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# In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used

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In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used [#permalink]

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13 Jan 2011, 17:29
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In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used crossbreeding, in part that their steers should acquire certain characteristics and partly because crossbreeding is said to provide hybrid vigor.

a. in part that their steers should acquire certain characteristics
b. in part for the acquisition of certain characteristics in their steers
c. partly because of their steers acquiring certain characteristics
d. partly because certain characteristics should be acquired by their steers
e. partly to acquire certain characteristics in their steers

[Reveal] Spoiler:
B
in an attempt to remain parallel "partly because" with "partly because." However, the correct answer choice introduced the infinitive "to acquire", which threw my off. Any advice?
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Re: In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used [#permalink]

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23 May 2011, 00:32
Even though I have attended this question 3 times, I made the same mistake all the three times.

Step 1: Identify the question as the one which is related to parallelism
Step 2: the second clause of the sentence says "partly because". So lets eliminate option (A) and option (B).
Step 3: Let's try to match word to word for parallelism among options (C), (D) and (E). It looks like (C) and (D) are better matches
Step 4: In options (C) and (D), the verb in the underlined clause is not matching the verb in the second clause.
Step 5: Lets re-evaluate option (E). It has the perfect match of the verb i.e "acquire" with "provide".

So, option (E) is the best.

While answering this question, I had a lot of trouble because "because" is not there in option (E) which made my choice a lot difficult.

Even though I had answered this question wrongly, I later learnt that GMAT sometimes offsets complete parallelism.
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Re: In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used [#permalink]

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05 Jul 2011, 18:26
rohansherry wrote:
204. In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used crossbreeding, in part that their steers should acquire certain characteristics and partly because crossbreeding is said to provide hybrid vigor.
(A) in part that their steers should acquire certain characteristics
(B) in part for the acquisition of certain characteristics in their steers
(C) partly because of their steers acquiring certain characteristics
(D) partly because certain characteristics should be acquired by their steers
(E) partly to acquire certain characteristics in their steers

Cattle breeders have used crossbreeding to acquire certain characteristics in their steers.

Didn't these guys get a better phrases than "to acquire"; something like "to infuse". Either way, I couldn't have answered it correctly. "D" was too good to reject.
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Re: In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used [#permalink]

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18 Jun 2012, 05:26
I finally know even options like D fit in perfectly in structure, but E, though unparallel, is ultimately the correct answer.
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Re: In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used [#permalink]

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18 Jun 2012, 06:09
My learning:
Got to take meaning in to consideration as well. I picked E first. it sounded better but chose C because E wasn't (obviously) parallel but C seemed to even though meaning was awkward. Thanks for the explanation T
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Re: In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used [#permalink]

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29 Sep 2012, 02:55
TommyWallach wrote:
Hey All,

What an annoying question! I was asked to take this on by private message, and I see why it's bothered so many of you. Let's discuss

204. In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used crossbreeding, in part that their steers should
acquire certain characteristics and partly because crossbreeding is said to provide hybrid vigor.

The thing to remember about PARALLELISM (which is the issue here) is that it is ALL about the parallel markers. You're more concerned with the single word that comes after the parallel marker. From there, things get iffy. The parallel marker here is AND, and the word after it is PARTLY. That's your parallelism. You gotta have another "partly".

(A) in part that their steers should acquire certain characteristics
PROBLEM: Both the "partly" issue and the "should". This isn't about what "should" happen. The breeders do it SO THAT the steer will acquire certain characteristics.

(B) in part for the acquisition of certain characteristics in their steers
PROBLEM: Both the "partly" issue and an odd idiom. You don't do something "for the acquisition" of something else, but "in order to acquire" something else.

(C) partly because of their steers acquiring certain characteristics
PROBLEM: They don't do it "because of their steers acquiring..." that sounds like they crossbreed AFTER the steers have acquired the characteristics. But they do it IN ORDER that the steers might acquire the characteristics.

(D) partly because certain characteristics should be acquired by their steers
PROBLEM: I know we all want this one because it says "partly because" and doesn't sound as bad as C, but the "should" is still a meaning issue. There's no question of SHOULD here. The issue is meaning. The breeders crossbreed because they WANT something to happen.

(E) partly to acquire certain characteristics in their steers
ANSWER: Yes, I know it isn't as parallel as we'd like. It would be nice to say "partly to X" and "partly to Y" OR "partly because of X" and "partly because of Y". But we don't get that option. This is still parallel enough (with the two "partly"s), and from there it's all about meaning.

Tough one! Hope that helps.

-tommy

Partly to acquire characteristics sounds like breeders would acquire the characteristics. No?
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Re: Error precedence? Idiomatic or Wordiness [#permalink]

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09 Jun 2013, 11:42
"partly to" is a perfectly fine idiom as well, assuming it's followed by a verb.
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Re: Error precedence? Idiomatic or Wordiness [#permalink]

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09 Jun 2013, 12:10
I also feel Idiomatic Partly because .... partly because should be right correction.

Ans D
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Re: Error precedence? Idiomatic or Wordiness [#permalink]

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09 Jun 2013, 13:01
dave785 wrote:
"partly to" is a perfectly fine idiom as well, assuming it's followed by a verb.

Okay. But then again, would not 'partly to...and partly because....' be counted as a parallelism error? Or can we assume the parallelism between partly <reason> and partly <reason> to be sufficient?
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Re: Error precedence? Idiomatic or Wordiness [#permalink]

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09 Jun 2013, 16:17
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nikhil.jones.s wrote:
In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used crossbreeding, in part that their steers should acquire certain characteristics and partly because crossbreeding is said to provide hybrid vigor.

A) in part that their steers should acquire certain characteristics
B) in part for the acquisition of certain characterisitcs in their steers
C) partly because of their steers acquiring certain charcteristics
D) partly because certain characterisitcs should be acquired by their steers
E) partly to acquire certain characteristics in their steers

Although I know D is wordy but shouldn't we be giving utmost importance to the Idiomatic Correction - partly because... and partly because ?

partly because certain characteristics should be acquired by their steers

No D is incorrect because it changes the intended meaning.

Cross breeding is done to acquire to certain characteristics and not characterisitcs should be acquired by their steers.

Secondly, it is passive : it violates parallelism principles which says both should have the same logical structure.
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Re: Error precedence? Idiomatic or Wordiness [#permalink]

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09 Jun 2013, 22:17
Countdown wrote:
nikhil.jones.s wrote:
In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used crossbreeding, in part that their steers should acquire certain characteristics and partly because crossbreeding is said to provide hybrid vigor.

A) in part that their steers should acquire certain characteristics
B) in part for the acquisition of certain characterisitcs in their steers
C) partly because of their steers acquiring certain charcteristics
D) partly because certain characterisitcs should be acquired by their steers
E) partly to acquire certain characteristics in their steers

Although I know D is wordy but shouldn't we be giving utmost importance to the Idiomatic Correction - partly because... and partly because ?

We can eliminate A and B as they contain the incorrect idiom 'in part".

In C,D and E

'their' in C is ambiguous.

We can eliminate D because of the passive construction.
E is correct as it has 'to acquire' is parallel with 'to provide'

Yea i can now understand why D should be eliminated and hence E would therefore be the standalone answer. But, would it be right to say that in E "partly to acquire... and partly because crossbreeding is said to provide..." parallelism is sustained. Isn't it supposed to be "partly A and partly B", where A and B, belong to the same time frame(tense), voice, and subject ? I am unable to comprehend how E potrays parallelism here.
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Re: Error precedence? Idiomatic or Wordiness [#permalink]

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10 Jun 2013, 05:52
nikhil.jones.s wrote:
Countdown wrote:
nikhil.jones.s wrote:
In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used crossbreeding, in part that their steers should acquire certain characteristics and partly because crossbreeding is said to provide hybrid vigor.

A) in part that their steers should acquire certain characteristics
B) in part for the acquisition of certain characterisitcs in their steers
C) partly because of their steers acquiring certain charcteristics
D) partly because certain characterisitcs should be acquired by their steers
E) partly to acquire certain characteristics in their steers

Although I know D is wordy but shouldn't we be giving utmost importance to the Idiomatic Correction - partly because... and partly because ?

We can eliminate A and B as they contain the incorrect idiom 'in part".

In C,D and E

'their' in C is ambiguous.

We can eliminate D because of the passive construction.
E is correct as it has 'to acquire' is parallel with 'to provide'

Yea i can now understand why D should be eliminated and hence E would therefore be the standalone answer. But, would it be right to say that in E "partly to acquire... and partly because crossbreeding is said to provide..." parallelism is sustained. Isn't it supposed to be "partly A and partly B", where A and B, belong to the same time frame(tense), voice, and subject ? I am unable to comprehend how E potrays parallelism here.

It does not, E is correct simply, because it is the best answer choice available
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Re: In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used [#permalink]

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26 Oct 2013, 14:34
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Re: In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used [#permalink]

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28 Nov 2013, 09:49
"to acquire" in e is caused by subject "breeder". this is correct
"for acquisition" in b refers to a general action which is not caused by any noun in the main clause. this is not logic.
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Re: In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used cross [#permalink]

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05 Mar 2014, 19:10
Using "partly" twice in a sentence seemed awkward and I had eliminated C,D,E right away. But I guess it is a valid formation.
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Re: In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used cross [#permalink]

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05 Mar 2014, 20:07
infotalk wrote:
Using "partly" twice in a sentence seemed awkward and I had eliminated C,D,E right away. But I guess it is a valid formation.

My friend i gotta disagree with you on that one, partly x, partly y is parallel not awkward, .
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Re: In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used cross [#permalink]

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05 Mar 2014, 20:15
murilomoraes wrote:
infotalk wrote:
Using "partly" twice in a sentence seemed awkward and I had eliminated C,D,E right away. But I guess it is a valid formation.

My friend i gotta disagree with you on that one, partly x, partly y is parallel not awkward, .

Well now I know that now after answering the question incorrectly . But it felt a little awkward. May be I have never heard or paid attention to it that way in my experience.
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Re: In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used cross [#permalink]

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05 Mar 2014, 20:34
infotalk wrote:
murilomoraes wrote:
infotalk wrote:
Using "partly" twice in a sentence seemed awkward and I had eliminated C,D,E right away. But I guess it is a valid formation.

My friend i gotta disagree with you on that one, partly x, partly y is parallel not awkward, .

Well now I know that now after answering the question incorrectly . But it felt a little awkward. May be I have never heard or paid attention to it that way in my experience.

Probably yes, i think the Official Guide 12 have one question like this, and the verbal review too
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Re: In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly OGV2-24 [#permalink]

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19 Jul 2014, 16:47
Shouldn't "D" be the correct answer? Its parallel, concise and clear.
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Re: In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly OGV2-24 [#permalink]

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19 Jul 2014, 22:10
a13ssandra wrote:
Shouldn't "D" be the correct answer? Its parallel, concise and clear.

D change the meaning of the sentence , the "cattle breeders have increasingly used crossbreeding for the purpose of 2 things
1. to acquire certain characteristics
2. to provide hybrid vigor

using should distort the meaning , as it is now saying steers will acquired the characteristics , and it is absolutely not the original sentence is saying.
So it is not logically parallel , from grammatical point of view to+verb of the second part of and should parallel with the first part.
Re: In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly OGV2-24   [#permalink] 19 Jul 2014, 22:10

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