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In Patton City, days are categorized as having heavy [#permalink]

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05 Nov 2010, 00:03

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In Patton City, days are categorized as having heavy rainfall (more than two inches), moderate rainfall (more than one inch, but no more than two inches), light rainfall (at least a trace, but no more than one inch), or no rainfall. In 1990, there were fewer days with light rainfall than in 1910 and fewer with moderate rainfall, yet total rainfall for the year was 20 percent higher in 1990 than in 1910.

If the statements above are true, then it is also possible that in Patton City A. the number of days with heavy rainfall was lower in 1990 than in 1910 B. the number of days with some rainfall, but no more than two inches, was the same in 1990 as in 1910 C. the number of days with some rainfall, but no more than two inches, was higher in 1990 than in 1910 D. the total number of inches of rain that fell on days with moderate rainfall in 1990 was more than twice what it had been in 1910 E. the average amount of rainfall per month was lower in 1990 than in 1910

In Patton City, days are categorized as having heavy rainfall (more than two inches), moderate rainfall (more than one inch, but no more than two inches), light rainfall (at least a trace, but no more than one inch), or no rainfall. In 1990, there were fewer days with light rainfall than in 1910 and fewer with moderate rainfall, yet total rainfall for the year was 20 percent higher in 1990 than in 1910.

If the statements above are true, then it is also possible that in Patton City A. the number of days with heavy rainfall was lower in 1990 than in 1910 B. the number of days with some rainfall, but no more than two inches, was the same in 1990 as in 1910 C. the number of days with some rainfall, but no more than two inches, was higher in 1990 than in 1910 D. the total number of inches of rain that fell on days with moderate rainfall in 1990 was more than twice what it had been in 1910 E. the average amount of rainfall per month was lower in 1990 than in 1910

The question is asking for an option that is possible but not necessarily true. Stimulus tells us: HR > 2 MR 1 to 2 LR 0 to 1 No Rain 0

LR Days (1990) < LR Days (1910) MR Days (1990) < MR Days (1910) Yet, Total rainfall 1990 > Total rainfall 1910

A. the number of days with heavy rainfall was lower in 1990 than in 1910 This is possible. Even if HR Days (1990) < HR Days (1910), still 1990 could have had higher total rainfall. Think if in 1990, HR days were fewer, but on each one of those days, it rained 50 inches whereas in 1910, HR Days were more but on each one of those days, it rained only 3 inches, then total rainfall in 1990 could be higher than that of 1910. This is the answer.

B. the number of days with some rainfall, but no more than two inches, was the same in 1990 as in 1910. Not possible because it is given that LR Days (1990) < LR Days (1910) MR Days (1990) < MR Days (1910) So LR Days (1990) + MR Days (1990) < LR Days (1910) + MR Days (1910)

C. the number of days with some rainfall, but no more than two inches, was higher in 1990 than in 1910 Not possible because of the reason given in (B).

D. the total number of inches of rain that fell on days with moderate rainfall in 1990 was more than twice what it had been in 1910 Not Possible. On a moderate rainfall day, amount of rainfall is more than 1 but less than 2. If number of MR days in 1990 is less than the number of MR days in 1910, no amount of rain can make the total rainfall more than twice.

E. the average amount of rainfall per month was lower in 1990 than in 1910 Not Possible. Total rain (1990) > Total rain (1910) Average rain per month = (Total rain)/12 Total rain (1990)/12 > Total rain (1910)/12
_________________

This a great question, but very confusing. Karishma thanks for the explanation on why A is correct. I would have wanted the statement to read: The number of days of heavy rainfall was higher in 1990 than in 1910 to confirm 1990 had greater total rainfall than 1910. Your point that even if there were more heavy rainfall days in 1910 but all of them equaling to 3 inches versus a few heavy days in 1990 which can have 50 inches is valid. Thank you.

Would this question really be 600 to 700? I'd imagine this to be 700+. What is the source?

Re: In Patton City, days are categorized as having heavy [#permalink]

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27 Oct 2013, 05:55

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Re: In Patton City, days are categorized as having heavy [#permalink]

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28 Nov 2014, 21:51

Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.

In Patton City, days are categorized as having heavy [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2015, 13:11

VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:

raghavs wrote:

In Patton City, days are categorized as having heavy rainfall (more than two inches), moderate rainfall (more than one inch, but no more than two inches), light rainfall (at least a trace, but no more than one inch), or no rainfall. In 1990, there were fewer days with light rainfall than in 1910 and fewer with moderate rainfall, yet total rainfall for the year was 20 percent higher in 1990 than in 1910.

If the statements above are true, then it is also possible that in Patton City A. the number of days with heavy rainfall was lower in 1990 than in 1910 B. the number of days with some rainfall, but no more than two inches, was the same in 1990 as in 1910 C. the number of days with some rainfall, but no more than two inches, was higher in 1990 than in 1910 D. the total number of inches of rain that fell on days with moderate rainfall in 1990 was more than twice what it had been in 1910 E. the average amount of rainfall per month was lower in 1990 than in 1910

The question is asking for an option that is possible but not necessarily true. Stimulus tells us: HR > 2 MR 1 to 2 LR 0 to 1 No Rain 0

LR Days (1990) < LR Days (1910) MR Days (1990) < MR Days (1910) Yet, Total rainfall 1990 > Total rainfall 1910

A. the number of days with heavy rainfall was lower in 1990 than in 1910 This is possible. Even if HR Days (1990) < HR Days (1910), still 1990 could have had higher total rainfall. Think if in 1990, HR days were fewer, but on each one of those days, it rained 50 inches whereas in 1910, HR Days were more but on each one of those days, it rained only 3 inches, then total rainfall in 1990 could be higher than that of 1910. This is the answer.

B. the number of days with some rainfall, but no more than two inches, was the same in 1990 as in 1910. Not possible because it is given that LR Days (1990) < LR Days (1910) MR Days (1990) < MR Days (1910) So LR Days (1990) + MR Days (1990) < LR Days (1910) + MR Days (1910)

C. the number of days with some rainfall, but no more than two inches, was higher in 1990 than in 1910 Not possible because of the reason given in (B).

D. the total number of inches of rain that fell on days with moderate rainfall in 1990 was more than twice what it had been in 1910 Not Possible. On a moderate rainfall day, amount of rainfall is more than 1 but less than 2. If number of MR days in 1990 is less than the number of MR days in 1910, no amount of rain can make the total rainfall more than twice.

E. the average amount of rainfall per month was lower in 1990 than in 1910 Not Possible. Total rain (1990) > Total rain (1910) Average rain per month = (Total rain)/12 Total rain (1990)/12 > Total rain (1910)/12

Hi Karishma

Regarding Option D, Is it not possible that for the number of days in 1910, it rains 1.001 inches and in 1990 it rains 2 inches for lesser number of days than in 1910, then may be total inches is more in 1910 ?

In Patton City, days are categorized as having heavy rainfall (more than two inches), moderate rainfall (more than one inch, but no more than two inches), light rainfall (at least a trace, but no more than one inch), or no rainfall. In 1990, there were fewer days with light rainfall than in 1910 and fewer with moderate rainfall, yet total rainfall for the year was 20 percent higher in 1990 than in 1910.

If the statements above are true, then it is also possible that in Patton City A. the number of days with heavy rainfall was lower in 1990 than in 1910 B. the number of days with some rainfall, but no more than two inches, was the same in 1990 as in 1910 C. the number of days with some rainfall, but no more than two inches, was higher in 1990 than in 1910 D. the total number of inches of rain that fell on days with moderate rainfall in 1990 was more than twice what it had been in 1910 E. the average amount of rainfall per month was lower in 1990 than in 1910

The question is asking for an option that is possible but not necessarily true. Stimulus tells us: HR > 2 MR 1 to 2 LR 0 to 1 No Rain 0

LR Days (1990) < LR Days (1910) MR Days (1990) < MR Days (1910) Yet, Total rainfall 1990 > Total rainfall 1910

A. the number of days with heavy rainfall was lower in 1990 than in 1910 This is possible. Even if HR Days (1990) < HR Days (1910), still 1990 could have had higher total rainfall. Think if in 1990, HR days were fewer, but on each one of those days, it rained 50 inches whereas in 1910, HR Days were more but on each one of those days, it rained only 3 inches, then total rainfall in 1990 could be higher than that of 1910. This is the answer.

B. the number of days with some rainfall, but no more than two inches, was the same in 1990 as in 1910. Not possible because it is given that LR Days (1990) < LR Days (1910) MR Days (1990) < MR Days (1910) So LR Days (1990) + MR Days (1990) < LR Days (1910) + MR Days (1910)

C. the number of days with some rainfall, but no more than two inches, was higher in 1990 than in 1910 Not possible because of the reason given in (B).

D. the total number of inches of rain that fell on days with moderate rainfall in 1990 was more than twice what it had been in 1910 Not Possible. On a moderate rainfall day, amount of rainfall is more than 1 but less than 2. If number of MR days in 1990 is less than the number of MR days in 1910, no amount of rain can make the total rainfall more than twice.

E. the average amount of rainfall per month was lower in 1990 than in 1910 Not Possible. Total rain (1990) > Total rain (1910) Average rain per month = (Total rain)/12 Total rain (1990)/12 > Total rain (1910)/12

Hi Karishma

Regarding Option D, Is it not possible that for the number of days in 1910, it rains 1.001 inches and in 1990 it rains 2 inches for lesser number of days than in 1910, then may be total inches is more in 1910 ?

More than twice means that for every 1.001 inch of rainfall in 1910, there must be more than 2.002 inches of rainfall in 1990. But moderate rainfall days cannot have more than 2 inches of rainfall so this is not possible.
_________________

Re: In Patton City, days are categorized as having heavy [#permalink]

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08 Nov 2015, 07:09

VeritasPrepKarishma: I can perfectly understand the logic you gave for option B. But I don't understand how C is incorrect.!! If rainfall was 20% higher in 1990 and given that LR+MR (1990)<LR+MR(1910) then I am left with only one assumption that HR has to be higher in 1990.!! I do understand your explanation for option A. But I need more clarity.

VeritasPrepKarishma: I can perfectly understand the logic you gave for option B. But I don't understand how C is incorrect.!! If rainfall was 20% higher in 1990 and given that LR+MR (1990)<LR+MR(1910) then I am left with only one assumption that HR has to be higher in 1990.!! I do understand your explanation for option A. But I need more clarity.

C. the number of days with some rainfall, but no more than two inches, was higher in 1990 than in 1910

The days with some rainfall, but no more than two inches are LR days and MR days. So (C) says LR Days + MR Days (1990) > LR Days + MR Days (1910)

But from our analysis of the argument, we already know that LR Days + MR Days (1990) < LR Days + MR Days (1910)

Hence (C) is not possible.

As for (A), it is based on the logic that more days of rainfall does not mean more rainfall (inches). The intensity of rainfall can be higher over fewer days and hence fewer days could result in more rainfall.
_________________

Re: In Patton City, days are categorized as having heavy [#permalink]

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10 Nov 2015, 04:53

This really is a great question. The moment I decided for D I realised my mistake and then confirmed it with the help of Karishma's explanation. Will evaluate questions that include some numbers more carefully in the future. I was too stuck with the idea from Pre-thinking that Patton City must have compensated the loss in rainfall somehow, most probably with greater number of heavy rainfall days. Then as soon as I read A I was like "nope, exactly the opposite of what I am looking for."

Re: In Patton City, days are categorized as having heavy [#permalink]

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18 Sep 2016, 15:11

Thanks Karishma for the detailed explanation. I was struggling with this for quite some time

Regards, Abhishek Sinha

VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:

raghavs wrote:

In Patton City, days are categorized as having heavy rainfall (more than two inches), moderate rainfall (more than one inch, but no more than two inches), light rainfall (at least a trace, but no more than one inch), or no rainfall. In 1990, there were fewer days with light rainfall than in 1910 and fewer with moderate rainfall, yet total rainfall for the year was 20 percent higher in 1990 than in 1910.

If the statements above are true, then it is also possible that in Patton City A. the number of days with heavy rainfall was lower in 1990 than in 1910 B. the number of days with some rainfall, but no more than two inches, was the same in 1990 as in 1910 C. the number of days with some rainfall, but no more than two inches, was higher in 1990 than in 1910 D. the total number of inches of rain that fell on days with moderate rainfall in 1990 was more than twice what it had been in 1910 E. the average amount of rainfall per month was lower in 1990 than in 1910

The question is asking for an option that is possible but not necessarily true. Stimulus tells us: HR > 2 MR 1 to 2 LR 0 to 1 No Rain 0

LR Days (1990) < LR Days (1910) MR Days (1990) < MR Days (1910) Yet, Total rainfall 1990 > Total rainfall 1910

A. the number of days with heavy rainfall was lower in 1990 than in 1910 This is possible. Even if HR Days (1990) < HR Days (1910), still 1990 could have had higher total rainfall. Think if in 1990, HR days were fewer, but on each one of those days, it rained 50 inches whereas in 1910, HR Days were more but on each one of those days, it rained only 3 inches, then total rainfall in 1990 could be higher than that of 1910. This is the answer.

B. the number of days with some rainfall, but no more than two inches, was the same in 1990 as in 1910. Not possible because it is given that LR Days (1990) < LR Days (1910) MR Days (1990) < MR Days (1910) So LR Days (1990) + MR Days (1990) < LR Days (1910) + MR Days (1910)

C. the number of days with some rainfall, but no more than two inches, was higher in 1990 than in 1910 Not possible because of the reason given in (B).

D. the total number of inches of rain that fell on days with moderate rainfall in 1990 was more than twice what it had been in 1910 Not Possible. On a moderate rainfall day, amount of rainfall is more than 1 but less than 2. If number of MR days in 1990 is less than the number of MR days in 1910, no amount of rain can make the total rainfall more than twice.

E. the average amount of rainfall per month was lower in 1990 than in 1910 Not Possible. Total rain (1990) > Total rain (1910) Average rain per month = (Total rain)/12 Total rain (1990)/12 > Total rain (1910)/12

Re: In Patton City, days are categorized as having heavy [#permalink]

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12 Nov 2016, 00:02

Figuring out this sentence is the key "In 1990, there were fewer days with light rainfall than in 1910 and fewer with moderate rainfall, yet total rainfall for the year was 20 percent higher in 1990 than in 1910".

Re: In Patton City, days are categorized as having heavy [#permalink]

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26 Mar 2017, 09:46

I chose A basically because after looking through all options, only A and D seemed viable. And D was completely wrong as 'moderate rain' is limited to 1-2 inches of water. Thus, option A seemed right.

Also this raised my eyebrow from the very first moment as it could very well be that there was heavier rains in 1910 but also a lot more days free of rain. This is something most people would not assume, so I assumed the GMAT would be looking to exploit the most common assumptions

gmatclubot

Re: In Patton City, days are categorized as having heavy
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26 Mar 2017, 09:46

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