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# In the last few years, the number of convicted criminals

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In the last few years, the number of convicted criminals [#permalink]

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19 Sep 2008, 18:10
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In the last few years, the number of convicted criminals given community service sentences, which allow the criminals to remain unconfined while they perform specific jobs benefiting the public, have risen dramatically.

(A) sentences, which allow the criminals to remain unconfined while they perform specific jobs benefiting the public, have
(B) sentences, performing specific jobs that benefit the public while being allowed to remain unconfined, have
(C) sentences, performing specific jobs beneficial to the public while they are allowed to remain unconfined, have
(D) sentences which allow them to remain unconfined in their performing of specific jobs beneficial to the public has
(E) sentences allowing them to remain unconfined while performing specific jobs that benefit the public has

Last edited by fluke on 29 Aug 2011, 06:52, edited 1 time in total.
Added OA and corrected discrepancy in statement E
If you have any questions
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10 Jan 2010, 06:51
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What is the source of this Q?
Also,are you sure that the answer is E? Atleast I am not convinced. IMO, its A.

ans cannot be A,B,C because all have wrong subject-verb agrement,,,, In the last few years, the number of convicted criminals given community service sentences. which allow
the criminals to remain unconfined while they perform specific jobs benefiting the public, have risen
dramatically. ..
the number requires has.. D is wordy .. only E remains , however it seems the options part after "that" is missing..
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29 Aug 2011, 05:58
I am re-posting this question coz i was not satisfied with the responses received in the 1st thread.

In the last few years, the number of convicted criminals given community service sentences, which allow the criminals to remain unconfined while they perform specific jobs benefitting the public, have risen dramatically.
i am confused b/w 2 options:
d)sentences which allow them to remain unconfined in their performing of specific jobs beneficial to the public has
e)sentences allowing them to remain unconfined while performing specific jobs that benefit the public has...

need expert help urgently
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29 Aug 2011, 06:51
Richardson wrote:
In the last few years, the number of convicted criminals given community service sentences, which allow the criminals to remain unconfined while they perform specific jobs benefiting the public, have risen dramatically.

(A) sentences, which allow the criminals to remain unconfined while they perform specific jobs benefiting the public, have
(B) sentences, performing specific jobs that benefit the public while being allowed to remain unconfined, have
(C) sentences, performing specific jobs beneficial to the public while they are allowed to remain unconfined, have
(D) sentences which allow them to remain unconfined in their performing of specific jobs beneficial to the public has
(E) sentences allowing them to remain unconfined while performing specific jobs that benefit the public has

At issue in this question is subject-verb agreement; the number ... has risen must be the kernel of the main
clause. Choice E, the best answer, uses a singular verb form, has, to agree with the singular subject, the
number
. Choices A, B, and C mistake criminals for the sentence subject and so incorrectly use the plural verb
form have. In B and C the verb phrases (performing .. . ) do not clearly modify criminals, because another noun
(sentences) intrudes, nor do the verb phrases clearly establish temporal relationships among events. D is wordy and imprecise (in their performing of specific jobs).
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Re: In the last few years, the number of convicted criminals [#permalink]

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27 Dec 2011, 08:13
+1 D ( if E is not modified in the end)
E(if sentence is as MBAhereIcome has written)
guys n gals, Kindly authenticate the sentence before posting)....
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Re: In the last few years, the number of convicted criminals [#permalink]

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27 Dec 2011, 10:53
the number of requires has. and E looks incomplete.
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Re: In the last few years, the number of convicted criminals [#permalink]

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26 Sep 2012, 00:30
The expression "the number of" is singular. Therefore, we can exclude answers A, B and C.
We are left with D and E. The phrase "in their performing" used in answer D is very awkward.
Answer E is the best option.
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Re: In the last few years, the number of convicted criminals [#permalink]

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02 Feb 2013, 07:52
jitendra wrote:
In the last few years, the number of convicted criminals given community service sentences. which allow
the criminals to remain unconfined while they perform specific jobs benefiting the public, have
risen
dramatically.
(A) sentences, which allow the criminals to remain unconfined while they perform specific jobs benefiting
the public, have
(B) sentences, performing specific jobs that benefit the public while being allowed to remain unconfined,
have
(C) sentences, performing specific jobs beneficial to the public while they are allowed to remain unconfined,
have
(D) sentences which allow them to remain unconfined in their performing of specific jobs beneficial to the
public has
(E) sentences allowing them to remain unconfined while performing specific jobs that
[Reveal] Spoiler:
E

"the number of.." is singular and should use "has" instead of "have". Thus, eliminate (A), (B) and (C)
"that their performing" is awkward - eliminate (D)

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Re: In the last few years, the number of convicted criminals [#permalink]

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27 Apr 2014, 21:18
The number is always Singular and requires singular verb . A,B,C --- eliminated

Among D and E , in option D which does not comma before it . D ---- eliminated .

Hence E
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Re: In the last few years, the number of convicted criminals [#permalink]

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07 May 2014, 11:56
Okay, got confused by the omitted words in the answer choices..though I went ahead and chose E.

Please edit the choice E to the correct one - "sentences allowing them to remain unconfined while performing specific jobs that benefit the public has"
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Re: In the last few years, the number of convicted criminals [#permalink]

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23 Apr 2017, 18:11
Merged topics. Please, search before posting questions!
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Re: In the last few years, the number of convicted criminals [#permalink]

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02 May 2017, 23:23
what is the role of "allowing them to remain unconfined while performing specific jobs that benefit the public "

In the last few years, the number of convicted criminals given community service sentences allowing them to remain unconfined while performing specific jobs that benefit the public has have risen dramatically.

The whole sentence with correct answer looks awkward.

Thanks
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Re: In the last few years, the number of convicted criminals [#permalink]

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03 May 2017, 00:17
kannu44 wrote:
what is the role of "allowing them to remain unconfined while performing specific jobs that benefit the public "

In the last few years, the number of convicted criminals given community service sentences allowing them to remain unconfined while performing specific jobs that benefit the public has have risen dramatically.

The whole sentence with correct answer looks awkward.

Hi kannu44, GMAT is basically using a pretty long modifier (participial phrase, to be precise) to make this sentence look awkward. In the sentence below, I have underlined the intermediate modifier:

In the last few years, the number of convicted criminals given community service sentences allowing them to remain unconfined while performing specific jobs that benefit the public has risen dramatically.

So, the core of the sentence is:

In the last few years, the number of convicted criminals has risen dramatically.

This clearly doesn't look awkward.

In the intermediate modifier, there are many constructs, most notably:

i) Past participle phrase: given community service sentences
ii) Present participle phrase: allowing them to remain unconfined while performing specific jobs
iii) Relative clause: that benefit the public

p.s. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses Participial phrase, its application and examples in significant detail. If someone is interested, PM me your email-id; I can mail the corresponding section.
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Re: In the last few years, the number of convicted criminals [#permalink]

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03 May 2017, 00:21
E. Has should be there and you should use ''which" after comma.

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Re: In the last few years, the number of convicted criminals [#permalink]

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03 May 2017, 00:53
rephrasing my question why no comma is used before modifiers in option E . They doesn't seems to be an essential modifier.
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Re: In the last few years, the number of convicted criminals [#permalink]

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03 May 2017, 03:16
Isn't it essential? Sentence is not talking about all convicted criminals; only those who were given community service sentences.

In any case, GMAT does not really test on essentials/non-essentials.
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Re: In the last few years, the number of convicted criminals   [#permalink] 03 May 2017, 03:16
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