It is currently 27 Jun 2017, 00:21

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# In the 1980s computer books sales accounted for

 new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics

### What is the difficulty level of this question

You may select 1 option
Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Senior Manager
Status: Making every effort to create original content for you!!
Joined: 23 Dec 2010
Posts: 484
Location: United States
Concentration: Healthcare, Social Entrepreneurship
GMAT 1: 660 Q48 V34
GMAT 2: 750 Q49 V42
In the 1980s computer books sales accounted for [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Feb 2013, 13:06
Expert's post
3
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00

Difficulty:

35% (medium)

Question Stats:

62% (01:45) correct 38% (00:44) wrong based on 343 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

In the 1980s computer books’ sales accounted for approximately 4% of operating profits of a typical publishing company; in the 2000s this proportion increased to 40%.

A) publishing company; in the 2000s this proportion increased to 40%.
B) publishing company; in the 2000s they increased by 40%.
C) publishing company, in the 2000s they increased to 40%.
D) publishing company; increasing to 40% in the 2000s.
E) publishing company, which increased to 40% in the 2000s.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

_________________

Please Read and Follow the 9 Rules of Posting in Verbal Forum

Intern
Joined: 26 Dec 2011
Posts: 9
Re: In the 1980s computer books sales accounted for [#permalink]

### Show Tags

21 Feb 2013, 11:17
IMO E.

which- modifying profit.
Intern
Joined: 29 Jan 2013
Posts: 18
GMAT 1: 720 Q48 V41
Re: In the 1980s computer books sales accounted for [#permalink]

### Show Tags

21 Feb 2013, 12:04
My answer would be A.

A) publishing company; in the 2000s this proportion increased to 40%. - Correct Choice.
B) publishing company; in the 2000s they increased by 40%. - Changes the meaning
C) publishing company, in the 2000s they increased to 40%. - Pronoun Error
D) publishing company; increasing to 40% in the 2000s. - use of ; requires an independent clause - the clause here does not have a subject
E) publishing company, which increased to 40% in the 2000s. - Which incorrectly modifies the publishing company
_________________

Consider Kudos if my post helps.

Senior Manager
Status: Making every effort to create original content for you!!
Joined: 23 Dec 2010
Posts: 484
Location: United States
Concentration: Healthcare, Social Entrepreneurship
GMAT 1: 660 Q48 V34
GMAT 2: 750 Q49 V42
Re: In the 1980s computer books sales accounted for [#permalink]

### Show Tags

22 Feb 2013, 06:43
Vercules wrote:
In the 1980s computer books’ sales accounted for approximately 4% of operating profits of a typical publishing company; in the 2000s this proportion increased to 40%.

A) publishing company; in the 2000s this proportion increased to 40%.

Correct. The use of semicolon the first sentence is correct as it connects two closely related clauses. The comparison made is also contextually and grammatically correct. “In the 1980s” is correctly compared with “in the 2000s” and both are grammatically parallel. The use of “this proportion” unambiguously refers to the proportion of “computer books sales” in the first part of the sentence.

B) publishing company; in the 2000s they increased by 40%.

This answer choice contains two errors. First, the phrase “increased by 40%” incorrectly changes the meaning of the original sentence, implying that “40%” indicates the relative magnitude of the increase rather than the new proportion of “advertising revenues” in the structure of “operating profits.” Second, the pronoun “they” is ambiguous and does not have a clear antecedent and could refer to either “operating profits” or “computer books’ sales.”

C) publishing company, in the 2000s they increased to 40%.

The comma is incorrectly used to join two independent clauses, thus making the sentence run-on. rather than with a semicolon or with a connecting conjunction. Further, the pronoun “they” lacks a clear antecedent and could be interpreted to refer either “operating profits” or “computer books’ sales.”

D) publishing company; increasing to 40% in the 2000s.

This answer choice incorrectly uses a semicolon to connect two clauses, only one of which can stand alone. The phrase “increasing to 40% in the 1980s” is not an independent clause and cannot follow the semicolon. Furthermore, by moving the time reference “in the 2000s” from the beginning of the second clause to the end, this answer choice violates parallelism with the non-underlined portion of the sentence that begins with another time reference “In the 1980s.”

E) publishing company, which increased to 40% in the 2000s

“Which” is used incorrectly; clauses introduced by the relative pronoun “which” can refer only to the immediately preceding noun. In this case, the relative pronoun “which” refers to “a typical book publishing company,” thus illogically suggesting that “a typical book publishing company” was the subject of the increase. Finally, by moving the time reference “in the 2000s” from the beginning of the second clause to the end, this answer choice does not maintain parallel structure with the non-underlined portion of the sentence that begins with the time reference “In the 1980s.”

Vercules
_________________

Please Read and Follow the 9 Rules of Posting in Verbal Forum

Manager
Joined: 12 Nov 2012
Posts: 175
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, Technology
Schools: ISB '18 (A)
GPA: 2.7
WE: Analyst (Computer Software)
Placement of a prepositional modifier [#permalink]

### Show Tags

14 Jul 2014, 03:26
I somewhere read in this forum that prepositional phrases can exist between a noun and a noun modifier such as "which". In this context i would like to know why is answer "E" wrong. Since,which is preceded by a prepositional phrase.

Here is the question:
In the 1980s computer books’ sales accounted for approximately 4% of operating profits of a typical publishing company; in the 2000s this proportion increased to 40%.
A.publishing company; in the 2000s this proportion increased to 40%.
B.publishing company; in the 2000s they increased by 40%.
C.publishing company, in the 2000s they increased to 40%.
D.publishing company; increasing to 40% in the 2000s.
E.publishing company, which increased to 40% in the 2000s.
_________________

C'est la vie

Manager
Joined: 25 Mar 2014
Posts: 167
Location: India
Concentration: Operations, Finance
GMAT Date: 05-10-2015
GPA: 3.51
WE: Programming (Computer Software)
Re: Placement of a prepositional modifier [#permalink]

### Show Tags

14 Jul 2014, 03:45
mshrek wrote:
I somewhere read in this forum that prepositional phrases can exist between a noun and a noun modifier such as "which". In this context i would like to know why is answer "E" wrong. Since,which is preceded by a prepositional phrase.

Here is the question:
In the 1980s computer books’ sales accounted for approximately 4% of operating profits of a typical publishing company; in the 2000s this proportion increased to 40%.
A.publishing company; in the 2000s this proportion increased to 40%.
B.publishing company; in the 2000s they increased by 40%.
C.publishing company, in the 2000s they increased to 40%.
D.publishing company; increasing to 40% in the 2000s.
E.publishing company, which increased to 40% in the 2000s.

Hi,
"which" in option E is modifying "company" not "proportion". Noun modifiers modify the closest noun.
So, the correct option is A.

Hope this helps.
Thank you.
_________________

Please give Kudos to the post if you liked.

Manager
Joined: 12 Nov 2012
Posts: 175
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, Technology
Schools: ISB '18 (A)
GPA: 2.7
WE: Analyst (Computer Software)
Placement of a prepositional modifier [#permalink]

### Show Tags

14 Jul 2014, 04:04
aniteshgmat1101 wrote:
mshrek wrote:
I somewhere read in this forum that prepositional phrases can exist between a noun and a noun modifier such as "which". In this context i would like to know why is answer "E" wrong. Since,which is preceded by a prepositional phrase.

Here is the question:
In the 1980s computer books’ sales accounted for approximately 4% of operating profits of a typical publishing company; in the 2000s this proportion increased to 40%.
A.publishing company; in the 2000s this proportion increased to 40%.
B.publishing company; in the 2000s they increased by 40%.
C.publishing company, in the 2000s they increased to 40%.
D.publishing company; increasing to 40% in the 2000s.
E.publishing company, which increased to 40% in the 2000s.

Hi,
"which" in option E is modifying "company" not "proportion". Noun modifiers modify the closest noun.
So, the correct option is A.

Hope this helps.
Thank you.

Hi ,
Here is the link i was referring to : our-understanding-was-that-she-would-continue-to-cover-the-104891.html
Can you please have a look at it and still say that "E" is incorrect only for the reason mentioned by you.
I had the same thought process as you are having untill i came across that link
_________________

C'est la vie

Manager
Joined: 25 Mar 2014
Posts: 167
Location: India
Concentration: Operations, Finance
GMAT Date: 05-10-2015
GPA: 3.51
WE: Programming (Computer Software)
Re: Placement of a prepositional modifier [#permalink]

### Show Tags

14 Jul 2014, 04:25
Thanx for providing the link.
The question mentioned in the link:
"Our understanding was that she would continue to cover the costs of school enrollment and room and board for the children, which she verbally agreed to pay with the rest of the family."

In this sentence "which" is modifying a group of costs, which it follows. So, the use of which is correct here since Noun is the all of the costs. Confusion could have happened if any of the options had "all of which".
Hence here also "which" is referring to the closest set of noun. You can evaluate both the questions and see the difference in use of "which" and the meaning change.

Hope this helped.
_________________

Please give Kudos to the post if you liked.

Moderator
Status: It always seems impossible until it's done!!
Joined: 29 Aug 2012
Posts: 765
Location: India
Re: Placement of a prepositional modifier [#permalink]

### Show Tags

14 Jul 2014, 04:29
mshrek wrote:
I somewhere read in this forum that prepositional phrases can exist between a noun and a noun modifier such as "which". In this context i would like to know why is answer "E" wrong. Since,which is preceded by a prepositional phrase.

Here is the question:
In the 1980s computer books’ sales accounted for approximately 4% of operating profits of a typical publishing company; in the 2000s this proportion increased to 40%.
A.publishing company; in the 2000s this proportion increased to 40%.
B.publishing company; in the 2000s they increased by 40%.
C.publishing company, in the 2000s they increased to 40%.
D.publishing company; increasing to 40% in the 2000s.
E.publishing company, which increased to 40% in the 2000s.

Merging Similar topics, Please read the detailed explanation given above.

Also please read the forum rules before posting any questions. Thanks.
_________________
GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 10149
Re: In the 1980s computer books sales accounted for [#permalink]

### Show Tags

08 Oct 2015, 10:28
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
Senior Manager
Status: You have to have the darkness for the dawn to come
Joined: 09 Nov 2012
Posts: 282
Location: India
saurav: suman
Concentration: Operations, Technology
GPA: 4
WE: Engineering (Energy and Utilities)
Re: In the 1980s computer books sales accounted for [#permalink]

### Show Tags

12 Jan 2017, 21:12
Vercules wrote:
In the 1980s computer books’ sales accounted for approximately 4% of operating profits of a typical publishing company; in the 2000s this proportion increased to 40%.

A) publishing company; in the 2000s this proportion increased to 40%.
B) publishing company; in the 2000s they increased by 40%.
C) publishing company, in the 2000s they increased to 40%.
D) publishing company; increasing to 40% in the 2000s.
E) publishing company, which increased to 40% in the 2000s.

A) Correctpublishing company; in the 2000s this proportion increased to 40%.
This option correctly talks about proportion ( a new proportion of a new profit (profit of 2000s)
B) Incorrectpublishing company; in the 2000s they increased by 40%.
here they refer to profits but the referred profit is the profit of 80s not the profit of 2000
C) Incorrectpublishing company, in the 2000s they increased to 40%.
Same as B, In addition to this error, a comma before "in the..........." make this sentence run on. (two sentences are joined without any conjunction)
D) Incorrectpublishing company; increasing to 40% in the 2000s.
Semicolon is used to join two independent clauses but here after semicolon, we have a phrase
E) Incorrectpublishing company, which increased to 40% in the 2000s
which here is problematic. which can refer to company or profits. if which refers to profit still option E is incorrect. Because which refers to the profits of 1980s but we want to refer new profits.
_________________

You have to have the darkness for the dawn to come.

Give Kudos if you like my post

Re: In the 1980s computer books sales accounted for   [#permalink] 12 Jan 2017, 21:12
Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
40 In the 1980s the federal government was 7 12 Nov 2016, 13:09
In the 1980s advertising revenues accounted for 5 07 Nov 2012, 12:46
1 In the 1980s advertising revenues accounted for 4 15 Feb 2014, 06:51
31 Sales of wines declined in the late 1980s, but they began to 37 15 May 2017, 07:04
8 Sales of wines declines in the late 1980s, but they began to 8 25 Jun 2015, 01:58
Display posts from previous: Sort by

# In the 1980s computer books sales accounted for

 new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics

 Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group and phpBB SEO Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.