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# In the mid-1920s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric

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Senior Manager
Joined: 12 Mar 2007
Posts: 273
In the mid-1920s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric [#permalink]

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27 May 2007, 17:44
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45% (medium)

Question Stats:

55% (01:43) correct 45% (00:48) wrong based on 1539 sessions

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413. In the mid-1920’s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric Company was the scene of an intensive series of experiments that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers’ performance.

(A) that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers’ performance
(B) investigating the effects that changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance
(C) for investigating what are the effects in workers’ performance that changes in working conditions would cause
(D) that investigated changes in working conditions’ effects on workers’ performance
(E) to investigate what the effects changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
Manager
Joined: 26 Aug 2006
Posts: 51
Re: In the mid-1920s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric [#permalink]

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27 May 2007, 18:53
leeye84 wrote:
413. In the mid-1920’s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric Company was the scene of an intensive series of experiments that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers’ performance.

(A) that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers’ performance
(B) investigating the effects that changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance
(C) for investigating what are the effects in workers’ performance that changes in working conditions would cause
(D) that investigated changes in working conditions’ effects on workers’ performance
(E) to investigate what the effects changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance

I think use of correct tense is an issue here. Between D and E, i choose E.
Manager
Joined: 14 May 2007
Posts: 181
Re: In the mid-1920s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric [#permalink]

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27 May 2007, 22:48
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In the mid-1920’s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric Company was the scene of an intensive series of experiments that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers’ performance.

(A) that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers’ performance => "their " has no logical ref

(B) investigating the effects that changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance

(C) for investigating what are the effects in workers’ performance that changes in working conditions would cause => wordy

(D) that investigated changes in working conditions’ effects on workers’ performance => "invistigated changes..."

(E) to investigate what the effects changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance

Best Fit : My Answer : E ( inspite of unnecessary "what" )
Senior Manager
Joined: 12 Mar 2007
Posts: 273
Re: In the mid-1920s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric [#permalink]

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27 May 2007, 23:28
The OA is somehow... B.

What the hell!
Manager
Joined: 14 May 2007
Posts: 181
Re: In the mid-1920s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric [#permalink]

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27 May 2007, 23:48
he he he ...no one got that
what is the OE ??

"ing" form is used which should ideally describe the preceding phrase and work as a participle to be correct !!

Senior Manager
Joined: 12 Mar 2007
Posts: 273
Re: In the mid-1920s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric [#permalink]

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28 May 2007, 00:32
Victor, my first pick was E too. But since this question comes from 1000SC, there is no explaination. Ouch!
Manager
Joined: 14 May 2007
Posts: 181
Re: In the mid-1920s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric [#permalink]

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28 May 2007, 01:10
its from sc1000
thats good , so it could really be E
Director
Joined: 29 Aug 2005
Posts: 500
Re: In the mid-1920s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric [#permalink]

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28 May 2007, 03:52
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(A) that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers’ performance
(B) investigating the effects that changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance
(C) for investigating what are the effects in workers’ performance that changes in working conditions would cause
(D) that investigated changes in working conditions’ effects on workers’ performance – Just Wrong!
(E) to investigate what the effects changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance

This is a classic GMAT Q -

All the answers have some flaw and we need to pick the best answer(remember!!.. choose the best answer.)

I choose a process of elimination

I did not really get B rather it was the only one left standing...!!!
Hence B is the aswer.
Director
Joined: 24 Aug 2006
Posts: 745
Location: Dallas, Texas
Re: In the mid-1920s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric [#permalink]

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29 May 2007, 22:15
B !

intensive series OF experiments that --- Here "that" incorrectly refers to "series" because of the "OF" construction. Need a participle to modify the "experiments"
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Joined: 25 Oct 2009
Posts: 28
In the mid-1920s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric [#permalink]

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03 Dec 2009, 03:12
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In the mid-1920’s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric Company was the scene of an intensive series of experiments that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers’ performance.

(A) that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers’ performance
(B) investigating the effects that changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance
(C) for investigating what are the effects in workers’ performance that changes in working conditions would cause
(D) that investigated changes in working conditions’ effects on workers’ performance
(E) to investigate what the effects changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance

Last edited by WoundedTiger on 23 Jul 2014, 01:13, edited 1 time in total.
OA updated. GMAT Prep Q
Director
Joined: 04 Jan 2008
Posts: 898
Re: In the mid-1920s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric [#permalink]

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03 Dec 2009, 04:07
its
[Reveal] Spoiler:
B

more to do with meaning

its a GPrep Q (too).
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Director
Joined: 04 Jan 2008
Posts: 898
Re: In the mid-1920s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric [#permalink]

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03 Dec 2009, 04:10
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the participle "investigating" follows "experiments" immediately. no filler words are necessary; this is good concision.
the wording is clear; there are no awkward double possessives, etc., as in some of the other choices.
"would" is used properly here, as a past-tense form of "will". (i.e., if this sentence were translated into the present tense, it would read "...that changes ... will have")
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Manager
Joined: 19 Nov 2007
Posts: 223
Re: In the mid-1920s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric [#permalink]

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03 Dec 2009, 04:47
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rgarg1nortel wrote:
In the mid-1920’s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric Company was the scene of an intensive series of experiments that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers’ performance.

(A) that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers’ performance
(B) investigating the effects that changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance
(C) for investigating what are the effects in workers’ performance that changes in working conditions would cause
(D) that investigated changes in working conditions’ effects on workers’ performance
(E) to investigate what the effects changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance

(A) that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers’ performance
-“that” is modifying experiment. It is illogical to write that “experiment” would investigate. Hence wrong

(B) investigating the effects that changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance
- A present participle modifying the total sentence is allowed in GMAT. Hence correct

(C) for investigating what are the effects in workers’ performance that changes in working conditions would cause
- “what are the effects in workers’ performance that changes in working conditions would cause “ is totally written in awkward manner. Hence incorrect.

(D) that investigated changes in working conditions’ effects on workers’ performance
-“that” is modifying experiment. It is illogical to write that “experiment” would investigate. Hence wrong

(E) to investigate what the effects changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance

- “what the effects changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance”
is totally written in awkward manner. Hence incorrect.

Hope this helps
Director
Joined: 27 Mar 2010
Posts: 666
Location: Bangalore, India
Re: In the mid-1920s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric [#permalink]

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28 Mar 2010, 00:27
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rgarg1nortel wrote:
In the mid-1920’s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric Company was the scene of an intensive series of experiments that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers’ performance.

(A) that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers’ performance
(B) investigating the effects that changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance
(C) for investigating what are the effects in workers’ performance that changes in working conditions would cause
(D) that investigated changes in working conditions’ effects on workers’ performance
(E) to investigate what the effects changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance

(A) that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers’ performance
-“that” is modifying experiment. It is illogical to write that “experiment” would investigate. Hence wrong

(B) investigating the effects that changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance
- A present participle modifying the total sentence is allowed in GMAT. Hence correct

(C) for investigating what are the effects in workers’ performance that changes in working conditions would cause
- “what are the effects in workers’ performance that changes in working conditions would cause “ is totally written in awkward manner. Hence incorrect.

(D) that investigated changes in working conditions’ effects on workers’ performance
-“that” is modifying experiment. It is illogical to write that “experiment” would investigate. Hence wrong

(E) to investigate what the effects changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance

- “what the effects changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance”
is totally written in awkward manner. Hence incorrect.

Hope this helps

Actually 'that' belongs to a category called 'essential' modifiers. Essential modifiers can surprisingly modify either the word or the phrase before them, whatever makes sense; this is as opposed to non-essential modifiers such as 'which', which (almost always) modify the word preceding those modifiers.

B expresses the meaning in a most lucid manner and is hence the correct answer. Usage such as "working conditions’ effects " or "what the effects changes in working conditions" are clearly awkward.
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Joined: 19 Feb 2010
Posts: 394
Re: In the mid-1920s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric [#permalink]

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04 Apr 2010, 05:56
EducationAisle wrote:
rgarg1nortel wrote:
In the mid-1920’s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric Company was the scene of an intensive series of experiments that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers’ performance.

(A) that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers’ performance
(B) investigating the effects that changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance
(C) for investigating what are the effects in workers’ performance that changes in working conditions would cause
(D) that investigated changes in working conditions’ effects on workers’ performance
(E) to investigate what the effects changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance

(A) that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers’ performance
-“that” is modifying experiment. It is illogical to write that “experiment” would investigate. Hence wrong

(B) investigating the effects that changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance
- A present participle modifying the total sentence is allowed in GMAT. Hence correct

(C) for investigating what are the effects in workers’ performance that changes in working conditions would cause
- “what are the effects in workers’ performance that changes in working conditions would cause “ is totally written in awkward manner. Hence incorrect.

(D) that investigated changes in working conditions’ effects on workers’ performance
-“that” is modifying experiment. It is illogical to write that “experiment” would investigate. Hence wrong

(E) to investigate what the effects changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance

- “what the effects changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance”
is totally written in awkward manner. Hence incorrect.

Hope this helps

Actually 'that' belongs to a category called 'essential' modifiers. Essential modifiers can surprisingly modify either the word or the phrase before them, whatever makes sense; this is as opposed to non-essential modifiers such as 'which', which (almost always) modify the word preceding those modifiers.

B expresses the meaning in a most lucid manner and is hence the correct answer. Usage such as "working conditions’ effects " or "what the effects changes in working conditions" are clearly awkward.

That was a really tricky question. Luckily, we have you guys here to explain the best answer.
Manager
Joined: 07 Jan 2010
Posts: 240
Re: In the mid-1920s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric [#permalink]

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08 Apr 2010, 22:35
I selected D and you guys proved me wrong
B is the best. I thought a participle modifier would be preceded by comma. It is no necessary I think.
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Joined: 16 Jul 2009
Posts: 1513
Schools: CBS
WE 1: 4 years (Consulting)
Re: In the mid-1920s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric [#permalink]

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27 Aug 2010, 12:53
According to this source* the construction "preposition"+"noun"+"participle" is always wrong, and that is why I didnt choose. Please clarify.

*source: http://www.amazon.com/GMAT-Ultimate-Sen ... 780&sr=8-1
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Intern
Joined: 10 Oct 2010
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Re: In the mid-1920s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric [#permalink]

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12 Oct 2010, 19:02
went with B after 2 mins. Little too long for my liking but I found my self re-reading A and B
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Re: In the mid-1920s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric [#permalink]

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18 Oct 2010, 13:03
rgarg1nortel wrote:
In the mid-1920’s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric Company was the scene of an intensive series of experiments that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers’ performance.

(A) that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers’ performance
(B) investigating the effects that changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance
(C) for investigating what are the effects in workers’ performance that changes in working conditions would cause
(D) that investigated changes in working conditions’ effects on workers’ performance
(E) to investigate what the effects changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance

(A) that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers’ performance
-“that” is modifying experiment. It is illogical to write that “experiment” would investigate. Hence wrong

(B) investigating the effects that changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance
- A present participle modifying the total sentence is allowed in GMAT. Hence correct

(C) for investigating what are the effects in workers’ performance that changes in working conditions would cause
- “what are the effects in workers’ performance that changes in working conditions would cause “ is totally written in awkward manner. Hence incorrect.

(D) that investigated changes in working conditions’ effects on workers’ performance
-“that” is modifying experiment. It is illogical to write that “experiment” would investigate. Hence wrong

(E) to investigate what the effects changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance

- “what the effects changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance”
is totally written in awkward manner. Hence incorrect.

Hope this helps

But in B investigating is modifying experiments, in the same way as in A and D.
Could you clarify this?
Thanks
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Re: In the mid-1920s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric [#permalink]

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19 Oct 2010, 03:41
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rgarg1nortel wrote:
In the mid-1920’s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric Company was the scene of an intensive series of experiments that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers’ performance.

(A) that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers’ performance
(B) investigating the effects that changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance
(C) for investigating what are the effects in workers’ performance that changes in working conditions would cause
(D) that investigated changes in working conditions’ effects on workers’ performance
(E) to investigate what the effects changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance

B it is.
an -Ing form is best used to express the result of the main clause.
Re: In the mid-1920s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric   [#permalink] 19 Oct 2010, 03:41

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