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In Rembrandt's The Night Watch, in the second plane of the pictorial

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In Rembrandt's The Night Watch, in the second plane of the pictorial  [#permalink]

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In Rembrandt's The Night Watch, in the second plane of the pictorial composition, to the left of but behind the two military leaders of the company, stands a little girl, illuminated by a bright shaft of light, and suspended from her dress is a dead chicken.


A. to the left of but behind the two military leaders of the company, stands a little girl, illuminated by a bright shaft of light, and suspended from her dress is a dead chicken

B. behind the two military leaders of the company, but standing to their left, a bright shaft of light illuminates a little girl, and suspended from her dress is a dead chicken

C. behind the two military leaders of the company but to their left, stands a brightly illuminated little girl and a dead chicken, suspended from her dress

D. behind and left to the company's two military leaders, a bright shaft of light illuminates a standing little girl, and her dress has a dead chicken suspended from it

E. to the left of the company's two military leaders but behind them, and illuminated by a bright shaft of light, stands a little girl with a dead chicken suspended from her dress

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Originally posted by summer101 on 21 Oct 2013, 00:52.
Last edited by Bunuel on 14 Jan 2019, 00:10, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: In Rembrandt's The Night Watch, in the second plane of the p  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Feb 2014, 09:02
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In Rembrandt's The Night Watch, in the second plane of the pictorial composition, to the left of but behind the two military leaders of the company, stands a little girl, illuminated by a bright shaft of light, and suspended from her dress is a dead chicken.

A. to the left of but behind the two military leaders of the company, stands a little girl, illuminated by a bright shaft of light, and suspended from her dress is a dead chicken...CORRECT
B. behind the two military leaders of the company, but standing to their left, a bright shaft of light illuminates a little girl, and suspended from her dress is a dead chicken......incorrect modifier
C. behind the two military leaders of the company but to their left, stands abrightly illuminated little girl and a dead chicken, suspended from her dressappearsas if a dead chicken together with the girl is the subject...
D. behind and left to the company's two military leaders,a bright shaft of light illuminates a standing little girl, and her dress has a dead chicken suspended from it....incorrect modifier
E. to the left of the company's two military leaders but behind them, and illuminated by a bright shaft of light, stands a littlegirl with a dead chicken suspended from her dress.....
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Re: In Rembrandt's The Night Watch, in the second plane of the pictorial  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Feb 2014, 23:54
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Mountain14 wrote:
In Rembrandt's The Night Watch, in the second plane of the pictorial composition, to the left of but behind the two military leaders of the company, stands a little girl, illuminated by a bright shaft of light, and suspended from her dress is a dead chicken.

A. to the left of but behind the two military leaders of the company, stands a little girl, illuminated by a bright shaft of light, and suspended from her dress is a dead chicken
B. behind the two military leaders of the company, but standing to their left, a bright shaft of light illuminates a little girl, and suspended from her dress is a dead chicken
C. behind the two military leaders of the company but to their left, stands a brightly illuminated little girl and a dead chicken, suspended from her dress
D. behind and left to the company's two military leaders, a bright shaft of light illuminates a standing little girl, and her dress has a dead chicken suspended from it
E. to the left of the company's two military leaders but behind them, and illuminated by a bright shaft of light, stands a little girl with a dead chicken suspended from her dress


I went with (A), the first split "to the left of but behind the two military leaders of the company," was sufficient to answer the question. Compare all the answers to (A), notice the wordiness and unjustified change of structure. Choice (A) seems more elegant than all other choices. Additionally, it is free of grammatical errors.
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Re: In Rembrandt's The Night Watch, in the second plane of the pictorial  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Feb 2014, 23:59
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Option A is clear and concise, free from any errors. I thought at first this might be a parallelism problem, but didn't appear to be so.
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Re: In Rembrandt's The Night Watch, in the second plane of the pictorial  [#permalink]

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New post 30 May 2014, 10:47
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Interesting question. The language seems right out of a classic novel.

The sentence is trying to state two facts:
A little girl stands someplace. A dead chicken is suspended from her dress.

How do you know this? Read ahead, skipping any modifiers, until you find the subject(s). Next, identify the main verb(s).

The portions before each of the first three commas are all modifiers providing information about "where" the little girl stands. The "illuminated...light" is another modifier that provides some more information about this main scene (what surrounds the girl).

So when analysing the options, check whether the modifiers modify the thing/person they are supposed to modify. For e.g. Who stands to the left of but behind the military leaders? You might also catch a subject-verb agreement error in one of the options.

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In Rembrandt's The Night Watch, in the second plane of the pictorial  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jul 2017, 19:48
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Although I incorrectly answered E in 1:15 minute, I can say why A is correct! (I wont point out all the wrongs in answer choice, but one or two that I used to reject it)

- to the left of but behind the two military leaders of the company, stands a little girl, illuminated by a bright shaft of light, and suspended from her dress is a dead chicken
I don't find this sentence incorrect, will keep it but look for better option

- behind the two military leaders of the company, but standing to their left, a bright shaft of light illuminates a little girl, and suspended from her dress is a dead chicken
"standing to their left" modifies "a bright shaft of light". OUT

- behind the two military leaders of the company but to their left, stands a brightly illuminated little girl and a dead chicken, suspended from her dress
"stands a brightly illuminated" could modify "girl and dead chicken". Only girl is standing. Chicken is not standing but hanging from her dress

- behind and left to the company's two military leaders, a bright shaft of light illuminates a standing little girl, and her dress has a dead chicken suspended from it
I think "left to the" is incorrect. It should be "left of". And major reason for rejecting this is : subject is changed to focus on "bright shaft of light" which illuminates a standing girl. Focus changed.

- to the left of the company's two military leaders but behind them, and illuminated by a bright shaft of light, stands a little girl with a dead chicken suspended from her dress
I found this error after i clicked E. here I find Parallelism error: "In Rembrandt's....", "in the second plane...","to the left...", but next comes "and illuminated". This is incorrect. Replace it with either parallel prepositional phrase, or subject. A uses subject-"little girl". Hence A is correct


Hope I helped! :)
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Re: In Rembrandt's The Night Watch, in the second plane of the pictorial  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jul 2017, 20:07
I think the sentence in option A doesn't make sense. It will be really helpful if someone can explain this. Thanks!
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Re: In Rembrandt's The Night Watch, in the second plane of the pictorial  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jul 2017, 21:25
hotshot02 wrote:
I think the sentence in option A doesn't make sense. It will be really helpful if someone can explain this. Thanks!


Let me try:
In Rembrandt's The Night Watch, in the second plane of the pictorial composition, to the left of but behind the two military leaders of the company, stands a little girl, illuminated by a bright shaft of light, and suspended from her dress is a dead chicken.

Main SV is : Little girl stands.
second clause is: suspended from her dress is a dead chicken. (her refers correctly to little girl).
connecting word for both clause: And
Prepositional phrases- Modifiers are for verb "stands".
Modifier illuminated is for little girl.

Taking one phrase at a time sentence will read:
In Rembrandt's The Night Watch,
    in the second plane of the pictorial composition,
    to the left of but behind the two military leaders of the company,
stands a little girl,
    illuminated by a bright shaft of light,
and
suspended from her dress is a dead chicken.

Written this way, sentence is free from all the errors. GMAT is not about selecting the correct choice. It is about eliminating wrong answer choices.
All the experts will second me on this: speech or how the sentence sounds doesn't matter in SC :)

Makes sense now? I can still elaborate more, let me know! :P

But I hope this will help! :)
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Re: In Rembrandt's The Night Watch, in the second plane of the pictorial  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jul 2017, 21:31
ajit_223 wrote:
In Rembrandt's The Night Watch, in the second plane of the pictorial composition, to the left of but behind the two military leaders of the company, stands a little girl, illuminated by a bright shaft of light, and suspended from her dress is a dead chicken.

- to the left of but behind the two military leaders of the company, stands a little girl, illuminated by a bright shaft of light, and suspended from her dress is a dead chicken
- behind the two military leaders of the company, but standing to their left, a bright shaft of light illuminates a little girl, and suspended from her dress is a dead chicken
- behind the two military leaders of the company but to their left, stands a brightly illuminated little girl and a dead chicken, suspended from her dress
- behind and left to the company's two military leaders, a bright shaft of light illuminates a standing little girl, and her dress has a dead chicken suspended from it
- to the left of the company's two military leaders but behind them, and illuminated by a bright shaft of light, stands a little girl with a dead chicken suspended from her dress


The Sentence Structure is Modifier, Modifier, Modifier, Core, Modifier, Core.
'In Rembrandt's...Watch', In the.....composition', 'to the.....company' - The First 3 modifiers are setting up the subject of the sentence i.e. the little girl.
'to the left....company' - maintains parallelism with 'to the left' but 'behind....'
'stands...girl' - SV Agreement 'Girl' is the subject, and 'stands' is the verb.
'illuminated...light' - providing more information about the previous clause i.e. 'stands....girl'!
'suspended....chicken' - 'dead chicken' is the subject and 'is suspended' is the verb, so it maintains SV agreement.
The 2 core clauses are parallel.

A - No grammatical issues. Keep.
B - Incorrect modifier. It's modifying 'a bright shaft...' instead of a little girl! OUT
C - SV Disagreement, as this sentence makes the subject a plural 'a brightly illuminated girl and a dead chicken' and the verb is 'stands' + the meaning is illogical. A dead chicken wasn't standing at all. OUT!
D - 'to the left of' is correct and 'to leave' is correct but 'left of' is incorrect. OUT
E - This tries to make the 2 modifiers parallel but fails 'to the....' and 'illuminated....' are not parallel. OUT

So A is the answer.

Hope it helps!
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Re: In Rembrandt's The Night Watch, in the second plane of the pictorial  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jul 2017, 04:15
A. to the left of but behind the two military leaders of the company, stands a little girl, illuminated by a bright shaft of light, and suspended from her dress is a dead chicken right answer
B. behind the two military leaders of the company, but standing to their left, a bright shaft of light illuminates a little girl, and suspended from her dress is a dead chicken illuminates and suspended is not parallel
C. behind the two military leaders of the company but to their left, stands a brightly illuminated little girl and a dead chicken, suspended from her dress alters the meaning of the sentence
D. behind and left to the company's two military leaders, a bright shaft of light illuminates a standing little girl, and her dress has a dead chicken suspended from it we don't know what it refers to here
E. to the left of the company's two military leaders but behind them, and illuminated by a bright shaft of light, stands a little girl with a dead chicken suspended from her dress And illuminated is wrong
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Re: In Rembrandt's The Night Watch, in the second plane of the pictorial  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Aug 2017, 02:52
Experts could you please comment on why A is the OA. I personally did not like either of the sentences but felt that E is the best of the lot.
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Re: In Rembrandt's The Night Watch, in the second plane of the pictorial  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Aug 2017, 13:08
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darn wrote:
Experts could you please comment on why A is the OA. I personally did not like either of the sentences but felt that E is the best of the lot.


Hello,

I am not an expert but I get most SC questions right. Here are my 2 cents:

E. to the left of the company's two military leaders but behind them, and illuminated by a bright shaft of light, stands a little girl with a dead chicken suspended from her dress

"to the left of the company's two military leaders but behind them", is wordy compared to the shorter "to the left of but behind the two military leaders of the company".

second part "and illuminated by a bright shaft of light, stands a little girl" >>>> this construction is passive whereas in (A) "stands a little girl, illuminated by a bright shaft of light," is active.

But more importantly notice in (A), "to the left of but behind the two military leaders of the company, stands a little girl" >>>> "stands" is correctly placed right after the phrase that it refers to whereas in (E) "stands" is too far from what it is referring to.

In general GMAT SC prefers an appositive "illuminated by a bright shaft" to follow the subject or noun it modifies "stands a little girl". In (E) the appositive comes before the subject/noun it modifies.

I hope I made sense. Good luck.
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Re: In Rembrandt's The Night Watch, in the second plane of the pictorial  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jan 2019, 00:06
summer101 wrote:
In Rembrandt's The Night Watch, in the second plane of the pictorial composition, to the left of but behind the two military leaders of the company, stands a little girl, illuminated by a bright shaft of light, and suspended from her dress is a dead chicken.

A. to the left of but behind the two military leaders of the company, stands a little girl, illuminated by a bright shaft of light, and suspended from her dress is a dead chicken
B. behind the two military leaders of the company, but standing to their left, a bright shaft of light illuminates a little girl, and suspended from her dress is a dead chicken
C. behind the two military leaders of the company but to their left, stands a brightly illuminated little girl and a dead chicken, suspended from her dress
D. behind and left to the company's two military leaders, a bright shaft of light illuminates a standing little girl, and her dress has a dead chicken suspended from it
E. to the left of the company's two military leaders but behind them, and illuminated by a bright shaft of light, stands a little girl with a dead chicken suspended from her dress


The answer should be A. B, C, and D are straightforward out because of the following reasons:

B -> standing to their left, a bright shaft - wrong modifier
C -> dead chicken is not standing (stands a brightly illuminated little girl and a deal chicken)
D -> behind and left to (should be left of) the company's two military leaders, a bright shaft - wrong modifier

Between A & E, A is better.

A -> stands a little girl, illuminated -> correct. The girl is illuminated by light.
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Re: In Rembrandt's The Night Watch, in the second plane of the pictorial  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jan 2019, 02:19
Hello,

Could you please provide further insight into how A is the correct answer? Thank you so much!
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In Rembrandt's The Night Watch, in the second plane of the pictorial  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jan 2019, 16:01
KHow wrote:
Hello,

Could you please provide further insight into how A is the correct answer? Thank you so much!


According to the economist's official solution:

"The original sentence is grammatically correct, and correctly employs two parallelism structures.

The first part of the underlined section to the left of but behind the two military leaders of the company contains a prepositional phrase built of the two parallel items to the left of but behind (A but B). These describe the position or location of the little girl within the pictorial composition.

The second part of the underlined section stands a little girl, illuminated by a bright shaft of light and suspended from her dress is a dead chicken contains two parallel clauses connected by and. The subject of the first clause is a little girl and the matching verb is stands. The subject of the second clause is a dead chicken and the matching verb is is suspended. The phrase illuminated by a bright shaft of light is a modifier, which is correctly placed directly after the noun it modifies: a little girl."
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In Rembrandt's The Night Watch, in the second plane of the pictorial  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Mar 2019, 07:00
summer101 wrote:
In Rembrandt's The Night Watch, in the second plane of the pictorial composition, to the left of but behind the two military leaders of the company, stands a little girl, illuminated by a bright shaft of light, and suspended from her dress is a dead chicken.


A. to the left of but behind the two military leaders of the company, stands a little girl, illuminated by a bright shaft of light, and suspended from her dress is a dead chicken

B. behind the two military leaders of the company, but standing to their left, a bright shaft of light illuminates a little girl, and suspended from her dress is a dead chicken

C. behind the two military leaders of the company but to their left, stands a brightly illuminated little girl and a dead chicken, suspended from her dress

D. behind and left to the company's two military leaders, a bright shaft of light illuminates a standing little girl, and her dress has a dead chicken suspended from it

E. to the left of the company's two military leaders but behind them, and illuminated by a bright shaft of light, stands a little girl with a dead chicken suspended from her dress


I have a problem in the following portion.

suspended from her dress is a dead chicken

I am understanding the meaning of the sentence is " A dead chicken is suspended form her dress".

But I am not understanding the grammatical structure of the portion " suspended from her dress is a dead chicken"

Will anyone explain it along with giving some similar examples?
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Re: In Rembrandt's The Night Watch, in the second plane of the pictorial  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Mar 2019, 09:43
B has a misplaced modifier. It makes it sound like the shaft of light is standing behind and to the left of the two military leaders. Shafts of light don’t ‘stand’, even in a painting. C slightly changes the meaning of the sentence, saying that the little girl is brightly illuminated, when the OA only says that she is illuminated by a shaft of light that is bright. D changes the meaning a little. By removing the word ‘but’ it removes the implication of contrast from the original sentence. E changes the subject to be ‘ girl with a dead chicken’.



Thus, A is the right answer
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Re: In Rembrandt's The Night Watch, in the second plane of the pictorial   [#permalink] 03 Mar 2019, 09:43
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