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# In Kravonia, the average salary for jobs requiring a college

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In Kravonia, the average salary for jobs requiring a college [#permalink]

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14 Jun 2009, 19:09
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In Kravonia, the average salary for jobs requiring a college degree has always been higher than the average salary for jobs that do not require a degree. Over the last few years, the number of Kravonians enrolled in college has been growing steadily. Therefore, the number of Kravonians entering the job market who have at least the qualification of a college degree will eventuallty be significantly higher than it has been over the last few years.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?

A. Kravonians with more than one college degree earn little more, on average, than do Kravonians with only one college degree
B. The average number of years Kravonian college students remain enrolled before completing a degree has been increasing over the past several of years.
C. Despite the increase in the number of Kravonians attending college, the percentage of the population attending college is lower in Kravonia than in most other countries.
D. In recent years, empoyers have been requiring college degrees for workers in jobs that were previously performed successfully by Kravonians who did not have college degrees.
E. For many years, employers in Kravonia hva ehad difficulty finding enough college graduates to fill the high-paying jobs that were available.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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14 Jun 2009, 19:20
I would go with B.

IF krvanians are remaining enrolled for a longer period of time, then number of people who actually graduate and get the degree will be fewer. Hence this weakens the conclusion.
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In Kravonia, the average salary for jobs requiring a college [#permalink]

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14 Jun 2009, 20:40
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In Kravonia, the average salary for jobs requiring a college degree has always been higher than the average salary for jobs that do not require a degree. Over the last few years, the number of Kravonians enrolled in college has been growing steadily. Therefore, the number of Kravonians entering the job market who have at least the qualification of a college degree will eventuallty be significantly higher than it has been over the last few years.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?

A. Kravonians with more than one college degree earn little more, on average, than do Kravonians with only one college degree
B. The average number of years Kravonian college students remain enrolled before completing a degree has been increasing over the past several of years.
C. Despite the increase in the number of Kravonians attending college, the percentage of the population attending college is lower in Kravonia than in most other countries.
D. In recent years, empoyers have been requiring college degrees for workers in jobs that were previously performed successfully by Kravonians who did not have college degrees.
E. For many years, employers in Kravonia hva ehad difficulty finding enough college graduates to fill the high-paying jobs that were available.

Last edited by Vyshak on 15 May 2016, 05:23, edited 1 time in total.
Updated OA
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15 Jun 2009, 03:33
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B is the only one thats making a litte(though not complete) sense here...A better option would be that the number of people who actully earn a degree is lower...Even though the enrollments are higher...I'll choose B...
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Re: In Kravonia, the average salary for jobs requiring a college [#permalink]

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15 Jun 2009, 05:07
By POE, I am left with option 'B'.

Conclusion is that the no. of Kravonians entering the job market with a college degree, would be higher than it was over the last years. We need to find a statement that weakens it.

A. Kravonians with more than one college degree earn little more, on average, than do Kravonians with only one college degree. Irrelevant.
B. The average number of years Kravonian college students remain enrolled before completing a degree has been increasing over the past several of years.
C. Despite the increase in the number of Kravonians attending college, the percentage of the population attending college is lower in Kravonia than in most other countries. Comparison with other countries is irrelevant .
D. In recent years, employers have been requiring college degrees for workers in jobs that were previously performed successfully by Kravonians who did not have college degrees. It supports the conclusion.
E. For many years, employers in Kravonia have had difficulty finding enough college graduates to fill the high-paying jobs that were available. Irrelevant
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Re: In Kravonia, the average salary for jobs requiring a college [#permalink]

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15 Jun 2009, 17:10
I'm with A.
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16 Jun 2009, 12:30
Tough One!

B it is.

B states that years (students remained enrolled) on average is increasing for past several of years. So there will be not much impact of increase in enrollment on "Kravonians entering the job market with a college degree" as similar thing already happening for past several years.
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In Kravonia, the average salary for jobs requiring a college [#permalink]

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16 Jun 2010, 06:05
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In Kravonia, the average salary for jobs requiring a college degree has always been
higher than the average salary for jobs that do not require a degree. Current enrollments in Kravonia’s colleges indicate that over the next four years the percentage of the Kravonian workforce with college degrees will increase dramatically. Therefore, the average salary for all workers in Kravonia is likely to increase over the next four years.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?
A. Kravonians with more than one college degree earn more, on average, than do
Kravonians with only one college degree.
B. The percentage of Kravonians who attend college in order to earn higher salaries
is higher now than it was several years ago.
C. The higher average salary for jobs requiring a college degree is not due largely to
a scarcity among the Kravonian workforce of people with a college degree.
D. The average salary in Kravonia for jobs that do not require a college degree will
not increase over the next four years.
E. Few members of the Kravonian workforce earned their degrees in other countries.
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Re: In Kravonia, the average salary for jobs requiring a college [#permalink]

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16 Jun 2010, 07:29
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there are two types of assumptions: supporter and defender.

supporter: directly strengthens the conclusion.
All men like baseball games. Therefore, Jack likes baseball too.
supporter assumption: Jack is a man.

defender: protects the arguments by eliminating ideas that weaken the conclusion.
Jack is a lawyer and he is smart. Thus, studying law made Jack smart.
defender assumption: Jack was not smart before studying law

Conclusion: the average salary for all workers in Kravonia is likely to increase over the next four years
Possible reason of high pay: may be there are more jobs and less people who meet the requirement i.e. having a college degree.

C is also a defender assumption and is the right answer

another way to check assumption questions is to logically negate the answer and see if it weakens the conclusion.

Logical negative of C: the higher average salary for jobs requiring a college degree is due largely to a scarcity among the Kravonian workforce of people with a college degree.

the logical negative definitely weakens the conclusion and is the right answer

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16 Jun 2010, 11:52
I think the answer is B.

Conclusion: the average salary for all workers in Kravonia is likely to increase over the next four years.

The average will increase if the salary of individuals will increase and salary will increase only if they have high paying jobs. High paying jobs are possible only with college degree. Hence the assumption is - more people will be enrolled in college to get the degree.

Thanks,
Akhil M.Parekh
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16 Jun 2010, 12:26
C it is.

Cannot predict B as Akhil says. Negation on B doesn't invalidate the conclusion.
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16 Jun 2010, 14:23
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amp0201 wrote:
I think the answer is B.

Conclusion: the average salary for all workers in Kravonia is likely to increase over the next four years.

The average will increase if the salary of individuals will increase and salary will increase only if they have high paying jobs. High paying jobs are possible only with college degree. Hence the assumption is - more people will be enrolled in college to get the degree.

Thanks,
Akhil M.Parekh

The percentage of Kravonians who attend college in order to earn higher salaries is higher now than it was several years ago.
this doesnt mean that they WILL get high salaries after they graduate

logical negative: The percentage of Kravonians who attend college in order to earn higher salaries is NOT higher now than it was several years ago.
does the above weaken the conclusion ... absolutely not

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20 Jun 2010, 21:02
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I am sure answer is C.

applying negation on C and the argument falls apart.
The higher average salary for jobs requiring a college degree IS LARGELY DUE TO a scarcity among the Kravonian workforce of people with a college degree. >> it provides a NEW factor for higher salary rather than the college degree.

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20 Jun 2010, 21:57
Good job guys. OA is C.
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21 Jun 2010, 04:35
c for me 2.

I used the causal effect funda. Using the case, where A(degree) is the cause of B( higher salary) . This can be strenghthen based on the assumption that some other C (lack of degree applicants) is not the cause of B.
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01 Aug 2010, 11:50
I agree with B.
However, according to my source, OA is D.
Thanks.
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02 Aug 2010, 10:41
OOps I went for B too...Experts could you comment on this? OA D?
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02 Aug 2010, 13:35
I dont think it can be D.

B for me.
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08 Aug 2010, 13:52
OA is B, this is a gmat prep question
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09 Aug 2010, 06:03
ezy B
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