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# In one of the most surprising decisions in the history of

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Q. In one of the most surprising victories in WWI, the newly [#permalink]

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15 Nov 2010, 12:05
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Q. In one of the most surprising victories in WWI, the newly formed Russian communist state was routed by the Polish General, Jozef Pilsudski, demanding that it should push back its borders east of Vilnius.

A. demanding that it should

B. demanding it to

C. and their demand to

D. who demanded that it

E. who demanded them to
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
If you have any questions
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15 Nov 2010, 12:39
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D - who is required to address the noun "Jozef Pilsudski"
it refers to the state.....
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15 Nov 2010, 12:48
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When you're asked to supply a Modifier, as you are here (clues: it follows a comma and is nonessential to the meaning of the sentence - you could just as easily stop at "Pilsudski" and the sentence s till makes sense) it's important that the modifier is clear in what it described.

"Demanding" in A and B could describe "the newly formed state" - remember, "-ing" verbs used as modifiers can describe the subject of the sentence. That's fairly illogical (while being routed does it have any potential to demand anything?), and it also means that "it" as a pronoun is illogical ("it" really needs to refer to "Russian state", and in that case it wouldn't make sense to demand anything from itself).

C uses the pronoun "their", which has no referent - "their" is plural and the only nouns that it could refer to are "state" and "General".

Similarly, "E" uses "them", which has no referent. As Amma points out, D is correct: "who" as a modifier matches with "Jozef", and "it" to the state. The modifier and the pronoun both have clear, logical referents, and so D is correct.
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09 Jul 2012, 12:26
I feel B
but i fear they will be a case of either subjunctive mood or idiomatic usage involved.
Any expert help ?
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09 Jul 2012, 21:12
mandyrhtdm wrote:
I feel B
but i fear they will be a case of either subjunctive mood or idiomatic usage involved.
Any expert help ?

The problem totally about idiom. Choice D is better than B, which set the verb require into "requiring" that makes more than one meaning in term of tense.
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Re: The lumber company in the summer of 1994 [#permalink]

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09 Jul 2012, 22:24
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In B, the modifier – requiring ……. - is an adverbial present participial phrase, just modifying the preceding noun -residents-; Actually the adverbial should be used only when you want to modify a verb or the entire preceding clause and in such cases, we should set it off with commas. On the contrary, when you want to pinpoint a noun very restrictively, then we should use a restrictive pronouns such as - who or that - in order to punch the nail straight on the noun. That is the reason that D is superior in terms of usage
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Re: The lumber company in the summer of 1994 [#permalink]

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09 Jul 2012, 22:41
Hi,

In answer D 'Who' refers to the Angry Residents.... Angry residents in the clause is the object.....so should it not be Whom rather than Who?

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Re: The lumber company in the summer of 1994 [#permalink]

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10 Jul 2012, 14:21
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Expert's post
ankitbansal85 wrote:
Hi,

In answer D 'Who' refers to the Angry Residents.... Angry residents in the clause is the object.....so should it not be Whom rather than Who?

Regards
Ankit Bansal

Hi Ankit,

The action “required” is done by “hundreds of local residents”. They are the ones “who” did the action of requiring something. Therefore, use of “who” is correct in Choice D.

Now take a look at this sentence:

In the mall, I ran into Joe whom I met after three years.

In this sentence, “who” did the action of meeting? “I” did. But “whom” did I meet? I met Joe.

Notice that the subject of the “who” clause in the original sentence is “hundreds of angry residents”, the performer of the action. In the simple example sentence, “Joe” is the object of the main clause while both the actions are performed by "I". That is why he is referred to by “whom”.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
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Re: In one of the most surprising decisions in the history of [#permalink]

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28 Aug 2012, 12:12
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Daagh has neatly shared his pointers and Guess we all second him. Will just add my friendly dimes :

Let's draw an analogy :

B : Daagh responded to Thang......... Requesting him to clear the maze

D : Daagh responded to Thang.......... Who requested him to clear the maze

which one would u zone in on ?

Guess D : as it clearly indicates ------ Thang had some problem with the Q ---- Thang requested Daagh to clear the maze -------- And Daagh responded to Thang : The logical flow stays intact

C : Does it at all sound correct ( apart from the fact that +ing modifier Requiring incorrectly modifies the closest noun Residents whereas it should be preceeded by a comma and should be aptly modifying the preceeding clause )
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04 Apr 2013, 13:55
In one of the most surprising decisions in the history of Wardsville, the lumber company in the summer of 1994 responded to hundreds of angry residents requiring that it should pay restitution for selling faulty boards.
Choices

B requiring it to
It is not clear what "requiring" modifies. "the company responded (...) requiring it", you can see that the structure is not logical, it seems that the company required "itself".
D who required it to
The presence of "who" clarifies the sentence. Now the residents "required". Correct
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04 Apr 2013, 13:57
Zarrolou wrote:
In one of the most surprising decisions in the history of Wardsville, the lumber company in the summer of 1994 responded to hundreds of angry residents requiring that it should pay restitution for selling faulty boards.
Choices

B requiring it to
It is not clear what "requiring" modifies. "the company responded (...) requiring it", you can see that the structure is not logical, it seems that the company required "itself".
D who required it to
The presence of "who" clarifies the sentence. Now the residents "required". Correct

In my opinion is an incoclusive question. really really bad constructed.

What is the source ?' is impossible that it is from sources such as veritas (for instance) or OG......

rules-for-posting-in-verbal-gmat-forum-134642.html
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Re: In one of the most surprising decisions in the history of Wa [#permalink]

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09 May 2013, 03:17
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fozzzy wrote:
In one of the most surprising decisions in the history of Wardsville, the lumber company in the summer of 1994 responded to hundreds of angry residents requiring that it should pay restitution for selling faulty boards.

A requiring that it should
B requiring it to
C and their requirement to
D who required it to
E who required for it to

What is the referrent for "it"

Grockit

I believe "it" can refer only to the lumber company as the "hundreds of angry residents" is plural

On the hindsight, i think that "required" can only be used because it is and action which preceeded responded so has to be in the past tense.
Hence the option A B C are ruled out, leaving us with D and E and of the two, D is more appropriate.
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Re: In one of the most surprising decisions in the history of [#permalink]

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09 May 2013, 04:14
12bhang wrote:
Requiring is the present participle form. So, it should modify the preceding noun i.e residents. So there is no modifier error.

Why must we eliminate B ?

As a poster has noted above, this seems to be rip-off from an older OG question. However, in the process, the creator of this question curiously changed the correct option D. In the original sentence, it was: who demanded that it (this is a subjunctive construction), while in this question option D is: who required it to (this is a non-subjunctive construction).

Now, require is a funny word. It can take both: subjunctive and non-subjunctive format. But here is the funnier thing. Just because require can take both: subjunctive and non-subjunctive, does not mean that both of these would be correct in any given situation. Let’s look at a couple of correct sentences to understand this further:

1. A plural subject requires a plural verb for a correct sentence.
2. Residents required that the lumber company pay restitution for selling faulty boards.

#1 above is non-subjunctive while #2 is subjunctive. Let us now change # 2 to:

3. Residents required the lumber company to pay restitution for selling faulty boards.

If you look at this closely, this sentence is not optimal, because an illogical meaning that can be interpreted from this is that residents wanted to pay restitution for selling faulty boards, and for this, the residents required the lumber company!! (Think about it this way: Residents required money to pay restitution for selling faulty boards; now just substitute money with the lumber company).

So, in short, the correct sentence is #2 (and not #3), because there is an ambiguity in meaning in #3. At least if there is an option that does have the structure mentioned in #2, it would be preferable.

In this case, while option D in the OG question had a choice similar to #2, this question under consideration changes option D.

This, by the way, also underscores a similar problem in option B of the sentence under consideration (residents did not require the lumber company as B suggests; residents required something from the lumber company).

In fact, test takers would be advised to understand this concept well, since this will become increasingly important, given GMAT’s recent thrust on meaning related questions.
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Re: In one of the most surprising decisions in the history of [#permalink]

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10 Apr 2017, 19:12
Merged topics. please, search before posting questions!
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Re: In one of the most surprising decisions in the history of   [#permalink] 10 Apr 2017, 19:12
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