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# In Kravonia, the average salary for jobs requiring a college

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In Kravonia, the average salary for jobs requiring a college [#permalink]

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16 Jun 2010, 05:05
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In Kravonia, the average salary for jobs requiring a college degree has always been
higher than the average salary for jobs that do not require a degree. Current enrollments in Kravonia’s colleges indicate that over the next four years the percentage of the Kravonian workforce with college degrees will increase dramatically. Therefore, the average salary for all workers in Kravonia is likely to increase over the next four years.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?
A. Kravonians with more than one college degree earn more, on average, than do
Kravonians with only one college degree.
B. The percentage of Kravonians who attend college in order to earn higher salaries
is higher now than it was several years ago.
C. The higher average salary for jobs requiring a college degree is not due largely to
a scarcity among the Kravonian workforce of people with a college degree.
D. The average salary in Kravonia for jobs that do not require a college degree will
not increase over the next four years.
E. Few members of the Kravonian workforce earned their degrees in other countries.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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16 Jun 2010, 06:29
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there are two types of assumptions: supporter and defender.

supporter: directly strengthens the conclusion.
All men like baseball games. Therefore, Jack likes baseball too.
supporter assumption: Jack is a man.

defender: protects the arguments by eliminating ideas that weaken the conclusion.
Jack is a lawyer and he is smart. Thus, studying law made Jack smart.
defender assumption: Jack was not smart before studying law

Conclusion: the average salary for all workers in Kravonia is likely to increase over the next four years
Possible reason of high pay: may be there are more jobs and less people who meet the requirement i.e. having a college degree.

C is also a defender assumption and is the right answer

another way to check assumption questions is to logically negate the answer and see if it weakens the conclusion.

Logical negative of C: the higher average salary for jobs requiring a college degree is due largely to a scarcity among the Kravonian workforce of people with a college degree.

the logical negative definitely weakens the conclusion and is the right answer

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16 Jun 2010, 10:52
I think the answer is B.

Conclusion: the average salary for all workers in Kravonia is likely to increase over the next four years.

The average will increase if the salary of individuals will increase and salary will increase only if they have high paying jobs. High paying jobs are possible only with college degree. Hence the assumption is - more people will be enrolled in college to get the degree.

Thanks,
Akhil M.Parekh
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16 Jun 2010, 11:26
C it is.

Cannot predict B as Akhil says. Negation on B doesn't invalidate the conclusion.
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16 Jun 2010, 13:23
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amp0201 wrote:
I think the answer is B.

Conclusion: the average salary for all workers in Kravonia is likely to increase over the next four years.

The average will increase if the salary of individuals will increase and salary will increase only if they have high paying jobs. High paying jobs are possible only with college degree. Hence the assumption is - more people will be enrolled in college to get the degree.

Thanks,
Akhil M.Parekh

The percentage of Kravonians who attend college in order to earn higher salaries is higher now than it was several years ago.
this doesnt mean that they WILL get high salaries after they graduate

logical negative: The percentage of Kravonians who attend college in order to earn higher salaries is NOT higher now than it was several years ago.
does the above weaken the conclusion ... absolutely not

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20 Jun 2010, 20:02
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I am sure answer is C.

applying negation on C and the argument falls apart.
The higher average salary for jobs requiring a college degree IS LARGELY DUE TO a scarcity among the Kravonian workforce of people with a college degree. >> it provides a NEW factor for higher salary rather than the college degree.

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20 Jun 2010, 20:57
Good job guys. OA is C.
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21 Jun 2010, 03:35
c for me 2.

I used the causal effect funda. Using the case, where A(degree) is the cause of B( higher salary) . This can be strenghthen based on the assumption that some other C (lack of degree applicants) is not the cause of B.
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Re: In Kravonia, the average salary for jobs requiring a college [#permalink]

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16 Mar 2011, 21:58
ykaiim wrote:
In Kravonia, the average salary for jobs requiring a college degree has always been
higher than the average salary for jobs that do not require a degree. Current enrollments in Kravonia’s colleges indicate that over the next four years the percentage of the Kravonian workforce with college degrees will increase dramatically. Therefore, the average salary for all workers in Kravonia is likely to increase over the next four years.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?
A. Kravonians with more than one college degree earn more, on average, than do
Kravonians with only one college degree.
B. The percentage of Kravonians who attend college in order to earn higher salaries
is higher now than it was several years ago.
C. The higher average salary for jobs requiring a college degree is not due largely to
a scarcity among the Kravonian workforce of people with a college degree.
D. The average salary in Kravonia for jobs that do not require a college degree will
not increase over the next four years.
E. Few members of the Kravonian workforce earned their degrees in other countries.

By process of elimination i got rid of options A/B and E
Between C and D I could not choose an answer choice, so basically i am not convinced with any of the answer choices.
would appreciate if someone could help me out with this-MY Understanding
Conclusion-average salary for all workers would increase in the next four years.
Premise-over the next four years the percentage of the Kravonian workforce with college degrees will increase dramatically
Premise 2-the average salary for jobs requiring a college degree has always been higher than the average salary for jobs that do not require a degree

now according to option C
The higher average salary for jo.bs requiring a college degree is not due largely toa scarcity among the Kravonian workforce of people with a college degree ....then how does adding more people with college degree to the workforce help in raising the average salary....?
Someone pls explain ....
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16 Mar 2011, 22:09
C is saying that the author is assuming that the average salary for college graduates has been more for reasons other than their scarcity till now.
That is an assumption the author is making - if it were to be false, that is, if the larger salary was due to the fact that there was a scarcity of college graduated, then if more students have enrolled and will get degrees 4 years later, it might lead to enough graudates in the market and hence employers wouldnt have to pay more to get one!- Simple Demand - supply. In other words, if it is short supply of graduates in comparison to demand which is leading to them being paid higher, more graduates in market may lead to fillling of the demand gap and they might not be paid as highly.
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17 Mar 2011, 10:57
C for sure
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28 Feb 2013, 23:13
I saw this question on the GMATPrep but it wasn't asking about assumption but for a strengthener. Thanks for this post.

A. The issue is between non-college and college degree holders not more than one degree holder. Irrelevant.

B. This is pertaining to the reasons why people are going to college. The author needs not assume about their reasons. An increase in college degree holders whatever their actual reasons are should still lead to more college degree holders in the job market. Their reasons are irrelevant to the pull up of the average salary of the workforce. Irrelevant.

C. The author asserts that there will be a dramatic increase in college degree holders in the workforce and confidently affirms that the average salary will then go up due to these incoming workers with higher salaries. By negation, if the scarcity is the reason for higher salary and there are more available workers, the average salary will not go up as expected. This must be assumed by the author.

D. This is more of a trap. Even if their salary remain the same, the increase of incoming workers with higher pay will still pull up the average salary of the workforce. If it increase, the more likely the average salary will increase.

E. Degrees from outside countries - IRRELEVANT..
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17 Apr 2014, 23:01
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23 Jun 2014, 10:20
Why not D?
On negating D, we get that the average salary of the non degree requiring jobs will increase. This makes the argument fall apart...
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26 Jun 2014, 11:19
ankurgupta03 wrote:
Why not D?
On negating D, we get that the average salary of the non degree requiring jobs will increase. This makes the argument fall apart...

Upon negating choice D actually strengthens the conclusion rather than weakening. If the average salaries of non degree requiring jobs increase too, then they would add to the total average salaries of all jobs in Karvonia. Hence choice D could not be an assumption.

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25 Jan 2015, 05:09
E. Few members of the Kravonian workforce earned their degrees in other countries.

Negating E - More members of the Kravonian workforce earned their degrees in other countries.

doesn't this weaken the argument that " Current enrollments in Kravonia’s colleges
indicate that over the next four years the percentage of the Kravonian workforce with college
degrees will increase dramatically" ?

Also C talks about the salary of degree holders only..
whereas the conclusion is about all the workers of Kravonia as whole..
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22 Mar 2015, 13:48
ykaiim wrote:
In Kravonia, the average salary for jobs requiring a college degree has always been
higher than the average salary for jobs that do not require a degree. Current enrollments in Kravonia’s colleges indicate that over the next four years the percentage of the Kravonian workforce with college degrees will increase dramatically. Therefore, the average salary for all workers in Kravonia is likely to increase over the next four years.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?
A. Kravonians with more than one college degree earn more, on average, than do
Kravonians with only one college degree.
B. The percentage of Kravonians who attend college in order to earn higher salaries
is higher now than it was several years ago.
C. The higher average salary for jobs requiring a college degree is not due largely to
a scarcity among the Kravonian workforce of people with a college degree.
D. The average salary in Kravonia for jobs that do not require a college degree will
not increase over the next four years.
E. Few members of the Kravonian workforce earned their degrees in other countries.

B/w choice C and D, I choose C. D addresses a point that is not relevant to the conclusion of the argument.
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16 Jun 2016, 06:51
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In Kravonia, the average salary for jobs requiring a college [#permalink]

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04 Jul 2016, 21:17

Understanding the argument:

Kravonians either have a degree or don't
Jobs for degree fells is higher than jobs for non degree fellas
There are a lot of fellas compared to previous years in college in Kravonia.

Joey (I'm a F.R.I.E.N.D.S fan too) logic says things are going to increase.

Question: What should be the ideal world where this would happen?
1. Companies continue to higher people with degree, preferably over non degrees
2. There is an unending demand of fellas with degrees.
3. All other salaries either remain same or don't decrease, while the newer fellas continue to make more money, thereby increasing the minima of the range conisdered for calculating the average.

A. Kravonians with more than one college degree earn more, on average, than do Kravonians with only one college degree. So? What if the demand for degree fellas ceases. What if we move towards an economy more driven by man efforts rather than brain effort.
B. The percentage of Kravonians who attend college in order to earn higher salaries is higher now than it was several years ago. What if less demand
C. The higher average salary for jobs requiring a college degree is not due largely to a scarcity among the Kravonian workforce of people with a college degree. violates the law of supply and demand and creates the much needed ideal scenario for the argument to stand. This is the answer
D. The average salary in Kravonia for jobs that do not require a college degree will not increase over the next four years. irrelevant
E. Few members of the Kravonian workforce earned their degrees in other countries totally irrelevant
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05 Jul 2016, 04:17
C is the correct choice.

its defends the argument conclusion.
if C is false then argument does fall apart.
Re: In Kravonia, the average salary for jobs requiring a college   [#permalink] 05 Jul 2016, 04:17
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