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In several cities, the government is going ahead with

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In several cities, the government is going ahead with [#permalink]

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In several cities, the government is going ahead with ambitious construction projects despite the high office-vacancy rates in those cities. The vacant offices, though available for leasing, unfortunately do not meet the requirements for the facilities needed, such as court houses and laboratories. The government, therefore, is not guilty of any fiscal wastefulness.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument above depends?

A. Adaptation of vacant office space to meet the government's requirements, if possible, would not make leasing such office space a more cost-effective alternative to new construction.

B. The government prefers leasing facilities to owning them in cases where the two alternatives are equally cost-effective.

C. If facilities available for leasing come very close to meeting the government's requirements for facilities the government needs, the government can relax its own requirements slightly and consider those facilities in compliance.

D. The government's construction projects would not on being completed, add to the stock of facilities available for leasing in the cities concerned.

E. Before embarking on any major construction project, the government is required by law to establish beyond any reasonable doubt that there are no alternatives that are most cost-effective.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by broall on 27 Jun 2017, 03:35, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: In several cities, the government is going ahead with [#permalink]

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In several cities, the government is going ahead with ambitious construction projects despite the high office-vacancy rates in those cities. The vacant offices, though available for leasing, unfortunately do not meet the requirement for the facilities needed, such as court houses and laboratories. The government, therefore, is not guilty of any fiscal wastefulness.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

A) Adaption of vacant office space to meet the government's requirements, if possible, would not make leasing such office space a more cost effective alternative to new construction.

B) the government prefers leasing facilities to owning them in cases where the two alternatives are equally cost-effective

C) If facilities available for leasing come very close to meeting the government's requirements for facilities the government needs, the government can relax its own requirements slightly and consider those facilities in compliance.

D) The government's construction projects would not, on being completed, add to the stock of the facilities available for leasing in the cities concerned.

E) before embarking on any construction project, the government is required by law to establish beyond any reasonable doubt that there are no alternatives that are more cost effective.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
A

Last edited by jgomey on 23 Jan 2013, 14:43, edited 2 times in total.

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Re: In several cities, the government is going ahead with [#permalink]

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shaileshmishra wrote:
carcass wrote:
A is the only make sense as assumption

the other choices do not hold any water

A) Adaption of vacant office space to meet the governments requirements, if possible, would not make leasing such space a more cost effective alternative to new construction.

B) the government prefers leasing facilities to owning them in cases where the two alternatives are equally cost effective

C) I f facilities available for leasing come very close to meeting the governments requirements for facilities the government needs, the government relax its own requirements slightly and consider those facilities in compliance.

D) the government's construction projects would not, on being completed, add to the stock of the facilities available for leasing in the cities concerned.

E) before embarking on any construction project, the government is required by law to establish beyond any reasonable doubt that there are no alternatives that are more cost effective.

for the reason in A the gov spend more money but is not guilty


can yu please explain y option D is wrong.


I found it easier to answer this question by thinking about it this way:

The government has two choices-lease the space and then retrofit it, or create a whole new construction. In order for the new construction to make sense from a "fiscal" standpoint, the new construction would have to be less expensive than retrofitting the existing buildings would be.

So if you consider those choices, how then is answer "D" relevant? "D" is out of scope..

What are your thoughts Carcass?

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Re: In several cities, the government is going ahead with [#permalink]

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if you think "I failed miserably on that question" you will never achive your goal. Because you start from the assumption that "you know"

Instead try to understand and learn from each question, each suggestion, each nuance of a question (both math and verbal)

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Re: In several cities, the government is going ahead with [#permalink]

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Archit143 wrote:
In several cities, the government is going ahead with ambitious construction projects despite the high office-vacancy rates in those cities. The vacant offices, though available for leasing, unfortunately do not meet the requirements for the facilities needed, such as court houses and laboratories. The government, therefore, is not guilty of any fiscal wastefulness.
Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument above depends?
(A) Adaptation of vacant office space to meet the government's requirements, if possible, would not make leasing such office space a more cost-effective alternative to new construction.
(B) The government prefers leasing facilities to owning them in cases where the two alternatives are equally cost-effective.
(C) If facilities available for leasing come very close to meeting the government's requirements for facilities the government needs, the government can relax its own requirements slightly and consider those facilities in compliance.
(D) The government's construction projects would not on being completed, add to the stock of facilities available for leasing in the cities concerned.
(E) Before embarking on any major construction project, the government is required by law to establish beyond any reasonable doubt that there are no alternatives that are most cost-effective.


Mike I don't know how to mail u the link

First of all, getgyan, thank you for emailing me on Archit143's behalf.

Dear Archit143
To email me, all you have to do is find any post in which I have posted, and click on my highlighted screenname. That will take you to my profile page. On the profile page, on the left side, in a column under my screen name, you will see a gray button that says "send private message." That's how you can send a private message to any GC user.

For this particular question, I will only discuss (A) & (E), since those are the two that confuse you.

In several cities, the government is going ahead with ambitious construction projects despite the high office-vacancy rates in those cities. The vacant offices, though available for leasing, unfortunately do not meet the requirements for the facilities needed, such as court houses and laboratories. The government, therefore, is not guilty of any fiscal wastefulness.
Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument above depends?
(A) Adaptation of vacant office space to meet the government's requirements, if possible, would not make leasing such office space a more cost-effective alternative to new construction.

The classic test for an assumption, as folks above have said, is the "negation test" --- negate the statement, and if that devastates the argument, that's an assumption. You may find this blog helpful.
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/arguments- ... -the-gmat/

Here, let's assume the opposite of (A). Assume that we would save money, that it would be more cost effective, to renovate and adapt those existing offices spaces, rather than build whole new ones. Well, if that's true, then building new ones, the more expensive option, would definitely be more wasteful. That obliterates the conclusion of this argument, so this is a strong candidate for the the correct answer.

(E) Before embarking on any major construction project, the government is required by law to establish beyond any reasonable doubt that there are no alternatives that are most cost-effective.
This is a subtle point. Anything that involves extreme language is wrong on the GMAT Verbal section. Extremity can involve very strong emotions, very strong judgments, or, as in this case, extreme scenarios or standards or criteria. Consider the following hierarchy of scenarios ----
before embarking on any major construction project, the government .....
(a) has a policy of reviewing cost effectiveness with an advisory board
(b) must have the cost effectiveness approved by a majority (or 2/3) of the state assembly
(c) must submit the proposal to binding arbitration that will decide whether it is cost effective and hence, whether to permit it
(d) is required by law to establish, to a majority opinion of a panel of judges/jurors/experts, that it is cost effective
[the judicial standard in civil cases]
(e) is required by law to establish beyond any reasonable doubt that it is cost effective [the judicial standard in criminal cases]
Notice that (e), the standard for decision in criminal cases, is the strictest decision-making criterion encoded in the law anywhere. Options (a) - (d) are all less serious, less imposing, than (e). In this sense, (e) is an extreme case --- saying that the judgment will be held to the highest standard known anywhere in the legal system. In essence, we are saying --- of 1000 potential projects, if even one cost ineffective project is allowed and goes through, that would be as great a tragedy as, in a 1000 criminal court cases, one innocent person is condemned to a criminal sentence. That latter is a true real-life tragedy, unfairly destroying some poor person's whole life! (That's exactly what the Founding Fathers were hoping to avoid by establishing such a demanding criterion.) Spending a bit too much money on a government construction project -- not ideal, but certainly not a tragedy of the same magnitude!! Do you see what I mean? Yes, it's not a good thing when the government overspends, but saying that it's so bad that it has to be held to the highest criterion that appears anywhere in the entire legal system --- that's extreme.
Obviously, if we negated option (E), which follows standard (e), any of (a)-(d) could still be true, and if any of those were true, it would support the conclusions. This is why (E) doesn't work.

(A) has to be the answer.

You don't have to be an expert on the legal system, but you do need to recognize that key phrase: "to establish beyond any reasonable doubt." That is the standard in every criminal case in the US legal system, again so extremely demanding and hard to demonstrate, because the system is trying to avoid the tragedy of condemning an innocent person to prison.
Nothing else in the entire legal system, in the entire government, is held to that lofty standard. Even in civil cases in the legal system, you only have to demonstrate it to a majority of the jurors to win. In a criminal cases, the decision must be unanimous --- all 12 people must agree that the person is guilty.
That's why, as soon as I saw those words in (E) --- some governmental fiscal thing held to the standard of "beyond any reasonable doubt" --- right away, I knew that was far to extreme to be a correct answer on the GMAT.

Does all this make sense?

Mike :-)
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Re: In several cities, the government is going ahead with [#permalink]

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P1:The government is going ahead with ambitious construction projects despite the high office-vacancy rates in those cities.
P2:The vacant offices do not meet the requirements for the facilities needed.

Conclusion: The government, therefore, is not guilty of any fiscal wastefulness.


ok for this question assumption should be some thing that states that "these old houses are noway useful for the Offices(This is what i felt after i read the Question)

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument above depends?

A) Adaptation of vacant office space to meet the government's requirements, if possible, would not make leasing such office space a more cost-effective alternative to new construction.

D) The government's construction projects would not on being completed, add to the stock of facilities available for leasing in the cities concerned.(I feel D is going out of the conclusion)

Always remember in Assumption Question.

Assumption should be very closely related to Conclusion
&
Negating the Assumption Conclusion should not be valid


These 2 are very imp for Assumption Questions

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Re: In several cities, the government is going ahead with [#permalink]

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In several cities, the government is going ahead with ambitious construction projects despite the high office-vacancy rates in those cities. The vacant offices, though available for leasing, unfortunately do not meet the requirements for the facilities needed, such as court houses and laboratories. The government, therefore, is not guilty of any fiscal wastefulness.

Meaning :
Even if the decisions made by the Govt. is causing loss ; Govt. is not the guilty


Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument above depends?

Govt. should be responsible for its decision - to choose profitable option , to reduce cost involved

A Adaptation of vacant office space to meet the government's requirements, if possible, would not make leasing such office space a more cost-effective alternative to new construction.
Govt.'s own responsibility is not under scan , whereas Govt. should be responsible to take the onus of the profit/loss.

this is further clarified in (E) that the RULES (constitution etc...) states that the GOVT. should follow the rules to achieve more profitability.

B The government prefers leasing facilities to owning them in cases where the two alternatives are equally cost-effective.

C If facilities available for leasing come very close to meeting the government's requirements for facilities the government needs, the government can relax its own requirements slightly and consider those facilities in compliance.

D The government's construction projects would not on being completed, add to the stock of facilities available for leasing in the cities concerned.

E Before embarking on any major construction project, the government is required by law to establish beyond any reasonable doubt that there are no alternatives that are most cost-effective. correct
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Re: In several cities, the government is going ahead with [#permalink]

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thevenus wrote:
In several cities, the government is going ahead with ambitious construction projects despite the high office-vacancy rates in those cities. The vacant offices, though available for leasing, unfortunately do not meet the requirements for the facilities needed, such as court houses and laboratories. The government, therefore, is not guilty of any fiscal wastefulness.

Meaning :
Even if the decisions made by the Govt. is causing loss ; Govt. is not the guilty


Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument above depends?

Govt. should be responsible for its decision - to choose profitable option , to reduce cost involved

A Adaptation of vacant office space to meet the government's requirements, if possible, would not make leasing such office space a more cost-effective alternative to new construction.
Govt.'s own responsibility is not under scan , whereas Govt. should be responsible to take the onus of the profit/loss.

this is further clarified in (E) that the RULES (constitution etc...) states that the GOVT. should follow the rules to achieve more profitability.

B The government prefers leasing facilities to owning them in cases where the two alternatives are equally cost-effective.

C If facilities available for leasing come very close to meeting the government's requirements for facilities the government needs, the government can relax its own requirements slightly and consider those facilities in compliance.

D The government's construction projects would not on being completed, add to the stock of facilities available for leasing in the cities concerned.

E Before embarking on any major construction project, the government is required by law to establish beyond any reasonable doubt that there are no alternatives that are most cost-effective. correct


But don't you think that this option is way to broad.
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In several cities, the government is going ahead with [#permalink]

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In several cities, the government is going ahead with ambitious construction projects despite the high office-vacancy rates in those cities. The vacant offices, though available for leasing, unfortunately do not meet the requirements for the facilities needed, such as court houses and laboratories. The government, therefore, is not guilty of any fiscal wastefulness.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument above depends?
A Adaptation of vacant office space to meet the government's requirements, if possible, would not make leasing such office space a more cost-effective alternative to new construction.

B The government prefers leasing facilities to owning them in cases where the two alternatives are equally cost-effective.

C If facilities available for leasing come very close to meeting the government's requirements for facilities the government needs, the government can relax its own requirements slightly and consider those facilities in compliance.

D The government's construction projects would not on being completed, add to the stock of facilities available for leasing in the cities concerned.

E Before embarking on any major construction project, the government is required by law to establish beyond any reasonable doubt that there are no alternatives that are most cost-effective.

Kindly give some explanations.

MIke i dont know how to mail u the link new to the club i
I am stuck wid da expalnations on the link of above questions
In my opnion answer should be E

Please shed light
Thanks in advance

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Re: In several cities, the government is going ahead with [#permalink]

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Archit143 wrote:
I am really confused between A and E can som1 give solid reason to believe why E is not the answer


Let us look at it another way. This is a very crude way of approaching Assumptions type question. We have to fit the assumption in either between the premises or between the premise and the conclusion. Let us take your option first

Option E

Case 1 : In several cities, the government is going ahead with ambitious construction projects despite the high office-vacancy rates in those cities. The vacant offices, though available for leasing, unfortunately do not meet the requirements for the facilities needed, such as court houses and laboratories. Before embarking on any major construction project, the government is required by law to establish beyond any reasonable doubt that there are no alternatives that are most cost-effective. The government, therefore, is not guilty of any fiscal wastefulness.

Case 2 : In several cities, the government is going ahead with ambitious construction projects despite the high office-vacancy rates in those cities. Before embarking on any major construction project, the government is required by law to establish beyond any reasonable doubt that there are no alternatives that are most cost-effective The vacant offices, though available for leasing, unfortunately do not meet the requirements for the facilities needed, such as court houses and laboratories. The government, therefore, is not guilty of any fiscal wastefulness.

Option A

Case 3 : In several cities, the government is going ahead with ambitious construction projects despite the high office-vacancy rates in those cities. of vacant office space to meet the government's requirements, if possible, would not make leasing such office space a more cost-effective alternative to new construction. The vacant offices, though available for leasing, unfortunately do not meet the requirements for the facilities needed, such as court houses and laboratories. The government, therefore, is not guilty of any fiscal wastefulness

Case 4 : In several cities, the government is going ahead with ambitious construction projects despite the high office-vacancy rates in those cities. The vacant offices, though available for leasing, unfortunately do not meet the requirements for the facilities needed, such as court houses and laboratories. Adaptation of vacant office space to meet the government's requirements, if possible, would not make leasing such office space a more cost-effective alternative to new construction. The government, therefore, is not guilty of any fiscal wastefulness.


Now tell me which option sounds the best?
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A is the only make sense as assumption

the other choices do not hold any water

A) Adaption of vacant office space to meet the governments requirements, if possible, would not make leasing such space a more cost effective alternative to new construction.

B) the government prefers leasing facilities to owning them in cases where the two alternatives are equally cost effective

C) I f facilities available for leasing come very close to meeting the governments requirements for facilities the government needs, the government relax its own requirements slightly and consider those facilities in compliance.

D) the government's construction projects would not, on being completed, add to the stock of the facilities available for leasing in the cities concerned.

E) before embarking on any construction project, the government is required by law to establish beyond any reasonable doubt that there are no alternatives that are more cost effective.

for the reason in A the gov spend more money but is not guilty
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Basically the question says this: we need facilities that serve as offices and at the same time they even meet our needs but we have to pay.

If the facilities, in leasing, could meet our needs still they could be less cost effective of facilities to owing. In other words, if I have an appartment and I have to pay the rent, even if this rent is congruous, at the end of the day is still less cost effective if I pay a loan

I have a rent for 500$ and a loan for 600 $ is better to pay 600 $ because I would be the owner, instead the rent is a waste of money in somehow.

I'm pretty sure the answer is A and may be you are good at CR but for most of the students this is a pretty tough question.

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sharmila79 wrote:
carcass wrote:
A is the only make sense as assumption

the other choices do not hold any water

A) Adaption of vacant office space to meet the governments requirements, if possible, would not make leasing such space a more cost effective alternative to new construction.

B) the government prefers leasing facilities to owning them in cases where the two alternatives are equally cost effective

C) I f facilities available for leasing come very close to meeting the governments requirements for facilities the government needs, the government relax its own requirements slightly and consider those facilities in compliance.

D) the government's construction projects would not, on being completed, add to the stock of the facilities available for leasing in the cities concerned.

E) before embarking on any construction project, the government is required by law to establish beyond any reasonable doubt that there are no alternatives that are more cost effective.

for the reason in A the gov spend more money but is not guilty


What is the conclusion here? Is it "Govt. is not guilty of making any new construction"?




IMO

Argument is as follow:

Conclusion:The governments decision to build the new construction is not a waste of money,

Because (Insert assumption)...

"Adaption of vacant office space to meet the governments requirements, if possible, would not make leasing such space a more cost effective alternative to new construction"

@carcass..Do you agree?

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How answer A relates to the question asked?

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I am confused between A and D..

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A
It is a tough one.

B. No. If two options are equally cost effective, you can choose one and not be blamed for wastefulness. It is a matter of preference.
C. No. it is asking you to change the premise, which says that the vacant spaces are not suited to the govt needs.
D. No. the scenario is about starting and suspending the construction. The argument is about the whole action.
E. No. extreme statement.

A. if you logically negate A -- "Adaptation of vacant office space to meet the government's requirements, if possible, would make leasing such office space a more cost-effective alternative to new construction"-- it would impact the conclusion. So, the right answer.

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New post 04 Apr 2010, 20:23
I think it is (D)

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New post 05 Apr 2010, 00:12
Even I'm confused between A & D...

What's the OA ?
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New post 05 Apr 2010, 00:48
Thanks for the explanation, RaviChandra !
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New post 07 Apr 2010, 08:56
OA is A.

I did this by rule of elimination.
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Re: In several cities, the government is going ahead with   [#permalink] 07 Apr 2010, 08:56

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