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# In the late 1880s, the journalist Jacob Riis

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In the late 1880s, the journalist Jacob Riis [#permalink]

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19 Aug 2013, 07:40
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In the late 1880s, the journalist Jacob Riis visited tenement dwellings in several impoverished New York City neighbourhoods to investigate housing conditions and photograph immigrant tenant's apartments, whose interiors were inhumanely overcrowded, their floors often serving as beds, and their walls often windowless and dilapidated with age and neglect.

(A) whose interiors were inhumanely overcrowded, their floors often serving as beds, and their walls often windowless and dilapidated with age and neglect
(B) whose interiors were inhumanely overcrowded, their floors were often serving as beds, and their walls were often lacking windows and dilapidated due to age and neglect
(C) whose interiors were inhumanely overcrowded, their floors were often serving as beds, and they had walls often windowless and dilapidated with age and neglect
(D) having interiors inhumanely overcrowded, their floors often serving for beds, and their walls were often windowless and dilapidated due to age and neglect
(E) having interiors that were inhumanely overcrowded, their floors often serving as beds, and their walls often lacked windows and were dilapidated on account of age and neglect
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: In the late 1880s, the journalist Jacob Riis [#permalink]

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19 Aug 2013, 11:32
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A it is.

(A) whose interiors were inhumanely overcrowded, their floors often serving as beds, and their walls often windowless and dilapidated with age and neglect - correct
(B) whose interiors were inhumanely overcrowded,their floors were often serving as beds, and their walls were often lacking windows and dilapidated due to age and neglect - the highlighted statement is an independent sentence and two independent sentence cannot be connected using just commas->creates a run on sentence.
(C) whose interiors were inhumanely overcrowded, their floors were often serving as beds, and they had walls often windowless and dilapidated with age and neglect
- same error as B
(D) having interiors inhumanely overcrowded, their floors often serving for beds, and their walls were often windowless and dilapidated due to age and neglect
- changes the meaning. From the sentence it seems as if Jacob Riis had interiors when he started to visit
(E) having interiors that were inhumanely overcrowded, their floors often serving as beds, and their walls often lacked windows and were dilapidated on account of age and neglect - same as D
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Re: In the late 1880s, the journalist Jacob Riis [#permalink]

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19 Aug 2013, 19:16
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In the late 1880s, the journalist Jacob Riis visited tenement dwellings in several impoverished New York City neighbourhoods to investigate housing conditions and photograph immigrant tenant's apartments, whose interiors were inhumanely overcrowded, their floors often serving as beds, and their walls often windowless and dilapidated with age and neglect.

(A) whose interiors were inhumanely overcrowded, their floors often serving as beds, and their walls often windowless and dilapidated with age and neglect
Correct. Modifier is used correctly.

(B) whose interiors were inhumanely overcrowded, their floors were often serving as beds, and their walls were often lacking windows and dilapidated due to age and neglect
Wrong. information about the floors and walls just provides additional info for inhumanely overcrowded apartments' interiors ==> modifier should be used.

(C) whose interiors were inhumanely overcrowded, their floors were often serving as beds, and they had walls often windowless and dilapidated with age and neglect
Wrong. Same as B.

(D) having interiors inhumanely overcrowded, their floors often serving for beds, and their walls were often windowless and dilapidated due to age and neglect
Wrong. Verb-ing modifier + comma ==> modify preceding clause. However, the underlined part just modifies "apartments".

(E) having interiors that were inhumanely overcrowded, their floors often serving as beds, and their walls often lacked windows and were dilapidated on account of age and neglect
Wrong. Same as D. Verb-ing modifier + comma ==> modify preceding clause. That's wrong here.

Hope it helps.
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Re: In the late 1880s, the journalist Jacob Riis [#permalink]

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20 Aug 2013, 21:50
Quote:
(B) whose interiors were inhumanely overcrowded,their floors were often serving as beds, and their walls were often lacking windows and dilapidated due to age and neglect - the highlighted statement is an independent sentence and two independent sentence cannot be connected using just commas->creates a run on sentence.

Thanks for the comment. Until now, I was thinking that if there is a sub-ordinate conjunction or a FANBOYS with a comma, then it has to join two Independent Clauses. Obviously, the reverse is also true. Thanks for the comment.

Do you have any official examples that have similarly designed options?

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Re: In the late 1880s, the journalist Jacob Riis [#permalink]

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Hi gmatter0913,

below is one of the examples from verbal review

However much United States voters may agree that there is waste in government and that the government as a whole spends beyond its means，it is difficult to find broad support for a movement toward a minimal state．

(A) However much United States voters may agree that
(B) Despite the agreement among United States voters to the fact
(C) Although United States voters agree
(D) Even though United States voters may agree
(E)There is agreement among United States voters that

Some days back i have mentioned about run-on sentences in a post. You can find it here -

http://gmatclub.com/forum/the-missouri-compromise-of-1820-a-legislative-effort-to-154841.html

One more example - the-iroquois-were-primarily-planters-but-supplementing-32790.html#p1259011

Please let me know if you have any doubts.
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Re: In the late 1880s, the journalist Jacob Riis [#permalink]

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12 Sep 2014, 12:29
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Re: In the late 1880s, the journalist Jacob Riis [#permalink]

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13 Sep 2015, 06:26
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: In the late 1880s, the journalist Jacob Riis [#permalink]

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13 Sep 2015, 20:32
I can not understand the stucture in A. this pattern is new to me.

pls help
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Re: In the late 1880s, the journalist Jacob Riis [#permalink]

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12 Jul 2016, 03:21
swati007 wrote:
A it is.

(A) whose interiors were inhumanely overcrowded, their floors often serving as beds, and their walls often windowless and dilapidated with age and neglect - correct
(B) whose interiors were inhumanely overcrowded,their floors were often serving as beds, and their walls were often lacking windows and dilapidated due to age and neglect - the highlighted statement is an independent sentence and two independent sentence cannot be connected using just commas->creates a run on sentence.
(C) whose interiors were inhumanely overcrowded, their floors were often serving as beds, and they had walls often windowless and dilapidated with age and neglect
- same error as B
(D) having interiors inhumanely overcrowded, their floors often serving for beds, and their walls were often windowless and dilapidated due to age and neglect
- changes the meaning. From the sentence it seems as if Jacob Riis had interiors when he started to visit
(E) having interiors that were inhumanely overcrowded, their floors often serving as beds, and their walls often lacked windows and were dilapidated on account of age and neglect - same as D

just look for parallelism x,y and z

x=whose interior.....,their walls........ and their floors...

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Re: In the late 1880s, the journalist Jacob Riis [#permalink]

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14 Jul 2016, 05:28
pqhai wrote:
In the late 1880s, the journalist Jacob Riis visited tenement dwellings in several impoverished New York City neighbourhoods to investigate housing conditions and photograph immigrant tenant's apartments, whose interiors were inhumanely overcrowded, their floors often serving as beds, and their walls often windowless and dilapidated with age and neglect.

(A) whose interiors were inhumanely overcrowded, their floors often serving as beds, and their walls often windowless and dilapidated with age and neglect
Correct. Modifier is used correctly.

(B) whose interiors were inhumanely overcrowded, their floors were often serving as beds, and their walls were often lacking windows and dilapidated due to age and neglect
Wrong. information about the floors and walls just provides additional info for inhumanely overcrowded apartments' interiors ==> modifier should be used.

(C) whose interiors were inhumanely overcrowded, their floors were often serving as beds, and they had walls often windowless and dilapidated with age and neglect
Wrong. Same as B.

(D) having interiors inhumanely overcrowded, their floors often serving for beds, and their walls were often windowless and dilapidated due to age and neglect
Wrong. Verb-ing modifier + comma ==> modify preceding clause. However, the underlined part just modifies "apartments".

(E) having interiors that were inhumanely overcrowded, their floors often serving as beds, and their walls often lacked windows and were dilapidated on account of age and neglect
Wrong. Same as D. Verb-ing modifier + comma ==> modify preceding clause. That's wrong here.

Hope it helps.

Just one question.
In option A, isnt there a parallelism error-

whose interiors were inhumanely overcrowded, their floors often serving as beds, and their walls often windowless and dilapidated with age and neglect

1 is in Verb-ed form other is in verb-ing form

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Re: In the late 1880s, the journalist Jacob Riis [#permalink]

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14 Jul 2016, 11:28
In the late 1880s, the journalist Jacob Riis visited tenement dwellings in several impoverished New York City neighbourhoods to investigate housing conditions and photograph immigrant tenant's apartments, whose interiors were inhumanely overcrowded, their floors often serving as beds, and their walls often windowless and dilapidated with age and neglect.

(A) whose interiors were inhumanely overcrowded, their floors often serving as beds, and their walls often windowless and dilapidated with age and neglect - Correct.

(B) whose interiors were inhumanely overcrowded, their floors were often serving as beds, and their walls were often lacking windows and dilapidated due to age and neglect
(C) whose interiors were inhumanely overcrowded, their floors were often serving as beds, and they had walls often windowless and dilapidated with age and neglect
(D) having interiors inhumanely overcrowded, their floors often serving for beds, and their walls were often windowless and dilapidated due to age and neglect
(E) having interiors that were inhumanely overcrowded, their floors often serving as beds, and their walls often lacked windows and were dilapidated on account of age and neglect
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Re: In the late 1880s, the journalist Jacob Riis [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2016, 02:59
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gaurav2187 wrote:
pqhai wrote:
In the late 1880s, the journalist Jacob Riis visited tenement dwellings in several impoverished New York City neighbourhoods to investigate housing conditions and photograph immigrant tenant's apartments, whose interiors were inhumanely overcrowded, their floors often serving as beds, and their walls often windowless and dilapidated with age and neglect.

(A) whose interiors were inhumanely overcrowded, their floors often serving as beds, and their walls often windowless and dilapidated with age and neglect
Correct. Modifier is used correctly.

(B) whose interiors were inhumanely overcrowded, their floors were often serving as beds, and their walls were often lacking windows and dilapidated due to age and neglect
Wrong. information about the floors and walls just provides additional info for inhumanely overcrowded apartments' interiors ==> modifier should be used.

(C) whose interiors were inhumanely overcrowded, their floors were often serving as beds, and they had walls often windowless and dilapidated with age and neglect
Wrong. Same as B.

(D) having interiors inhumanely overcrowded, their floors often serving for beds, and their walls were often windowless and dilapidated due to age and neglect
Wrong. Verb-ing modifier + comma ==> modify preceding clause. However, the underlined part just modifies "apartments".

(E) having interiors that were inhumanely overcrowded, their floors often serving as beds, and their walls often lacked windows and were dilapidated on account of age and neglect
Wrong. Same as D. Verb-ing modifier + comma ==> modify preceding clause. That's wrong here.

Hope it helps.

Just one question.
In option A, isnt there a parallelism error-

whose interiors were inhumanely overcrowded, their floors often serving as beds, and their walls often windowless and dilapidated with age and neglect

1 is in Verb-ed form other is in verb-ing form

The first modifier (relative clause modifier) is not supposed to be parallel to the second and the third (absolute phrases).

Relative phrase modifier: whose interiors were inhumanely overcrowded
Absolute phrase 1: their floors often serving as beds
Absolute phrase 2: their walls often windowless and dilapidated with age and neglect.

There is no bearing of "overcrowded" with "serving" since they are in two different elements which has no parallelity requirement.

The only parallelity requirement is within the absolute phrase 1 and the absolute phrase 2, and they are parallel (noun + noun modifier)

Absolute phrase 1: Noun = their floors, noun modifier (present participle) = (often) serving as beds
Absolute phrase 2: Noun = their walls, noun modifier (adjectival) = windowless and dilapidated with age and neglect.

The only requirement here is that "their walls" and "their walls" be parallel. (Even the noun modifiers in two differnet absolute phrases need not be parallel.)

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Re: In the late 1880s, the journalist Jacob Riis [#permalink]

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02 Aug 2016, 12:25
Can something get dilapidated with age? I thought something can get dilapidated only due to something. I chose 'B', even though I understand that there is a parallelism error, because of the above logic, B seemed the most appropriate

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Re: In the late 1880s, the journalist Jacob Riis [#permalink]

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03 Aug 2016, 12:43
pqhai wrote:
In the late 1880s, the journalist Jacob Riis visited tenement dwellings in several impoverished New York City neighbourhoods to investigate housing conditions and photograph immigrant tenant's apartments, whose interiors were inhumanely overcrowded, their floors often serving as beds, and their walls often windowless and dilapidated with age and neglect.

(A) whose interiors were inhumanely overcrowded, their floors often serving as beds, and their walls often windowless and dilapidated with age and neglect
Correct. Modifier is used correctly.

(B) whose interiors were inhumanely overcrowded, their floors were often serving as beds, and their walls were often lacking windows and dilapidated due to age and neglect
Wrong. information about the floors and walls just provides additional info for inhumanely overcrowded apartments' interiors ==> modifier should be used.

(C) whose interiors were inhumanely overcrowded, their floors were often serving as beds, and they had walls often windowless and dilapidated with age and neglect
Wrong. Same as B.

(D) having interiors inhumanely overcrowded, their floors often serving for beds, and their walls were often windowless and dilapidated due to age and neglect
Wrong. Verb-ing modifier + comma ==> modify preceding clause. However, the underlined part just modifies "apartments".

(E) having interiors that were inhumanely overcrowded, their floors often serving as beds, and their walls often lacked windows and were dilapidated on account of age and neglect
Wrong. Same as D. Verb-ing modifier + comma ==> modify preceding clause. That's wrong here.

Hope it helps.

Dear Concerned,

Can you please elaborate a little more on how modifiers related to 'floors' and 'windows' are providing additional info about apartment's interiors? Does 'their' in these modifiers refer to interiors? As in, "apartment's interior's floors often serving as beds" and "apartment's interior's walls often lacking windows and dilapidated due to age and neglect"? Is this correct? To me it seems these modifiers will make more sense if they modify 'apartment'.

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Re: In the late 1880s, the journalist Jacob Riis [#permalink]

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09 Sep 2017, 05:56
I opted for B. Can someone please help me understand why is B incorrrect
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Re: In the late 1880s, the journalist Jacob Riis [#permalink]

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09 Sep 2017, 07:52
Khuranasup wrote:
I opted for B. Can someone please help me understand why is B incorrrect

Hi Khuranasup,

1. Parallelism at issue:

Whose interiors were...., their floors were..., and their walls were -- this is not parallel. It should be written like this:
Whose interiors were...., Whose floors were..., and Whose walls were

2. Wrong use of due to. Replacement of "due to" by "CAUSED BY" does not make sense.

their walls were dilapidated due to age.
their walls were dilapidated CAUSED BY age
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Re: In the late 1880s, the journalist Jacob Riis [#permalink]

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15 Sep 2017, 20:59
Can Whose be used to modify a non-living thing like appartments?

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Re: In the late 1880s, the journalist Jacob Riis [#permalink]

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15 Sep 2017, 22:20
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tejas0999 wrote:
Can Whose be used to modify a non-living thing like appartments?

Yes, Whose can be used for persons, things

Below is the general list

to refer People -- who , whom , whose
to refer Things -- whose, which , that

Let me know in case any further info needed

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Re: In the late 1880s, the journalist Jacob Riis   [#permalink] 15 Sep 2017, 22:20
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