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# In reference to the current popularity of electronic mail,

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In reference to the current popularity of electronic mail, [#permalink]

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05 Sep 2010, 18:02
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In reference to the current popularity of electronic mail, postal services frequently expressed anxiety that their prospects for remaining profitable are being limited by their antiquated business model.

* (A) In reference to the current popularity of electronic mail, postal services frequently expressed anxiety that
* (B) Referring to the current popularity of electronic mail, postal services frequently expressed anxiety about
* (C) When referring to the current popularity of electronic mail, postal services frequently express anxiety about
* (D) With reference to the current popularity of electronic mail, postal services frequently expressed anxiety about
* (E) Referring to the current popularity of electronic mail, postal services frequently express anxiety that

OA After Discussion!
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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05 Sep 2010, 18:21
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E - Who is referring to email? postal services.. and they are doing it in the present. so present tense
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06 Sep 2010, 19:23
Is the usage of "With reference" wrong in D ?
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15 Sep 2010, 23:53
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I think E is the best option.

B,C,D can be eliminated due to their use of 'about'.

Between A & E, I choose E becasuse 'Referring to' is parallel to 'are being limited'.
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16 Sep 2010, 01:06
anxiety about is definitely wrong, but I m stuck between A and E.

Though E looks good but I do not see why A is wrong.
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16 Sep 2010, 11:21
If not, then my option is D.
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17 Sep 2010, 12:50
Why is anxiety "about" wrong? You can't have anxiety "about" an upcoming exam? Is it "over" or "regarding" or something?
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17 Sep 2010, 13:00
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NewSc2 wrote:
Why is anxiety "about" wrong? You can't have anxiety "about" an upcoming exam? Is it "over" or "regarding" or something?

- expressed anxiety about their prospects ...
- expressed anxiety that their prospects ...
=> the use of about here distorts meaning. if you read the sentence with about it sounds like the postal services were not anxious because their prospects...
If I'll use your example "anxious about the exam" I can transfer it to "anxious that the exam will be hard"
you can see that the two sentences mean two different things. in the first you are probably anxious because the exam date is nearing or something like that. In the second you are anxious because you think that the exam will be hard and not because anything else.
Hope that helps..
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17 Sep 2010, 14:28
A is wrong due to awkward use of "in reference" to ...and the tense.

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20 Dec 2010, 02:48
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First of all a few concepts:

This is a generalization. Use of present tesnse ‘express' is the most proper way of describing the verb . So choices that use ‘expressed. i.e., A, B, and D are out.

Between B and E: Use of ‘when referring to’ restricts the meaning to the narrow timing of reference, or even granting whenever the reference is made to . The generalization is however broader than that and hence the use of 'referring to' is mor appropriate. That takes E as the choice.

‘In reference to’ is a wrong idiom; ‘with reference to’ or referring to is the accepted version.

When you use a preposition such as ‘about’, you should follow it up with a noun or noun phrase ( without a working verb). In D the prepistion ‘ about’ is followed by a full clause ‘ their prospects for remaining profitable are being limited by their antiquated business model.’ This is grammatically in correct.

On the contrary, E uses a proper subordinate connector ‘that ‘ to introduce the subordinate clause. Hence E is grammatically correct.

Interestingly, here is a similar 1000 SC version. Q. N0. 397

397. In reference to the current hostility toward smoking, smokers frequently expressed anxiety that their prospects for being hired and promoted are being stunted by their habit.
(A) In reference to the current hostility toward smoking, smokers frequently expressed anxiety that
(B) Referring to the current hostility toward smoking, smokers frequently expressed anxiety about
(C) When referring to the current hostility toward smoking, smokers frequently express anxiety about
(D) With reference to the current hostility toward smoking, smokers frequently expressed anxiety about
(E) Referring to the current hostility toward smoking, smokers frequently express anxiety that

Needless to say, the answer choice is E here also.
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In reference to the current popularity of electronic mail, [#permalink]

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10 Jul 2011, 13:43
In reference to the current popularity of electronic mail, postal services frequently expressed anxiety that their prospects for remaining profitable are being limited by their antiquated business model.

1) In reference to the current popularity of electronic mail, postal services frequently expressed anxiety that
2) Referring to the current popularity of electronic mail, postal services frequently expressed anxiety about
3) When referring to the current popularity of electronic mail, postal services frequently express anxiety about
4) With reference to the current popularity of electronic mail, postal services frequently expressed anxiety about
5) Referring to the current popularity of electronic mail, postal services frequently express anxiety that

can some one help me understand the rule for 'about' vs. 'that' in the above sentence.

Last edited by agdimple333 on 11 Jul 2011, 08:01, edited 1 time in total.

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11 Jul 2011, 07:57
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IMO, E.

"about" is a preposition, so it can be followed only by a noun. In this case, we have a clause.

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11 Jul 2011, 10:49
kichha51 wrote:
Whats wrong with "A" ?

In reference to the current popularity of electronic mail, postal services frequently expressed anxiety that their prospects for remaining profitable are being limited by their antiquated business model.

1) In reference to the current popularity of electronic mail, postal services frequently expressed anxiety that
2) Referring to the current popularity of electronic mail, postal services frequently expressed anxiety about
3) When referring to the current popularity of electronic mail, postal services frequently express anxiety about
4) With reference to the current popularity of electronic mail, postal services frequently expressed anxiety about
5) Referring to the current popularity of electronic mail, postal services frequently express anxiety that

think it may be tense problem- either it could be have expressed or simply express. Look at 2 things- current popularity of electronic mail and are being limited.

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11 Jul 2011, 11:01
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Chetangupta wrote:
kichha51 wrote:
Whats wrong with "A" ?

In reference to the current popularity of electronic mail, postal services frequently expressed anxiety that their prospects for remaining profitable are being limited by their antiquated business model.

1) In reference to the current popularity of electronic mail, postal services frequently expressed anxiety that
2) Referring to the current popularity of electronic mail, postal services frequently expressed anxiety about
3) When referring to the current popularity of electronic mail, postal services frequently express anxiety about
4) With reference to the current popularity of electronic mail, postal services frequently expressed anxiety about
5) Referring to the current popularity of electronic mail, postal services frequently express anxiety that

think it may be tense problem- either it could be have expressed or simply express. Look at 2 things- current popularity of electronic mail and are being limited.

ALSO, (somebody please correct me if I am wrong) I think a participle modifier "Referring .... " is preferred over a prepositional modifier "In reference to" for the noun "postal services".
eg. "According to ...." is preferred over "In accordance to/with ..."
eg. "Regarding ...." is preferred over "In regard to/with"

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Re: In reference to the current popularity of electronic mail, [#permalink]

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03 Jun 2012, 02:38
raghavakumar85 wrote:
In reference to the current popularity of electronic mail, postal services frequently expressed anxiety that their prospects for remaining profitable are being limited by their antiquated business model.

* (A) In reference to the current popularity of electronic mail, postal services frequently expressed anxiety that
* (B) Referring to the current popularity of electronic mail, postal services frequently expressed anxiety about
* (C) When referring to the current popularity of electronic mail, postal services frequently express anxiety about
* (D) With reference to the current popularity of electronic mail, postal services frequently expressed anxiety about
* (E) Referring to the current popularity of electronic mail, postal services frequently express anxiety that

OA After Discussion!

my take is E. A,C and D are out for modifier error. in B "are being" has no legitimate subject. correct me if i am wrong
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In reference to the current popularity of electronic mail, [#permalink]

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03 Mar 2013, 14:22
In reference to the current popularity of electronic mail, postal services frequently expressed anxiety that their prospects for remaining profitable are being limited by their antiquated business model.

(A)In reference to the current popularity of electronic mail, postal services frequently expressed anxiety that
(B)Referring to the current popularity of electronic mail, postal services frequently expressed anxiety about
(C)When referring to the current popularity of electronic mail, postal services frequently express anxiety about
(D)With reference to the current popularity of electronic mail, postal services frequently expressed anxiety about
(E)Referring to the current popularity of electronic mail, postal services frequently express anxiety that

Need explanation & whats the difference between

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Re: In reference to the current popularity of electronic mail, [#permalink]

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06 Mar 2013, 09:41
First of all a few concepts:

This is a generalization observed by the postal people. . Use of present tense ‘express' is the most proper way of describing the verb. So choices that use ‘expressed. i.e., A, B, and D are out.

In C the use of ‘when referring to’ restricts the meaning to the narrow timing of reference, or even whenever the reference is made to. A generalization is however broader than that and hence the use of 'referring to' is more appropriate.
That makes E the choice.

(A)In reference to the current popularity of electronic mail, postal services frequently expressed anxiety that
(B)Referring to the current popularity of electronic mail, postal services frequently expressed anxiety about
(C)When referring to the current popularity of electronic mail, postal services frequently express anxiety about
(D)With reference to the current popularity of electronic mail, postal services frequently expressed anxiety about
(E)Referring to the current popularity of electronic mail, postal services frequently express anxiety that.

When you use a preposition such as ‘about’, you should follow it up with a noun or noun phrase (without a working verb). In B, C and D, the preposition ‘about’ is followed by a full clause ‘their prospects for remaining profitable are being limited by their antiquated business model.’ This is grammatically in correct.

On the contrary, E uses a proper subordinate connector ‘that ‘to introduce the subordinate clause. Hence E is grammatically correct.

Interestingly, here is a similar 1000 SC version. Q. N0. 397

397. In reference to the current hostility toward smoking, smokers frequently expressed anxiety that their prospects for being hired and promoted are being stunted by their habit.
(A) In reference to the current hostility toward smoking, smokers frequently expressed anxiety that
(B) Referring to the current hostility toward smoking, smokers frequently expressed anxiety about
(C) When referring to the current hostility toward smoking, smokers frequently express anxiety about
(D) With reference to the current hostility toward smoking, smokers frequently expressed anxiety about
(E) Referring to the current hostility toward smoking, smokers frequently express anxiety that

Needless to say, the answer choice is E here also.
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Re: In reference to the current popularity of electronic mail, [#permalink]

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31 Mar 2013, 05:29
(A)In reference to the current popularity of electronic mail, postal services frequently expressed anxiety that
--> In reference.... modifier should modify postal services. But here it is not. Also the complete sentence is in present tense ' Expressed' is in past
(B)Referring to the current popularity of electronic mail, postal services frequently expressed anxiety about
--> Correctly modify the first part but 'expressed' does not make sense
(C)When referring to the current popularity of electronic mail, postal services frequently express anxiety about
--> Subordinate clause has sub referring but no verb so sentence fragment
(D)With reference to the current popularity of electronic mail, postal services frequently expressed anxiety about
--> modifier does not go with postal services
(E)Referring to the current popularity of electronic mail, postal services frequently express anxiety that
--> Make complete sense and tense is proper

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Re: In reference to the current popularity of electronic mail, [#permalink]

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23 Apr 2013, 21:21
All duplicate threads on this topic have been merged.

Please check and follow the Guidelines for Posting in Verbal GMAT forum before posting anything.

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Re: In reference to the current popularity of electronic mail, [#permalink]

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29 Jul 2014, 12:28
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Re: In reference to the current popularity of electronic mail,   [#permalink] 29 Jul 2014, 12:28

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