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# In the major cities of industrialized countries at the end

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In the major cities of industrialized countries at the end [#permalink]

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01 Jul 2008, 04:31
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In the major cities of industrialized countries at the end of the nineteenth century, important public places such as theaters, restaurants, shops, and banks had installed electric lighting, but electricity was in less than one percent of homes, where lighting was still provided mainly by candles or gas.

A. electricity was in less than one percent of homes, where lighting was still
B. electricity was in less than one percent of homes and lighting still
C. there were less than one percent of homes with electricity, where lighting was still being
D. there was less than one percent of homes that had electricity, having lighting that was still
E. less than one percent of homes had electricity, where lighting had still been
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: In the major cities of industrialized countries at the end [#permalink]

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27 Jul 2008, 00:16
I think its B.
In the major cities of industrialized countries (at the end of the nineteenth century , important public places such as theaters , restaurants, shops and banks had installed electric lighting, but) electricity was in less than one percent of homes and lighting still provided mainly by candles or gas.

It is the major cities where lighting was mainly provided by candle or gas, not the one percent homes which had electricity.
In rest all options use of "where", "having" refers to the homes which had electricity and then states lighting there was mainly provided by the candle or gas. this changes the menaing of the sentence.

hence B.
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Re: In the major cities of industrialized countries at the end [#permalink]

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27 Jul 2008, 00:53
IMO A

nmohindru wrote:
In the major cities of industrialized countries at the end of the nineteenth century , important public places such as theaters , restaurants, shops and banks had installed electric lighting, but electricity was in less than one percent of homes , where lighting was still provided mainly by candles or gas

A) electricity was in less than one percent of homes , where lighting was still
B) electricity was in less than one percent of homes and lighting still (need was after still)C) there were less then one percent of homes with electricity, where lighting was still being (use of being is wrong)
D) there was less then one percent of homes that had electricity, having lighting that was still (has had which cannot be since the first activity in the ununderlined portion already has had; also there was is the wrong subject verb agreementE) less than one percent of homes had electricity , where lighting had still been
(wrong past perfect construction)

The un-underlined portion of the sentence has "had" (.........banks had installed electric). Hence this sentence has to have the correct past perfect construction. had in the first activity means that the second activity has to have a simple past tese and only in A. do we see the simple past tense.
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Re: In the major cities of industrialized countries at the end [#permalink]

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27 Jul 2008, 19:28
spriya wrote:
spriya wrote:
nmohindru wrote:
In the major cities of industrialized countries at the end of the nineteenth century , important public places such as theaters , restaurants, shops and banks had installed electric lighting, but electricity was in less than one percent of homes , where lighting was still provided mainly by candles or gas

A) electricity was in less than one percent of homes , where lighting was still -> electriciy not parallel with public places
B) electricity was in less than one percent of homes and lighting still
C) there were less then one percent of homes with electricity, where lighting was still being -> was still being is not going well with had in the first part
D) there was less then one percent of homes that had electricity, having lighting that was still -> having lighting sounds like eating lighting
E) less than one percent of homes had electricity , where lighting had still been -> concise and correctly uses homes in parallel with public places

X but Y
X and Y should be parallel

OOps can someone giv a detailed explanation about tenses here .What about parallelism.Whats the funda of BUT?

B) lighting still does not make sense since it changes comparison
C) was still being is passive
D) having lighting is wrong tense
E) had electricity is wrong since you cannot use past perfect here.

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Re: In the major cities of [#permalink]

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21 Jul 2012, 17:50
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In the major cities of industrialized countries at the end of the nineteenth century, important public places such as theaters, restaurants, shops, and banks had installed electric lighting, but electricity was in less than one percent of homes, where lighting was still provided mainly by candles or gas
(A) electricity was in less than one percent of homes, where lighting was still -- Correct Answer. Proper verb used to differntiate between two different times. By end of nineteenth century, public places had lighting installed( was already in place before the time auther is talking abt) but homes were still using candles and gas (simeple past tense for the second event whoch was true at that time)
(B) electricity was in less than one percent of homes and lighting still - Incorrect - "and" is not neede here and changes the meaning
(C) there were less than one percent of homes with electricity, where lighting was still being -- Incorrect where lighting.. last part is modyfying electricity but should modify homes
(D) there was less than one percent of homes that had electricity, having lighting that was still -- Incorrect Modifier issue as (C)
(E) less than one percent of homes had electricity, where lighting had still been -- Incorrect. This answer suggests that only 1% of homes had electricity and situation must have changed by end of nineteeth century.
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Re: In the major cities of [#permalink]

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22 Jul 2012, 11:57
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maybeam wrote:
In the major cities of industrialized countries at the end of the nineteenth century, important public places such as theaters, restaurants, shops, and banks had installed electric lighting, but electricity was in less than one percent of homes, where lighting was still provided mainly by candles or gas.

(A) electricity was in less than one percent of homes, where lighting was still
(B) electricity was in less than one percent of homes and lighting still
(C) there were less than one percent of homes with electricity, where lighting was still being
(D) there was less than one percent of homes that had electricity, having lighting that was still
(E) less than one percent of homes had electricity, where lighting had still been

plz explain the ans and throw some light on why E is wrong?

Here we go...

(A) electricity was in less than one percent of homes, where lighting was still --------- "where" is modifying adjacent "homes", keep it
(B) electricity was in less than one percent of homes and lighting still --------- " Lighting" was trying to modify "home" but "and" spoiled it
(C) there were less than one percent of homes with electricity, where lighting was still being ------- "where" cannot modify "electricity"
(D) there was less than one percent of homes that had electricity, having lighting that was still ------ use of "had electricity, having lighting that was still" is grammatically incorrect
(E) less than one percent of homes had electricity, where lighting had still been -------- "where" cannot modify "electricity"

Hence A ("where" can be used to identify a places only)

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Re: In the major cities of industrialized countries at the end [#permalink]

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09 Aug 2012, 04:22
A) electricity was in less than one percent of homes , where lighting was still
hold
B) electricity was in less than one percent of homes and lighting still
parallelism error
C) there were less then one percent of homes with electricity, where lighting was still being
still being-incorrect
D) there was less then one percent of homes that had electricity, having lighting that was still
having lighting incorrect
E) less than one percent of homes had electricity , where lighting had still been
perfect tenses in both sentences, un necessary -incorrect

(A) wins
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In the major cities of industrialized countries at the end [#permalink]

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18 Dec 2014, 06:49
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In the major cities of industrialized countries at the end of the nineteenth century,
important
public placessuch as theaters, restaurants, shops, and banks
had installed electric lighting , but
electricity was in less than one percent of homes, where
lighting was still
provided mainly by candles or gas.

IC comma+but IC.

(A) electricity was in less than one percent of homes, where lighting was still
(B) electricity was in less than one percent of homes and lighting still
>>verb missing in lighting and intended meaning is changed by separating electricity and lighting.
(C) there were less than one percent of homes with electricity, where lighting was still being
>> Note: "where" here points to homes not electricity so that's fine.
(D) there was less than one percent of homes that had electricity, having lighting that was still
>> incorrect use of -ing participle.
(E) less than one percent of homes had electricity, where lighting had still been

Between A and C:
Is the only issue with C is "being"? Request others to share the pointers...
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Re: In the major cities of industrialized countries at the end [#permalink]

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18 Dec 2014, 10:06
jwang27 wrote:
JarvisR wrote:
In the major cities of industrialized countries at the end of the nineteenth century,
important
public placessuch as theaters, restaurants, shops, and banks
had installed electric lighting , but
electricity was in less than one percent of homes, where
lighting was still
provided mainly by candles or gas.

IC comma+but IC.

(A) electricity was in less than one percent of homes, where lighting was still
(B) electricity was in less than one percent of homes and lighting still
>>verb missing in lighting and intended meaning is changed by separating electricity and lighting.
(C) there were less than one percent of homes with electricity, where lighting was still being
>> Note: "where" here points to homes not electricity so that's fine.
(D) there was less than one percent of homes that had electricity, having lighting that was still
>> incorrect use of -ing participle.
(E) less than one percent of homes had electricity, where lighting had still been

Between A and C:
Is the only issue with C is "being"? Request others to share the pointers...

in C, the modifier "where lightning" is modifying electricity, and this modification doesn't make sense.

IMO it's fine. Excerpt from M-Gmat site for option A. So on the same note "where" usage in C should be fine.
http://www.manhattanprep.com/gmat/forums/in-the-major-cities-of-industrialized-countries-at-the-end-t1153.html
Request other members to elucidate on this.
====================================
in general, these modifiers can refer to either
noun
or
noun + prepositional phrase
you have to use context to tell the difference definitively; in this case, the context is "homes", not "one percent of homes".
===================================
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Re: In the major cities of industrialized countries at the end [#permalink]

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18 Dec 2014, 16:31
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maybeam wrote:
In the major cities of industrialized countries at the end of the nineteenth century, important public places such as theaters, restaurants, shops, and banks had installed electric lighting, but electricity was in less than one percent of homes, where lighting was still provided mainly by candles or gas.

(A) electricity was in less than one percent of homes, where lighting was still
(B) electricity was in less than one percent of homes and lighting still
(C) there were less than one percent of homes with electricity, where lighting was still being
(D) there was less than one percent of homes that had electricity, having lighting that was still
(E) less than one percent of homes had electricity, where lighting had still been

plz explain the ans and throw some light on why E is wrong?

E has two problems
1. where is modifying electricity when it should modify homes
2. every clause has perfect tense and hence does not maintain sequence of events.
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Re: In the major cities of industrialized countries at the end [#permalink]

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21 Dec 2014, 20:50
In the major cities of industrialized countries at the end of the nineteenth century, important public places such as theaters, restaurants, shops, and banks had installed electric lighting, but electricity was in less than one percent of homes, where lighting was still provided mainly by candles or gas.

(A) electricity was in less than one percent of homes, where lighting was still
(B) electricity was in less than one percent of homes and lighting still
(C) there were less than one percent of homes with electricity, where lighting was still being
(D) there was less than one percent of homes that had electricity, having lighting that was still
(E) less than one percent of homes had electricity, where lighting had still been

Hi All, My only confusion is between A and C. A looks like passive construction and hence destroys the parallel construction of the sentence where the part before "but" is in active construction. Also, the part after "but" should preferably be an independent clause and hence a construction starting with "There" is better.

I think C is correct as, the part after "but" starts with "There" and looks like a complete independent clause, able making meaning of its own. Also, the modifier is not incorrectly placed as the part after "Where" is secondary modifier to "Homes" and doesn't require Touch Rule.

Somebody please respond to my explanation, as to where I am wrong. Thanks in advance for your valuable input.

I may be wrong, but its fine................ I am still learning
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Re: In the major cities of industrialized countries at the end [#permalink]

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21 Dec 2014, 22:34
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Hi Kaushik,

1) Usage of being is wrong in C. For details check out http://gmatclub.com/forum/correct-usage-of-being-123156.html

2) Here where is used as a relative pronoun so it should be immediately after homes[noun] rather than electricity[noun]
For details check out https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/645/01/

3)
important public places such as theaters, restaurants, shops, and banks had installed electric lighting
electricity was in less than one percent of homes
there were less than one percent of homes with electricity

All three of the above sentences have subject and verb so they should be independent sentences.

Let me know if I am going wrong somewhere.

crazykaushik wrote:
In the major cities of industrialized countries at the end of the nineteenth century, important public places such as theaters, restaurants, shops, and banks had installed electric lighting, but electricity was in less than one percent of homes, where lighting was still provided mainly by candles or gas.

(A) electricity was in less than one percent of homes, where lighting was still
(B) electricity was in less than one percent of homes and lighting still
(C) there were less than one percent of homes with electricity, where lighting was still being
(D) there was less than one percent of homes that had electricity, having lighting that was still
(E) less than one percent of homes had electricity, where lighting had still been

Hi All, My only confusion is between A and C. A looks like passive construction and hence destroys the parallel construction of the sentence where the part before "but" is in active construction. Also, the part after "but" should preferably be an independent clause and hence a construction starting with "There" is better.

I think C is correct as, the part after "but" starts with "There" and looks like a complete independent clause, able making meaning of its own. Also, the modifier is not incorrectly placed as the part after "Where" is secondary modifier to "Homes" and doesn't require Touch Rule.

Somebody please respond to my explanation, as to where I am wrong. Thanks in advance for your valuable input.

I may be wrong, but its fine................ I am still learning

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Re: In the major cities of industrialized countries at the end [#permalink]

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02 Jan 2015, 09:31
My analysis ....

A. electricity was in less than one percent of homes, where lighting was still : Seems correct hold , the where refers to homes , SV correct ( Electricity - was )
B. electricity was in less than one percent of homes and lighting still : Parallelism error
C. there were less than one percent of homes with electricity, where lighting was still being : Usage of being not required , where seems to refer to electricity
D. there was less than one percent of homes that had electricity, having lighting that was still : Had is not required
E. less than one percent of homes had electricity, where lighting had still been : Had is not required

This leaves us with A
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07 May 2015, 13:10
souvik101990 wrote:
In the major cities of industrialized countries at the end of the nineteenth century, important public places such as theaters, restaurants, shops, and banks had installed electric lighting, but electricity was in less than one percent of homes, where lighting was still provided mainly by candles or gas.

uuh..tough one!

A. electricity was in less than one percent of homes, where lighting was still
where is suspicious, but will go with A.

B. electricity was in less than one percent of homes and lighting still
changes meaning
2 IC connected with only "and"

C. there were less than one percent of homes with electricity, where lighting was still being
there were - I don't like it, I can't explain it, but no!!!
was still being - passive voice is not necessary.

D. there was less than one percent of homes that had electricity, having lighting that was still
there was - again this! where there?
having lighting - with comma - modifies preceded clause - this is incorrect

E. less than one percent of homes had electricity, where lighting had still been
past perfect - not needed.

waiting for OE
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07 May 2015, 13:25
souvik101990 wrote:
mvictor, GMAT works in mysterious ways

it sure does..
i got 560 in november
then prepared more for verbal
took gmat again in january - got 560 with a lower verbal score..))
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07 May 2015, 22:07
IMO the there is a big confusion between A and B. Let me explain my reasoning for it.

The sentence gives information about the situation when electricity was not freely available in major cities of industrialized countries. It was available in less than 1% of households and the rest of the households still depended on candles etc. for light.

The original sentence

In the major cities of industrialized countries at the end of the nineteenth century, important public places such as theaters, restaurants, shops, and banks had installed electric lighting, but electricity was in less than one percent of homes, where lighting was still provided mainly by candles or gas.

This sentence has an issue with the use of "where". The sentence means that less than 1% of the households that had electricity access were the ones that had to use candles and gas for light. Either the intended meaning is changed with the use of "where" (if where refers to the clause...electricity.......homes) or the intended meaning is correctly described(if where refers to the noun- homes) So this choice is dubious to say the least. Keep it for now

B. electricity was in less than one percent of homes and lighting still
.
If you read the original sentence from the beginning, you would realize that the writer wants to contrast the electricity access in major cities of industrial countries. Whereas most restaurants etc, had access to electricity, less than 1% of households had access to electricity and lightning was still provided to majority of households through candles and gas. Initially, this sentence makes sense as the contrast is expressed by but electricity was in less than one percent of homes. This part completes the contrast.Now and lightning was still........gas. does not continue or complement the contrast. We don't know about the location in which lightning was still....gas. Again keep it for now

C. there were less than one percent of homes with electricity, where lighting was still being

The use of where creates illogical meaning if it refers to electricity.

D. there was less than one percent of homes that had electricity, having lighting that was still

Having creates an illogical meaning as in the previous choice. Incorrect verb(was) is used instead of were.

E. less than one percent of homes had electricity, where lighting had still been

The use of where once again creates illogical meaning. Use of had still been creates a tense error.

The final answer is between A and B.

To tell you honestly, I was not a 100% till I checked one of the blogs from Manhattan and I quote
"but yeah, the rule is that simple: you can't write 'where' unless you're actually referring to a place (in fact, a place that has to appear directly before the comma), and you can't write 'when' unless you're referring to a time (likewise with the comma)."

I guess the choice A is okay as per this quote. where refers to home.
Would request to PM the OA if possible.
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20 Nov 2015, 08:45
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Grammar may solve most of this problem

A. electricity was in less than one percent of homes, where lighting was still – the best since where refers to a place namely homes.

B. electricity was in less than one percent of homes and lighting still --- Forthrightly unparallel with a clause in on side of ‘and’ but only a phrase at the other side.

C. there were less than one percent of homes with electricity, where lighting was still being ---1. still being provided changes the meaning. 2. Where is wrongly referring to electricity

D. there was less than one percent of homes that had electricity, having lighting that was still --- was less than one percent of homes—SV number problem

E. less than one percent of homes had electricity, where lighting had still been --- doesn’t make much sense
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21 Nov 2015, 03:31
hey daagh,

don't you think that A distorts the meaning a little bit?

In the major cities of industrialized countries at the end of the nineteenth century, important public places such as theaters, restaurants, shops, and banks had installed electric lighting, but electricity was in less than one percent of homes, where lighting was still provided mainly by candles or gas.

"Where" implies that the electricity was available in less than one percent of homes where lighting was provided mainly by candles or gas. But, in homes where lighting was provided by anything else than just candles or gas, the percent of homes with electricity was maybe higher than one percent. So my point is, reading this sentence, it could mean two different things, don't you think?

Perhaps I am just overcomplicating again, but would be happy to hear your opinion. Hope you understand what I mean.

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21 Nov 2015, 03:48
You are splitting hairs and going away from Sentence Correction, I am afraid. What was the other alternative than candle and gas? There were no others than these two when electricity was introduced in homes. I don’t think one must go after every place where some alternative could have existed and find out its percentage. If we do that, when will we complete this question on the D-day?

Secondly, granting that A is not good enough, which is your preferred choice that you can justify?
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21 Nov 2015, 04:27
I cannot justify any other option. I went for B and realised my mistake soon after. I am not saying A is not good enough, I'm just saying it could be better and as we all know, correct sentences are not always perfect.

Thank you for your prompt response. I have indeed started to complicate things too much. Will try to stick to basics. Thanks for pointing it for me, will pay attention.
Re: Advanced SC: In the major cities of industrialized countries   [#permalink] 21 Nov 2015, 04:27

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