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# In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of

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Re: In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of [#permalink]

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07 Jun 2017, 21:37
Imo C
Its in a is ambiguous and the
sentence does not make sense.
B has it pronoun ambiguity.
D does not make sense as it tells that barge leaked it's oil
E again does not make sense

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Re: In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of [#permalink]

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08 Jun 2017, 01:00
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metallicafan wrote:
In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of San Juan, Puerto Rico, leaking its cargo of 750000 gallons into the ocean, while causing the pollution of the city's beaches.
A. leaking its cargo of 750000 gallons into the ocean, while causing the pollution of
B. with its cargo of 750000 gallons leaking into the ocean, and it polluted
C. and its cargo of 750000 gallons leaked into the ocean, polluting
D. while it leaked its cargo of 750000 gallons into the ocean and caused the pollution of
E. so that its cargo of 750000 gallons leaked into the ocean, and they were polluting.

In option C, is "leaked" a verb or an adjective? If it is a verb, which thing is performing the action of leaking? the oil barge or the 750000 gallons? In my opinion, the oil barge leaks the gallons, therefore option C should be "and its cargo of 750000 gallons WERE leaked into the ocean, polluting...". C is wrong.

I think this question is hard though basic. so, it is beautiful. I dont know whether I can analyse this way in the test room

normally , a complex sentence present two actions. the meaning relation between the actions is made clear by subordinate conjucntion. we need to properly understand the meaning relation conveyed by these conjuctions.

while: is used to show two separate actions happening at the same time but two actions are separate
so that: is used to show an purpose of a preceding action
and : is used to show two separate actions which are independently regarding time
comma+ doing: this is a hard relation. this doing is used to show another aspect of the action in main clause. doing dose not show another action. in other words, two actions here are not separate but integrated.

"with+noun+noun modifier" when attached to the main clause, show many meaning relation with the action in the main clause , such as: effect of main clause, reason of main clause, and context of main clause. These relation can be shown by using " so that", because", "given that" respectively.

5 choices give us 5 meaning relations. which meaning relation is logic.
polluting is not separate from "run aground" and "leaked". polluting can be considered an aspect of two actions, "running aground" and "leaking". so, choice C is correct.

in E, Leak can not be purpose of running aground
in D, the ship can not run aground while it leak. not logic
in B, with+noun, here, leaking can not be an effect, cause, or context of running aground
in A, pullution and running aground can not be separate actions.

my god. I hope I am right.
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Re: In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of [#permalink]

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09 Jun 2017, 10:31
Top Contributor
In January 1994, an oil barge ran aground off the coast of San Juan, Puerto Rico, leaking its cargo of 750000 gallons into the ocean, while causing the pollution of the city's beaches.

A. leaking its cargo of 750000 gallons into the ocean, while causing the pollution of --- running aground and leaking are separate independent actions. Leaking may not always be the result of running around. Therefore, the usage of the present participle 'leaking' is not a misplaced modifier but a misused modifier.

B. with its cargo of 750000 gallons leaking into the ocean, and it polluted --- it has no referent

C. and its cargo of 750000 gallons leaked into the ocean, polluting -- the correct choice

D. while it leaked its cargo of 750000 gallons into the ocean and caused the pollution of -- the subject is oil barge and it is wrong to say that the barge caused the pollution but the leakage did it.

E. so that its cargo of 750000 gallons leaked into the ocean, and they were polluting. -- 'so that' indicates intention, which is not the case here.
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Re: In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of [#permalink]

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19 Jul 2017, 05:15
It's a GMAT prep question

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Re: In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of [#permalink]

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15 Aug 2017, 02:47
I was so confused.. B sounds very right to me.
I was even 90% sure I am right..

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Re: In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of [#permalink]

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15 Aug 2017, 03:39
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pclawong
In B, what does the pronoun 'it' refer to? Is it the barge, cargo or ocean? It is the event of 'leaking' that polluted the beaches. But there is no leaking in the form of a noun or gerund. The leaking that there is only an adverbial prsent participle.
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Re: In January 1994 an oil barge ran aground off the coast of   [#permalink] 15 Aug 2017, 03:39

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