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# In response to high mortality in area hospitals, surgery was

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In response to high mortality in area hospitals, surgery was [#permalink]

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03 Jan 2006, 21:16
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In response to high mortality in area hospitals, surgery was restricted to emergency procedures during a five-week period. Mortality in these hospitals was found to have fallen by nearly one-third during the period. The number of deaths rose again when elective surgery (surgery that can be postponed) was resumed. It can be concluded that, before the five-week period, the risks of elective surgery had been incurred unnecessarily often in the area.
Which one of the following, if true, most seriously undermines the conclusion above?
(A) The conditions for which elective surgery was performed would in the long run have been life-threatening, and surgery for them would have become riskier with time.
(B) The physicians planning elective surgery performed before the five-week period had fully informed the patients who would undergo it of the possible risks of the procedures.
(C) Before the suspension of elective surgery, surgical operations were performed in area hospitals at a higher rate, per thousand residents of the area, than was usual elsewhere.
(D) Elective surgery is, in general, less risky than is emergency surgery because the conditions requiring or indicating surgery are often less severe.
(E) Even if a surgical procedure is successful, the patient can die of a hospital-contracted infection with a bacterium that is resistant to antibiotic treatment.
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03 Jan 2006, 21:23
D effectively undermines the conclusion that elective surgeries led to increase mortality rates.

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03 Jan 2006, 23:44
I would choose E.

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04 Jan 2006, 09:09
I think E is out of scope ..... no ?

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04 Jan 2006, 09:58
A ..

because it says that even though the elective surgery can be postoned but its important and has to be done. So it was not unneccessarly added to the inital mortality rate..

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04 Jan 2006, 10:08
I think it is 'D'

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04 Jan 2006, 10:11
cool_jonny009 wrote:
A ..

because it says that even though the elective surgery can be postoned but its important and has to be done. So it was not unneccessarly added to the inital mortality rate..

Agree, it should be 'A'.

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04 Jan 2006, 11:06
Premise: Surgery was restricted to emergency procedures during a five week period in order to bring down the high mortality rate.
Evidence: Mortality decreased by nearly one-third during that period. But it increased when elective surgery was resumed.
Conclusion: Before the 5 week period risks of elective surgery was UNNECESSARILY incurred in that area.

The argument is that ONLY emergency procedures help to bring down the mortality rate and that elective procedures were unnecesarily performed.
A weakens it by saying that elective procedures could become emergency procedures in the long run. A wins.

B - Out of scope.
C - Irrelevent
D - Supports the argument. Hence not the answer.
E - Out of scope.

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04 Jan 2006, 21:24
[quote="pmenon"]I think E is out of scope ..... no ?[/quote]

I thought E is giving yet another reason for death...So it might weaken the argument ..

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04 Jan 2006, 23:54
I believe it is A

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04 Jan 2006, 23:57
andy_gr8 wrote:
pmenon wrote:
I think E is out of scope ..... no ?

I thought E is giving yet another reason for death...So it might weaken the argument ..

Conclusion: "before the five-week period, the risks of elective surgery had been incurred unnecessarily often in the area".

We need to attack the conclusion with 'elective surgery' as central idea.
'E' is diverting from this...

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24 Jan 2006, 00:18
I go with A here.

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24 Jan 2006, 01:30
I will go with A here.

Giddi, could you please post the OA?
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24 Jan 2006, 01:33
Oops! I missed putting OA. Indeed OA is A.
Don't have OE but from the discussion above I am fine with A.
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24 Jan 2006, 10:34
A.

The difference between A and D is that D is general and A is specific.

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25 Jan 2006, 22:29
Read (A) and stopped. 5 weeks is just not long enough to make such a conclusive determination.

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25 Jan 2006, 22:35
A for me
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25 Jan 2006, 22:35
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# In response to high mortality in area hospitals, surgery was

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