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In late 1942, Germany, beaten back by the Allies, abandoned its occupa

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In late 1942, Germany, beaten back by the Allies, abandoned its occupa  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jul 2017, 10:52
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A
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Difficulty:

  15% (low)

Question Stats:

75% (01:11) correct 25% (01:35) wrong based on 94 sessions

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In late 1942, Germany, beaten back by the Allies, abandoned its occupation of Egypt, leaving behind millions of land mines buried throughout the northwest of the country.

(A) Germany, beaten back by the Allies, abandoned its occupation of Egypt, leaving

(B) Germany was beaten back by the Allies and abandoned its occupation of Egypt, which left

(C) Germany, beaten back by the Allies, abandoned its occupation of Egypt, which left

(D) Germany was beaten back by the Allies abandoning its occupation of Egypt, and leaving

(E) Germany, beaten back by the Allies, which abandoned its occupation of Egypt and left

Spoiler: :: OA & OE

Solution


This problem tests your ability to work with different modifiers. In the original, correct, sentence, "beaten back by the Allies" is a participial modifier used to describe "Germany." And that is properly used, since logically Germany can be (and, historically, it was) beaten back by the Allies.

If you then read without the properly-used modifier, you have "Germany abandoned its occupation of Egypt, leaving behind..." Here, "leaving behind" is another participial modifier, and since it is used at the end of a complete clause ("Germany abandoned its occupation..." is a full subject-verb-object construction) it can correctly modify the entire action that precedes it. In abandoning, Germany logically did leave behind those land mines. Therefore, with both modifiers used correctly, this sentence is correct.

Many students do not like the end-of-sentence modifier "leaving" and therefore fall victim to the other answer choices, which treat some combination of those two participial phrases ("beaten" and "leaving") as active verbs. In choice B, "was beaten" is a logical verb, but the relative modifier "which" is incorrect, because Egypt could not logically leave anything behind: it was the country being occupied, so it didn't leave. Choice C makes the same mistake.

Choice D, by omitting the comma before the participial phrase "abandoning," and in doing so then assigns "abandoning" to the Allies. Even if you're not a history buff, you can see that with the pronoun "its" before "occupation," this is illogical. Choice E includes all three verbs ("beaten" and "abandoned...and left") within modifying phrases, and therefore does not have a subject-verb construction and is a sentence fragment.
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Re: In late 1942, Germany, beaten back by the Allies, abandoned its occupa  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jul 2017, 10:59
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In late 1942, Germany, beaten back by the Allies, abandoned its occupation of Egypt, leaving behind millions of land mines buried throughout the northwest of the country.

In late 1942, Germany abandoned its occupation of Egypt, leaving behind millions of land mines buried throughout the northwest of the country.

+A

Verb+ing modifier correctly modifying the result of abandonment as well go with the subject making logic connection
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Re: In late 1942, Germany, beaten back by the Allies, abandoned its occupa  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jul 2017, 11:02
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gauravraos wrote:
In late 1942, Germany, beaten back by the Allies, abandoned its occupation of Egypt, leaving behind millions of land mines buried throughout the northwest of the country.

A. Germany, beaten back by the Allies, abandoned its occupation of Egypt, leaving
B. Germany was beaten back by the Allies and abandoned its occupation of Egypt, which left
C. Germany, beaten back by the Allies, abandoned its occupation of Egypt, which left
D. Germany was beaten back by the Allies abandoning its occupation of Egypt, and leaving
E. Germany, beaten back by the Allies, which abandoned its occupation of Egypt and left


Straight A

A - beaten...allies is correctly modifying Germany ; "leaving.... country" is an adverbial clause modifying the preceding clause i.e. Germany abandoned it's occupation of Egypt. Correct Answer.
B - Error 1 (Makes beaten by allies and abandoned it's occupation as 2 separate events) + Error 2 (which modifier is incorrect).
C - Incorrect usage of which modifier.
D - abandoning seems to modify allies and that is absurd, as germany abandoned it's occupation of Egypt.
E - Incorrect which modifier usage.
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Re: In late 1942, Germany, beaten back by the Allies, abandoned its occupa  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jul 2017, 19:50
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In late 1942, Germany, beaten back by the Allies, abandoned its occupation of Egypt, leaving behind millions of land mines buried throughout the northwest of the country.
A. Germany, beaten back by the Allies, abandoned its occupation of Egypt, leaving
Correct
B. Germany was beaten back by the Allies and abandoned its occupation of Egypt, which left
Being beaten and Abandoning are not two different actions. WHICH can't be used for to modify an Action or Idea presented in previous sentence. Hence Incorrect.
C. Germany, beaten back by the Allies, abandoned its occupation of Egypt, which left
WHICH can't be used for to modify an Action or Idea presented in previous sentence. Hence Incorrect.
D. Germany was beaten back by the Allies abandoning its occupation of Egypt, and leaving
Being beaten and Leaving are not two different actions. Leaving is a result of Beaten. Hence Incorrect.
E. Germany, beaten back by the Allies, which abandoned its occupation of Egypt and left
Being beaten and Leaving are not two different actions. Leaving is a result of Beaten. Moreover, the sentence is a Fragment. Hence Incorrect.
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Re: In late 1942, Germany, beaten back by the Allies, abandoned its occupa   [#permalink] 10 Jul 2017, 19:50
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