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In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used

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In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used [#permalink]

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10 Jan 2010, 05:46
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In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used crossbreeding, in part that their steers should
acquire certain characteristics
and partly because crossbreeding is said to provide hybrid vigor.
(A) in part that their steers should acquire certain characteristics
(B) in part for the acquisition of certain characteristics in their steers
(C) partly because of their steers acquiring certain characteristics
(D) partly because certain characteristics should be acquired by their steers
(E) partly to acquire certain characteristics in their steers
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10 Jan 2010, 06:18
E, IMO.
Need to keep parallelism of partly.
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10 Jan 2010, 06:54
D..
llism partly because....partly because...
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10 Jan 2010, 09:43
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Quote:
In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used crossbreeding, in part that their steers should
acquire certain characteristics
and partly because crossbreeding is said to provide hybrid vigor.
(A) in part that their steers should acquire certain characteristics
(B) in part for the acquisition of certain characteristics in their steers
(C) partly because of their steers acquiring certain characteristics
(D) partly because certain characteristics should be acquired by their steers
(E) partly to acquire certain characteristics in their steers

This is a tricky question. Most people would fall for answer choice (D), but it's really (E). Let me show you how I think through this question:
Step 1: Notice "in part" is underlined and there are variations in the answer choices. So is it "in part" or "partly"?---well let's look continue looking at the rest of the sentence and you'll see the keyword "and" and then the word "partly" next to it.

Step 2: Notice "partly" is not underlined--which means this is cannot be changed. So, what needs to be changed is "in part." Therefore, you can eliminate answer choices (A) and (B) since they both use "in part."

Step 3: Now that you know it's either (C), (D), or (E) because of STRUCTURAL reasons, let's take a look at the MEANING of the sentence.
Ask yourself what are the two reasons the author is trying to communicate?
You're talking about cross breeding. Why are people doing more cross breeding?

Step 4: Well, you know "partly because crossbreeding is said to provide hybrid vigor."

Here the reason is that crossbreeding is said "to provide hybrid vigor."
So your second reason must be consistent with that!

Step 5: With (C), I see "partly because of their steers acquiring certain characteristics"--which is not consistent with the second half of the sentence.

Step 6: With (D), I see "partly because certain characteristics should be acquired by their steers" which does not have words in the form of "to + verb"

Step 7: But with (E), I see "partly to acquire certain characteristics in their steers"--which is consistent with "to provide hybrid vigor."

Remember to look at the MEANING of the two reasons you are talking about. Don't simply see the word "partly because" and automatically assume the answer must be (D)!!

Hope that helps.
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11 Jan 2010, 01:49
This question has already been discussed

sc-partly-because-70401.html
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Re: In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used [#permalink]

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26 Aug 2014, 12:40
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Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used [#permalink]

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28 Aug 2014, 11:15
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jitendra wrote:
In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used crossbreeding, in part that their steers should
acquire certain characteristics
and partly because crossbreeding is said to provide hybrid vigor.
(A) in part that their steers should acquire certain characteristics
(B) in part for the acquisition of certain characteristics in their steers
(C) partly because of their steers acquiring certain characteristics
(D) partly because certain characteristics should be acquired by their steers
(E) partly to acquire certain characteristics in their steers

Hello. I saw a lot of debates between D and E. Here is my 2 cents. Hope it helps.

In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used crossbreeding, in part that their steers should acquire certain characteristics and partly because crossbreeding is said to provide hybrid vigor.

(A) in part that their steers should acquire certain characteristics
Wrong.

(B) in part for the acquisition of certain characteristics in their steers
Wrong.

(C) partly because of their steers acquiring certain characteristics
Wrong. Parallelism problem.

(D) partly because certain characteristics should be acquired by their steers
Wrong. D has meaning problem. Logically, cattle breeders use crossbreeding TO acquire good characteristics in their steers. Their current steers, living animals, CAN'T acquire anything.
For example, is your dog able to acquire good characteristics from other dogs. Absolutely NOT, how can a living dog acquire characteristics form other dogs? you can only acquire good characteristics in your dog TO create a new kind of dog that has good characteristics as those of your dog. Thus, D can't be correct.

(E) partly to acquire certain characteristics in their steers
Correct.

Hope it helps
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Re: In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used [#permalink]

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29 Dec 2015, 07:45
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
Re: In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used   [#permalink] 29 Dec 2015, 07:45
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