It is currently 21 Oct 2017, 00:01

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# In the Gulf of Mexico's 'dead zone,' every summer aquatic

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Manager
Joined: 05 Jul 2011
Posts: 67

Kudos [?]: 103 [1], given: 14

### Show Tags

20 Jul 2011, 04:56
1
KUDOS
2
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00

Difficulty:

35% (medium)

Question Stats:

63% (01:05) correct 37% (01:34) wrong based on 158 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

In the Gulf of Mexico's 'dead zone,' every summer aquatic life is smothered in an area as large as the state of New Jersey, which, according to scientists, is caused by excess nitrogen flushed down the Mississippi River.

A) which, according to scientists, is caused by excess nitrogen flushed down the Mississippi River.

B) which scientists say is caused by excess nitrogen flushed down the Mississippi River.

C) the cause of which, according to scientists, is excess nitrogen flushed down the Mississippi River.

D) the cause of which is excess nitrogen flushed down the Mississippi River say the scientists.

E) that comes from the flushing of excess nitrogen down the Mississippi River, according to scientists.

I am fed of getting answers wrong. :/
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

_________________

---Winners do it differently---

Kudos [?]: 103 [1], given: 14

Manager
Status: Appearing for GMAT
Joined: 23 May 2011
Posts: 131

Kudos [?]: 250 [3], given: 34

Location: United States (NJ)
Concentration: Finance, General Management
GPA: 3.5
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Re: Tough and close SC [#permalink]

### Show Tags

20 Jul 2011, 05:08
3
KUDOS
In the Gulf of Mexico's 'dead zone,' every summer aquatic life is smothered in an area as large as the state of New Jersey, which, according to scientists, is caused by excess nitrogen flushed down the Mississippi River.

A) which, according to scientists, is caused by excess nitrogen flushed down the Mississippi River.
Here which referring to New Jersey, which is not caused by excess nitrogen.

B) which scientists say is caused by excess nitrogen flushed down the Mississippi River.
Here which referring to New Jersey, which is not caused by excess nitrogen.
C) the cause of which, according to scientists, is excess nitrogen flushed down the Mississippi River.
Leave for the time being.
D) the cause of which is excess nitrogen flushed down the Mississippi River say the scientists.
Here subject of verb say is "the cause of which is excess nitrogen flushed down the Mississippi River" ; lets replace this with We so sentence is we say the scientist. So ""the cause of which is excess nitrogen flushed down the Mississippi River" is not saying anything to scientist.
E) that comes from the flushing of excess nitrogen down the Mississippi River, according to scientists.
Here "that comes from the flushing of excess nitrogen down the Mississippi River" is acting as a essential modifier so sentence is missing verb.

I hope my explanations helps.
_________________

"Giving kudos" is a decent way to say "Thanks" and motivate contributors. Please use them, it won't cost you anything.
Thanks Rphardu

Kudos [?]: 250 [3], given: 34

Manager
Status: GMAT BATTLE - WIN OR DIE
Joined: 02 May 2011
Posts: 164

Kudos [?]: 108 [0], given: 13

Concentration: General Management, Entrepreneurship
GMAT Date: 12-22-2011
GPA: 3.81
WE: General Management (Hospitality and Tourism)
Re: Tough and close SC [#permalink]

### Show Tags

21 Jul 2011, 05:11

Kudos [?]: 108 [0], given: 13

Manager
Joined: 05 Jul 2011
Posts: 67

Kudos [?]: 103 [0], given: 14

Re: Tough and close SC [#permalink]

### Show Tags

21 Jul 2011, 19:36
Thanks rphardu. I got the point that i was missing.. 'which' wrongly referred to New Jersey and hence a wrong choice.
_________________

---Winners do it differently---

Kudos [?]: 103 [0], given: 14

Intern
Joined: 08 May 2011
Posts: 12

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 0

Re: Tough and close SC [#permalink]

### Show Tags

21 Jul 2011, 19:51
stuff like this is easy once you see the silly mistakes you overlook. I almost chose A. But double back when I realized A and B are very similar.

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 0

Retired Moderator
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4289

Kudos [?]: 7914 [0], given: 364

Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: Tough and close SC [#permalink]

### Show Tags

22 Jul 2011, 08:09
There is something that is not congruous in rphardu’s thesis about the choice D. To call "the cause of which is excess nitrogen flushed down the Mississippi River" as the subject of the sentence is off the mark in the least. The actual parsing of the sentence is “Scientists say the cause of which is excess nitrogen flushed down the Mississippi River” in which case, the subject of the verb ‘are’ is simply ‘scientists’ and the phrase ‘the cause of which blah, blah’, the object. The phrase 'the cause of which' has no more function than to act as a benami for the relative pronoun ‘which’ and is used to circumvent the touch rule of relative pronouns. So I do not find anything grammatically wrong with D. But D is logically wrong because, nowhere in the original the passage, it is said that the scientists say this or that. It simply states ‘according to scientists’, which choice C religiously reproduces. That is the reason IMO C is better than D.

E is wrong because, when read along with the un-underlined previous part , the choice seems to say that New Jersey comes from the flushing; This is just akin to choice A and B which are wrong for using ‘which’ flouting the touch rule

But how does an essential modifier lead to the missing the verb in E?
_________________

“Better than a thousand days of diligent study is one day with a great teacher” – a Japanese proverb.
9884544509

Kudos [?]: 7914 [0], given: 364

GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 10120

Kudos [?]: 262 [0], given: 0

Re: In the Gulf of Mexico's 'dead zone,' every summer aquatic [#permalink]

### Show Tags

11 Sep 2016, 02:38
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.

Kudos [?]: 262 [0], given: 0

Re: In the Gulf of Mexico's 'dead zone,' every summer aquatic   [#permalink] 11 Sep 2016, 02:38
Display posts from previous: Sort by