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# In the last decade, research in nanotechnology conducted at university

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Updated on: 29 Jan 2018, 06:37
1
3
00:00

Difficulty:

55% (hard)

Question Stats:

54% (01:41) correct 46% (01:23) wrong based on 80 sessions

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In the last decade, research in nanotechnology conducted at university-funded laboratories fell to a record low because grants for scientists who conducted independent research were not easily approved, but, because the necessary technical tools were rising in costs, those of expenses incurred during such research increased rapidly.

(A) who conducted independent research were not easily approved, but, because the necessary technical tools were rising in costs, those of

(B) conducting independent research were not easily approved while, because of the rising costs of the necessary technical tools,

(C) conducting independent research were not easily approved, because of the rising costs of the necessary technical tools, and those of

(D) that conducted independent research that was not easily approved; however, because the necessary tools were rising in costs,

(E) conducting independent research that was not easily approved, but, because of the rising costs of the necessary technical tools,

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Originally posted by rahul16singh28 on 27 Jan 2018, 07:15.
Last edited by hazelnut on 29 Jan 2018, 06:37, edited 1 time in total.
Edited the question.
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Re: In the last decade, research in nanotechnology conducted at university  [#permalink]

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27 Jan 2018, 07:30
1
A. who conducted independent research were not easily approved, but, because the necessary technical tools were rising in
costs, those of - Ambiguous pronoun error. What does those exactly refer to?

B. conducting independent research were not easily approved while, because of the rising costs of the necessary technical
tools, - Correct

C. conducting independent research were not easily approved, because of the rising costs of the necessary technical tools,
and those of - Illogical. Same error as A.

D. that conducted independent research that was not easily approved; however, because the necessary tools were rising in
costs, - 'scientists' must be followed by 'who' and not 'that'.

E. conducting independent research that was not easily approved, but, because of the rising costs of the necessary
technical tools, - Changes the meaning. States that research was not easily approved.

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GMAT 1: 710 Q49 V38
Re: In the last decade, research in nanotechnology conducted at university  [#permalink]

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27 Jan 2018, 11:58
rahul16singh28 wrote:
In the last decade, research in nanotechnology conducted at university-funded laboratories fell to a record low because
grants for scientists who conducted independent research were not easily approved, but, because the necessary technical
tools were rising in costs, those of
expenses incurred during such research increased rapidly.

A. who conducted independent research were not easily approved, but, because the necessary technical tools were rising in
costs, those of
B. conducting independent research were not easily approved while, because of the rising costs of the necessary technical
tools, - CORRECT
C. conducting independent research were not easily approved, because of the rising costs of the necessary technical tools,
and those of
D. that conducted independent research that [color=#ff0000]was not easily approved[/color]; however, because the necessary tools were rising in costs,
E. conducting independent research that [color=#ff0000]was not easily approved[/color], but, because of the rising costs of the necessary
technical tools,

A: 1) Absurd meaning - the tools were rising. 2) Pronoun Error: "those" could refer to tools or costs, either way it doesn't make sense.

B: CORRECT

C: 1) Same Pronoun error as A. 2) Meaning: Placing "because of the..." after the first independent clause changes the meaning as now it looks like grants for professors were not approved because of the rising costs of tools.

D: 1) Pronoun: "that" cannot refer to scientists, we need who/whose. 2) Missing Verb: There is no verb for subject "grants". 3) Meaning: This says "research was not easily approved" WRONG. It's the grants that were not approved.

E: 1) Missing Verb: There is no verb for subject "grants". 2) Meaning: This says "research was not easily approved" WRONG. It's the grants that were not approved.

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Re: In the last decade, research in nanotechnology conducted at university &nbs [#permalink] 27 Jan 2018, 11:58
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