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# In the 1960s, to reduce the discharge of untreated wastes

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In the 1960s, to reduce the discharge of untreated wastes [#permalink]

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18 Nov 2012, 05:20
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Difficulty:

25% (medium)

Question Stats:

69% (01:37) correct 31% (01:01) wrong based on 109 sessions

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In the 1960s, to reduce the discharge of untreated wastes into the Great Lakes, limits were set by the United States and its neighbouring countries on the amount of effluents that could be discharged into these water bodies
(A) limits were set by the United States and its neighbouring countries on
(B) limits set by the United States and its neighbouring countries for
(C) the United States and its neighbouring countries have set limits on
(D) limits have been set by the United States and its neighbouring countries restricting
(E) the United States and its neighbouring countries set limits on

Source: Aristotle Prep - SC Grail Supplement
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: In the 1960s, to reduce the discharge of untreated [#permalink]

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18 Nov 2012, 05:23
Can anyone give explanation why it is E not C ?
I marked C because i thought something happened in past and still valid in present hence it should use "have set" instead of simple present "set"
Please let me know where i am going wrong.
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Re: Latest Grail question bank SC 700 level [#permalink]

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12 Apr 2013, 00:27
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In the 1960s, to reduce the discharge of untreated wastes into the Great Lakes, limits were set by the United States and its neighbouring countries on the amount of effluents that could be discharged into these water bodies

(A) limits were set by the United States and its neighbouring countries on
(B) limits set by the United States and its neighbouring countries for
(C) the United States and its neighbouring countries have set limits on
(D) limits have been set by the United States and its neighbouring countries restricting
(E) the United States and its neighbouring countries set limits on

Good question, +1 kudos!
IMO E
I would avoid passive in A; in B "limits (...) for" is not idiomatic. "have set" expresses an action that began in the past and still goes on today, but this is not the case: out C.
In D there is passive, and "restricting" I am not sure is correctly used.
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12 Apr 2013, 02:07
it has to be E : the United States and its neighbouring countries set limits on

in C present perfect is wrong
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Re: Latest Grail question bank SC 700 level [#permalink]

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12 Apr 2013, 04:57
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Zarrolou wrote:
In the 1960s, to reduce the discharge of untreated wastes into the Great Lakes, limits were set by the United States and its neighbouring countries on the amount of effluents that could be discharged into these water bodies

(A) limits were set by the United States and its neighbouring countries on
(B) limits set by the United States and its neighbouring countries for
(C) the United States and its neighbouring countries have set limits on
(D) limits have been set by the United States and its neighbouring countries restricting
(E) the United States and its neighbouring countries set limits on

Good question, +1 kudos!
IMO E
I would avoid passive in A; in B "limits (...) for" is not idiomatic. "have set" expresses an action that began in the past and still goes on today, but this is not the case: out C.
In D there is passive, and "restricting" I am not sure is correctly used.

The answer is much easier..

the modifier "to reduce the discharge of untreated wastes into the Great Lakes " has to modify a noun not "limits"

That brings down the answer choice to C and E.

C is verbose hence E
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12 Apr 2013, 09:26
pjaseem

Correctly and precisely said. Such sharpness for a beginner is auguring well. My hearty kudo to you
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Re: In the 1960s, to reduce the discharge of untreated wastes [#permalink]

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05 May 2013, 02:41
All duplicate threads on this topic have been merged.

Please read and follow the Guidelines for Posting in Verbal GMAT forum before posting anything.
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Re: In the 1960s, to reduce the discharge of untreated wastes [#permalink]

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06 May 2013, 01:55
the modifier "to reduce the discharge of untreated wastes into the Great Lakes" These kind of prepostional modifiers should always modify a noun? is it a rule that a GMAT test taker should know?

More over limits is not a noun?
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Re: In the 1960s, to reduce the discharge of untreated wastes [#permalink]

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06 May 2013, 02:22
The phrase "to reduce the discharge of untreated wastes into the Great Lakes" needs an actor. Option C and E have the correct actor "the United States and its neighbouring countries" who set limits to reduce ...........

"Limits" is a noun but not an actor.
Re: In the 1960s, to reduce the discharge of untreated wastes   [#permalink] 06 May 2013, 02:22
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# In the 1960s, to reduce the discharge of untreated wastes

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