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# In the closing trial of a dramatic and shocking criminal saga, the hea

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In the closing trial of a dramatic and shocking criminal saga, the hea  [#permalink]

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11 Jun 2015, 11:05
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In the closing trial of a dramatic and shocking criminal saga, the headstrong defendant maintained that he was innocent and that he had never had any connection, personal or otherwise, with the victim.

A. was innocent and that he had never had any connection, personal or otherwise, with the victim

B. was innocent and that he has never had any connection, personal or otherwise, with the victim

C. was innocent and has had no connection, personal or otherwise, with the victim

D. was innocent and that he had had no connection with the victim, personal or otherwise, never

E. had never had any connection with the victim, personal or otherwise, and that he is innocent

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Re: In the closing trial of a dramatic and shocking criminal saga, the hea  [#permalink]

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25 Aug 2015, 04:32
This passage, which entirely relates to past events, has no place for a present tense or a present perfect. A is correct

A. was innocent and that he had never had any connection, personal or otherwise, with the victim --- The connection part relates to the period earlier than the trial and hence past perfect is correct. The best.

B. was innocent and that he has never had any connection, personal or otherwise, with the victim – present perfect is shift of tense

C. was innocent and has had no connection, personal or otherwise, with the victim – present perfect problem

D. was innocent and that he had had no connection with the victim, personal or otherwise, never --- ‘never’ is an unnecessary intrusion; it is not clear what role it plays in an already completed clause.

E. had never had any connection with the victim, personal or otherwise, and that he is innocent – present tense is wrong
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Re: In the closing trial of a dramatic and shocking criminal saga, the hea  [#permalink]

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10 Feb 2017, 09:54
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In Reported Speech, when the reporting verb is in the Past tense (maintained), all the following conjugated verbs should also be in the Past. So, A is the only correct answer choice.
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Re: In the closing trial of a dramatic and shocking criminal saga, the hea  [#permalink]

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26 Nov 2017, 17:46
The correct anwer choice has the word "had" occuring twice one preceding never and one suceeding never. Please clarify whether such a usage is correct and can such a usage correct in say in analytical writing assessment?
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Re: In the closing trial of a dramatic and shocking criminal saga, the hea  [#permalink]

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27 Nov 2017, 00:06
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ashusona123, you're never going to find a simple rule that restricts how often you can use a word such as "had." There are plenty of cases in which it's appropriate to say "had had," or one of its negations: "had not had," "hadn't had," or (in this case) "had never had."

So what does "had had" mean? The first "had" is used to indicate past perfect as in "I had studied French for two years before I visited Senegal." The second had is simply the past tense of "have." The two words aren't really doing the same thing at all.

If we can say these things . . .

I had lived in the house . . .
I had eaten donuts . . .
I had been sick . . .

then I can say these:

I had had a hard time . . .
I had never had a good time at a horror movie . . .
etc.

(I'm using ". . ." because to use past perfect, we always need another past event that the past perfect event precedes. So these will only work if such an event is included in the sentence. Of course, this doesn't have to be true in real English writing, in which we typically produce more than one sentence at a time. )
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Re: In the closing trial of a dramatic and shocking criminal saga, the hea  [#permalink]

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16 Aug 2018, 02:43
reto wrote:
In the closing trial of a dramatic and shocking criminal saga, the headstrong defendant maintained that he was innocent and that he had never had any connection, personal or otherwise, with the victim.

A. was innocent and that he had never had any connection, personal or otherwise, with the victim

B. was innocent and that he has never had any connection, personal or otherwise, with the victim

C. was innocent and has had no connection, personal or otherwise, with the victim

D. was innocent and that he had had no connection with the victim, personal or otherwise, never

E. had never had any connection with the victim, personal or otherwise, and that he is innocent

if the main clause is in the past tense, the dependent clause normally is in the past tense unless you have a clear reason for using another tense in dependent clause.
maintained is in the past, so, was innocent and had had should be in the past. we have no reason for using "has" and "is" here. when dependent clause say about meaning which require different tense,normally present tense, we can use those tenses. use meaning/logic to decide wheather the different tenses are needed.
Re: In the closing trial of a dramatic and shocking criminal saga, the hea   [#permalink] 16 Aug 2018, 02:43
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# In the closing trial of a dramatic and shocking criminal saga, the hea

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