Check GMAT Club Decision Tracker for the Latest School Decision Releases https://gmatclub.com/AppTrack

 It is currently 25 May 2017, 04:35

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# In the industrialized nations, the last century has

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Manager
Joined: 01 Nov 2007
Posts: 101
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 61 [0], given: 0

In the industrialized nations, the last century has [#permalink]

### Show Tags

04 Dec 2007, 15:10
00:00

Difficulty:

(N/A)

Question Stats:

77% (02:15) correct 23% (01:20) wrong based on 16 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

In the industrialized nations, the last century has witnessed a shortening of the average workday from twelve hours or longer to less than eight hours. Mindful of this enormous increase in leisure time over the past century, many people assume that the same trend has obtained throughout history, and that, therefore, prehistoric humans must have labored incessantly for their very survival.
We cannot, of course, directly test this assumption. However, a study of primitive peoples of today suggests a different conclusion. The Mbuti of central Africa, for instance, spend only a few hours each day in hunting, gathering, and tending to other economic necessities. The rest of their time is spent as they choose. The implication is that the short workday is not peculiar to industrialized societies. Rather, both the extended workday of 1880 and the shorter workday of today are products of different stages of the continuing process of industrialization.

Which of the following, if true, would most greatly strengthen the argument made in the passage above?

(A) In recent decades, the economy of the Mbuti has been markedly affected by the encroachment of modern civilization.
(B) The life-style of the Mbuti is similar to that of prehistoric humans.
(C) The Mbuti have no words in their language to express the distinction between work activities and leisure activities.
(D) The workday of a European peasant in medieval times averaged between eleven and fifteen hours.
(E) The members of the Shaklik tribe in central Asia have an average workday of ten to twelve hours.
If you have any questions
New!
CEO
Joined: 29 Mar 2007
Posts: 2562
Followers: 21

Kudos [?]: 453 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

04 Dec 2007, 15:20
az780 wrote:
In the industrialized nations, the last century has witnessed a shortening of the average workday from twelve hours or longer to less than eight hours. Mindful of this enormous increase in leisure time over the past century, many people assume that the same trend has obtained throughout history, and that, therefore, prehistoric humans must have labored incessantly for their very survival.
We cannot, of course, directly test this assumption. However, a study of primitive peoples of today suggests a different conclusion. The Mbuti of central Africa, for instance, spend only a few hours each day in hunting, gathering, and tending to other economic necessities. The rest of their time is spent as they choose. The implication is that the short workday is not peculiar to industrialized societies. Rather, both the extended workday of 1880 and the shorter workday of today are products of different stages of the continuing process of industrialization.

Which of the following, if true, would most greatly strengthen the argument made in the passage above?

(A) In recent decades, the economy of the Mbuti has been markedly affected by the encroachment of modern civilization.
(B) The life-style of the Mbuti is similar to that of prehistoric humans.
(C) The Mbuti have no words in their language to express the distinction between work activities and leisure activities.
(D) The workday of a European peasant in medieval times averaged between eleven and fifteen hours.
(E) The members of the Shaklik tribe in central Asia have an average workday of ten to twelve hours.

A: Irrelevent
B: we are comparing to modern humans. Not prehistoric. Thats too far back.
C: Irrelevant.

I think its btwn D and E.

Id say D.

I dont really like any of the answers to be honest. Im probably wrong here.
Director
Joined: 13 Dec 2006
Posts: 513
Location: Indonesia
Followers: 6

Kudos [?]: 223 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

04 Dec 2007, 17:19
I agree, but out of these options D is the closest.

Amar
Director
Joined: 11 Jun 2007
Posts: 639
Followers: 6

Kudos [?]: 331 [1] , given: 0

### Show Tags

04 Dec 2007, 20:22
1
KUDOS
az780 wrote:
In the industrialized nations, the last century has witnessed a shortening of the average workday from twelve hours or longer to less than eight hours. Mindful of this enormous increase in leisure time over the past century, many people assume that the same trend has obtained throughout history, and that, therefore, prehistoric humans must have labored incessantly for their very survival.
We cannot, of course, directly test this assumption. However, a study of primitive peoples of today suggests a different conclusion. The Mbuti of central Africa, for instance, spend only a few hours each day in hunting, gathering, and tending to other economic necessities. The rest of their time is spent as they choose. The implication is that the short workday is not peculiar to industrialized societies. Rather, both the extended workday of 1880 and the shorter workday of today are products of different stages of the continuing process of industrialization.

Which of the following, if true, would most greatly strengthen the argument made in the passage above?

(A) In recent decades, the economy of the Mbuti has been markedly affected by the encroachment of modern civilization.
(B) The life-style of the Mbuti is similar to that of prehistoric humans.
(C) The Mbuti have no words in their language to express the distinction between work activities and leisure activities.
(D) The workday of a European peasant in medieval times averaged between eleven and fifteen hours.
(E) The members of the Shaklik tribe in central Asia have an average workday of ten to twelve hours.

I would have gone for (B).

Conclusion: Prehistoric humans must have labored incessantly for their very survival.

Assumption:many people assume that the same trend has obtained throughout history

Also, the passage states:
We cannot, of course, directly test this assumption. However, a study of primitive peoples of today suggests a different conclusion. The Mbuti of central Africa, for instance, spend only a few hours each day in hunting, gathering, and tending to other economic necessities.

If we can link primitive people of today, for example the Mbuti of Central Africa to the prehistoric humans, the argument is strengthened. (B) gives us the connection. Curious to know the OA.
Director
Joined: 26 Mar 2006
Posts: 635
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 33 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

05 Dec 2007, 06:56
eyunni wrote:
az780 wrote:
In the industrialized nations, the last century has witnessed a shortening of the average workday from twelve hours or longer to less than eight hours. Mindful of this enormous increase in leisure time over the past century, many people assume that the same trend has obtained throughout history, and that, therefore, prehistoric humans must have labored incessantly for their very survival.
We cannot, of course, directly test this assumption. However, a study of primitive peoples of today suggests a different conclusion. The Mbuti of central Africa, for instance, spend only a few hours each day in hunting, gathering, and tending to other economic necessities. The rest of their time is spent as they choose. The implication is that the short workday is not peculiar to industrialized societies. Rather, both the extended workday of 1880 and the shorter workday of today are products of different stages of the continuing process of industrialization.

Which of the following, if true, would most greatly strengthen the argument made in the passage above?

(A) In recent decades, the economy of the Mbuti has been markedly affected by the encroachment of modern civilization.
(B) The life-style of the Mbuti is similar to that of prehistoric humans.
(C) The Mbuti have no words in their language to express the distinction between work activities and leisure activities.
(D) The workday of a European peasant in medieval times averaged between eleven and fifteen hours.
(E) The members of the Shaklik tribe in central Asia have an average workday of ten to twelve hours.

I would have gone for (B).

Conclusion: Prehistoric humans must have labored incessantly for their very survival.

Assumption:many people assume that the same trend has obtained throughout history

Also, the passage states:
We cannot, of course, directly test this assumption. However, a study of primitive peoples of today suggests a different conclusion. The Mbuti of central Africa, for instance, spend only a few hours each day in hunting, gathering, and tending to other economic necessities.

If we can link primitive people of today, for example the Mbuti of Central Africa to the prehistoric humans, the argument is strengthened. (B) gives us the connection. Curious to know the OA.

agree with 'B'
Director
Joined: 09 Aug 2006
Posts: 757
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 210 [2] , given: 0

### Show Tags

05 Dec 2007, 07:06
2
KUDOS
az780 wrote:
In the industrialized nations, the last century has witnessed a shortening of the average workday from twelve hours or longer to less than eight hours. Mindful of this enormous increase in leisure time over the past century, many people assume that the same trend has obtained throughout history, and that, therefore, prehistoric humans must have labored incessantly for their very survival.
We cannot, of course, directly test this assumption. However, a study of primitive peoples of today suggests a different conclusion. The Mbuti of central Africa, for instance, spend only a few hours each day in hunting, gathering, and tending to other economic necessities. The rest of their time is spent as they choose. The implication is that the short workday is not peculiar to industrialized societies. Rather, both the extended workday of 1880 and the shorter workday of today are products of different stages of the continuing process of industrialization.

Which of the following, if true, would most greatly strengthen the argument made in the passage above?

(A) In recent decades, the economy of the Mbuti has been markedly affected by the encroachment of modern civilization.
(B) The life-style of the Mbuti is similar to that of prehistoric humans.
(C) The Mbuti have no words in their language to express the distinction between work activities and leisure activities.
(D) The workday of a European peasant in medieval times averaged between eleven and fifteen hours.
(E) The members of the Shaklik tribe in central Asia have an average workday of ten to twelve hours.

Pick B.

The argument is strengthened if we can show that the life-style of the Mbuti is similar to that of prehistoric humans. This would mean that people who think that prehistoric humans must have labored incessantly for their very survival are wrong and would assert the statement 'a study of primitive peoples of today suggests a different conclusion.'
Intern
Joined: 15 May 2007
Posts: 9
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

05 Dec 2007, 07:13
Agree to B.
Manager
Joined: 01 Nov 2007
Posts: 101
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 61 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

06 Dec 2007, 06:40
Thank you everyone for explanations, OA is B
SVP
Joined: 16 Jul 2009
Posts: 1537
Schools: CBS
WE 1: 4 years (Consulting)
Followers: 44

Kudos [?]: 1197 [0], given: 2

### Show Tags

19 Apr 2010, 15:35
This is very difficult for me.
_________________

The sky is the limit
800 is the limit

GMAT Club Premium Membership - big benefits and savings

Director
Joined: 25 Aug 2007
Posts: 943
WE 1: 3.5 yrs IT
WE 2: 2.5 yrs Retail chain
Followers: 77

Kudos [?]: 1329 [0], given: 40

### Show Tags

29 Apr 2010, 07:29
Though I marked D but I think B is correct, but I have a different reasoning.

Conclusion - Shorter workday and more time for leisure. Only choice B is in sync with this while rest fall short. Moreover, you can try PoE.
_________________

Tricky Quant problems: http://gmatclub.com/forum/50-tricky-questions-92834.html
Important Grammer Fundamentals: http://gmatclub.com/forum/key-fundamentals-of-grammer-our-crucial-learnings-on-sc-93659.html

GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 10369
Followers: 998

Kudos [?]: 225 [0], given: 0

Re: In the industrialized nations, the last century has [#permalink]

### Show Tags

07 Jun 2014, 09:28
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
Re: In the industrialized nations, the last century has   [#permalink] 07 Jun 2014, 09:28
Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
11 The last century has witnessed a shortening of the average 4 31 Jan 2016, 19:10
6 Many plant varieties used in industrially developed nations 4 25 Mar 2016, 19:07
12 In the industrialized nations, the last century has 10 16 May 2016, 02:15
2 Industrialized nations 7 11 Apr 2016, 19:18
Many plant varieties used in industrially developed nations 18 23 Jan 2013, 06:21
Display posts from previous: Sort by