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# In the industrialized nations, the last century has

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Manager
Joined: 01 Nov 2007
Posts: 98
In the industrialized nations, the last century has [#permalink]

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04 Dec 2007, 15:10
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84% (01:26) correct 16% (01:20) wrong based on 50 sessions

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In the industrialized nations, the last century has witnessed a shortening of the average workday from twelve hours or longer to less than eight hours. Mindful of this enormous increase in leisure time over the past century, many people assume that the same trend has obtained throughout history, and that, therefore, prehistoric humans must have labored incessantly for their very survival.
We cannot, of course, directly test this assumption. However, a study of primitive peoples of today suggests a different conclusion. The Mbuti of central Africa, for instance, spend only a few hours each day in hunting, gathering, and tending to other economic necessities. The rest of their time is spent as they choose. The implication is that the short workday is not peculiar to industrialized societies. Rather, both the extended workday of 1880 and the shorter workday of today are products of different stages of the continuing process of industrialization.

Which of the following, if true, would most greatly strengthen the argument made in the passage above?

(A) In recent decades, the economy of the Mbuti has been markedly affected by the encroachment of modern civilization.
(B) The life-style of the Mbuti is similar to that of prehistoric humans.
(C) The Mbuti have no words in their language to express the distinction between work activities and leisure activities.
(D) The workday of a European peasant in medieval times averaged between eleven and fifteen hours.
(E) The members of the Shaklik tribe in central Asia have an average workday of ten to twelve hours.
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Joined: 29 Mar 2007
Posts: 2493

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04 Dec 2007, 15:20
az780 wrote:
In the industrialized nations, the last century has witnessed a shortening of the average workday from twelve hours or longer to less than eight hours. Mindful of this enormous increase in leisure time over the past century, many people assume that the same trend has obtained throughout history, and that, therefore, prehistoric humans must have labored incessantly for their very survival.
We cannot, of course, directly test this assumption. However, a study of primitive peoples of today suggests a different conclusion. The Mbuti of central Africa, for instance, spend only a few hours each day in hunting, gathering, and tending to other economic necessities. The rest of their time is spent as they choose. The implication is that the short workday is not peculiar to industrialized societies. Rather, both the extended workday of 1880 and the shorter workday of today are products of different stages of the continuing process of industrialization.

Which of the following, if true, would most greatly strengthen the argument made in the passage above?

(A) In recent decades, the economy of the Mbuti has been markedly affected by the encroachment of modern civilization.
(B) The life-style of the Mbuti is similar to that of prehistoric humans.
(C) The Mbuti have no words in their language to express the distinction between work activities and leisure activities.
(D) The workday of a European peasant in medieval times averaged between eleven and fifteen hours.
(E) The members of the Shaklik tribe in central Asia have an average workday of ten to twelve hours.

A: Irrelevent
B: we are comparing to modern humans. Not prehistoric. Thats too far back.
C: Irrelevant.

I think its btwn D and E.

Id say D.

I dont really like any of the answers to be honest. Im probably wrong here.
Senior Manager
Joined: 13 Dec 2006
Posts: 496
Location: Indonesia

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04 Dec 2007, 17:19
I agree, but out of these options D is the closest.

Amar
Director
Joined: 11 Jun 2007
Posts: 597

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04 Dec 2007, 20:22
1
az780 wrote:
In the industrialized nations, the last century has witnessed a shortening of the average workday from twelve hours or longer to less than eight hours. Mindful of this enormous increase in leisure time over the past century, many people assume that the same trend has obtained throughout history, and that, therefore, prehistoric humans must have labored incessantly for their very survival.
We cannot, of course, directly test this assumption. However, a study of primitive peoples of today suggests a different conclusion. The Mbuti of central Africa, for instance, spend only a few hours each day in hunting, gathering, and tending to other economic necessities. The rest of their time is spent as they choose. The implication is that the short workday is not peculiar to industrialized societies. Rather, both the extended workday of 1880 and the shorter workday of today are products of different stages of the continuing process of industrialization.

Which of the following, if true, would most greatly strengthen the argument made in the passage above?

(A) In recent decades, the economy of the Mbuti has been markedly affected by the encroachment of modern civilization.
(B) The life-style of the Mbuti is similar to that of prehistoric humans.
(C) The Mbuti have no words in their language to express the distinction between work activities and leisure activities.
(D) The workday of a European peasant in medieval times averaged between eleven and fifteen hours.
(E) The members of the Shaklik tribe in central Asia have an average workday of ten to twelve hours.

I would have gone for (B).

Conclusion: Prehistoric humans must have labored incessantly for their very survival.

Assumption:many people assume that the same trend has obtained throughout history

Also, the passage states:
We cannot, of course, directly test this assumption. However, a study of primitive peoples of today suggests a different conclusion. The Mbuti of central Africa, for instance, spend only a few hours each day in hunting, gathering, and tending to other economic necessities.

If we can link primitive people of today, for example the Mbuti of Central Africa to the prehistoric humans, the argument is strengthened. (B) gives us the connection. Curious to know the OA.
Director
Joined: 09 Aug 2006
Posts: 746

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05 Dec 2007, 07:06
3
az780 wrote:
In the industrialized nations, the last century has witnessed a shortening of the average workday from twelve hours or longer to less than eight hours. Mindful of this enormous increase in leisure time over the past century, many people assume that the same trend has obtained throughout history, and that, therefore, prehistoric humans must have labored incessantly for their very survival.
We cannot, of course, directly test this assumption. However, a study of primitive peoples of today suggests a different conclusion. The Mbuti of central Africa, for instance, spend only a few hours each day in hunting, gathering, and tending to other economic necessities. The rest of their time is spent as they choose. The implication is that the short workday is not peculiar to industrialized societies. Rather, both the extended workday of 1880 and the shorter workday of today are products of different stages of the continuing process of industrialization.

Which of the following, if true, would most greatly strengthen the argument made in the passage above?

(A) In recent decades, the economy of the Mbuti has been markedly affected by the encroachment of modern civilization.
(B) The life-style of the Mbuti is similar to that of prehistoric humans.
(C) The Mbuti have no words in their language to express the distinction between work activities and leisure activities.
(D) The workday of a European peasant in medieval times averaged between eleven and fifteen hours.
(E) The members of the Shaklik tribe in central Asia have an average workday of ten to twelve hours.

Pick B.

The argument is strengthened if we can show that the life-style of the Mbuti is similar to that of prehistoric humans. This would mean that people who think that prehistoric humans must have labored incessantly for their very survival are wrong and would assert the statement 'a study of primitive peoples of today suggests a different conclusion.'
Manager
Joined: 01 Nov 2007
Posts: 98

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06 Dec 2007, 06:40
Thank you everyone for explanations, OA is B
Director
Joined: 25 Aug 2007
Posts: 843
WE 1: 3.5 yrs IT
WE 2: 2.5 yrs Retail chain

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29 Apr 2010, 07:29
Though I marked D but I think B is correct, but I have a different reasoning.

Conclusion - Shorter workday and more time for leisure. Only choice B is in sync with this while rest fall short. Moreover, you can try PoE.
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Re: In the industrialized nations, the last century has [#permalink]

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24 Aug 2017, 04:14
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Re: In the industrialized nations, the last century has   [#permalink] 24 Aug 2017, 04:14
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