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In the arena of litigation alternatives, one advantage of “collaborati

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Math Expert
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
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26 Jul 2018, 04:06
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15% (low)

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78% (01:00) correct 22% (01:12) wrong based on 146 sessions

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In the arena of litigation alternatives, one advantage of “collaborative law” over mediation is that the pre-trial outcome is decided by lawyers and litigants, working together in full participation throughout the process, instead of a mediator.

B. in contrast to

C. rather than by

D. and not decided by

E. compared to being done by

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Re: In the arena of litigation alternatives, one advantage of “collaborati  [#permalink]

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26 Jul 2018, 04:13
1
Bunuel wrote:
In the arena of litigation alternatives, one advantage of “collaborative law” over mediation is that the pre-trial outcome is decided by lawyers and litigants, working together in full participation throughout the process, instead of a mediator.

+1 for C.

B. in contrast to

C. rather than by --> Correct idiom 'By X and Y, Rather than by Z'

D. and not decided by

E. compared to being done by

Hence, C.
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26 Jul 2018, 05:58
"one advantage of X over Y" in the non-underlined portion indicates a comparison.

Since the author is talking about advantages, using "instead of" shows just a replacement. I think "rather than" makes a much better option since the author has a preference of one over the other. INCORRECT
___________________________________________________________________________________

B. in contrast to
___________________________________________________________________________________

C. rather than by
___________________________________________________________________________________

D. and not decided by

"decided" is repetitive as the non-underlined portion of the sentence already contains "decided" INCORRECT
___________________________________________________________________________________

E. compared to being done by

non-underlined portion already indicates a comparison. This option is repetitive. INCORRECT
___________________________________________________________________________________

Hence option C

Similar question and discussion here https://gmatclub.com/forum/rather-than- ... 82744.html
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Re: In the arena of litigation alternatives, one advantage of “collaborati  [#permalink]

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26 Jul 2018, 08:56
I am confused between A and C.

Why C over A?
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Re: In the arena of litigation alternatives, one advantage of “collaborati  [#permalink]

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26 Jul 2018, 09:01
gvij2017 wrote:
I am confused between A and C.

Why C over A?

Hey, there is an entire thread of discussion for choosing between "instead of" and "rather than" here https://gmatclub.com/forum/rather-than- ... 82744.html
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Re: In the arena of litigation alternatives, one advantage of “collaborati  [#permalink]

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26 Jul 2018, 09:03
1
gvij2017 wrote:
I am confused between A and C.

Why C over A?

gvij2017
I am no expert, but this is why I chose C over A:

In the arena of litigation alternatives, one advantage of “collaborative law” over mediation is that the pre-trial outcome is decided by lawyers and litigants, working together in full participation throughout the process, instead of a mediator.

It's all about the idiom usage:
'By X, instead of Y' --> Incorrect
'By X, rather than by Y' --> Correct

Hope it helps
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Re: In the arena of litigation alternatives, one advantage of “collaborati  [#permalink]

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30 Jul 2018, 04:07
Bunuel wrote:
In the arena of litigation alternatives, one advantage of “collaborative law” over mediation is that the pre-trial outcome is decided by lawyers and litigants, working together in full participation throughout the process, instead of a mediator.

B. in contrast to

C. rather than by

D. and not decided by

E. compared to being done by

KAPLAN OFFICIAL SOLUTION:

Correct Choice: (C)

This sentence is contrasting the differences between collaborative law and mediation. In collaborative law the outcome is decided “by the lawyers and litigants”. In mediation, the outcome is decided “bya mediator”. Under the rules of parallelism, the two items compared must be in the same grammatical form.

Only choices (C), (D) and (E) supply the word “by” required for parallelism. However, choice (D) creates parallelism, but loses the element of contrast found in the original. Choice (E) is wordy and awkward, and “decided by lawyers and litigants”is not parallel to “being done by a mediator.
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Re: In the arena of litigation alternatives, one advantage of “collaborati  [#permalink]

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09 Aug 2018, 18:04
Bunuel wrote:
In the arena of litigation alternatives, one advantage of “collaborative law” over mediation is that the pre-trial outcome is decided by lawyers and litigants, working together in full participation throughout the process, instead of a mediator.

B. in contrast to

C. rather than by

D. and not decided by

E. compared to being done by

My Choice is C for proper idiom and clear meaning.
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Re: In the arena of litigation alternatives, one advantage of “collaborati  [#permalink]

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09 Aug 2018, 18:08
sudarshan22 wrote:
gvij2017 wrote:
I am confused between A and C.

Why C over A?

gvij2017
I am no expert, but this is why I chose C over A:

In the arena of litigation alternatives, one advantage of “collaborative law” over mediation is that the pre-trial outcome is decided by lawyers and litigants, working together in full participation throughout the process, instead of a mediator.

It's all about the idiom usage:
'By X, instead of Y' --> Incorrect
'By X, rather than by Y' --> Correct

Hope it helps

Hello sudarshan22, gvij2017,
I would add another element to this solution along with Idiom i.e. Parallelism.
Correct me if I am wrong.
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Re: In the arena of litigation alternatives, one advantage of “collaborati  [#permalink]

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09 Aug 2018, 18:26
jackspire wrote:
Hello sudarshan22, gvij2017,
I would add another element to this solution along with Idiom i.e. Parallelism.
Correct me if I am wrong.

You are right, parallelism is also a deciding factor in the sentence.
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Re: In the arena of litigation alternatives, one advantage of “collaborati   [#permalink] 09 Aug 2018, 18:26
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