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# In the industrialized nations, the last century has

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In the industrialized nations, the last century has [#permalink]

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06 May 2006, 16:34
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In the industrialized nations, the last century has witnessed a shortening of the average workday from twelve hours or longer to less than eight hours. Mindful of this enormous increase in leisure time over the past century, many people assume that the same trend has obtained throughout history, and that, therefore, prehistoric humans must have labored incessantly for their very survival.
We cannot, of course, directly test this assumption. However, a study of primitive peoples of today suggests a different conclusion. The Mbuti of central Africa, for instance, spend only a few hours each day in hunting, gathering, and tending to other economic necessities. The rest of their time is spent as they choose. The implication is that the short workday is not peculiar to industrialized societies. Rather, both the extended workday of 1880 and the shorter workday of today are products of different stages of the continuing process of industrialization.

Which of the following, if true, would most greatly strengthen the argument made in the passage above?
(A) In recent decades, the economy of the Mbuti has been markedly affected by the encroachment of modern civilization.
(B) The life-style of the Mbuti is similar to that of prehistoric humans.
(C) The Mbuti have no words in their language to express the distinction between work activities and leisure activities.
(D) The workday of a European peasant in medieval times averaged between eleven and fifteen hours.
(E) The members of the Shaklik tribe in central Asia have an average workday of ten to twelve hours.
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06 May 2006, 17:05
prude_sb wrote:
In the industrialized nations, the last century has witnessed a shortening of the average workday from twelve hours or longer to less than eight hours. Mindful of this enormous increase in leisure time over the past century, many people assume that the same trend has obtained throughout history, and that, therefore, prehistoric humans must have labored incessantly for their very survival.
We cannot, of course, directly test this assumption. However, a study of primitive peoples of today suggests a different conclusion. The Mbuti of central Africa, for instance, spend only a few hours each day in hunting, gathering, and tending to other economic necessities. The rest of their time is spent as they choose. The implication is that the short workday is not peculiar to industrialized societies. Rather, both the extended workday of 1880 and the shorter workday of today are products of different stages of the continuing process of industrialization.

Which of the following, if true, would most greatly strengthen the argument made in the passage above?
(A) In recent decades, the economy of the Mbuti has been markedly affected by the encroachment of modern civilization.
(B) The life-style of the Mbuti is similar to that of prehistoric humans.
(C) The Mbuti have no words in their language to express the distinction between work activities and leisure activities.
(D) The workday of a European peasant in medieval times averaged between eleven and fifteen hours.
(E) The members of the Shaklik tribe in central Asia have an average workday of ten to twelve hours.

I think it is D.
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07 May 2006, 03:10
B it is
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07 May 2006, 03:17
I wud second B!
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07 May 2006, 03:23
I will take (B) as well. It basically strenghtens the central assumption of the passage.
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07 May 2006, 03:33
I'll go with B.
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07 May 2006, 07:22

All others seem out of scope.
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08 May 2006, 21:33
What is the OA?
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09 May 2006, 06:45
I think it is C
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09 May 2006, 15:55
Its B

Not sure? Negate B and see if the argument falls apart. Yes it does.
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10 May 2006, 14:30
(A) (D) & (E) seem to be promoting the opposite claim. (C) has no connection with the theme.

It should be 'B'.
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B and this is what i think [#permalink]

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10 May 2006, 17:49
B strengthens the assumption and conclusion. The Mbuti tribe and prehistoric humans have the same work schedule because they are in similar stage of industralization (the first stage). This support the author's contention that prehistoric people didn't spend all their time looking for food due to the level of industrialization..

Conclusion (Rather, both the extended workday of 1880 and the shorter workday of today are products of different stages of the continuing process of industrialization. )

[my first real post, I hope this makes sense.]
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11 May 2006, 00:05
Hi,
I think the answer should be B. The author uses analogy in making a conclusion, by comparing primitive people with prehistoric people. In order for the conclusion to be right, the both people should have something in common, essentially lifestyle.
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11 May 2006, 02:44
Yes, it should be B, for same reason given by Dilshod
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14 May 2006, 08:38
I go with B as well...
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14 May 2006, 11:38
I vouch B
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15 May 2006, 15:18
B................

(A) In recent decades, the economy of the Mbuti has been markedly affected by the encroachment of modern civilization. Out of the Scope
(C) The Mbuti have no words in their language to express the distinction between work activities and leisure activities. Out of the Scope
(D) The workday of a European peasant in medieval times averaged between eleven and fifteen hours. Who cares!!!!!!! Irrelevant
(E) The members of the Shaklik tribe in central Asia have an average workday of ten to twelve hours. Weakens the argument in any case[/b]
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15 May 2006, 18:35
OA is B
15 May 2006, 18:35
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