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# In Nathanial Philbrick's book, Mayflower, the author attempts to descr

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In Nathanial Philbrick's book, Mayflower, the author attempts to descr  [#permalink]

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10 Jan 2019, 10:35
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Project SC Butler: Day 65: Sentence Correction (SC2)

In Nathanial Philbrick's book, Mayflower, the author attempts to describe the challenges that Puritans faced as they struggled to recreate the English village that they left behind.

(A) Puritans faced as they struggled to recreate the English village that they left behind

(B) Puritans faced as they struggled to recreate the English village that they had left behind

(C) Puritans were facing as they struggled to recreate the English village that they left behind

(D) Puritans had been facing as they struggled to recreate the English village that they left behind

(E) were faced by Puritans as they struggled to recreate the English village that they left behind

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Re: In Nathanial Philbrick's book, Mayflower, the author attempts to descr  [#permalink]

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10 Jan 2019, 11:09
sudarshan22 wrote:

Project SC Butler: Day 65: Sentence Correction (SC2)

In Nathanial Philbrick's book, Mayflower, the author attempts to describe the challenges that Puritans faced as they struggled to recreate the English village that they left behind.

(A) Puritans faced as they struggled to recreate the English village that they left behind

(B) Puritans faced as they struggled to recreate the English village that they had left behind

(C) Puritans were facing as they struggled to recreate the English village that they left behind

(D) Puritans had been facing as they struggled to recreate the English village that they left behind

(E) were faced by Puritans as they struggled to recreate the English village that they left behind

The best/excellent answers get kudos, which will be awarded after the answer is revealed.
There may be no best/excellent answers, or a there may be a few excellent answers!

The tense sequence is: Leaving behind the English village ---------------> Struggle to recreate the English village.

Thus, correct Answer must be (B) for the highlighted errors in other options...
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Re: In Nathanial Philbrick's book, Mayflower, the author attempts to descr  [#permalink]

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10 Jan 2019, 12:04
Imo B

Active voice is preferred over passive

If u have 2 events in past....had is used to present former event and simple last to present later event

(A) Puritans faced as they struggled to recreate the English village that they left behind---wrong, tense error

(B) Puritans faced as they struggled to recreate the English village that they had left behind---correct

(C) Puritans were facing as they struggled to recreate the English village that they left behind---wrong, simple past be used

(D) Puritans had been facing as they struggled to recreate the English village that they left behind---worng, simple past should be used

(E) were faced by Puritans as they struggled to recreate the English village that they left behind---wrong, usage of tense and passive voice is wrong

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In Nathanial Philbrick's book, Mayflower, the author attempts to descr  [#permalink]

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10 Jan 2019, 13:25
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In Nathanial Philbrick's book, Mayflower, the author attempts to describe the challenges that Puritans faced as they struggled to recreate the English village that they left behind.

Meaning analysis: In book – Mayflower – author narrates difficulties that Puritans faced as they struggled to remember the village left behind.

Error analysis:
To find out correct verb tensed used here, better to put events in timeline:
1. Puritans left the English village
2. Puritans faced with challenges as they struggled
So now we know that action of “village leaving” happened first, and we have to highlight it, Past perfect – perfectly suitable. Knowing only this, we can easily eliminate A, C, D and E (wordy passive).
-----------------------
We can ignore the usage of "as" and still find correct answer based on strong meaning analysis. But I’d like to mention it.

AS – to present a reason, can be replaced with “because” and “since

Yagami is studying every single day as he wants to get high GMAT score.
Yagami is studying every single day because he wants to get high GMAT score.
Yagami is studying every single day since he wants to get high GMAT score.

AS – to simultaneous actions, can be replaced with “while” and “during

Rize noticed him as Kaneki was reading a book.
Rize noticed him while Kaneki was reading a book.
Rize noticed him during Kaneki was reading a book.

So I can infer in (A), (B) and (E) “as” used to show the reason, because this is the only possible case, in (C) simultaneous actions. (D) past perfect continuous is used to show that something started in the past and continued up until another time in the past – is not correct here.
-----------------------------

(A) Puritans faced as they struggled to recreate the English village that they left behind

(B) Puritans faced as they struggled to recreate the English village that they had left behind

(C) Puritans were facing as they struggled to recreate the English village that they left behind

(D) Puritans had been facing as they struggled to recreate the English village that they left behind

(E) were faced by Puritans as they struggled to recreate the English village that they left behind

B is the winner
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Re: In Nathanial Philbrick's book, Mayflower, the author attempts to descr  [#permalink]

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11 Jan 2019, 13:30
Official Explanation :

Because the settlers left their English village prior to creating it, the past perfect tense is needed. Left is past tense, therefore, eliminate (A).

In choice (C), were facing is the incorrect form because the actions were not happening at the same time.

In choice (D), had been facing is the incorrect form because the actions weren't continuous.

And in choice (E), regardless of the change to the beginning of the phrase, left is still incorrect verb tense.

Choice (B) uses the past perfect tense(had left). The correct answer is (B).
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Re: In Nathanial Philbrick's book, Mayflower, the author attempts to descr   [#permalink] 11 Jan 2019, 13:30
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# In Nathanial Philbrick's book, Mayflower, the author attempts to descr

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