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# In the country of Bedenia, officials have recently

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In the country of Bedenia, officials have recently [#permalink]

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03 May 2013, 00:48
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95% (hard)

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35% (01:09) correct 65% (01:24) wrong based on 581 sessions

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In the country of Bedenia, officials have recently implemented a new healthcare initiative to reduce dangerous wait times at emergency rooms in the country’s hospitals. This initiative increases the number of available emergency nurses and doctors in urban settings: scholarships and no-interest loans are being offered to prospective students in these fields if they work in major city hospitals, relocation packages to urban centers are being offered for current emergency practitioners, and immigration rules are being changed to enable foreign emergency doctors and nurses to more easily move to Bedenia’s major cities.

Which of the following would be most important to determine in assessing whether the initiative will be successful?

A. What percentage of current nurses and doctors work in emergency medicine

B. Which hospitals in Bedenia have dangerous wait times in their emergency rooms

C. Whether a career in emergency medicine pays substantially less than other types of medicine

D. Whether wait times could be reduced by means other than increasing the number of available nurses and doctors

E. Whether many foreign doctors and nurses are currently not allowed to enter Bedenia
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: In the country of Bedenia, officials have recently implement [#permalink]

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03 May 2013, 01:36
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In the country of Bedenia, officials have recently implemented a new healthcare initiative to reduce dangerous wait times at emergency rooms in the country’s hospitals. This initiative increases the number of available emergency nurses and doctors in urban settings: scholarships and no-interest loans are being offered to prospective students in these fields if they work in major city hospitals, relocation packages to urban centers are being offered for current emergency practitioners, and immigration rules are being changed to enable foreign emergency doctors and nurses to more easily move to Bedenia’s major cities.

What if the dangerous wait times are in the countryside hospitals? This plan is clearly meant to improve the city's hospital.

Which of the following would be most important to determine in assessing whether the initiative will be successful?
We have to know where those hospital are before if we want to predict the result of the initiative, B gives us this answer.

B. Which hospitals in Bedenia have dangerous wait times in their emergency rooms

The answer to this question is crucial: The problem is in the major cities => the plan is likely to be succesful; otherwise not so much
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Re: In the country of Bedenia, officials have recently [#permalink]

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12 Dec 2014, 23:12
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They key here is URBAN v/s rural hospitals. The initiative talks about reducing dangerous wait times at country's hospitals while the details continue to highlight increasing the no of doctors and nurses at the URBAN CENTERS. What if dangerous wait times happen mainly in rural areas. So we need to determine which hospitals in Bedenia have dangerous wait times in their emergency rooms.

B is correct.

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Re: In the country of Bedenia, officials have recently [#permalink]

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29 Apr 2015, 13:18
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Expert's post
Hi amanarora87,

You're taking the right general approach, but your application didn't quite work for either answer choice.

D: You said that a Yes would tear down the argument, but why? Our job is to assess the effectiveness of the plan, not to determine whether it's the only possibility. If I argue that I can drive to work, it doesn't weaken my argument to say that I could also take the train.

B: B says we want to find out which hospitals have dangerous wait times. This isn't a Yes/No consideration, so the words Yes and No don't mean anything here. This answer choice gets at one of the author's assumptions: putting more doctors in urban emergency rooms will reduce dangerous wait times. What if the dangerous wait times are in rural hospitals? So our analysis should look more like this:

Urban hospitals. This would strengthen the argument, because that's where the plan is routing more doctors.
Rural hospitals. This would weaken the argument, because we are encouraging doctors to go someplace where there are not dangerous wait times. If anything, this might increase the dangerous wait times in rural settings.
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Re: In the country of Bedenia, officials have recently implement [#permalink]

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03 May 2013, 01:37
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thelosthippie wrote:
In the country of Bedenia, officials have recently implemented a new healthcare initiative to reduce dangerous wait times at emergency rooms in the country’s hospitals. This initiative increases the number of available emergency nurses and doctors in urban settings: scholarships and no-interest loans are being offered to prospective students in these fields if they work in major city hospitals, relocation packages to urban centers are being offered for current emergency practitioners, and immigration rules are being changed to enable foreign emergency doctors and nurses to more easily move to Bedenia’s major cities.

Which of the following would be most important to determine in assessing whether the initiative will be successful?

A. What percentage of current nurses and doctors work in emergency medicine

B. Which hospitals in Bedenia have dangerous wait times in their emergency rooms

C. Whether a career in emergency medicine pays substantially less than other types of medicine

D. Whether wait times could be reduced by means other than increasing the number of available nurses and doctors

E. Whether many foreign doctors and nurses are currently not allowed to enter Bedenia

Good question thelosthippie +1 kudo.

KEY is: "....reduce dangerous wait times at emergency rooms in the country’s hospitals". ==> Not only urban area. What if dangerous wait times happen mainly in rural areas. But the initiative just try to increase doctors and nurses in major city hospitals. So we need to determine which hospitals in Bedenia have dangerous wait times in their emergency rooms

B is correct.
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Re: In the country of Bedenia, officials have recently implement [#permalink]

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04 May 2013, 04:23
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I do not fully agree with OA. The plan will take effect on urban hospitals - this is stated. Therefore, we are not interested in hospitals outside urban areas. The plan includes scholarships and 0% loans for students, relocation for practitioners, and immigration help to foreigners. I think the correct answer should assess the efficiency of these instruments.
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Re: In the country of Bedenia, officials have recently implement [#permalink]

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04 May 2013, 04:07
thelosthippie wrote:
In the country of Bedenia, officials have recently implemented a new healthcare initiative to reduce dangerous wait times at emergency rooms in the country’s hospitals. This initiative increases the number of available emergency nurses and doctors in urban settings: scholarships and no-interest loans are being offered to prospective students in these fields if they work in major city hospitals, relocation packages to urban centers are being offered for current emergency practitioners, and immigration rules are being changed to enable foreign emergency doctors and nurses to more easily move to Bedenia’s major cities.

Which of the following would be most important to determine in assessing whether the initiative will be successful?

A. What percentage of current nurses and doctors work in emergency medicine

B. Which hospitals in Bedenia have dangerous wait times in their emergency rooms

C. Whether a career in emergency medicine pays substantially less than other types of medicine

D. Whether wait times could be reduced by means other than increasing the number of available nurses and doctors

E. Whether many foreign doctors and nurses are currently not allowed to enter Bedenia

Confused between A and B.

One doubt i have on B is : if we get to know that hospitals in rural areas have dangerous wait times.. can this statement resolve our doubt???

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Re: In the country of Bedenia, officials have recently implement [#permalink]

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04 May 2013, 04:32
thelosthippie wrote:
In the country of Bedenia, officials have recently implemented a new healthcare initiative to reduce dangerous wait times at emergency rooms in the country’s hospitals. This initiative increases the number of available emergency nurses and doctors in urban settings: scholarships and no-interest loans are being offered to prospective students in these fields if they work in major city hospitals, relocation packages to urban centers are being offered for current emergency practitioners, and immigration rules are being changed to enable foreign emergency doctors and nurses to more easily move to Bedenia’s major cities.

Which of the following would be most important to determine in assessing whether the initiative will be successful?

A. What percentage of current nurses and doctors work in emergency medicine

B. Which hospitals in Bedenia have dangerous wait times in their emergency rooms

C. Whether a career in emergency medicine pays substantially less than other types of medicine

D. Whether wait times could be reduced by means other than increasing the number of available nurses and doctors

E. Whether many foreign doctors and nurses are currently not allowed to enter Bedenia

thelosthippie you are posting very good questions indeed but if only you can provide us with OEs we will be grateful.

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Re: In the country of Bedenia, officials have recently [#permalink]

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27 Dec 2013, 23:12
I have 2 questions in mind when i read through this stimulus:
- is lack of doctors & nurses the root cause of dangerous wait time? Choice A refers to number of doctors and nurses but not clear. Percentage does not mean anything.
- dangerous wait time mostly happen in urban major hospital or also in rural hospitals? Choice B is good.

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In the country of Bedenia, officials have recently [#permalink]

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12 Dec 2014, 11:35
10
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BOOKMARKED
In the country of Bedenia, officials have recently implemented a new healthcare initiative to reduce dangerous wait times at emergency rooms in the country’s hospitals. This initiative increases the number of available emergency nurses and doctors in urban settings: scholarships and no-interest loans are being offered to prospective students in these fields if they work in major city hospitals, relocation packages to urban centers are being offered for current emergency practitioners, and immigration rules are being changed to enable foreign emergency doctors and nurses to more easily move to Bedenia’s major cities.

Which of the following would be most important to determine in assessing whether the initiative will be successful?

A. What percentage of current nurses and doctors work in emergency medicine

B. Which hospitals in Bedenia have dangerous wait times in their emergency rooms

C. Whether a career in emergency medicine pays substantially less than other types of medicine

D. Whether wait times could be reduced by means other than increasing the number of available nurses and doctors

E. Whether many foreign doctors and nurses are currently not allowed to enter Bedenia

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Re: In the country of Bedenia, officials have recently [#permalink]

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15 Jan 2015, 04:30
I fell for option D

If there are other means that are more feasible in avoiding the wait times, don't you think that will make the plan fall apart.

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Re: In the country of Bedenia, officials have recently [#permalink]

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15 Apr 2015, 07:10
[quote="gordonf35"]In the country of Bedenia, officials have recently implemented a new healthcare initiative to reduce dangerous wait times at emergency rooms in the country’s hospitals. This initiative increases the number of available emergency nurses and doctors in urban settings: scholarships and no-interest loans are being offered to prospective students in these fields if they work in major city hospitals, relocation packages to urban centers are being offered for current emergency practitioners, and immigration rules are being changed to enable foreign emergency doctors and nurses to more easily move to Bedenia’s major cities.

Which of the following would be most important to determine in assessing whether the initiative will be successful?

A. What percentage of current nurses and doctors work in emergency medicine

B. Which hospitals in Bedenia have dangerous wait times in their emergency rooms

C. Whether a career in emergency medicine pays substantially less than other types of medicine

D. Whether wait times could be reduced by means other than increasing the number of available nurses and doctors

E. Whether many foreign doctors and nurses are currently not allowed to enter Bedenia

Hello, everyone, I wonder why D and E is not a correct answer?

In my opinion,the use of "dangerous"is the key which rules out D.

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Re: In the country of Bedenia, officials have recently [#permalink]

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16 Apr 2015, 08:36
"reduce dangerous wait times at emergency rooms in the country’s hospitals"- from the country's hospital the next sentence jumps to urban settings. so rural areas are being disregarded and we can say that the assumption taken is that this crisis is only in urban. Option B evaluates this assumption and hence the correct answer.
Honestly speaking, I most probably would have chosen D and if not for the paragraph below for the options.
It would be better if some mod edits and puts that section in the spoiler part.
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Re: In the country of Bedenia, officials have recently [#permalink]

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28 Apr 2015, 03:47
This is an "evaluate the argument type of question".
Hence I went with D

In evaluate the assumption type of question, we are to evaluate a yes or no option and the answer should take 2 separate paths.
The assumption of the argument is that increasing the number of doctors and nurses will reduce wait times
Take option D
1-Yes. The wait times could be reduced by means other than increasing the number of available nurses and doctors. This tears down the argument
2- No. The wait times could not be reduced by means other than increasing the number of available nurses and doctors. This aids the argument.

Take option B
Which hospitals have dangerous wait times in their hospitals

1. Yes. Knowing this will help but it does not resolve whether increasing the number of doctors or nurses there is the answer
2- No. Knowing this is irrelevant but still it does not resolve whether increasing the number of doctors and nurses is the answer.

This is how I am looking at it. Could someone please point out the flaw in this reasoning.

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Re: In the country of Bedenia, officials have recently [#permalink]

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28 Apr 2015, 03:47
This is an "evaluate the argument type of question".
Hence I went with D

In evaluate the assumption type of question, we are to evaluate a yes or no option and the answer should take 2 separate paths.
The assumption of the argument is that increasing the number of doctors and nurses will reduce wait times
Take option D
1-Yes. The wait times could be reduced by means other than increasing the number of available nurses and doctors. This tears down the argument
2- No. The wait times could not be reduced by means other than increasing the number of available nurses and doctors. This aids the argument.

Take option B
Which hospitals have dangerous wait times in their hospitals

1. Yes. Knowing this will help but it does not resolve whether increasing the number of doctors or nurses there is the answer
2- No. Knowing this is irrelevant but still it does not resolve whether increasing the number of doctors and nurses is the answer.

This is how I am looking at it. Could someone please point out the flaw in this reasoning.

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Re: In the country of Bedenia, officials have recently [#permalink]

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29 Apr 2015, 14:21
DmitryFarber Thank you so much. That really clears things up for me.

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Re: In the country of Bedenia, officials have recently [#permalink]

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30 Apr 2015, 08:47
I foolishly choose E, once down to the choice between B and E.

I went with E because I figured that unless immigrants want to come work in the country, then changing rules will not affect the inflow of employee's.

However, having re-read the question I agree that B seems far better. It connects the question to the local waiting time, which does not have to be the same at all hospitals. We want to know if the increase of employee's would decrease the waiting times. To answer this question knowing which hospitals are currently experiencing high waiting times would be a good input.
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Re: In the country of Bedenia, officials have recently [#permalink]

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08 Aug 2015, 06:16
Very good question. I chose D despite I knew that it talks about other plan. I found all other options completely wrong.

B is clever choice.

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Re: In the country of Bedenia, officials have recently [#permalink]

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26 Jul 2016, 13:26
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Re: In the country of Bedenia, officials have recently [#permalink]

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20 Aug 2016, 13:00
I think this is a poor question. 'Which hospitals' is a highly vague remark in option C, it does not in any way indicate urban or rural setting. 'Which' can refer to many other demographic indicators, making the option highly ambiguous. Experts, please share your thoughts on the quality of this question. Thanks.

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Re: In the country of Bedenia, officials have recently   [#permalink] 20 Aug 2016, 13:00

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