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In the 1820’s, anthracite coalfields opened in eastern Pennsylvania

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Re: In the 1820’s, anthracite coalfields opened in eastern Pennsylvania  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Apr 2019, 06:04
teaserbae wrote:
AjiteshArun
I thought that won't be parallel since the first part of and contain verbed modifier opened so how's that parallel ?
Let's take a look at all the -eds in the sentence:

In the 1820’s, anthracite coalfields opened in eastern Pennsylvania, and as canals and eventually railroads reached into the region, substantial supplies of coal were exported to the nation’s A, B, C, and D.

1. coalfields opened...
Opened is the verb for coalfields.

2. canals and railroads reached...
Reached is the verb for canals and railroads.

3. supplies were exported...
Were exported is the verb for supplies.

So in a quick example like the restaurant opened last night and invitations were sent to X, Y, and Z, the and joins two clauses.
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Re: In the 1820’s, anthracite coalfields opened in eastern Pennsylvania  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Apr 2019, 07:48
teaserbae wrote:
AjiteshArun
How can we differentiate whether -eds in the sentence is verb or verbed ?
I just check whether coalfields is the doer of the action opened so I considered opened verbed modifier.
I thought was opened will be appropriate to consider it as verb.
Same in the restaurant e.g the restaurant is not doing the action of opening so I would have made the mistake of considering it verbed
Please tell me how should I check whether ed is verb or modifier .
You're on the right track. It's just that we need to account for this (other) meaning (#1 under intransitive verb) of the verb open in this case. When open is used with an object, it could mean that thing was opened, was you pointed out. However, it can also be used without an object, in which case it just means that something like a company or institution started.

He opened a restaurant.
Opened is the verb for he.

A restaurant opened in our neighborhood.
It's possible to use opened this way as well.
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Re: In the 1820’s, anthracite coalfields opened in eastern Pennsylvania  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Apr 2019, 08:18
AjiteshArun thanks for the other meaning I didn't know that
But how do we check for such verbs ? whether they are verbs or verbed mod ?
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Re: In the 1820’s, anthracite coalfields opened in eastern Pennsylvania  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Apr 2019, 19:20
teaserbae wrote:
AjiteshArun thanks for the other meaning I didn't know that
But how do we check for such verbs ? whether they are verbs or verbed mod ?
Your approach is fine. :)

In this particular case, when you asked yourself whether a restaurant can open (on its own), you needed to take the other meaning that we discussed into account. That would have given us a "yes" answer, and then you would have been open to considering opened a verb.
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In the 1820’s, anthracite coalfields opened in eastern Pennsylvania  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 13 Apr 2020, 03:14
I restudy this problem and I want to say more about "there were ..." in choice a, b and c

choice A means
when the canal reached, the supplies of coal that was transfered..., exist

this is not the intended meaning.

so, if there is a split between "there is+ that-clause" and "noun+verb", the meaning can be totally different.

this case require us to understand "that clause". this restrictive clause means a subset of the nouns has some action. the pattern "there is...+that clause" normally dose not go with non-restrictive clause because the meaning error will be more easy to realize by cutting off the non-restrictive phrase. either restrictive or non restrictive clause go with this pattern, the meaning errors are similar because the focus is not action presented by a verb but the focus is the existence, which is presented by "is,are"

Originally posted by thangvietnam on 12 Sep 2019, 19:35.
Last edited by thangvietnam on 13 Apr 2020, 03:14, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: In the 1820’s, anthracite coalfields opened in eastern Pennsylvania  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Sep 2019, 21:42
Sachin9 wrote:
whats wrong with A folks..

is the presence of 'was' instead of 'were' an issue?



yes, "was" as a verb refers to a singular noun.. however the noun is "supplies" which is plural therefore were is correct!
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Re: In the 1820’s, anthracite coalfields opened in eastern Pennsylvania  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Apr 2020, 06:59
What is wrong with option D? Can someone please explain?

In the 1820???s, anthracite coalfields opened in eastern Pennsylvania, and when canals and eventually railroads reached into the region, there were substantial supplies of coal that was exported to the nation???s growing mills, forges, factories, and railways.

A. when canals and eventually railroads reached into the region, there were substantial supplies of coal that was
B. once canals and eventually railroads reaching into the region, there were substantial supplies of coal having been
C. with canals and eventually railroads reaching into the region, there had been substantial supplies of coal
D. canals and eventually railroads reached into the region, with substantial supplies of coal being
E. as canals and eventually railroads reached into the region, substantial supplies of coal were
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Re: In the 1820’s, anthracite coalfields opened in eastern Pennsylvania  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Apr 2020, 10:26
Thanks so much Andrew?
We can also eliminate B and C because there is no parallelism between ‘opened’ and ‘reaching’ right? A is wrong because ‘was’ is faulty w.r.t ‘supplies’.
Can you please check if my reasoning is correct?

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Re: In the 1820’s, anthracite coalfields opened in eastern Pennsylvania   [#permalink] 04 Apr 2020, 10:26

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In the 1820’s, anthracite coalfields opened in eastern Pennsylvania

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