In recent years much attention has been paid to distilling : GMAT Reading Comprehension (RC)
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# In recent years much attention has been paid to distilling

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In recent years much attention has been paid to distilling [#permalink]

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28 Oct 2012, 10:21
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Question 1
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51% (03:32) correct 49% (02:24) wrong based on 77

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Question 2
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56% (01:40) correct 44% (00:46) wrong based on 75

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Question 3
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65% (02:18) correct 35% (01:04) wrong based on 74

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In recent years much attention has been paid to distilling those factors that create a positive work environment for corporate employees. The goal ultimately is to discover what allows some companies to foster high employee morale while other companies struggle with poor productivity and high managerial turnover. Several theories have been posited, but none has drawn as much interest from the corporate world, or has as much promise, as value congruence, which measures the "fit" between an employee's values and those of co-workers and the company itself.

Value congruence can be broken into three main subcategories: person-environment ("P-E"), person-person ("P-P"), and perceptual fit ("PF"). Person-environment congruence refers to a harmony between the personal values of the employee and corporate culture of the company in which he or she works. Someone with a high P-E congruence feels personally in tune with his company's stated policies and goals. Conversely, someone with a low P-E congruence feels a sense of disharmony between his own values and the stated policies and goals of his company. A high P-P congruence indicates a sense of solidarity with one's co-workers in terms of shared values and goals. A low P-P congruence indicates a sense of isolation from co-workers brought about by an absence of shared values. Finally, strong PF suggests a strong correspondence between the values that an employee perceives his company to have (whether or not the company actually does) and the values that his co-workers perceive the company to have (again, whether or not it actually does). A weak PF implies that an employee's perception of his company's values differs significantly from that of his co-workers.

Research has shown that P-E and PF congruence are important measures of employee satisfaction, commitment, and likelihood of turnover, although P-P congruence has little bearing on these parameters. Moreover, PF is especially important in establishing harmonious relations between workers and managers. These measures give corporations a robust paradigm on the basis of which to create long-term personnel plans and productivity growth targets: in particular, P-E and PF congruence allow companies to discover dysfunctional work relationships and clarify misperceived company policies and goals. With these tools in hand, companies can look forward to increased employee satisfaction and, ultimately, improved company performance.
1. According to the passage, which of the following was a motivation in the creation of the system of value congruence?
A) a desire to minimize the liability of upper management for employee dissatisfaction
B) a desire to help companies to improve their internal harmony
C) a desire to allow employees to increase their earning potential
D) a desire to foster awareness of factors influencing managerial success
E) a desire to eliminate discrepancies between a company’s goals and the values of its employees

[Reveal] Spoiler:
B

2. The passage suggests that perceptual fit congruence would be most useful in determining which of the following?
A. whether a company ought to make its policies and goals more transparent
B. whether a company ought to provide sensitivity training for its management
C. whether a company ought to create more opportunities for interaction among workers
D. whether a company ought to address employee grievances more directly
E. whether a company ought to implement a more elaborate orientation program for new employees

[Reveal] Spoiler:
A

3. The primary focus of the passage is on which of the following?
A. Comparing a new theory of corporate performance to a discredited theory and predicting the usefulness of the new theory.
B. Illustrating a new approach to measuring employee satisfaction through a detailed analysis of a particular case.
C. Challenging an old view of employee commitment and suggesting that a new paradigm is necessary.
D. Promoting a new method of measuring the likelihood of corporate success by explaining its benefits
E. Defending a proposed system of corporate analysis through examples of its success.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
D

[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #1 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #2 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #3 OA
If you have any questions
New!
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Re: In recent years much attention has been paid to distilling [#permalink]

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28 Oct 2012, 10:50
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1. B
2. D
3. D

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Re: In recent years much attention has been paid to distilling [#permalink]

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29 Oct 2012, 01:53
IMO
1. B
2. A
3. D

Can you please post the OA ?
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Re: In recent years much attention has been paid to distilling [#permalink]

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31 Oct 2012, 07:05
@sharkiam: Kindly post the OA..

RC is of no use, if we don't know the ans.
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Re: In recent years much attention has been paid to distilling [#permalink]

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21 Dec 2012, 19:13
Took approx 6mins
My ans are:
E
C
D

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Re: In recent years much attention has been paid to distilling [#permalink]

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25 Dec 2012, 20:05
1. B
2. E (A weak PF implies that an employee’s
perception of his company’s values differs significantly
from that of his co-workers. Last line of second para)
3. D

What are the OAs
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Re: In recent years much attention has been paid to distilling [#permalink]

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06 Jan 2013, 07:35
E, A, D..

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Re: In recent years much attention has been paid to distilling [#permalink]

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30 Nov 2013, 22:56
IMO DAD ... Can anyone explain Q1? ... I didn't find any of the options to be right...
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Re: In recent years much attention has been paid to distilling [#permalink]

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01 Dec 2013, 10:21
1B
2B
3D
When Do OAs come out?
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Re: In recent years much attention has been paid to distilling [#permalink]

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27 Dec 2013, 06:14
My answers are A, A, and B

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Re: In recent years much attention has been paid to distilling [#permalink]

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28 Dec 2013, 08:11
1. E
2. A
3. D

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Re: In recent years much attention has been paid to distilling [#permalink]

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31 Dec 2013, 09:20
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The question asks us to determine which of the choices was a
motivation in the creation of the system of value
congruence. According to the passage (lines 6-9), value congruence
was one of the theories that was posited "to discover what allows
some companies to foster high employee morale while other
companies struggle with poor productivity and high managerial
turnover."

(A) Poor productivity, high managerial turnover, and employee
morale have little to do with the liability of upper management for
employee satisfaction.

(B) CORRECT. Poor productivity, high managerial turnover, and
employee morale are related to a company's internal harmony or

lack thereof. The proof sentence does not correlate directly to this
answer choice, making this a fairly difficult question.

(C) Poor productivity, high managerial turnover, and employee
morale have little to do with the earning potential of employees.

(D) Poor productivity, high managerial turnover, and employee
morale have little to do with the factors influencing managerial
success.

(E) Poor productivity, high managerial turnover, and employee
morale have little to do with the discrepancies between a company's
goals and the values of its employees.

7. The question asks us to determine which of the choices would be
the best use for perceptual fit ("PF"). The passage defines
perceptual fit as the congruence between a given employee's
perception of his company's values and the perception of the
company's values held by other employees. Therefore, we need to
determine which answer choice could be determined using this
measure.

(A) CORRECT. This choice suggests that PF could be used to
determine whether a company ought to make its policies and goals
more transparent. PF will indicate to a company whether its
employees generally see the company's values the same way. This
would be useful in determining whether the company needed to do
a better job in making those values clear to its employees.

(B) This choice suggests that PF could be used to determine
whether a company ought to provide sensitivity training for its
management. PF is not relevant to issues of sensitivity training.

(C) This choice suggests that PF could be used to determine
whether a company ought to create more opportunities for
interaction among workers. Since PF is used to determine whether
employees hold the same view of the company's values, this choice
may seem attractive. But it does not specifically relate to the notion
of company values, as choice A does.

(D) This choice suggests that PF could be used to determine
whether a company needed to address employee grievances more
directly. PF is not related to the concept of company values.

(E) This choice suggests that PF could be used to determine whether
a company ought to have a more elaborate orientation program for
new employees. PF is not related to the concept of company values
as seen by employees.

8. This question asks us to find a choice that describes the primary
focus of the passage. The correct answer must cover the entirety of
the passage without misrepresenting it.

(A) This choice mentions a comparison between a new theory and a
"discredited theory". Since there is no discussion of a discredited
theory in the passage, this choice is incorrect.

(B) This choice mentions a "detailed analysis of a particular
case". Since the passage does not focus on a particular case, this
choice is incorrect.

(C) This choice describes the passage as challenging an "old view of
employee commitment". Since the passage does not discuss old
views of employee commitment, this choice is incorrect.

(D) CORRECT. This choice describes the passage as "promoting a
new method of measuring the likelihood of corporate success" – so
far, so good – and as "explaining its benefits". This covers the
entirety of the passage and describes its purpose and function
accurately.

(E) This choice states that the passage defends "a proposed system
of corporate analysis through examples of its success." Since the
passage does not discuss examples of success, this choice is
incorrect.

Do not esistate to ask if something remains unclear
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Re: In recent years much attention has been paid to distilling [#permalink]

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07 Jan 2014, 11:53
Hello,

I have great difficulty with those 700+ level text. carcass can you help me on this one?

==> How do you find answer 1 and 2? How do you find easily the answers (less than 3 minutes) ?

Thanks!
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Re: In recent years much attention has been paid to distilling [#permalink]

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04 Mar 2015, 08:54
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Re: In recent years much attention has been paid to distilling [#permalink]

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01 Apr 2015, 05:06
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Re: In recent years much attention has been paid to distilling [#permalink]

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23 Apr 2016, 21:33
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: In recent years much attention has been paid to distilling [#permalink]

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20 Jul 2016, 06:19
dont think its a 700 level Q though..
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Re: In recent years much attention has been paid to distilling [#permalink]

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22 Jul 2016, 23:19
Top Contributor
8 mins all correct. ..
~4 mins for Para.
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Re: In recent years much attention has been paid to distilling [#permalink]

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29 Jan 2017, 11:51
Youraisemeup wrote:
dont think its a 700 level Q though..

Since it was that easy for you, could you make a good elaboration for Q1 ?
Re: In recent years much attention has been paid to distilling   [#permalink] 29 Jan 2017, 11:51
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