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In the 1980’s the rate of increase of the minority population of the U

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Re: In the 1980’s the rate of increase of the minority population of the U [#permalink]

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New post 09 Feb 2017, 23:13
What is the role played by 'what' in the OA? Is it relative pronoun here? If so, two pronouns (what and it) simultaneously to refer a single noun (the rate of increase) seems unusual.
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Re: In the 1980’s the rate of increase of the minority population of the U [#permalink]

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New post 11 Feb 2017, 03:20
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Mahmud6 wrote:
What is the role played by 'what' in the OA? Is it relative pronoun here? If so, two pronouns (what and it) simultaneously to refer a single noun (the rate of increase) seems unusual.


Consider the following sentence:

What was the population in 1970?
"What" is an interrogative pronoun (referring to a value that would come as an answer.)

Now replace the population with "it".
What was it in 1970?"
"What" remains an interrogative pronoun (referring to a value that would come as an answer.)
"It" refers to population.


In the same way, in option C "what" refers to the value, and "it" refers to "population".

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Re: In the 1980’s the rate of increase of the minority population of the U [#permalink]

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New post 11 Feb 2017, 07:59
Nice Question! Following is my reasoning..

"if the noun in question is already an explicitly numerical quantity, then you should use neither "much" nor "many". instead, you should just use "twice" or "double" by itself.
e.g., twice the increase --> "increase" is an explicitly numerical quantity" - RonPurewal (https://www.manhattanprep.com/gmat/foru ... t5600.html)

The rate of increase is numerical. So, A & B can be eliminated.

In D, two times faster than that of the 1970's. --> two times faster than rate of increase of the 1970's. It shall not be rate of increase of the 1970's rather it would be rate of increase of the minority population.

In E, two times greater than --- rate of increase of the minority population two times greater than the 1970's. Illogical comparison, rate vs. year.

So, it is C.
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Re: In the 1980’s the rate of increase of the minority population of the U [#permalink]

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New post 18 Apr 2017, 04:06
priyankur_saha@ml.com wrote:
In the 1980’s the rate of increase of the minority population of the United States was nearly twice as fast as the 1970’s.

(A) twice as fast as
(B) twice as fast as it was in
(C) twice what it was in
(D) two times faster than that of
(E) two times greater than

:|


All of them (except the Answer - C) have redundancy error ...

The underlined portion already mention that "The rate of INCREASE of ...."
hence we do not need the words "fast" (in Option A & B), "faster" (in option D) and "greater" (as in Option E)...
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Re: In the 1980’s the rate of increase of the minority population of the U [#permalink]

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New post 20 Apr 2017, 20:49
In the 1980's the rate of increase of the minority population of the United States was nearly twice as fast as the 1970's.

(A) twice as fast as

--> the rate of increase is not fast or faster than anything because it is a number. the rate of increase can be equal to, greater than or less then, but not fas or faster than

(B) twice as fast as it was in

--> same errors as in A

(C) twice what it was in

--> correct

(D) two times faster than that of

--> same errors as in A

(E) two times greater than

--> wrong camparison between the rate of increase and the 1970's
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Re: In the 1980’s the rate of increase of the minority population of the U [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jun 2017, 10:43
TGC wrote:
9. In the 1980's the rate of increase of the minority population of the United States was nearly twice as fast as the 1970's.
(A) twice as fast as
(B) twice as fast as it was in
(C) twice what it was in
(D) two times faster than that of
(E) two times greater than

Source: BRutal SC's


I selected "E". Option "C" looked wrong to me. Below is my reasoning.

The word 1970's. Itself means "that of 1970". Notice the " ' " in 1970's. "that" refers to "rate of increase of the minority population". If this logic is correct then "what it was" as used in option "C" becomes redundant.

Option "E" correctly avoids this redundancy.

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Re: In the 1980’s the rate of increase of the minority population of the U [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jun 2017, 11:14
<<I selected "E". Option "C" looked wrong to me. Below is my reasoning.

The word 1970's. Itself means "that of 1970". Notice the " ' " in 1970's. "that" refers to "rate of increase of the minority population". If this logic is correct then "what it was" as used in option "C" becomes redundant.

Option "E" correctly avoids this redundancy.>>

Ravi, because the sentence begins with the phrase "In the 1980's", the comparison must maintain this structure of "in the 1970's" to be parallel. From this one can eliminate ADE. Then, "twice as fast" is unnecessarily redundant phrasing that can eliminate choice B. The correct answer is C. Hope that helps!
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Re: In the 1980’s the rate of increase of the minority population of the U [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jun 2017, 11:21
smaisnier wrote:
<<I selected "E". Option "C" looked wrong to me. Below is my reasoning.

The word 1970's. Itself means "that of 1970". Notice the " ' " in 1970's. "that" refers to "rate of increase of the minority population". If this logic is correct then "what it was" as used in option "C" becomes redundant.

Option "E" correctly avoids this redundancy.>>

Ravi, because the sentence begins with the phrase "In the 1980's", the comparison must maintain this structure of "in the 1970's" to be parallel. From this one can eliminate ADE. Then, "twice as fast" is unnecessarily redundant phrasing that can eliminate choice B. The correct answer is C. Hope that helps!


Thanks smaisnier,

I noticed 1980's as well. In my opinion, the decades should be mentioned as 1980s and 1970s, without " ' " to bring out a logical meaning to option "C".

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Re: In the 1980’s the rate of increase of the minority population of the U [#permalink]

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New post 14 Oct 2017, 01:29
almostfamous wrote:
As many people correctly pointed out, B tries to modify the noun "rate" as "fast", making the sentence illogical.

In addition, B uses the pronoun "it" incorrectly. It must refer to the SAME "copy" of thing. For example:

-Mike saw a scrumptious piece of cherry pie at the shop. The temptation was too great, and he had to eat it.

Here, "it" refers to the same piece of cherry pie, Mike had seen earlier.

"it" in B refers to the same rate of increase that appears in the sentence earlier. Of course, this is incorrect, as the purpose is to compare two DIFFERENT rates.

Hope this helps!


"it" in B refers to the same rate of increase that appears in the sentence earlier. Of course, this is incorrect, as the purpose is to compare two DIFFERENT rates. But the same is the case with option C which is the OA. Can someone explain this difference between the 2 options B and C?

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Re: In the 1980’s the rate of increase of the minority population of the U   [#permalink] 14 Oct 2017, 01:29

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