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In the city of Cantville, a high school earns the “Young Women in Scie

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Re: In the city of Cantville, a high school earns the “Young Women in Scie  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Apr 2019, 04:58
How is option D correct in assuming that just because all male High schools are significantly lower in one district that all girls schools or the population of female is higher in that district?
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In the city of Cantville, a high school earns the “Young Women in Scie  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Apr 2019, 05:39
aashnarambhia wrote:
How is option D correct in assuming that just because all male High schools are significantly lower in one district that all girls schools or the population of female is higher in that district?


NEGATE D: (D) District 1 DOES have significantly fewer all-male high schools than does District 2.=> D2 has fewer Female schools than D1 and that's why % female earned the award in D2 lower than D1 => It is NOT because District 1 do a better job of encouraging girls to pursue science than do the high schools in District 2.=> Break conclusion
D1 DOES NOT HAVE significantly fewer all-male high school than does D2, it means D1 vs D2 have the same number of Female schools / or the number of Female schools in D1 is NOT significantly higher than in D2. And the premise said % female earned the award in D1 higher, thus it means D1 does a better job in attracting girls to pursue science jobs than does D2 => It strengthens the conclusion
Hence D is the right choice.
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In the city of Cantville, a high school earns the “Young Women in Scie  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Apr 2019, 23:27
In the city of Cantville, a high school earns the “Young Women in Science” award for a given year if at least ten of its female students participate in that year's state science exposition. Last year, 80 percent of all high schools in Cantville's District 1 earned this award, while only 63 percent of all high schools in the city's District 2 earned the same award. Furthermore, these percentages have remained at or near those respective levels throughout the entire twelve years since the award was instituted. It is clear, then, that the high schools in District 1 do a better job of encouraging girls to pursue science than do the high schools in District 2.

Type-assumption
Conclusion- the high schools in District 1 do a better job of encouraging girls to pursue science than do the high schools in District 2.

(A) Students in District 1 have more free time to pursue science projects than do students in District 2.- incorrect; amount of free time is not relevant

(B) The overall population of District 1 is not substantially larger than that of District 2. - irrelevant

(C) The average high school in District 2 does not have more students than does the average high school in District 1.- incorrect; on negation- the schools in district 2 have more kids than the schools in district 1 -- then the argument becomes even more compelling, since now the district 1 schools are not only winning the award more often, but doing so with fewer students

(D) District 1 does not have significantly fewer all-male high schools than does District 2.- Correct; on negation - if district 2 is loaded with all-boys' schools and district 1 has relatively few of them, then our argument falls apart

(E) School is the primary source of encouragement for students' pursuit of science.- incorrect; schools need not be the primary source

Answer D

If we change option C to
F- "The average high school in District 1 does not have more students than does the average high school in District 2", it would be correct assumption?

On negation of option F, we get - the average school in district 1 has more students than the average school in district 2 ---> so it is relatively easier to 10 female students to participate from schools in district 1

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Re: In the city of Cantville, a high school earns the “Young Women in Scie  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Apr 2019, 17:08
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Skywalker18 wrote:
In the city of Cantville, a high school earns the “Young Women in Science” award for a given year if at least ten of its female students participate in that year's state science exposition. Last year, 80 percent of all high schools in Cantville's District 1 earned this award, while only 63 percent of all high schools in the city's District 2 earned the same award. Furthermore, these percentages have remained at or near those respective levels throughout the entire twelve years since the award was instituted. It is clear, then, that the high schools in District 1 do a better job of encouraging girls to pursue science than do the high schools in District 2.

Type-assumption
Conclusion- the high schools in District 1 do a better job of encouraging girls to pursue science than do the high schools in District 2.

(A) Students in District 1 have more free time to pursue science projects than do students in District 2.- incorrect; amount of free time is not relevant

(B) The overall population of District 1 is not substantially larger than that of District 2. - irrelevant

(C) The average high school in District 2 does not have more students than does the average high school in District 1.- incorrect; on negation- the schools in district 2 have more kids than the schools in district 1 -- then the argument becomes even more compelling, since now the district 1 schools are not only winning the award more often, but doing so with fewer students

(D) District 1 does not have significantly fewer all-male high schools than does District 2.- Correct; on negation - if district 2 is loaded with all-boys' schools and district 1 has relatively few of them, then our argument falls apart

(E) School is the primary source of encouragement for students' pursuit of science.- incorrect; schools need not be the primary source

Answer D

If we change option C to
F- "The average high school in District 1 does not have more students than does the average high school in District 2", it would be correct assumption?

On negation of option F, we get - the average school in district 1 has more students than the average school in district 2 ---> so it is relatively easier to 10 female students to participate from schools in district 1

AjiteshArun , GMATNinja , MagooshExpert , GMATGuruNY , VeritasPrepBrian , MartyTargetTestPrep
, DmitryFarber , generis , other experts - please enlighten

Hi Skywalker18,

Glad to help :)

If choice C were rewritten as you said, then it would certainly be a much more plausible option. You're correct that if the average size of schools in District 1 is larger, then it would theoretically be easier to have 10 female students participate. However, choice D would still be a stronger choice, since it would still be possible for a small school to have 10 female students participate in science exposition, unlike in the case of an all-male school.

I hope that helps! :)
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Re: In the city of Cantville, a high school earns the “Young Women in Scie  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Apr 2019, 08:10
Very nice question, here for the conclusion to be hold true both the districts must have equal no of Females, which eventually means roughly equal no of Males. Option B and C is really a trap. In B,and C it talks about either overall population of the two districts or the students in general but we have to be very specific as the conclusion is regarding females so their number must be equal.

+1 for D



In the city of Cantville, a high school earns the “Young Women in Science” award for a given year if at least ten of its female students participate in that year's state science exposition. Last year, 80 percent of all high schools in Cantville's District 1 earned this award, while only 63 percent of all high schools in the city's District 2 earned the same award. Furthermore, these percentages have remained at or near those respective levels throughout the entire twelve years since the award was instituted. It is clear, then, that the high schools in District 1 do a better job of encouraging girls to pursue science than do the high schools in District 2.

Which of the following is assumed in the argument above?

(A) Students in District 1 have more free time to pursue science projects than do students in District 2.

(B) The overall population of District 1 is not substantially larger than that of District 2.

(C) The average high school in in District 2 does not have more students than does the average high school in District 1.

(D) District 1 does not have significantly fewer all-male high schools than does District 2.

(E) School is the primary source of encouragement for students' pursuit of science.
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Re: In the city of Cantville, a high school earns the “Young Women in Scie   [#permalink] 10 Apr 2019, 08:10

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