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# In the 1980s the federal government was

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Manager
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In the 1980s the federal government was [#permalink]

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19 Aug 2013, 03:08
5
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Difficulty:

25% (medium)

Question Stats:

67% (02:05) correct 33% (00:59) wrong based on 1431 sessions

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In the 1980s the federal government was the largest single provider of day care for children, offering child care, health, and educational services to hundreds of thousands of children from poor households through the Head Start program and which supported private day-care facilities through child-care tax credits, state block grants, and tax breaks for employers who subsidized day-care services.

a. In the 1980s the federal government was the largest single provider of day care for children, offering

b. The federal government was the largest single provider of day care for children in the 1980s, which offered

c. In the 1980s the federal government was the largest single provider of day care for children and offered

d. The largest single provider of day care for children in the 1980s was the federal government, offering

e. In the 1980s the largest single provider of day care for children was the federal government, which offered
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: In the 1980s the federal government was [#permalink]

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19 Aug 2013, 13:10
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In the 1980s the federal government was the largest single provider of day care for children, offering child care, health, and educational services to hundreds of thousands of children from poor households through the Head Start program and which supported private day-care facilities through child-care tax credits, state block grants, and tax breaks for employers who subsidized day-care services.

A. In the 1980s the federal government was the largest single provider of day care for children, offering
B. The federal government was the largest single provider of day care for children in the 1980s, which offered
C. In the 1980s the federal government was the largest single provider of day care for children and offered
D. The largest single provider of day care for children in the 1980s was the federal government, offering
E. In the 1980s the largest single provider of day care for children was the federal government, which offered

Notice the structure after the underlined section:

[offering/which offered] child care, health, and educational services to hundreds of thousands of children from poor households through the Head Start program
and
which supported private day-care facilities through child-care tax credits, state block grants, and tax breaks for employers who subsidized day-care services

We have a giant parallelism structure, and the second half begins with "which", so the first half must begin with "which". Thus, (A) & (C) & (D) are all out.

That leaves (B) or (E). The participle modifier "offering" is more flexible, and could modify the subject "the federal government" even without touching it, but the "which" clause modifier must obey the modifier touch rule. With this in mind, (B) is a glorious misplaced modifier, illogically asserting that "the 1980s", the decade, offered "child care, health, and educational services" --- a titanic modifier mistake. (B) is out. See this blog for more on modifier mistakes:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2013/modifiers- ... orrection/
This leave (E), which is perfectly grammatically correct. It's the only answer totally free from error.

Does this make sense?
Mike
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Re: In the 1980s the federal government was [#permalink]

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20 Aug 2013, 00:07
In the 1980s the federal government was the largest single provider of day care for children, offering child care, health, and educational services to hundreds of thousands of children from poor households through the Head Start program and which supported private day-care facilities through child-care tax credits, state block grants, and tax breaks for employers who subsidized day-care services.

a. In the 1980s the federal government was the largest single provider of day care for children, offering

b. The federal government was the largest single provider of day care for children in the 1980s, which offered

c. In the 1980s the federal government was the largest single provider of day care for children and offered

d. The largest single provider of day care for children in the 1980s was the federal government, offering

e. In the 1980s the largest single provider of day care for children was the federal government, which offered

Good question, i forgot to pay attention to the "which" part and only the "supported."
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Re: In the 1980s the federal government was [#permalink]

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30 Apr 2014, 20:48
Option E is correct.

Let's walk in through all other answer choices

A) It seems as if the federal government was still offering ---- wrong.
B) which refers to 1980's ---- wrong
c) and is wrong .
d) It seems as if the largest single provider is offering ---- wrong .
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Re: In the 1980s the federal government was [#permalink]

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14 Dec 2014, 02:19
In the 1980s the federal government was the largest single provider of day care for children, offering child care, health, and educational services to hundreds of thousands of children from poor households through the Head Start program and which supported private day-care facilities through child-care tax credits, state block grants, and tax breaks for employers who subsidized day-care services.

a. In the 1980s the federal government was the largest single provider of day care for children, offering

b. The federal government was the largest single provider of day care for children in the 1980s, which offered

c. In the 1980s the federal government was the largest single provider of day care for children and offered

d. The largest single provider of day care for children in the 1980s was the federal government, offering

e. In the 1980s the largest single provider of day care for children was the federal government, which offered

understand the meaning -
split
1. offered/offering - pick offered
2. use of which - pick E
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Re: In the 1980s the federal government was [#permalink]

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22 Jan 2015, 09:27
This question tests parallelism. The key to solution is not in the underlined part of the sentence, but rather in non-underlined one..... just keep in mind this part -->.....,...... and which supported private....

In the 1980s the federal government was the largest single provider of day care for children, offering child care, health, and educational services to hundreds of thousands of children from poor households through the Head Start program and which supported private day-care facilities through child-care tax credits, state block grants, and tax breaks for employers who subsidized day-care services.

a. In the 1980s the federal government was the largest single provider of day care for children, offering --> offering / and which not parallel

b. The federal government was the largest single provider of day care for children in the 1980s, which offered --> which can not modify 1980s

c. In the 1980s the federal government was the largest single provider of day care for children and offered --> and offered...and educational services ... and which --> Wrong reprtitions of AND

d. The largest single provider of day care for children in the 1980s was the federal government, offering --> offering / and which not parallel

e. In the 1980s the largest single provider of day care for children was the federal government, which offered --> CORRECT; which offered .... and which supported - both parts are ideally parallel and make sense togetherl.

Hope this Helps.
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Re: In the 1980s the federal government was [#permalink]

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06 Feb 2016, 20:47
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Re: In the 1980s the federal government was [#permalink]

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12 Nov 2016, 13:09
Split1) Parallelism. "which offered" and "which supported" = the second part of the sentence tells us that the first part will have to use the same style, "which offered" is favored". A,C and D are out.

Split2) Modifier issue. Who provides the largest day care for children? THe gov = Yes. In other words, when you use a modifier "which" the subject of the sentence must be right before the comma = The Government. B is out for this reason.
Re: In the 1980s the federal government was   [#permalink] 12 Nov 2016, 13:09
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