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In recent years, Doberman attacks on small children have risen dramati

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In recent years, Doberman attacks on small children have risen dramati  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Apr 2016, 03:08
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In recent years, Doberman attacks on small children have risen dramatically. Last year saw 35 such attacks in the continental United States alone, an increase of almost 21 percent over the previous year’s total. Clearly, then, it is unsafe to keep dogs as pets if one has small children.

Which of the following, if true, would most strengthen the argument above?


A. No reasonable justification for these attacks by Dobermans on small children has been discovered.

B. Other household pets, such as cats, don't display the same violent tendencies that dogs do.

C. The number of attacks by Dobermans on small children will continue to rise in the coming years.

D. A large percentage of the attacks by Dobermans on small children could have been prevented by proper training.

E. The behavior toward small children exhibited by Dobermans is representative of dogs in general.

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Re: In recent years, Doberman attacks on small children have risen dramati  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Apr 2016, 06:02
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+1 for option E.
In option E author strengthens the assumption which author has made by generalizing doberman with all dogs.
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Re: In recent years, Doberman attacks on small children have risen dramati  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jun 2016, 15:39
E is the answer. Typical case where a survey or study is proven to be representative.
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Re: In recent years, Doberman attacks on small children have risen dramati  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jun 2016, 02:17
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Premise: In recent years, Doberman attacks on small children have risen dramatically. Last year saw 35 such attacks in the continental United States alone, an increase of almost 21 percent over the previous year’s total.

Conclusion :Clearly, then, it is unsafe to keep dogs as pets if one has small children.
.
We are asked to strengthen the above argument based on one of the true statements. The above is pretty simple one and answer can be pre-thought. The premise quotes doberman attacks and conclusion mentions that dogs as such must be avoided. So we must look out for an answer that equates Doberman Attacks with Dog Attacks in general.


The only option that does that is (E) which is the appropriate strengthener :

The behavior that Dobermans exhibit toward small children is representative of the behavior of dogs in general.
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Re: In recent years, Doberman attacks on small children have risen dramati  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Dec 2017, 20:30
sometimes, test takers may forget a simple pattern like the one in E. Test takers should remain calm, and keep studying for the gmat exam.
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Re: In recent years, Doberman attacks on small children have risen dramati  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Dec 2017, 21:36
Premise talks about Doberman and conclusion has extrapolated the result to apply on dogs in general. E gives a green flag for this extrapolation, strengthening the conclusion by saying that Doberman are no different than all dogs in their behavior.
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Re: In recent years, Doberman attacks on small children have risen dramati  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jan 2019, 04:47
carcass wrote:
In recent years, Doberman attacks on small children have risen dramatically. Last year saw 35 such attacks in the continental United States alone, an increase of almost 21 percent over the previous year’s total. Clearly, then, it is unsafe to keep dogs as pets if one has small children.

Which of the following, if true, would most strengthen the argument above?


A. No reasonable justification for these attacks by Dobermans on small children has been discovered.

B. Other household pets, such as cats, don't display the same violent tendencies that dogs do.

C. The number of attacks by Dobermans on small children will continue to rise in the coming years.

D. A large percentage of the attacks by Dobermans on small children could have been prevented by proper training.

E. The behavior toward small children exhibited by Dobermans is representative of dogs in general.


KAPLAN OFFICIAL EXPLANATION:



E

The evidence discusses attacks by Dobermans, but the conclusion is that dogs-any dogs - are unsafe around little kids. This makes sense only if we assume (E): that Dobermans, in their behavior toward little kids, are generally representative of dogs. A good way of checking assumptions is to see what happens if we take their opposite: If the opposite of a statement weakens the argument, then that statement is assumed; if it doesn't, it's not. Here, if Dobermans' behavior toward small children isn't typical of dogs, the argument falls apart.

(A), whether the attacks were justified, is beside the point. Even if the kids were pulling the dogs' tails, the authors point that the dogs aren't safe still holds. Other pets are beyond the scope, so (B)'s out. As for (C), the argument doesn't deal with the future, so.the author needn't assume anything about it. And it certainly wouldn't weaken the argument if, contrary to (D), many of the attacks could not have been prevented, so (D)'s not assumed.
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Re: In recent years, Doberman attacks on small children have risen dramati   [#permalink] 08 Jan 2019, 04:47
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