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# In Rubaria, excellent health care is available to virtually

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Manager
Joined: 07 Oct 2005
Posts: 141
Location: Boston,MA
In Rubaria, excellent health care is available to virtually [#permalink]

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19 Nov 2007, 11:58
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In Rubaria, excellent health care is available to virtually the entire population, whereas very few people in Terland receive adequate medical care. Yet, although the death rate for most diseases is higher in Terland than in Rubaria, the percentage of the male population that dies from prostate cancer is significantly higher in Rubaria than in Terland.

Which of the following, if true, most helps to explain the disparity between the prostate cancer death rate in Rubaria and Terland?

A. Effective treatment of prostate cancer in its early stages generally requires medical techniques available in Rubaria but not in Terland.
B. Most men who have prostate cancer are older than the average life expectancy for male inhabitants of Terland.
C. Being in poor general health does not increase one’s risk of developing prostate cancer
D. It is possible to decrease one’s risk of getting prostate cancer by eating certain kinds of foods, and such foods are more readily available in Rubaria than in Terland.
E. Among men in Rubaria, the death rate from prostate cancer is significantly higher for those who do not take full advantage of Rubaria’s health care system than for those who do
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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--gregspirited

Senior Manager
Joined: 28 Jun 2007
Posts: 315
Re: In Rubaria, excellent health care is available to virtually [#permalink]

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19 Nov 2007, 12:03
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I am going with B.

People in Rubaria grow old and then die of prostate cancer. People in Terland never get the chance to grow that old owing to the bad health care.

gregspirited wrote:
B. Most men who have prostate cancer are older than the average life expectancy for male inhabitants of Terland.
Director
Joined: 11 Jun 2007
Posts: 632
Re: In Rubaria, excellent health care is available to virtually [#permalink]

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19 Nov 2007, 12:25
I will go for (E). Other than (B), all other choices are not close.

(E): Among men in Rubaria, the death rate from prostate cancer is significantly higher for those who do not take full advantage of Rubaria’s health care system than for those who do

Conclusion:
the percentage of the male population that dies from prostate cancer is significantly higher in Rubaria than in Terland.
Manager
Joined: 14 Nov 2007
Posts: 63
Re: In Rubaria, excellent health care is available to virtually [#permalink]

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19 Nov 2007, 13:01
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It should be B. My first choice was E but looking deeply E only compares among the men from one place ; iit does not compare both the places.
Manager
Joined: 08 Nov 2007
Posts: 97
Re: In Rubaria, excellent health care is available to virtually [#permalink]

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19 Nov 2007, 13:10
It's clearly B. E tells us nothing about the second state
Director
Joined: 11 Jun 2007
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Re: In Rubaria, excellent health care is available to virtually [#permalink]

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19 Nov 2007, 13:32
What is the OA?
CEO
Joined: 29 Mar 2007
Posts: 2551
Re: In Rubaria, excellent health care is available to virtually [#permalink]

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19 Nov 2007, 13:37
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gluon wrote:
I am going with B.

People in Rubaria grow old and then die of prostate cancer. People in Terland never get the chance to grow that old owing to the bad health care.

gregspirited wrote:
B. Most men who have prostate cancer are older than the average life expectancy for male inhabitants of Terland.

My initial answer was E, but B makes more sense thx gluon.
Manager
Joined: 07 Oct 2005
Posts: 141
Location: Boston,MA
Re: In Rubaria, excellent health care is available to virtually [#permalink]

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19 Nov 2007, 13:47
OA is B
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--gregspirited

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Re: In Rubaria, excellent health care is available to virtually [#permalink]

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07 Oct 2014, 02:18
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Manager
Joined: 04 Apr 2015
Posts: 102
Re: In Rubaria, excellent health care is available to virtually [#permalink]

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07 Sep 2015, 11:04
I am not convinced with B as it did not mention about the people living in Rubaria.It talks about all the people who are suffering from prostate cancer.

If they had mentioned explicitly that most of the people living in rubaria having prostate cancer are older....... then B would be the correct OA

Therefore I think that E should be the answer.

Intern
Joined: 23 Jun 2014
Posts: 15
Re: In Rubaria, excellent health care is available to virtually [#permalink]

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12 Oct 2015, 18:50
varundixitmro2512 wrote:
I am not convinced with B as it did not mention about the people living in Rubaria.It talks about all the people who are suffering from prostate cancer.

If they had mentioned explicitly that most of the people living in rubaria having prostate cancer are older....... then B would be the correct OA

Therefore I think that E should be the answer.

I think it can't be E because of improper comparison. the death rate from prostate cancer is significantly higher for those who do not take full advantage of Rubaria’s health care system than for those who do, so it means that one group of people will have higher death rate by prostate cancer in Rubaria. what about comparisons with people in Terland who could not even get access to the adequate medical health? E has no information about that.
The trap here is generally understood as Rubaria has better health care, and few people die of diseases than Terland and Rubaria has more people die of prostate cancer. Why?Answer B is correct because it explains why more people die of prostate cancer in Rubaria and interterestingly that these people are even older than the average expectancy life.
Intern
Joined: 12 Feb 2013
Posts: 24
Location: India
Concentration: Strategy, Entrepreneurship
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V44
GPA: 3.85
Re: In Rubaria, excellent health care is available to virtually [#permalink]

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15 Jan 2016, 00:14
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This problem is an exact analogue of the real-world situation with such maladies as heart disease and breast/prostate cancer, which generally strike older individuals. There are often strikingly low rates of death from those maladies in countries with otherwise horrible public health (such as sub-Saharan African countries). This isn't due to better prostate/heart/breast health in those countries, though; it's simply because most people in those countries don't live anywhere near long enough to get these problems in the first place.
You need to pick a choice that actually points out a salient difference, regarding prostate cancer, between the two countries. Furthermore, that difference must register in the correct direction: i.e., the evidence must indicate that prostate cancer is LESS likely to be found in Terland.

Choice (C) does no such thing. In fact, choice (C) is perfectly neutral, giving absolutely no reason to suspect different levels of prostate cancer in the two countries. (First, "does not increase one's risk" implies equality of risk, not a disparity in either direction. Second, this statement has absolutely no bearing whatsoever on differences between the two countries mentioned in the problem.)

Choice (B), on the other hand, mentions a factor that is DIRECTLY responsible for the relatively low rate of prostate cancer in Terland. Namely, if people in Terland don't live long enough to GET prostate cancer in the first place, then you aren't going to see a lot of prostate cancer there.

D. This should ideally mean people died of cancer lesser in Rubaria than in Terland.

SVP
Joined: 12 Dec 2016
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Location: United States
GMAT 1: 700 Q49 V33
GPA: 3.64
Re: In Rubaria, excellent health care is available to virtually [#permalink]

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23 Aug 2017, 11:06
there is a trick here, "percentage of the male population" not percentage of male patients. => B. Otherwise, none of options are satisfied.
Re: In Rubaria, excellent health care is available to virtually   [#permalink] 23 Aug 2017, 11:06
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