House of Represen-
tatives and the Senate) over Native
American affairs. But he fails to note
the decision’s more far-reaching
(15) impact: shortly after Lone Wolf, the
federal government totally abandoned
negotiation and execution of formal
written agreements with Indian tribes
as a prerequisite for the implemen-
(20) tation of federal Indian policy. Many
commentators believe that this change
following a dispute between the
House and the Senate over which
(25) chamber should enjoy primacy in
Indian affairs—Congress abolished
the making of treaties with Native
American tribes. But in reality the
federal government continued to nego-
(30) tiate formal tribal agreements past
the turn of the century, treating these
documents not as treaties with sover-
eign nations requiring ratification by the
Senate but simply as legislation to be
(35) passed by both houses of Congress.
The Lone Wolf decision ended this
era of formal negotiation and finally
did away with what had increasingly
become the empty formality of obtain-
ing tribal consent.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Q12:
The author of the passage is primarily concerned with

A. identifying similarities in two different theories
B. evaluating a work of scholarship
C. analyzing the significance of a historical event
D. debunking a revisionist interpretation
E. exploring the relationship between law and social reality

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Q13:
According to the passage, which of the following was true of relations between the federal government and Native American tribes?

A. Some Native American tribes approved of the congressional action of 1871 because it simplified their dealings with the federal government.
B. Some Native American tribes were more eager to negotiate treaties with the United States after the Lone Wolf decision.
C. Prior to the Lone Wolf decision, the Supreme Court was reluctant to hear cases involving agreements negotiated between Congress and Native American tribes.
D. Prior to 1871, the federal government sometimes negotiated treaties with Native American tribes.
E. Following 1871, the House exercised more power than did the Senate in the government’s dealings with Native American tribes.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Q14:
As an element in the argument presented by the author of the passage, the reference to Blue Clark’s study of the Lone Wolf case serves primarily to

A. point out that this episode in Native American history has received inadequate attention from scholars
B. support the contention of the author of the passage that the Lone Wolf decision had a greater long-term impact than did the congressional action of 1871
C. challenge the validity of the Supreme Court’s decision confirming the unlimited unilateral power of Congress in Native American affairs
D. refute the argument of commentators who regard the congressional action of 1871 as the end of the era of formal negotiation between the federal government and Native American tribes
E. introduce a view about the Lone Wolf decision that the author will expand upon

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Q15:
According to the passage, which of the following resulted from the Lone Wolf decision?

A. The Supreme Court took on a greater role in Native American affairs.
B. Native American tribes lost their legal standing as sovereign nations in their dealings with the federal government, but their ownership of tribal lands was confirmed.
C. The federal government no longer needed to conclude a formal agreement with a Native American tribe in order to carry out policy decisions that affected the tribe.
D. The federal government began to appropriate tribal lands for distribution to non-Indian settlers.
E. Native American tribes were no longer able to challenge congressional actions by appealing to the Supreme Court.

C
D
E
C

Hi BB,

Can someone explain about the relationships between Supreme court/Federal government/Congress etc...
I have seen so many passages related to them. I think understanding of this structure by, say US citizens or those who are aware of it, makes it a lot easier for them to understand the passage from the go.

KR,
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Re: In its 1903 decision in the case of Lone Wolf v. Hitchcock [#permalink]

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10 Jun 2013, 08:06
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Hi - Try wikipedia

In all seriousness though, you do not need to know anything about the US system for this to make sense.

You can of course learn about it, it will not hurt, but if I had limited time to revise - I'd concentrate on the core GMAT skills...

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Re: In its 1903 decision in the case of Lone Wolf v. Hitchcock [#permalink]

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25 Aug 2013, 02:13
Can somebody explain me the details of this passage in simple language?

I struggled to understand the sentence below.

"In his study of the Lone
Wolf case, Blue Clark properly
emphasizes the Court’s assertion
(10) of a virtually unlimited unilateral power
of Congress (the House of Represen-
tatives and the Senate) over Native
American affairs. "

Does this mean that Clark is pointing that the Congress (Senate and HOR) has used its law-making power unjustly against the tribes??
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Re: In its 1903 decision in the case of Lone Wolf v. Hitchcock [#permalink]

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28 Sep 2014, 03:44
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: In its 1903 decision in the case of Lone Wolf v. Hitchcock [#permalink]

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20 Jul 2015, 21:08
Time Taken 8 mins. All Correct.

Q2:

According to the passage, which of the following was true of relations between the federal government and Native American tribes?
D. Prior to 1871, the federal government sometimes negotiated treaties with Native American tribes.
E. Following 1871, the House exercised more power than did the Senate in the government’s dealings with Native American tribes.

>>Though arg support both , I selected D over E because E is more strong. any thoughts?

Many commentators believe that this change had already occurred in 1871 when following a dispute between the House and the Senate over which chamber should enjoy primacy in Indian affairs—Congress abolished the making of treaties with Native American tribes.
But in reality the federal government continued to negotiate formal tribal agreements past the turn of the century, treating these documents not as treaties with sovereign nations requiring ratification by the Senate but simply as legislation to be passed by both houses of Congress.
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Re: In its 1903 decision in the case of Lone Wolf v. Hitchcock [#permalink]

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16 Aug 2016, 00:24
1
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Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
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Re: In its 1903 decision in the case of Lone Wolf v. Hitchcock [#permalink]

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04 Oct 2016, 14:14
First time I got a whole text right!

i am so happy
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Re: In its 1903 decision in the case of Lone Wolf v. Hitchcock [#permalink]

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28 Dec 2016, 23:49
Hi experts, and mikemcgarry
would you please guide how should I distinguish B and C for main idea question. following is the detail of the main idea question
"The author of the passage is primarily concerned with

A. identifying similarities in two different theories
B. evaluating a work of scholarship
C. analyzing the significance of a historical event
D. debunking a revisionist interpretation
E. exploring the relationship between law and social reality"

I picked up B , but correct answer is C.

recently, I found I failed on most main idea questions,
in this case, I am surprised when read the OA, because I picked up wrong answer, B, while correct one is C
and then I spent much time to compare B and C, unfortunately, I have not got the idea,
regarding the future practices and tests, I have no idea how should I avoid the pick up wrong answers while I feel I would pick up the "right" but actual "wrong" answer.

have a nice day
>_~
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Re: In its 1903 decision in the case of Lone Wolf v. Hitchcock [#permalink]

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29 Dec 2016, 07:12
zoezhuyan wrote:
Hi experts, and mikemcgarry
would you please guide how should I distinguish B and C for main idea question. following is the detail of the main idea question
"The author of the passage is primarily concerned with

B. evaluating a work of scholarship
C. analyzing the significance of a historical event"

ZOE

Hi Zoe,

I am neither Mike nor expert but I can say from Manhattan Reading Comprehension great explanation that the purpose of the passage comes from the point of the author, which is analogous to the "conclusion" in critical reasoning but in a passage.

It worth reading the manhattan reading comprehension guide to understand how to locate the author's point that can be located anywhere in the text.

Posted from my mobile device
Re: In its 1903 decision in the case of Lone Wolf v. Hitchcock   [#permalink] 29 Dec 2016, 07:12

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