GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 22 Jun 2018, 17:54

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

In the industrialized nations, the last century has

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 01 Nov 2007
Posts: 98
In the industrialized nations, the last century has [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Dec 2007, 15:10
1
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

(N/A)

Question Stats:

84% (01:26) correct 16% (01:20) wrong based on 50 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

In the industrialized nations, the last century has witnessed a shortening of the average workday from twelve hours or longer to less than eight hours. Mindful of this enormous increase in leisure time over the past century, many people assume that the same trend has obtained throughout history, and that, therefore, prehistoric humans must have labored incessantly for their very survival.
We cannot, of course, directly test this assumption. However, a study of primitive peoples of today suggests a different conclusion. The Mbuti of central Africa, for instance, spend only a few hours each day in hunting, gathering, and tending to other economic necessities. The rest of their time is spent as they choose. The implication is that the short workday is not peculiar to industrialized societies. Rather, both the extended workday of 1880 and the shorter workday of today are products of different stages of the continuing process of industrialization.

Which of the following, if true, would most greatly strengthen the argument made in the passage above?

(A) In recent decades, the economy of the Mbuti has been markedly affected by the encroachment of modern civilization.
(B) The life-style of the Mbuti is similar to that of prehistoric humans.
(C) The Mbuti have no words in their language to express the distinction between work activities and leisure activities.
(D) The workday of a European peasant in medieval times averaged between eleven and fifteen hours.
(E) The members of the Shaklik tribe in central Asia have an average workday of ten to twelve hours.
SVP
SVP
User avatar
Joined: 29 Mar 2007
Posts: 2493
Re: CR (Industrialized nations) [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Dec 2007, 15:20
az780 wrote:
In the industrialized nations, the last century has witnessed a shortening of the average workday from twelve hours or longer to less than eight hours. Mindful of this enormous increase in leisure time over the past century, many people assume that the same trend has obtained throughout history, and that, therefore, prehistoric humans must have labored incessantly for their very survival.
We cannot, of course, directly test this assumption. However, a study of primitive peoples of today suggests a different conclusion. The Mbuti of central Africa, for instance, spend only a few hours each day in hunting, gathering, and tending to other economic necessities. The rest of their time is spent as they choose. The implication is that the short workday is not peculiar to industrialized societies. Rather, both the extended workday of 1880 and the shorter workday of today are products of different stages of the continuing process of industrialization.

Which of the following, if true, would most greatly strengthen the argument made in the passage above?

(A) In recent decades, the economy of the Mbuti has been markedly affected by the encroachment of modern civilization.
(B) The life-style of the Mbuti is similar to that of prehistoric humans.
(C) The Mbuti have no words in their language to express the distinction between work activities and leisure activities.
(D) The workday of a European peasant in medieval times averaged between eleven and fifteen hours.
(E) The members of the Shaklik tribe in central Asia have an average workday of ten to twelve hours.


A: Irrelevent
B: we are comparing to modern humans. Not prehistoric. Thats too far back.
C: Irrelevant.

I think its btwn D and E.

Id say D.

I dont really like any of the answers to be honest. Im probably wrong here.
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Joined: 13 Dec 2006
Posts: 496
Location: Indonesia
 [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Dec 2007, 17:19
I agree, but out of these options D is the closest.

Amar
1 KUDOS received
Director
Director
avatar
Joined: 11 Jun 2007
Posts: 597
Re: CR (Industrialized nations) [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Dec 2007, 20:22
1
az780 wrote:
In the industrialized nations, the last century has witnessed a shortening of the average workday from twelve hours or longer to less than eight hours. Mindful of this enormous increase in leisure time over the past century, many people assume that the same trend has obtained throughout history, and that, therefore, prehistoric humans must have labored incessantly for their very survival.
We cannot, of course, directly test this assumption. However, a study of primitive peoples of today suggests a different conclusion. The Mbuti of central Africa, for instance, spend only a few hours each day in hunting, gathering, and tending to other economic necessities. The rest of their time is spent as they choose. The implication is that the short workday is not peculiar to industrialized societies. Rather, both the extended workday of 1880 and the shorter workday of today are products of different stages of the continuing process of industrialization.

Which of the following, if true, would most greatly strengthen the argument made in the passage above?

(A) In recent decades, the economy of the Mbuti has been markedly affected by the encroachment of modern civilization.
(B) The life-style of the Mbuti is similar to that of prehistoric humans.
(C) The Mbuti have no words in their language to express the distinction between work activities and leisure activities.
(D) The workday of a European peasant in medieval times averaged between eleven and fifteen hours.
(E) The members of the Shaklik tribe in central Asia have an average workday of ten to twelve hours.


I would have gone for (B).

Conclusion: Prehistoric humans must have labored incessantly for their very survival.

Assumption:many people assume that the same trend has obtained throughout history

Also, the passage states:
We cannot, of course, directly test this assumption. However, a study of primitive peoples of today suggests a different conclusion. The Mbuti of central Africa, for instance, spend only a few hours each day in hunting, gathering, and tending to other economic necessities.

If we can link primitive people of today, for example the Mbuti of Central Africa to the prehistoric humans, the argument is strengthened. (B) gives us the connection. Curious to know the OA.
3 KUDOS received
Director
Director
avatar
Joined: 09 Aug 2006
Posts: 746
Re: CR (Industrialized nations) [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Dec 2007, 07:06
3
az780 wrote:
In the industrialized nations, the last century has witnessed a shortening of the average workday from twelve hours or longer to less than eight hours. Mindful of this enormous increase in leisure time over the past century, many people assume that the same trend has obtained throughout history, and that, therefore, prehistoric humans must have labored incessantly for their very survival.
We cannot, of course, directly test this assumption. However, a study of primitive peoples of today suggests a different conclusion. The Mbuti of central Africa, for instance, spend only a few hours each day in hunting, gathering, and tending to other economic necessities. The rest of their time is spent as they choose. The implication is that the short workday is not peculiar to industrialized societies. Rather, both the extended workday of 1880 and the shorter workday of today are products of different stages of the continuing process of industrialization.

Which of the following, if true, would most greatly strengthen the argument made in the passage above?

(A) In recent decades, the economy of the Mbuti has been markedly affected by the encroachment of modern civilization.
(B) The life-style of the Mbuti is similar to that of prehistoric humans.
(C) The Mbuti have no words in their language to express the distinction between work activities and leisure activities.
(D) The workday of a European peasant in medieval times averaged between eleven and fifteen hours.
(E) The members of the Shaklik tribe in central Asia have an average workday of ten to twelve hours.


Pick B.

The argument is strengthened if we can show that the life-style of the Mbuti is similar to that of prehistoric humans. This would mean that people who think that prehistoric humans must have labored incessantly for their very survival are wrong and would assert the statement 'a study of primitive peoples of today suggests a different conclusion.'
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 01 Nov 2007
Posts: 98
 [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 Dec 2007, 06:40
Thank you everyone for explanations, OA is B
Director
Director
User avatar
Joined: 25 Aug 2007
Posts: 843
WE 1: 3.5 yrs IT
WE 2: 2.5 yrs Retail chain
Re: CR (Industrialized nations) [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 Apr 2010, 07:29
Though I marked D but I think B is correct, but I have a different reasoning.

Conclusion - Shorter workday and more time for leisure. Only choice B is in sync with this while rest fall short. Moreover, you can try PoE.
_________________

Want to improve your CR: http://gmatclub.com/forum/cr-methods-an-approach-to-find-the-best-answers-93146.html
Tricky Quant problems: http://gmatclub.com/forum/50-tricky-questions-92834.html
Important Grammer Fundamentals: http://gmatclub.com/forum/key-fundamentals-of-grammer-our-crucial-learnings-on-sc-93659.html

Non-Human User
User avatar
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 2645
Premium Member
Re: In the industrialized nations, the last century has [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Aug 2017, 04:14
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
_________________

-
April 2018: New Forum dedicated to Verbal Strategies, Guides, and Resources

Re: In the industrialized nations, the last century has   [#permalink] 24 Aug 2017, 04:14
Display posts from previous: Sort by

In the industrialized nations, the last century has

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.