In the figure attached, measure of angle PRS is how many : GMAT Data Sufficiency (DS)
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# In the figure attached, measure of angle PRS is how many

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In the figure attached, measure of angle PRS is how many [#permalink]

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26 Sep 2010, 01:40
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In the figure shown, measure of angle PRS is how many degrees greater than measure of angle PQR?

(1) Measure of angle QPR - 30
(2) Sum of measures of angles PQR and PRQ is 150
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Re: GMAT Prep Geometry Question :DS [#permalink]

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26 Sep 2010, 03:08
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In the figure shown, the measure of angle PRS is how many degrees greater than the measure of angle PQR.

Attachment:

TriangleQPS.JPG [ 2.5 KiB | Viewed 26155 times ]
Q: <PRS-<PQR=?

(1) The measure of angle QPR is 30°. <QPR=30 --> in triangle QPR three angles sum=180=<QPR+<PQR+<PRQ -->180=30+<PQR+(180-<PRS) --> 30=<PRS-<PQR SUFFICIENT

(2) The sum of the measures of angles PQR and PRQ is 150°. Basically the same information is given <PQR+<PRQ=150 --> <PQR+180-<PRS=150 --> 30=<PRS-<PQR SUFFICIENT

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02 Aug 2011, 10:26
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1) Angle PRS = QPR + PQR
PRS = 30 + PQR
PRS - PQR = 30 SUFFICIENT
2) PQR + PRQ = 150
PQR + 180-PRS = 150
PRS - PQR = 30 SUFFICIENT

ANS. D
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08 Jan 2012, 14:37
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Hi, there! I'm happy to help with this one.

What's tricky about this problem is that there are three different triangles in the diagram, and we have to apply the "180 degree Triangle Theorem" in each one.

First of all, from the diagram, we know in triangle PRS, that (angle SPR) + (angle PRS) + 90 = 180, or in other words, (angle SPR) + (angle PRS) = 90

In triangle PQS, we know that (angle SPQ) + (angle SQR) + 90 = 180, or in other words, (angle SPQ) + (angle PQR) = 90.

Set those two equal:

(angle SPR) + (angle PRS) = (angle SPQ) + (angle PQR)

(angle SPQ) - (angle SPR) = (angle PRS) - (angle PQR)

The question is asking: "the measure of angle PRS is how many degrees greater than the measure of angle PQR?" In other words, they are asking for (angle PRS) - (angle PQR), and our equation above tells us that: if we know (angle SPQ) - (angle SPR), then we know (angle PRS) - (angle PQR).

Statement #1: (angle QPR) = 30 degrees

We know that (angle SPQ) = (angle SPR) + (angle QPR) (big angle equals the sum of the two little angles the comprise it)

Therefore (angle SPQ) = (angle SPR) + 30 --> (angle SPQ) - (angle SPR) = 30 ---> (angle PRS) - (angle PQR) = 30

Statement #1 is sufficient by itself. .

Statement #2: (angle PQR) + (angle PRQ) = 150 degrees

Well, in triangle PQR, we know that: (angle PQR) + (angle PRQ) + (angle QPR) = 180 degrees

If (angle PQR) + (angle PRQ) = 150 degrees, then 150 + (angle QPR) = 180 degrees ---> (angle QPR) = 30, and we have the same information we had in statement #1, so statement #2 is also sufficient by itself.

Answer Choice D. Does that make sense?

Here's another GMAT DS question on the 180 degree Triangle Theorem, just for practice.

https://gmat.magoosh.com/questions/1009

The question at that link should be followed by a video explanation of the answer.

Please let me know if you have any more questions.

Mike
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triangle PQS.jpg [ 14.73 KiB | Viewed 17145 times ]

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08 Jan 2012, 16:23
To determine the difference between PQR and PRS, we need some sort of equation between them.

1. QPR=30, which means 180-(PQR+PRQ)=30, which give PQR+PRQ=150. Now PQR+(180-PRQ)=150. This gives us the difference. Suff
2. PQR + PRQ = 150. Same solution as above. Suff.

D
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09 Jan 2012, 12:59
Statement 1:
From triangle QPS:
Q+QPR+RPS=90
Q+RPS=90-QPR=60 ----1

From triangle RPS:
R+RPS=90---------2

Substract 1 from 2, we will get R-Q = 30, which gives us an answer.
A is sufficient

Statement 2 translates to QPR = 30 from triangle QPR. Thus, it will yield the same result as statement 1.

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Re: GMAT Prep Geometry Question :DS [#permalink]

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02 Dec 2012, 02:46
Bunuel wrote:
In the figure shown, the measure of angle PRS is how many degrees greater than the measure of angle PQR.

Attachment:
TriangleQPS.JPG
Q: <PRS-<PQR=?

(1) The measure of angle QPR is 30°. <QPR=30 --> in triangle QPR three angles sum=180=<QPR+<PQR+<PRQ -->180=30+<PQR+(180-<PRS) --> 30=<PRS-<PQR SUFFICIENT

(2) The sum of the measures of angles PQR and PRQ is 150°. Basically the same information is given <PQR+<PRQ=150 --> <PQR+180-<PRS=150 --> 30=<PRS-<PQR SUFFICIENT

Hi, sorry for the stupid question but it is something I can't grasp.

The text when it refers to angles PRS or PGR to which angles is it visually referring to?

I literally can't understand on the chart which are the angles the problem is asking about.

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Re: GMAT Prep Geometry Question :DS [#permalink]

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02 Dec 2012, 04:17
jzpat wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
In the figure shown, the measure of angle PRS is how many degrees greater than the measure of angle PQR.

Attachment:
The attachment TriangleQPS.JPG is no longer available
Q: <PRS-<PQR=?

(1) The measure of angle QPR is 30°. <QPR=30 --> in triangle QPR three angles sum=180=<QPR+<PQR+<PRQ -->180=30+<PQR+(180-<PRS) --> 30=<PRS-<PQR SUFFICIENT

(2) The sum of the measures of angles PQR and PRQ is 150°. Basically the same information is given <PQR+<PRQ=150 --> <PQR+180-<PRS=150 --> 30=<PRS-<PQR SUFFICIENT

Hi, sorry for the stupid question but it is something I can't grasp.

The text when it refers to angles PRS or PGR to which angles is it visually referring to?

I literally can't understand on the chart which are the angles the problem is asking about.

An angle can be identified like this: ∠PQR. The angle symbol, followed by three points that define the angle, with the middle letter being the vertex, and the other two on the legs.

Attachment:

Angle.png [ 5.63 KiB | Viewed 15741 times ]
So in the figure above the red angle would be ∠PQR or ∠RQP (so long as the vertex is the middle letter, the order is not important).

Hope it's clear.
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Re: In the figure attached, measure of angle PRS is how many [#permalink]

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19 Dec 2012, 23:09
angle PRS = QPR ( 30) + PQR is this exterior angle property?
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Re: In the figure attached, measure of angle PRS is how many [#permalink]

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20 Dec 2012, 03:18
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fozzzy wrote:
angle PRS = QPR ( 30) + PQR is this exterior angle property?

Yes it is. Angle PRS is an exterior angle of angle PRQ: <PRS = 180 - <PRQ = 180 - (180 - <QPR - <PQR) = <QPR + <PQR
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Re: In the figure attached, measure of angle PRS is how many [#permalink]

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17 Mar 2013, 09:50
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This is a hard problem to solve without a pen and a paper. Hope Img makes it clear.
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File comment: Img should help

Angles.jpg [ 77.72 KiB | Viewed 14873 times ]

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Re: In the figure attached, measure of angle PRS is how many [#permalink]

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16 Feb 2014, 20:59
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Hi I used the following method. Turned out to be the quickest for me.

Theorem: An exterior angle of a triangle is equal to the sum of the opposite interior angles.

So, as per the theorem, for Triangle PRQ we have ...
PRS = RPQ + PQR

which gives,

RPQ= PRS - PQR .

Now if we know the measure of RPQ. We are sorted. :D

1) RPQ = 30. SUFFICIENT.

2) same as 1. SUFFICIENT

So D.
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Re: In the figure attached, measure of angle PRS is how many [#permalink]

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06 May 2014, 10:34
Will also work just fine if we say that RPS is X and QPR is y. We then are asked to find PRS - PQR. PRS is 90-x while pqr is 90 - (x+y). Therefore, translating algebraically, we will need the value of 'y' to solve.

Statement 1, we are directly given the value of y=30.
Statement 2, 180 - (PQR+PRQ=150)=30=y.

Hence both statements are sufficient

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Re: In the figure attached, measure of angle PRS is how many [#permalink]

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29 May 2014, 05:37
Too long, this is how I solved.

Let's call PRS 'X' so RPS ' 90-X'
Let's call QPR Y so PQR 'x-y'

We are asked to find PRS - PQR = x - (x-y) = y

Statement 1

QPR is 30, therefore y=30.
Sufficient

Statement 2

PQR + PRQ = 150

Therefore x-y + 180 - X = 150 (Note that since PRS is X then PRQ will be its complement thus 180 -X

Solving we have that y=30

Sufficient

Hope it helps
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Re: In the figure attached, measure of angle PRS is how many [#permalink]

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Re: In the figure attached, measure of angle PRS is how many [#permalink]

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Re: In the figure attached, measure of angle PRS is how many [#permalink]

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29 Jul 2016, 23:22
question took time,but fortunately arrived at right answer - D

both statements say same..so answer would be between E and D

make three equation and solve
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Re: In the figure attached, measure of angle PRS is how many [#permalink]

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29 Jan 2017, 22:10
(1) angle QPR = angle SPQ - angle SPR = 30º

Now in two triangles PQS and PRS one angle is 90 implies that sum of other two angles would also be 90º.

angle SQP + angle SPQ = 90º
angle SPR + angle SRP = 90º

Increase in one of the angles would decrease the other angle by same degree. Therefore, the difference among the angles should be 30º.
So, (1) is SUFFICIENT.

(2) Same explanation as above. So, (2) is SUFFICIENT.

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Re: In the figure attached, measure of angle PRS is how many   [#permalink] 29 Jan 2017, 22:10
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