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In the arena of litigation alternatives, one advantage of “collaborati

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In the arena of litigation alternatives, one advantage of “collaborati  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jul 2018, 04:06
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In the arena of litigation alternatives, one advantage of “collaborative law” over mediation is that the pre-trial outcome is decided by lawyers and litigants, working together in full participation throughout the process, instead of a mediator.


A. instead of

B. in contrast to

C. rather than by

D. and not decided by

E. compared to being done by

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Re: In the arena of litigation alternatives, one advantage of “collaborati  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jul 2018, 04:13
1
Bunuel wrote:
In the arena of litigation alternatives, one advantage of “collaborative law” over mediation is that the pre-trial outcome is decided by lawyers and litigants, working together in full participation throughout the process, instead of a mediator.


+1 for C.

A. instead of

B. in contrast to

C. rather than by --> Correct idiom 'By X and Y, Rather than by Z'

D. and not decided by

E. compared to being done by

Hence, C.
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In the arena of litigation alternatives, one advantage of “collaborati  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jul 2018, 05:58
"one advantage of X over Y" in the non-underlined portion indicates a comparison.

A. instead of

Since the author is talking about advantages, using "instead of" shows just a replacement. I think "rather than" makes a much better option since the author has a preference of one over the other. INCORRECT
___________________________________________________________________________________

B. in contrast to
___________________________________________________________________________________

C. rather than by
___________________________________________________________________________________


D. and not decided by

"decided" is repetitive as the non-underlined portion of the sentence already contains "decided" INCORRECT
___________________________________________________________________________________

E. compared to being done by

non-underlined portion already indicates a comparison. This option is repetitive. INCORRECT
___________________________________________________________________________________

Hence option C

Similar question and discussion here https://gmatclub.com/forum/rather-than- ... 82744.html
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Re: In the arena of litigation alternatives, one advantage of “collaborati  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jul 2018, 08:56
I am confused between A and C.

Why C over A?
Expert, please elaborate concept here.
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Re: In the arena of litigation alternatives, one advantage of “collaborati  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jul 2018, 09:01
gvij2017 wrote:
I am confused between A and C.

Why C over A?
Expert, please elaborate concept here.


Hey, there is an entire thread of discussion for choosing between "instead of" and "rather than" here https://gmatclub.com/forum/rather-than- ... 82744.html
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Re: In the arena of litigation alternatives, one advantage of “collaborati  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jul 2018, 09:03
1
gvij2017 wrote:
I am confused between A and C.

Why C over A?
Expert, please elaborate concept here.


gvij2017
I am no expert, but this is why I chose C over A:

In the arena of litigation alternatives, one advantage of “collaborative law” over mediation is that the pre-trial outcome is decided by lawyers and litigants, working together in full participation throughout the process, instead of a mediator.

It's all about the idiom usage:
'By X, instead of Y' --> Incorrect
'By X, rather than by Y' --> Correct

Hope it helps :thumbup:
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Re: In the arena of litigation alternatives, one advantage of “collaborati  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jul 2018, 04:07
Bunuel wrote:
In the arena of litigation alternatives, one advantage of “collaborative law” over mediation is that the pre-trial outcome is decided by lawyers and litigants, working together in full participation throughout the process, instead of a mediator.


A. instead of

B. in contrast to

C. rather than by

D. and not decided by

E. compared to being done by


KAPLAN OFFICIAL SOLUTION:



Correct Choice: (C)

This sentence is contrasting the differences between collaborative law and mediation. In collaborative law the outcome is decided “by the lawyers and litigants”. In mediation, the outcome is decided “bya mediator”. Under the rules of parallelism, the two items compared must be in the same grammatical form.

Only choices (C), (D) and (E) supply the word “by” required for parallelism. However, choice (D) creates parallelism, but loses the element of contrast found in the original. Choice (E) is wordy and awkward, and “decided by lawyers and litigants”is not parallel to “being done by a mediator.
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Collection of Questions:
PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

DS: 1. DS tough questions; 2. DS tough questions part 2; 3. DS tough questions part 3; 4. DS Standard deviation; 5. Inequalities; 6. 700+ GMAT Data Sufficiency Questions With Explanations; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 The Discreet Charm of the DS; 9 Devil's Dozen!!!; 10 Number Properties set., 11 New DS set.


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Re: In the arena of litigation alternatives, one advantage of “collaborati  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Aug 2018, 18:04
Bunuel wrote:
In the arena of litigation alternatives, one advantage of “collaborative law” over mediation is that the pre-trial outcome is decided by lawyers and litigants, working together in full participation throughout the process, instead of a mediator.


A. instead of

B. in contrast to

C. rather than by

D. and not decided by

E. compared to being done by


My Choice is C for proper idiom and clear meaning.
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Re: In the arena of litigation alternatives, one advantage of “collaborati  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Aug 2018, 18:08
sudarshan22 wrote:
gvij2017 wrote:
I am confused between A and C.

Why C over A?
Expert, please elaborate concept here.


gvij2017
I am no expert, but this is why I chose C over A:

In the arena of litigation alternatives, one advantage of “collaborative law” over mediation is that the pre-trial outcome is decided by lawyers and litigants, working together in full participation throughout the process, instead of a mediator.

It's all about the idiom usage:
'By X, instead of Y' --> Incorrect
'By X, rather than by Y' --> Correct

Hope it helps :thumbup:


Hello sudarshan22, gvij2017,
I would add another element to this solution along with Idiom i.e. Parallelism.
Correct me if I am wrong.
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Re: In the arena of litigation alternatives, one advantage of “collaborati  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Aug 2018, 18:26
jackspire wrote:
Hello sudarshan22, gvij2017,
I would add another element to this solution along with Idiom i.e. Parallelism.
Correct me if I am wrong.

You are right, parallelism is also a deciding factor in the sentence.
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Re: In the arena of litigation alternatives, one advantage of “collaborati &nbs [#permalink] 09 Aug 2018, 18:26
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