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# In the face of consumer demands, many agricultural companies in this c

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Senior Manager
Joined: 02 Jan 2017
Posts: 313
In the face of consumer demands, many agricultural companies in this c  [#permalink]

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04 May 2017, 08:54
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2
00:00

Difficulty:

85% (hard)

Question Stats:

49% (02:22) correct 51% (02:00) wrong based on 110 sessions

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In the face of consumer demands, many agricultural companies in this country have stopped growing genetically modified strains of some of their crops and resumed growing unmodified strains of those crops. Clearly less genetically modified produce is being farmed in this country as a result of this switch than would have been farmed if those companies had continued to produce the genetically modified variants.

Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument above?

A. Many of the farms that have switched at least partly to the unmodified crops have increased their output.

B. By meeting consumer demands, companies will sell the unmodified version of a particular crop more successfully than they will sell the genetically modified version of that
crop.

C. More farming cost is incurred by farming the unmodified version of a particular crop than by farming the genetically modified version.

D. The companies that have switched to unmodified versions of some crops have not altered how much farmland they use to grow each type of crop.

E. The production of the new amount of unmodified produce did not require as inputs any more modified produce than the new amount of unmodified produce had replaced.
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Joined: 18 Aug 2016
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Concentration: Strategy, Technology
GMAT 1: 630 Q47 V29
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Re: In the face of consumer demands, many agricultural companies in this c  [#permalink]

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04 May 2017, 09:00
vikasp99 wrote:
In the face of consumer demands, many agricultural companies in this country have stopped growing genetically modified strains of some of their crops and resumed growing unmodified strains of those crops. Clearly less genetically modified produce is being farmed in this country as a result of this switch than would have been farmed if those companies had continued to produce the genetically modified variants.

Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument above?

A. Many of the farms that have switched at least partly to the unmodified crops have increased their output.

B. By meeting consumer demands, companies will sell the unmodified version of a particular crop more successfully than they will sell the genetically modified version of that
crop.

C. More farming cost is incurred by farming the unmodified version of a particular crop than by farming the genetically modified version.

D. The companies that have switched to unmodified versions of some crops have not altered how much farmland they use to grow each type of crop.

E. The production of the new amount of unmodified produce did not require as inputs any more modified produce than the new amount of unmodified produce had replaced.

Need Explanation on this one...i chose B as it supports that the demand for unmodified is higher and hence the switch
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04 May 2017, 09:09
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I also fell for B, but E makes sense, even though it is a very poorly constructed sentence. Experts could throw some light on this.

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Joined: 02 Jan 2017
Posts: 313
Re: In the face of consumer demands, many agricultural companies in this c  [#permalink]

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04 May 2017, 17:32
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Explanation by http://www.gmatfree.com

Creating a filter: Some companies have switched from genetically modified crops to non-modified. And, as a result, the argument goes, less genetically modified produce is being farmed than would otherwise be the cause. We can start with a basic relevance filter, and, hopefully, clean up with the negation test.

Applying the filter: What answer choices are connected to less genetically modified production? Choice (A) does not; it seems to focus on whether we are producing more unmodified than modified, but that's not the argument. Choice (B) concerns sale, not production, and has no implications for production, so (B) is out. Similarly, (C) concerns cost, not production, and is out. Similarly, (D) concerns farmland, not production, and is out. Choice (E) at least discusses production.

Logical proof: to confirm choice (E), we use the negation test. What if the new levels of unmodified produce required massive inputs of modified produce? For example, if unmodified produce was generated with modified seed or modified fertilizer? In that case, the argument would be damaged. The negated (E) critically damages the argument, so the un-negated (E) is a true strengthener. The correct answer is (E).
Re: In the face of consumer demands, many agricultural companies in this c &nbs [#permalink] 04 May 2017, 17:32
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