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In its report for the quarter just ending, Company X announces that in

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In its report for the quarter just ending, Company X announces that in  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jul 2018, 17:30
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In its report for the quarter just ending, Company X announces that in some of its manufacturing processes it plans to begin converting from conventional fuels like oil and natural gas, which are rapidly becoming scarce, to synthetic fuels currently under development in the company's laboratories in Europe and the American far west. Implementation of this plan will almost certainly increase the company's expenses, since even if the synthetic fuels are rendered practical for use they can be expected to cost considerably more than conventional fuels.

Which of the following, if true, casts the most doubt on the argument above?

A) Company X's synthetic fuels will not be ready for use in its manufacturing processes for at least a decade.
B) Whatever increased expenses accrue from the development and use of synthetic fuels can and will be passed on to consumers of Company X's products.
C) Company X's manufacturing processes can be adapted to the use of synthetic fuels at little or no expense.
D) In time, the raw materials used to produce Company X's synthetic fuels will become as scarce as oil and natural gas.
E) Long-needed conservation procedures will become practical when synthetic fuels are introduced and will compensate for the higher cost of the fuels.

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Re: In its report for the quarter just ending, Company X announces that in  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jul 2018, 18:27
In its report for the quarter just ending, Company X announces that in some of its manufacturing processes it plans to begin converting from conventional fuels like oil and natural gas, which are rapidly becoming scarce, to synthetic fuels currently under development in the company's laboratories in Europe and the American far west. Implementation of this plan will almost certainly increase the company's expenses, since even if the synthetic fuels are rendered practical for use they can be expected to cost considerably more than conventional fuels.

Synthetic fuels are more expensive and the implementation of plan will be costly

Which of the following, if true, casts the most doubt on the argument above?

A) Company X's synthetic fuels will not be ready for use in its manufacturing processes for at least a decade.
We cannot say that in 10years the implementation plan will be feasible cost wise.

B) Whatever increased expenses accrue from the development and use of synthetic fuels can and will be passed on to consumers of Company X's products.
we are talking of increased expenses, and in the argument we are not concerned with who bears the expenses.
Had the argument been about loss of profit, may be this choice was ok


C) Company X's manufacturing processes can be adapted to the use of synthetic fuels at little or no expense.
the expenses are due to the high cost. Nothing about that in the choice

D) In time, the raw materials used to produce Company X's synthetic fuels will become as scarce as oil and natural gas.
we are talking of the expenses and not the scarcity

E) Long-needed conservation procedures will become practical when synthetic fuels are introduced and will compensate for the higher cost of the fuels.
correct. The choice itself talks of compensating for the higher cost of Fuels


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Re: In its report for the quarter just ending, Company X announces that in  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Sep 2018, 15:56
(E) is correct because it shows how the company will save money; using the new fuels will let them use conservation measures which will compensate for the increased costs.

(A) may show a downside of switching to the new fuels, but the argument isn't that the plan shouldn't be adopted, just that it will increase expenses, so this doesn't weaken it. (B) may be tempting, but showing that the expenses will be passed on to the consumer doesn't change the fact that the expenses will exist. (C) is irrelevant; the fact that adapting the processes won't cost much doesn't help, since the fuels themselves are what will cause the increased expenses. (D) does not show how synthetic fuels would be any less costly now. In fact, if the raw materials for those fuels do become more scarce over time, then the costs could actually get even higher, just adding more support to the author's claim.

TAKEAWAY: When an author says something will cost more, weaken it by pointing out that it may save money in other ways.
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Re: In its report for the quarter just ending, Company X announces that in &nbs [#permalink] 15 Sep 2018, 15:56
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In its report for the quarter just ending, Company X announces that in

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