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# In little more than a decade, Argentina has become

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31 Aug 2013, 07:58
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Dhairya275 wrote:
In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the world's leading exporter of honey, with nearly 90,000 tons a year sold to foreign markets, almost half of which going to the United States.

A. with nearly 90,000 tons a year sold to foreign markets, almost half of which going
B. with the sale of nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, and almost of it that goes
C. with the sale to foreign markets of nearly 90,000 tons a year, with almost half of it going
D. selling nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, and almost half of it goes
E. selling nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, with almost half going

Hello Dhairya,

Let's understand the meaning of the sentence---> In little more then a decade, Argentina has become leading exporter of honey by exporting 90000 T a year and almost half of 90000 T goes to US.

Clearly in the underlined quote, we have the reason as to why Argentina became leading exporter ie. How it became the leading exporter..Since it presents a reasoning for the preceeding clause " In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the world's leading exporter of honey," Use of Verbing is better suited instead of prepositional phrase "with".

so A, B and C are ruled out

For option D Lets study the option after putting it in answer choice and removing the verb-ing modifer

"In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the world's leading exporter of honey,selling nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets,and almost half of it goes

The Sentence becomes "In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the world's leading exporter of honey and almost half of it goes to the US"

The word "and" means it should connect the first verb of this sentence "has become" with another verb which is not there. Note that goes ----is verb for it (Honey)

and Hence Option D is incorrect.

So Correct answer has to be E.

I marked D initially but on analyzing later, E looked the best.

Hope it helps

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31 Aug 2013, 10:15
Clear E as it correctly uses verb-ing modifier to modify the previous clause and is followed by a prepositional phrase which is correctly used. Also here verb-ing modifier supplies the causation which explains how argentina has become largest exporter.

D uses and which distorts the meaning
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23 Aug 2014, 21:05
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01 Jul 2015, 11:55
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In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the world’s leading exporter of honey, with nearly 90,000 tons a year sold to foreign markets, almost half of which going to the United States.

A. with nearly 90,000 tons a year sold to foreign markets, almost half of which going

B. with the sale of nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, and almost half of it that goes

C. with the sale to foreign markets of nearly 90,000 tons a year, with almost half of it going

D. selling nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, and almost half of it goes

E. selling nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, with almost half going
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01 Jul 2015, 21:56

"Selling" rightly modifies the preceeding clause.

"selling" and "going" look parallel and in D "it" lacks a proper antecedent.

Regards,
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02 Jul 2015, 17:58
souvik101990 wrote:
In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the world’s leading exporter of honey, with nearly 90,000 tons a year sold to foreign markets, almost half of which going to the United States.

A. with nearly 90,000 tons a year sold to foreign markets, almost half of which going

B. with the sale of nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, and almost half of it that goes

C. with the sale to foreign markets of nearly 90,000 tons a year, with almost half of it going

D. selling nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, and almost half of it goes

E. selling nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, with almost half going

A. 'half of which' should be followed by a working verb rather than a participial

B. 'that' is redundant. There is no need to make make the last part parallel to the main clause

C. Two with that followe each other are awkward. The structure after second 'with' is what GMAT doesn't like: preposition + noun + participial. 'markets of nearly 90,000 tons a year' changes the intended meaning.

D. it has no logical referent! Again it not necessary to make the main clause and last part parallel, as they are not of the same importance

E. Correct!

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01 Sep 2015, 08:31
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07 Sep 2015, 03:23
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12 Sep 2015, 20:35
[quote="duttarupam"]In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the world’s leading exporter of honey,
with nearly 90,000 tons a year sold to foreign markets, almost half of which going to the
United States.

A. with nearly 90,000 tons a year sold to foreign markets, almost half of which going

B. with the sale of nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, and almost half of it that goes

C. with the sale to foreign markets of nearly 90,000 tons a year, with almost half of it going

D. selling nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, and almost half of it goes

E. selling nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, with almost half going

this is a hard one
in the pattern
main clause+with+noun+noun modifier
with phrase works as an adverb modifying the main clause.
so, in B we need "and with allmost..." so that B can be grammatical
in C , we need "and with almost" so that C can be grammatical
writen in B and C, the last phrases ( with almost... and "and almost..." ) have no headword to modify

very hard to know why B and C are wrong.

in the test room, we can not analyse like this, very hard one
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03 Apr 2016, 07:44
A. with nearly 90,000 tons a year sold to foreign markets, almost half of which going
Which is always used as clause.In this case there is no verb of which ,so it is wrong.

B. with the sale of nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, and almost half of it that goes
There is no antecedent for it, so it is ruled out.

C. with the sale to foreign markets of nearly 90,000 tons a year, with almost half of it going
Same as B

D. selling nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, and almost half of it goes
Same as B

E. selling nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, with almost half going
<With almost half going> is a subgroup modifier modifying tons. So it is only justified answer.

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15 May 2016, 14:23
duttarupam wrote:
In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the world’s leading exporter of honey,
with nearly 90,000 tons a year sold to foreign markets, almost half of which going to the
United States.

A. with nearly 90,000 tons a year sold to foreign markets, almost half of which going

B. with the sale of nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, and almost half of it that goes

C. with the sale to foreign markets of nearly 90,000 tons a year, with almost half of it going

D. selling nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, and almost half of it goes

E. selling nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, with almost half going

[Reveal] Spoiler:
E

What is wrong with A ?

Answer E cannot be correct since "With" is neither a conjugation nor a subordinator, hence E is wrong.

Any expert's thought?

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16 May 2016, 06:08
from E, the OA, we can know that "noun+noun modifier" can modify the full preceding clause or a preceding "doing". though this pattern is rare, it is accepted by gmat standard.
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16 May 2016, 12:07
thangvietnam wrote:
from E, the OA, we can know that "noun+noun modifier" can modify the full preceding clause or a preceding "doing". though this pattern is rare, it is accepted by gmat standard.

I still have a problem with the use of "with".

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16 May 2016, 13:37
Did Argentina become world's leading exporter with the sale or with 90,000 tons. NO
Eliminate A, B, and C.
D is not parallel.

E.

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07 Jun 2016, 11:20
duttarupam wrote:
In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the world’s leading exporter of honey,
with nearly 90,000 tons a year sold to foreign markets, almost half of which going to the
United States.

A. with nearly 90,000 tons a year sold to foreign markets, almost half of which going

B. with the sale of nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, and almost half of it that goes

C. with the sale to foreign markets of nearly 90,000 tons a year, with almost half of it going

D. selling nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, and almost half of it goes

E. selling nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, with almost half going

[Reveal] Spoiler:
E

'with nearly 90,000 tons a year sold to foreign markets, almost half of which going' is the detail on how Argentina has become the leader.

Sentence is written in the present perfect tense.

A. with nearly 90,000 tons a year sold to foreign markets, almost half of which going. 'Sold' in the past tense doesn't coincide with the tense used in the sentence.

B. with the sale of nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, and almost half of it that goes 'almost half of it' is a fragment

C. with the sale to foreign markets of nearly 90,000 tons a year, with almost half of it going 'with almost half of it going' is not connected with proper conjunction with th previous sentence

D. selling nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, and almost half of it goes. Argentina has become leader by doing something. -ing is needed rather then simple present 'goes'

E. selling nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, with almost half going selling and going are parallel.

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30 Jul 2016, 03:28
Hi Expert,

I have a query in this question from GMAT Prep - Practice Exam 3.

Question

In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the world’s leading exporter of honey, with nearly 90,000 tons a year sold to foreign markets, almost half of which going to the United States.
A. with nearly 90,000 tons a year sold to foreign markets, almost half of which going
B. with the sale of nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, and almost half of it that goes
C. with the sale to foreign markets of nearly 90,000 tons a year, with almost half of it going
D. selling nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, and almost half of it goes
E. selling nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, with almost half going

My Analysis

Meaning - Argentina has become the leading exporter by selling nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets. Half of the honey exported goes to US.

It should be a verb+ing modifier because it tells how Argentina has become leading exporter.

So A,B,C are eliminated.

Option choice D - Sentence Structure - Independent Clause, Modifier and Independent Clause
Meaning of the sentence implies half of the (honey exported) goes to US. So there is no Logical Antecedent for it.
So D is eliminated.

Option choice E is the correct answer.

I had difficulty in understanding the meaning of correct answer choice E.

with almost half going to US
. This is a prepositional phrase modifier. What this modifier is modifying?

I face difficulty in solving the problems with sentence Structure as below:
Independent Clause, First Modifier, Second Modifier.

But GMAT loves to load a sentence with modifiers, so I should also start loving it .

I have come across three sentences from official sources with such sentence structure.

1. Source GMAT prep - Practice Exam 3 - First as mentioned above

2. Source GMAT prep - In the past several years, astronomers have detected more than 80 massive planets, most of them at least as large as Jupiter, circling other stars. In this sentence the modifier circling other stars modifies 80 massive planets.

3. Source mba.com - GMAT practice question of the day - Executives and federal officials say that the use of crack and cocaine is growing rapidly among workers, significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, which already cost business more than \$100 billion a year. Relative pronoun modifier which already cost business more than \$100 billion a year modifies the effects.

Now I tried to understand the role played by Second modifier in all the thee sentences. My understanding is as below:

1. Kindly help me understand what does prepositional phrase modifies?

2. Second modifier modifies the noun in the clause

3. Second modifier modifies the noun in the First modifier

Is there any general rule or method to deal with questions with sentence structure as Independent Clause, First Modifier, Second Modifier. or it is only question specific?

Just to mention, in my quest I also came across a post on BTG in this thread by egmat expert http://www.beatthegmat.com/comma-with-expert-please-explain-t85064.html

Thanks

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26 Nov 2016, 22:56
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28 Nov 2016, 03:07
Dhairya275 wrote:
In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the world's leading exporter of honey, with nearly 90,000 tons a year sold to foreign markets, almost half of which going to the United States.

A. with nearly 90,000 tons a year sold to foreign markets, almost half of which going
B. with the sale of nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, and almost of it that goes
C. with the sale to foreign markets of nearly 90,000 tons a year, with almost half of it going
D. selling nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, and almost half of it goes
E. selling nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, with almost half going

in A,
which is wrong . which must be in a relative clause. we do not have any clause.
in B
"it" has no referent
in C
" with almost..." has no main clause to modify
in D
"almost half of it..." is a clause which paralel to main clause. this paralellism is not logic.
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16 Dec 2016, 07:25
exactly why OPTION D is wrong? To me, AND us acting as a coordinating conjunction. It is introducing the clause ALMOST HALF OF IT.... Is the pronoun IT incorrect?

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Re: In little more than a decade, Argentina has become   [#permalink] 16 Dec 2016, 07:25

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