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In the equation x^2+bx+12=0, x is variable and b is a constant. What is the value of b? (1) x-3 is a factor of x^2+bx+12. (2) 4 is a root of x^2+bx+12=0

You don't really need Viete's formula for the roots of a quadratic equation.

(1) x-3 is a factor of x^2+bx+12 --> simply means that x=3 is a root of x^2+bx+12=0 (if x-3 is a factor of x^2+bx+12 then x^2+bx+12=(x-3)(x-k)=0, for some k, so x=3 is on of the roots of the equation) --> substitute x=3: 3^2+3b+12=0 --> b=-7. Sufficient.

(2) 4 is a root of x^2+bx+12=0 --> the same here, substitute x=4: 4^2+4b+12=0 --> b=-7. Sufficient.

In the equation x^2+bx+12=0, is variable and b is a constant. What is the value of b? (1) x-3 is a factor of x^2+bx+12. (2) 4 is a root of x^2+bx+12=0

You don't really need Viete's formula for the roots of a quadratic equation.

(1) x-3 is a factor of x^2+bx+12 --> simply means that x=3 is a root of x^2+bx+12=0 (if x-3 is a factor of x^2+bx+12 then x^2+bx+12=(x-3)(x-k)=0, for some k, so x=3 is on of the roots of the equation) --> substitute x=3: 3^2+3b+12=0 --> b=-7. Sufficient.

(2) 4 is a root of x^2+bx+12=0 --> the same here, substitute x=4: 4^2+4b+12=0 --> b=-7. Sufficient.

Answer: D.

Agree!!! This is much easier and way faster than the Viete's formula (I didn't know that's what it's called). Double thanks!!
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In the equation x^2+bx+12=0, x is a variable and b is a constant. What is the value of b? (1) x-3 is a factor of x^2+bx+12. (2) 4 is a factor of x^2+bx+12=0

You don't really need Viete's formula for the roots of a quadratic equation.

(1) x-3 is a factor of x^2+bx+12 --> simply means that x=3 is a root of x^2+bx+12=0 (if x-3 is a factor of x^2+bx+12 then x^2+bx+12=(x-3)(x-k)=0, for some k, so x=3 is on of the roots of the equation) --> substitute x=3: 3^2+3b+12=0 --> b=-7. Sufficient.

(2) 4 is a root of x^2+bx+12=0 --> the same here, substitute x=4: 4^2+4b+12=0 --> b=-7. Sufficient.

Answer: D.

First post was wrong. This the correct post. But I think answer is same.
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For equation x^2 + bx + 12 = 0, we need to find value of b

1) says x-3 is a factor of x^2+bx+12, or x=3 is one of the roots of this quadratic equation, so 3^2+3b+12 = 0 or 21+3b = 0 or b = -7. Sufficient 2) says 4 is one of the roots so 4^2+4b+12 = 0 or 28+4b = 0 or b = -7. Again sufficient, so D

if x-a is a factor of any polynomial in x, then at x=a, the value of such a polynomial would be 0 or in other words x = a is one of the roots of such a polynomial

Re: In the equation x^2+bx+12=0, x is a variable and b is a [#permalink]

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03 Oct 2013, 05:49

D... just find factors, already x-3, x-4 is another factor to get 12 and -3x-4x= -7, this is possible becz x2+ bx +12 = 0, here b = +/-, to proof equation only is b= -7
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I welcome analysis on my posts and kudo +1 if helpful. It helps me to improve my craft.Thank you

In the equation x^2+bx+12=0, x is variable and b is a constant. What is the value of b? (1) x-3 is a factor of x^2+bx+12. (2) 4 is a root of x^2+bx+12=0

You don't really need Viete's formula for the roots of a quadratic equation.

(1) x-3 is a factor of x^2+bx+12 --> simply means that x=3 is a root of x^2+bx+12=0 (if x-3 is a factor of x^2+bx+12 then x^2+bx+12=(x-3)(x-k)=0, for some k, so x=3 is on of the roots of the equation) --> substitute x=3: 3^2+3b+12=0 --> b=-7. Sufficient.

(2) 4 is a root of x^2+bx+12=0 --> the same here, substitute x=4: 4^2+4b+12=0 --> b=-7. Sufficient.

Answer: D.

Im not really following your first point here.

How do you now that x=3 is a root of the equation? If the equation can be factorized in (X+2)(X+6), isn't three then also a factor from the equation?

In the equation x^2+bx+12=0, x is variable and b is a constant. What is the value of b? (1) x-3 is a factor of x^2+bx+12. (2) 4 is a root of x^2+bx+12=0

You don't really need Viete's formula for the roots of a quadratic equation.

(1) x-3 is a factor of x^2+bx+12 --> simply means that x=3 is a root of x^2+bx+12=0 (if x-3 is a factor of x^2+bx+12 then x^2+bx+12=(x-3)(x-k)=0, for some k, so x=3 is on of the roots of the equation) --> substitute x=3: 3^2+3b+12=0 --> b=-7. Sufficient.

(2) 4 is a root of x^2+bx+12=0 --> the same here, substitute x=4: 4^2+4b+12=0 --> b=-7. Sufficient.

Answer: D.

Im not really following your first point here.

How do you now that x=3 is a root of the equation? If the equation can be factorized in (X+2)(X+6), isn't three then also a factor from the equation?

If (x+2)(x+6)=0, then x-3 is NOT a factor of the quadratics. The roots of (x+2)(x+6)=0 are x=-3 and x=-6.

We are told that x-3 is a factor of x^2+bx+12, thus (x-3)(x-k)=0, thus x=3 is one of the roots.

Re: In the equation x^2+bx+12=0, x is a variable and b is a [#permalink]

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27 Dec 2014, 07:50

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Re: In the equation x^2+bx+12=0, x is a variable and b is a [#permalink]

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23 Apr 2016, 10:39

Hello from the GMAT Club BumpBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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In the equation x^2+bx+12=0, x is a variable and b is a [#permalink]

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10 Nov 2016, 10:22

Bunuel wrote:

Baten80 wrote:

In the equation x^2+bx+12=0, x is variable and b is a constant. What is the value of b? (1) x-3 is a factor of x^2+bx+12. (2) 4 is a root of x^2+bx+12=0

You don't really need Viete's formula for the roots of a quadratic equation.

(1) x-3 is a factor of x^2+bx+12 --> simply means that x=3 is a root of x^2+bx+12=0 (if x-3 is a factor of x^2+bx+12 then x^2+bx+12=(x-3)(x-k)=0, for some k, so x=3 is on of the roots of the equation) --> substitute x=3: 3^2+3b+12=0 --> b=-7. Sufficient.

(2) 4 is a root of x^2+bx+12=0 --> the same here, substitute x=4: 4^2+4b+12=0 --> b=-7. Sufficient.

Answer: D.

Hello Bunuel,

why do you conclude that 4 is a root of the equation if the statement just says it is a factor of (the statement from the page) ... My confusion is that x could be = 12 and 4 would still be a factor of the entire equation.

2) 4 is a factor of \(x^2+bx+12=0\) ...

if \(x = 12\), the equation would still be a multiple of 4 and:

\((12)^2+12b+12=0\) \(156=-12b\) \(-13=b\) which is not \(= -7\) and therefore it could be "not sufficient". What am I missing?

UPDATE: I looked for the question online and it seems that it has a mistake here, it shouldn't be "factor" ir should say "root". Source:

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