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# In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the

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01 Oct 2009, 13:36
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Question Stats:

64% (01:47) correct 36% (01:00) wrong based on 900 sessions

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In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the world’s leading exporter of honey,
with nearly 90,000 tons a year sold to foreign markets, almost half of which going to the
United States.

A. with nearly 90,000 tons a year sold to foreign markets, almost half of which going

B. with the sale of nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, and almost half of it that goes

C. with the sale to foreign markets of nearly 90,000 tons a year, with almost half of it going

D. selling nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, and almost half of it goes

E. selling nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, with almost half going

[Reveal] Spoiler:
E

What is wrong with A ?
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the [#permalink]

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01 Oct 2009, 20:59
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I did take E.

In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the world’s leading exporter of honey,
with nearly 90,000 tons a year sold to foreign markets, almost half of which going to the
United States.

A. with nearly 90,000 tons a year sold to foreign markets, almost half of which going. First part of the sentence was in present perfect. So i prefered selling over the past tense 'sold'.

B. with the sale of nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, and almost half of it that goes

C. with the sale to foreign markets of nearly 90,000 tons a year, with almost half of it going. awakard construction

D. selling nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, and almost half of it goes. Not parallel

E. selling nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, with almost half going. Parallelism.
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Re: In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the [#permalink]

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02 Oct 2009, 09:12
i think the discrepancy lies in the subject of the sentence... in A), the main subject is "Argentina" (argentina has become..). however, in the next part of the sentence, it is referring to honey (90000 tons [of honey] sold...). ideally, the subject should be the same in both parts. this is accomplished in E, where "Argentina" is the subject for both parts of the sentence
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Re: In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the [#permalink]

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02 Oct 2009, 22:24
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The clause - X has become Y, needs a *ing word to be followed to modify the whole clause.

So its down to D and E.

D has issues with tense as already pointed out by the preceding poster. The word "and" is also not needed

duttarupam wrote:
In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the world’s leading exporter of honey,
with nearly 90,000 tons a year sold to foreign markets, almost half of which going to the
United States.

A. with nearly 90,000 tons a year sold to foreign markets, almost half of which going

B. with the sale of nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, and almost half of it that goes

C. with the sale to foreign markets of nearly 90,000 tons a year, with almost half of it going

D. selling nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, and almost half of it goes

E. selling nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, with almost half going

[Reveal] Spoiler:
E

What is wrong with A ?

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Re: In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the [#permalink]

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03 Oct 2009, 10:50
I think after comma it should be telling about Argentina, so E is best, whereare if u see A it is not modifying Argentina.
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Re: In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the [#permalink]

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07 Oct 2010, 06:46
and in D simply creates an independent clause
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Re: In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the [#permalink]

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10 Oct 2010, 08:41
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The root cause of the problem is the use of the pronouns without proper antecedence wherever they appear.

In choice A what does the pronoun which stand for? Whether it is 90000 tons or foreign markets, we can not tell for sure.

In B, C and D half of it - what does it refer to? Obviously it can not refer to the plural 90,000 tons or the foreign markets. If so, is it the distantly placed sale or the subject of the main clause i.e. Argentina? The pronoun reference is ambiguous

That is why E is the best choice without the pronoun trap.
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Re: In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the [#permalink]

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10 Oct 2010, 10:39
if Argentina BECAME..., with sold makes better sense,
but Argentina has become..., so selling ( which is in progress sounds better to me
although I fell for A, but E is the best.
I like this question
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Re: In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the [#permalink]

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22 Apr 2011, 05:30
In E, "with almost half ..." is a prep phrase, that has to modify either a noun, if the prep phrase is acting as an adjective, or a verb, if the prep phrase is acting as an adverb.
Could anybody point out what is the function of the prep phrase and what is modifying?

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Re: In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the [#permalink]

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22 Apr 2011, 23:46
A,B,C can eliminated because "selling..." is the one modifying the entire sentence...
I was struck between D and E... but I find the sentence structure in E weird.."with almost half going to the US" din make sense to me... D has issues pertaining to the pronoun "it"...so that can be eliminated...

Is the usage in E correct????
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Re: In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the [#permalink]

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24 Apr 2011, 11:41
nimrod wrote:
A,B,C can eliminated because "selling..." is the one modifying the entire sentence...
I was struck between D and E... but I find the sentence structure in E weird.."with almost half going to the US" din make sense to me... D has issues pertaining to the pronoun "it"...so that can be eliminated...

Is the usage in E correct????

Yes, it is correct, since it is the OA.
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Re: In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the [#permalink]

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10 Jun 2011, 21:53
E for me...."selling", "going"...parallel structure
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Re: In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the [#permalink]

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26 Dec 2012, 03:40
i think the discrepancy lies in the subject of the sentence... in A), the main subject is "Argentina" (argentina has become..). however, in the next part of the sentence, it is referring to honey (90000 tons [of honey] sold...). ideally, the subject should be the same in both parts. this is accomplished in E, where "Argentina" is the subject for both parts of the sentence

In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the world’s leading exporter of honey, selling nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, with almost half going to the United States.

Main clause -

Argentina has become the world’s leading exporter of honey
Subject: Argentina
Verb: has become

in ans choice E- the first -ing modifier will modify the previous clause - and mainly subject of that clause which is "Argentina" - I got this
"selling nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets"

But, in the second part of answer choice "with almost half going to the United States." - i dont understand what should this modify.- My understanding says - "going to the united states." is also modifying "Argentina" - which is wrong. Because ""selling nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets"" is not a clause.
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Re: In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the [#permalink]

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13 Jan 2013, 13:25
The clause - X has become Y, needs a *ing word to be followed to modify the whole clause. a,b,c are out
since d has a goes which is not parallel to selling ..d is also out ..
correct ans should be E
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Re: In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the [#permalink]

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23 Aug 2014, 21:05
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Re: In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the [#permalink]

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07 Sep 2015, 03:23
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the [#permalink]

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12 Sep 2015, 20:35
[quote="duttarupam"]In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the world’s leading exporter of honey,
with nearly 90,000 tons a year sold to foreign markets, almost half of which going to the
United States.

A. with nearly 90,000 tons a year sold to foreign markets, almost half of which going

B. with the sale of nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, and almost half of it that goes

C. with the sale to foreign markets of nearly 90,000 tons a year, with almost half of it going

D. selling nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, and almost half of it goes

E. selling nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, with almost half going

this is a hard one
in the pattern
main clause+with+noun+noun modifier
with phrase works as an adverb modifying the main clause.
so, in B we need "and with allmost..." so that B can be grammatical
in C , we need "and with almost" so that C can be grammatical
writen in B and C, the last phrases ( with almost... and "and almost..." ) have no headword to modify

very hard to know why B and C are wrong.

in the test room, we can not analyse like this, very hard one
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03 Apr 2016, 07:44
A. with nearly 90,000 tons a year sold to foreign markets, almost half of which going
Which is always used as clause.In this case there is no verb of which ,so it is wrong.

B. with the sale of nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, and almost half of it that goes
There is no antecedent for it, so it is ruled out.

C. with the sale to foreign markets of nearly 90,000 tons a year, with almost half of it going
Same as B

D. selling nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, and almost half of it goes
Same as B

E. selling nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, with almost half going
<With almost half going> is a subgroup modifier modifying tons. So it is only justified answer.
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Re: In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the [#permalink]

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15 May 2016, 14:23
duttarupam wrote:
In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the world’s leading exporter of honey,
with nearly 90,000 tons a year sold to foreign markets, almost half of which going to the
United States.

A. with nearly 90,000 tons a year sold to foreign markets, almost half of which going

B. with the sale of nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, and almost half of it that goes

C. with the sale to foreign markets of nearly 90,000 tons a year, with almost half of it going

D. selling nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, and almost half of it goes

E. selling nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, with almost half going

[Reveal] Spoiler:
E

What is wrong with A ?

Answer E cannot be correct since "With" is neither a conjugation nor a subordinator, hence E is wrong.

Any expert's thought?
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Re: In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the [#permalink]

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16 May 2016, 06:08
from E, the OA, we can know that "noun+noun modifier" can modify the full preceding clause or a preceding "doing". though this pattern is rare, it is accepted by gmat standard.
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Re: In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the   [#permalink] 16 May 2016, 06:08

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