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# In the 1950s, reading was taught to young

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Updated on: 15 Sep 2016, 12:16
5
5
Question 1
00:00

based on 428 sessions

83% (02:39) correct 17% (02:49) wrong

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Question 2
00:00

based on 420 sessions

83% (00:53) correct 17% (01:00) wrong

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Question 3
00:00

based on 406 sessions

80% (00:56) correct 20% (01:10) wrong

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In the 1950s, reading was taught to young children primarily through the use of simple primers depicting the middle-class non-adventures of “Dick and Jane.” Rudolph
Fletch’s bestselling 1955 book Why Johnny Can’t Read attacked these primers, calling them “horrible, stupid, insipid, … tasteless little readers” and asserting that such
boring stories gave no incentive for children to read on their own and learn to “sound out” each word phonetically. Fletch also bemoaned the fact that there was not a single
book in bookstores that first and second graders could read by themselves.
In response, a publisher commissioned Theodore Geisel, who wrote children’s books under the pen name “Dr. Seuss,” to write a book that “a first grader can’t put down.”
Geisel was given a list of a few hundred words considered important and asked to make a book out of them. Nine months later, Geisel, using only 220 different words,
delivered The Cat in the Hat, a whimsical story about two bored children left at home with their talking fish who are suddenly visited by a havoc-creating six-foot-tall talking
cat. In addition, Geisel wrote the entire book in a rhyming verse, making it fun to read aloud. The Cat in the Hat was a tremendous success and vaulted Geisel into instant
celebrity. Another publisher bet Geisel that he could not write an entire book using only 50 different words. Geisel won the bet by publishing the classic Green Eggs and Ham.

The Dr. Seuss books revolutionized the children’s book industry by proving that it was possible to create engaging books with a limited vocabulary. Geisel has been credited
with killing off “Dick and Jane,” replacing them with clever rhymes, plot twists and rebellious heroes who do the unexpected. Now one in four American children receives
a Dr. Seuss title as his or her first book.
1.The main function of the first paragraph is
A. to introduce Fletch’s approach to writing children’s books
B. to describe the “Dick and Jane” primers used in most school
C. to advocate the increase of children’s books in bookstores
D. to establish the premise that the status quo in the early 1950s was not satisfactory for teaching children how to read
E. to praise Fletch’s 1955 book Why Johnny Can’t Read

2.The author provides a brief synopsis of the plot of The Cat in the Hat primarily in order to
A. introduce the reader to the various characters in the book
B. contrast the story of The Cat in the Hat with those of the “boring” primers of the era
C. demonstrate how bizarre the plot of the book is
D. assert that talking cats and fish exist
E. warn parents that leaving children home alone can be dangerous

3. The primary purpose of this passage is to
A. describe how Geisel changed the children’s book
industry
B. support the conclusions of Fletch
C. compare and contrast the philosophies of Fletch and Geisel
D. demonstrate the popularity of Geisel’s books
E. summarize the state of the children’s book industry

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Originally posted by Skywalker18 on 06 Sep 2016, 01:51.
Last edited by Vyshak on 15 Sep 2016, 12:16, edited 1 time in total.
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06 Sep 2016, 01:54
Took 5 mins , including 2 mins 30 seconds to read
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07 Sep 2016, 06:17
Top Contributor
4:40 mins. all correct. 2:43 mins for para.
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11 Sep 2016, 00:16
1
4 mins. All correct. An easy passage. May be 300-400 level
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19 Apr 2017, 02:00
Ths cant be a 700 level RC passage! Took 4 mins to complete the question with all right answers. This is too easy.
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10 Jul 2017, 22:36
This is not a 700 + passage. Moderators should change the level to sub 600. Took 5 mins. Got all right.
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10 Jul 2017, 23:18
somtsat99 wrote:
This is not a 700 + passage. Moderators should change the level to sub 600. Took 5 mins. Got all right.

Level changed. It is obviously sub 600.
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29 Jul 2017, 23:34
hi Skywalker18

Can you post the OE for each question in this passage? It will help to understand whether our reasoning to select a particular option was correct

Thanks
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28 Aug 2017, 17:59
Hey,
Can anyone please explain how the primary purpose of the passage(Q3) is A and not B, when Giesel was only introduced in second para of the passage and a passage main point must summarize all the paragraphs of the passage? Flench had concluded that the old primers are worthless and stupid. So, isn't the passage describing instances to support the conclusions of Flench by introducing Giesel and his books?? Where am I going wrong?
Thank you.
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29 Aug 2017, 10:22
1
TaN1213

valid question but if you notice the shift in focus of the passage in second paragraph where author doesn't stop at talking about the response "In response, a publisher commissioned Theodore Geisel, who wrote children’s books under the pen name “Dr. Seuss,” to write a book that “a first grader can’t put down. "
and later goes on emphasizing on Geisel's work perfectly summarizing in the last paragraph "The Dr. Seuss books revolutionized the children’s book industry by proving that it was possible to create engaging books with a limited vocabulary" gives us the primary intent of the author which is to applaud how Giesel changed the industry.

Hope this helps.
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29 Aug 2017, 17:53
GmatDM2016 wrote:
TaN1213

valid question but if you notice the shift in focus of the passage in second paragraph where author doesn't stop at talking about the response "In response, a publisher commissioned Theodore Geisel, who wrote children’s books under the pen name “Dr. Seuss,” to write a book that “a first grader can’t put down. "
and later goes on emphasizing on Geisel's work perfectly summarizing in the last paragraph "The Dr. Seuss books revolutionized the children’s book industry by proving that it was possible to create engaging books with a limited vocabulary" gives us the primary intent of the author which is to applaud how Giesel changed the industry.

Hope this helps.

Hello,
Thanks for highlighting the shift in the tone of the author where the author praises Geisel dramatically for rest of the paragraphs. I believe in such scenarios our answer should also 'dramatically' talk about the author's favorite.
A new learning approach indeed. Thanks
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14 Jun 2018, 08:35
2:30 minutes. All correct. Easy passage.
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16 Jun 2018, 10:40
All 3 correct[color=#005826][color=#406618][/color][/color] 6 min
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18 Jun 2018, 09:08
This is an easy one. Took me 4.30 min. all correct
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01 Nov 2018, 20:22
2.53 mins including for reading passage, all correct. for sure easy passage and easy questions
Re: In the 1950s, reading was taught to young &nbs [#permalink] 01 Nov 2018, 20:22
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