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# In order to increase his speed and endurance,

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Intern
Joined: 13 Feb 2020
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In order to increase his speed and endurance,  [#permalink]

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28 May 2020, 10:29
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55% (hard)

Question Stats:

59% (02:02) correct 41% (02:05) wrong based on 114 sessions

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In order to increase his speed and endurance, and thus improve his running time in a marathon, John is looking to revise his running plan. Last year, John ran an average of four times per week. This year, John is looking to increase the distance he runs per week by at least 50 percent. Therefore, John plans to run at least six times a week this year.

Which of the following is required for this year’s running plan to achieve its aim?

(A)John’s plan for this year includes running a longer distance for each run as compared to each run last year.
(B)The risk of injury does not increase with either the distance run or the number of times someone runs per week.
(C)The two additional runs per week will be for a shorter distance than the average distance John ran per run last year.
(D)John plans to increase the distance he runs for his longest run each week by 50 percent compared to the distance he ran during his longest run each week last year.
(E)The average distance per run in John’s plan for this year is at least as long as the average distance John ran per run last year.
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Joined: 13 Feb 2020
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Re: In order to increase his speed and endurance,  [#permalink]

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28 May 2020, 10:30
1
Conclusion:John plans to run at least six times a week this year, in order to increase the distance he runs per week by at least 50 percent.

Premise: Last year, John ran an average of four times per week. This year, to increase his speed and endurance, and thus improve his running time in a marathon, John is looking to increase the distance he runs per week by at least 50 percent.

Assumption: There are no problems with the plan. Running at least six times a week will result in at least a 50 percent increase in the distance John runs per week.

The question stem asks what is required for this year’s plan to achieve its aim, so this is an Assumption question. The argument uses a planning reasoning pattern, which can be identified because the passage contains a plan to run at least six times a week with a goal to increase the distance he runs per week by at least 50 percent.

The standard assumption of a planning reasoning pattern is that there are no problems with the plan. In other words, that the plan to run at least six times a week this year, will cause John to increase the distance he runs per week by at least 50 percent. Evaluate the answer choices, looking for one that matches this idea.

Choice A: No. A longer distance for each run is extreme language. It is only necessary that John run the same distance for each run on average in order for his total distance run to increase and thus allow the plan to work.

Choice B: No. This answer choice is out of scope. The mere risk of injury does not affect the number of times per week John will run, nor the distance he travels per week.

Choice C: No. Shorter distance is extreme language. Use the negation test. If The two additional runs per week will not be for a shorter distance than the average distance...per run last year, there is no problem with the plan. John will still be able to increase the distance he runs per week by at least 50 percent.

Choice D: No. Longest run is extreme language. Use the negation test. If John does not increase the distance he runs for his longest run each week by 50 percent, there is no problem with the plan. John will still be able to increase the distance he runs per week by at least 50 percent because the total distance he runs each week is dependent on all of his runs per week, not just the longest run.

Choice E: Correct. This choice is supported by the argument. Use the negation test. If The average distance per run...this year is not at least as long as the average distance...per run last year, then the plan will not work to increase the distance he runs per week by at least 50 percent.

The correct answer is choice E.
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Re: In order to increase his speed and endurance,  [#permalink]

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28 May 2020, 13:23
It took me 1:02 to decide on option (E).

Last year: 4 times / week
This year: 6 times / week
Goal: increase the distance he runs per week by at least 50 percent

(E) is quite self-evident. But let's also rule out other options.

(A) Not required. John can run exactly the same distance as last year and still accomplish his goal.
(B) Mostly out of scope. While one can argue that if the injury is too severe, John has to take a break in his training plan. That is too far-fetched. Let's just assume John will run despite any injury.
(C) If implemented, John may not accomplish his goal.
(D) John does not have to do so. Meanwhile, even if he does so, he may still not accomplish his goal. Other runs matters.
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Joined: 26 May 2020
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Re: In order to increase his speed and endurance,  [#permalink]

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28 May 2020, 16:23
Jaghan wrote:
In order to increase his speed and endurance, and thus improve his running time in a marathon, John is looking to revise his running plan. Last year, John ran an average of four times per week. This year, John is looking to increase the distance he runs per week by at least 50 percent. Therefore, John plans to run at least six times a week this year.

Which of the following is required for this year’s running plan to achieve its aim?

(A)John’s plan for this year includes running a longer distance for each run as compared to each run last year.
(B)The risk of injury does not increase with either the distance run or the number of times someone runs per week.
(C)The two additional runs per week will be for a shorter distance than the average distance John ran per run last year.
(D)John plans to increase the distance he runs for his longest run each week by 50 percent compared to the distance he ran during his longest run each week last year.
(E)The average distance per run in John’s plan for this year is at least as long as the average distance John ran per run last year.

yhh . It should be E.
Last year
if per day d in 1 time and per week it's 4d (as per ques) .
This year he plans to increase by 50 % . So total distance per week must be 4d (1.5 ) = 6d.

Now author is concluding John plans to run at least six times a week this year. So assumption is J must ran at least d distance in one time to achieve his goal.
That's exactly is given in E .
_________________
Thank you.
Regards,
Ashish A Das.

The more realistic you are during your practice, the more confident you will be during the CAT.
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Re: In order to increase his speed and endurance,  [#permalink]

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28 May 2020, 16:41

Which of the following is required for this year’s running plan to achieve its aim?

We have to find the assumption here which helps in achieving the aim of the running.

(A)John’s plan for this year includes running a longer distance for each run as compared to each run last year.
=> The argument says John will run 6 days/week instead of 4 days/week, so it will not increase for each run rather on an average distance will be increased.

(B)The risk of injury does not increase with either the distance run or the number of times someone runs per week.
=> If the risk increases then chances are that the aim won't be achieved. This weakens the possibility.

(C)The two additional runs per week will be for a shorter distance than the average distance John ran per run last year.
=> Average distance remains the same for every week hence over the year as well it will not shorten.

(D)John plans to increase the distance he runs for his longest run each week by 50 percent compared to the distance he ran during his longest run each week last year.
=> Increasing distance each week will not allow to keep the average distance the same every week and it will not allow the plan to succeed.

(E)The average distance per run in John’s plan for this year is at least as long as the average distance John ran per run last year.
=> As the average distance remains the same which means consistency will be maintained this year and the extra distance will the endurance and improved running timing.
Re: In order to increase his speed and endurance,   [#permalink] 28 May 2020, 16:41