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# In the major cities of industrialized countries at the end

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In the major cities of industrialized countries at the end [#permalink]

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01 Jul 2008, 04:31
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55% (02:15) correct 45% (01:20) wrong based on 909 sessions

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In the major cities of industrialized countries at the end of the nineteenth century, important public places such as theaters, restaurants, shops, and banks had installed electric lighting, but electricity was in less than one percent of homes, where lighting was still provided mainly by candles or gas.

A. electricity was in less than one percent of homes, where lighting was still
B. electricity was in less than one percent of homes and lighting still
C. there were less than one percent of homes with electricity, where lighting was still being
D. there was less than one percent of homes that had electricity, having lighting that was still
E. less than one percent of homes had electricity, where lighting had still been
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: In the major cities of industrialized countries at the end [#permalink]

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01 Jul 2008, 04:47
yavasani wrote:
In the major cities of industrialized countries at the end of the nineteenth century, important public places such as theaters, restaurants, shops, and banks had installed electric lighting, but electricity was in less than one percent of homes, where lighting was still provided mainly by candles or gas.

A. electricity was in less than one percent of homes, where lighting was still
B. electricity was in less than one percent of homes and lighting still
C. there were less than one percent of homes with electricity, where lighting was still being
D. there was less than one percent of homes that had electricity, having lighting that was still
E. less than one percent of homes had electricity, where lighting had still been

IMHO sentence will be parallel with following structure:

Though I don't like "where lighting had still been" in E, I will choose E over other choices.
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Re: In the major cities of industrialized countries at the end [#permalink]

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21 Jan 2012, 22:04
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I will go with E though HAD n WHERE is what makes E little confusing but then seeing other choices...IMO E is the best out of worst.
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Re: In the major cities of industrialized countries at the end [#permalink]

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28 Jan 2012, 20:50
Hi,

E to me also seems the logical answer as we are comparing places that had electricity to homes that did not & not Places => Electricity (As in A, B). C, D sounded awkward to me
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Re: In the major cities of industrialized countries at the end [#permalink]

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29 Jan 2012, 02:55
Considering the meaning E should be the answer.
Confirm the OA.
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Re: In the major cities of industrialized countries at the end [#permalink]

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05 Feb 2012, 01:02
+1 A

The past perfect in E doesn't have another action related in the past that can act as a referent.
B is not parallel.
"there..." is not necessary. There are better choices. We must use it only when there are not better choices. C and D out.
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Re: In the major cities of industrialized countries at the end [#permalink]

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10 Dec 2013, 18:21
need expert review for this question.

is "Was still provided" correct?
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Re: In the major cities of industrialized countries at the end [#permalink]

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02 Jan 2015, 09:31
My analysis ....

A. electricity was in less than one percent of homes, where lighting was still : Seems correct hold , the where refers to homes , SV correct ( Electricity - was )
B. electricity was in less than one percent of homes and lighting still : Parallelism error
C. there were less than one percent of homes with electricity, where lighting was still being : Usage of being not required , where seems to refer to electricity
D. there was less than one percent of homes that had electricity, having lighting that was still : Had is not required
E. less than one percent of homes had electricity, where lighting had still been : Had is not required

This leaves us with A
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Re: In the major cities of industrialized countries at the end [#permalink]

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28 May 2016, 03:16
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Re: In the major cities of industrialized countries at the end [#permalink]

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16 Jun 2016, 11:41
it s A.

Between A and E where modifies homes which is nearest in choice A, not E
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Re: In the major cities of industrialized countries at the end [#permalink]

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13 Jul 2016, 14:02
I had trouble with this question too...OA is for sure A.
B, C, and D are pretty easy elims, so it comes down to A and E.

E is tricky, but can be eliminated because "where lighting had still been" modifies "electricity." The use of had still been is also incorrect, since it implies up until that point lighting was mainly provided by candles or gas but that is no longer the case. Anyway A is not that great either, but is the least worst.
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Re: In the major cities of industrialized countries at the end [#permalink]

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13 Jul 2016, 23:56
Chose A

I couldn't find any grammar problem in original statement so pretty sure answer choice is A and it is

still, read through each answer choices. B,C, and D are easy eliminations

E - ',where' modifies electricity and the use of 'had' in statement sounds wrong to me
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In the major cities of industrialized countries at the end [#permalink]

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25 Oct 2016, 19:53
yavasani wrote:
In the major cities of industrialized countries at the end of the nineteenth century, important public places such as theaters, restaurants, shops, and banks had installed electric lighting, but electricity was in less than one percent of homes, where lighting was still provided mainly by candles or gas.

A. electricity was in less than one percent of homes, where lighting was still
B. electricity was in less than one percent of homes and lighting still
C. there were less than one percent of homes with electricity, where lighting was still being
D. there was less than one percent of homes that had electricity, having lighting that was still
E. less than one percent of homes had electricity, where lighting had still been

Whenever we use the past perfect, we must also have another verb in the sentence that is in the simple past. E does not have a verb in the simple past, it only has verbs in the past perfect ("had electricity", "had still been"). Therefore, E is incorrect.

The template for use of present perfect and past perfect are below.

Present Perfect: Has/Have + Participle = describes action/event that happened in the past and continues in the present.

Past Perfect: Had + Participle = describes an action/event in the past that happened before another action in the past.

For more detail, margarette has a great explanation of this concept http://gmatclub.com/forum/gmat-verbs-the-perfect-tense-136462.html#p1108276.
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Re: In the major cities of industrialized countries at the end [#permalink]

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01 Dec 2016, 05:41
The OA is correct and explanations provided in the thread appear sufficient. If there are any specific questions, please post them here and then click again on the "Request Expert Reply" button - users are requested not to click the button without posting their queries.
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Re: In the major cities of industrialized countries at the end [#permalink]

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25 Dec 2016, 15:20
Hi, in option E - Is the anything wrong with the use of 'Where'?. Where should touch what it refers to?
Thanks
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Re: In the major cities of industrialized countries at the end [#permalink]

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25 Dec 2016, 21:54
rakaisraka wrote:
Hi, in option E - Is the anything wrong with the use of 'Where'?. Where should touch what it refers to?
Thanks

The relative pronoun "where" correctly refers to the noun it touches ("homes").
Yes, in general any modifier should ideally touch the noun it refers to.
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Re: In the major cities of industrialized countries at the end [#permalink]

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25 Jan 2017, 07:28
yavasani wrote:
In the major cities of industrialized countries at the end of the nineteenth century, important public places such as theaters, restaurants, shops, and banks had installed electric lighting, but electricity was in less than one percent of homes, where lighting was still provided mainly by candles or gas.

A. electricity was in less than one percent of homes, where lighting was still
B. electricity was in less than one percent of homes and lighting still
C. there were less than one percent of homes with electricity, where lighting was still being
D. there was less than one percent of homes that had electricity, having lighting that was still
E. less than one percent of homes had electricity, where lighting had still been

Like most, I was able remove B,C and D. I was left with A and E. I went with A because of "had still been" E is not needed. Past perfect needs to express a timeline of events where the verb in the past perfect tense has to have happened in the past before another event in the past. In the sentence above, the electricity by candles and gas did not end before the implementation of electricity in other buildings.
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Re: In the major cities of industrialized countries at the end   [#permalink] 25 Jan 2017, 07:28
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