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Manager  Status: Never ever give up on yourself.Period.
Joined: 23 Aug 2012
Posts: 130
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, Human Resources
GMAT 1: 570 Q47 V21 GMAT 2: 690 Q50 V33 GPA: 3.5
WE: Information Technology (Investment Banking)
In the list above, k, m, and n are three distinct positive i  [#permalink]

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1 00:00

Difficulty:   95% (hard)

Question Stats: 54% (03:12) correct 46% (03:05) wrong based on 97 sessions

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3, k, 20, m, 4, n
In the list above, k, m, and n are three distinct positive integers and the average (arithmetic mean) of the six numbers in the list is 8. If the median of the list is 6.5, which of the following CANNOT be the value of k, m, or n ?

A.9
B.8
C.7
D.6
E.5

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Don't give up on yourself ever. Period.
Beat it, no one wants to be defeated (My journey from 570 to 690) : http://gmatclub.com/forum/beat-it-no-one-wants-to-be-defeated-journey-570-to-149968.html Joined: 27 Dec 2012
Posts: 32
Location: India
Concentration: Technology, Entrepreneurship
GMAT 1: 660 Q48 V33 GMAT 2: 730 Q49 V40 WE: Engineering (Energy and Utilities)
Re: In the list above, k, m, and n are three distinct positive i  [#permalink]

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1
sum of all numbers = 8*6=48

and so k+m+n =21----------- (1)

in this list it can be safely assumed that 20 is the biggest number, because even if we assume 21 to be one of the nos, it would not satisfy the sum =48 condition.

median is (sum of middle two terms)/2, if no of terms is even.

So 3rd term + 4th term = 13 ---(2)

So we have to arrange the six number in increasing order. both 3 and 4 cannot be 3rd and 4th terms so that means, there is at max one term which is less than 3. So then there are two cases:

1st case. let us assume that k is less than 3: the order is k,3,4,m,n,20

4+m=13 from (2)
m=9

so from--(1) k+n=12
which means out of the five options 9 is already in.
But since k is less than 3, the values of n would be either 11 or 12 (not in options)

2nd Case: if k is greater than 4

3,4,k,m,n,20

in this case k+m=13 and hence n = 8
now k is greater than 4, if k =5 then m=8 which cant be because already n=8 and as per question all k, m and n are distinct integers.

hence 5 cant be the choice.

DJ
Manager  Status: Never ever give up on yourself.Period.
Joined: 23 Aug 2012
Posts: 130
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, Human Resources
GMAT 1: 570 Q47 V21 GMAT 2: 690 Q50 V33 GPA: 3.5
WE: Information Technology (Investment Banking)
Re: In the list above, k, m, and n are three distinct positive i  [#permalink]

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DISTINCT...I missed this word...so i eliminated choice E,as I got the values
3-4-5-8-8-20 ,which had median as 6.5...thnks for the explaination...+1

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_________________
Don't give up on yourself ever. Period.
Beat it, no one wants to be defeated (My journey from 570 to 690) : http://gmatclub.com/forum/beat-it-no-one-wants-to-be-defeated-journey-570-to-149968.html
Manager  Joined: 20 Dec 2013
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Location: India
Re: In the list above, k, m, and n are three distinct positive i  [#permalink]

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Option E.
Sum of 6 nos.=8*6=48
So k+m+n=48-27=21
Also,median in case of even no. of terms=average of mid two terms=>6.5*2=13=third+fourth terms.
Actually,when we take any of k,m,n to be 5,we get the other two values to be equal which is not possible since
the question specifically asks for DISTINCT integers.
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor V
Joined: 16 Oct 2010
Posts: 9876
Location: Pune, India
Re: In the list above, k, m, and n are three distinct positive i  [#permalink]

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daviesj wrote:
3, k, 20, m, 4, n
In the list above, k, m, and n are three distinct positive integers and the average (arithmetic mean) of the six numbers in the list is 8. If the median of the list is 6.5, which of the following CANNOT be the value of k, m, or n ?

A.9
B.8
C.7
D.6
E.5

I would use the method of elimination of options here since the question says "cannot be the value". All I have to do is prove that the rest of the options can be values of k, m and n.

Since median is 6.5, the first options I will try are 6 and 7 - two numbers will be eliminated if I can find a case where this works.

3, 4, 6, 7, 20 - the avg of these numbers is 8. If the last number is also 8, the mean will remain 8 as desired. So in fact, we eliminated 3 options here. k, m and n can be 6, 7 and 8.

Let's try 5 now, not 9 because 9 is more complicated. 9 gives us two number less than 6.5 and 2 more than 6.5. So there will be many different options. If instead 5 is in the list, we now have 3 numbers less than 6.5, so the other 3 numbers must be greater than 6.5 and the average of one of those numbers with 5 must be 6.5. So the fourth number should be 8 on the list to give the median 6.5. These 5 numbers (3, 4, 5, 8, 20) give an average of 8. The sixth number must be 8 to keep the average 8 but numbers must be distinct. So this is not possible. Hence none of k, m and n can be 5.

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Karishma
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor Re: In the list above, k, m, and n are three distinct positive i   [#permalink] 26 May 2015, 20:19
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