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In the last few years, the number of convicted criminals given

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Re: In the last few years, the number of convicted criminals given  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Aug 2017, 22:31
Richardson wrote:
In the last few years, the number of convicted criminals given community service sentences, which allow the criminals to remain unconfined while they perform specific jobs benefiting the public, have risen dramatically.

(A) sentences, which allow the criminals to remain unconfined while they perform specific jobs benefiting the public, have
(B) sentences, performing specific jobs that benefit the public while being allowed to remain unconfined, have
(C) sentences, performing specific jobs beneficial to the public while they are allowed to remain unconfined, have
(D) sentences which allow them to remain unconfined in their performing of specific jobs beneficial to the public has
(E) sentences allowing them to remain unconfined while performing specific jobs that benefit the public has


Imo E

A does not have correct SV agreement as we have "have"
B is not good at all here being is used wrongly here and also incorrect SVA
C changes meaning as they remain unconfined and then they do community service again incorrect SVA
D " in their performing " is wordy and wrong phrase
E correct
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Re: In the last few years, the number of convicted criminals given  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Dec 2018, 04:57
am i right in discarding option D for punctuation absence??
we need a "comma" before" which "
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In the last few years, the number of convicted criminals given  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Dec 2018, 06:11
Answer is E.

We are talking about a "number", and numbers are always singular. Therefore, we need to use "has" to refer to number. Options A,B,C can be eliminated for using "have". D is incorrect because "in their performing" tense/structure is totally wrong.
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Re: In the last few years, the number of convicted criminals given  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Dec 2018, 23:41
At issue in this question is subject-verb agreement; the number ... has risen must be the kernel of the main clause. Choice E, the best answer, uses a singular verb form, has, to agree with the singular subject, the number. Choices A, B, and C mistake criminals for the sentence subject and so incorrectly use the plural verb form have. In B and C the verb phrases (performing .. . ) do not clearly modify criminals, because another noun (sentences) intrudes, nor do the verb phrases clearly establish temporal relationships among events. D is wordy and imprecise (in their performing of specific jobs). Hence, E is the answer.
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Re: In the last few years, the number of convicted criminals given  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jan 2019, 21:04
With POE, I can easily take A, B, C, D out, but still confused with option E: Whom 'performing specific job'? I think reasonably they are 'them'/criminals, but we dont have any precedent subject for that clause. It is usual to say that "I do A while doing B" (the precedent subject "I" applying for both clauses of the sentence), but when I re-write this clause as following, causing a little ambiguity:
Community service sentences {allow them to remain unconfined} while {performing specific jobs} that benefit the public.

Then, I tried to rewrite it in different way to make "them" a subject for the gerund "performing", it should be like this:
Community service sentences allow them {to remain unconfined} while {to perform} specific jobs that benefit the public.

Can someone help me out what is problem with my thought?
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Re: In the last few years, the number of convicted criminals given  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jan 2019, 23:09
Richardson wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Review, 10th Edition, 2003

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 178
Page: 680

In the last few years, the number of convicted criminals given community service sentences, which allow the criminals to remain unconfined while they perform specific jobs benefiting the public, have risen dramatically.

(A) sentences, which allow the criminals to remain unconfined while they perform specific jobs benefiting the public, have

(B) sentences, performing specific jobs that benefit the public while being allowed to remain unconfined, have

(C) sentences, performing specific jobs beneficial to the public while they are allowed to remain unconfined, have

(D) sentences which allow them to remain unconfined in their performing of specific jobs beneficial to the public has

(E) sentences allowing them to remain unconfined while performing specific jobs that benefit the public has


SV agreement error ;
the number of singular ; so options D & E are only left
amongst them E is constructed well over D since in D ,which is missing and is wordy
E is concise and is rightly constructed
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Re: In the last few years, the number of convicted criminals given  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Sep 2019, 19:44
What is wrong with D?

Please don't reply with 'in their performing' is awkard.

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Re: In the last few years, the number of convicted criminals given  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Sep 2019, 05:37
In the last few years, the number of convicted criminals given community service sentences, which allow the criminals to remain unconfined while they perform specific jobs benefiting the public, have risen dramatically

the number of something…is always singular and hence needs has instead of have

so we are left with only D,E

most important rule for "which" in GMAT- should always come after comma

so D is also eliminated and we are left with E
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Re: In the last few years, the number of convicted criminals   [#permalink] 14 Nov 2019, 08:55

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