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# In the minds of many people living in England, before

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Manager
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In the minds of many people living in England, before [#permalink]

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07 Jul 2010, 06:40
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Difficulty:

55% (hard)

Question Stats:

49% (01:40) correct 51% (00:58) wrong based on 176 sessions

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In the minds of many people living in England, before Australia was Australia, it was the antipodes, the
opposite pole to civilization, an obscure and unimaginable place that was considered the end of the world.
(A) before Australia was Australia, it was the antipodes
(B) before there was Australia, it was the antipodes
(C) it was the antipodes that was Australia
(D) Australia was what was the antipodes
(E) Australia was what had been known as the antipodes
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: In the minds of many people living in England [#permalink]

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07 Jul 2010, 07:22
IMO 'A'

It means: before the country that is now know as Australia got that name.
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Re: In the minds of many people living in England [#permalink]

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03 Apr 2013, 12:53
achiever01 wrote:
IMO 'A'

It means: before the country that is now know as Australia got that name.

Not sure what it is referring to? It would be great if some one can throw some more light on this. This question deserves some discussion.
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Re: In the minds of many people living in England, before [#permalink]

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03 Apr 2013, 13:30
In the minds of many people living in England, before Australia was Australia, it was the antipodes, the
opposite pole to civilization, an obscure and unimaginable place that was considered the end of the world.

(A) before Australia was Australia, it was the antipodes
CORRECT
(B) before there was Australia, it was the antipodes
what does "it" refer to? Logically is not correct also: "before there was Australia" gives us the idea that the island appeared one day.
(C) it was the antipodes that was Australia
This is totally wrong (logically, grammatically,...)
(D) Australia was what was the antipodes
"was what was" can't be right.
(E) Australia was what had been known as the antipodes
wordy, the tense is wrong ("had been + verb" is used to indicate an action that took place over a period of time in the past, before another action happened)
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Re: In the minds of many people living in England, before [#permalink]

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05 Sep 2013, 21:17
Hi folks,

Can anyone run the POE with proper explanations

Rgds,
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Re: In the minds of many people living in England, before [#permalink]

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04 Jan 2014, 09:33
Honestly, I am not a big buyer that the pronoum "IT" doesn't have a clear reference in answers A, B and C. Sometimes, the placeholder IT can be used to remove the awkward effect in a phrase:

E.g.1: It was him the culprit of _____. ----> It refers to "the culprit"
E.g.2: It was possible that he did ____. ----> It refers to "that____"
E.g.3: It is hard to think of _____. ---> It refers to "to think of___"

Can someone explain me why this is not the case?

In the minds of many people living in England, before Australia was Australia, it was the antipodes, the
opposite pole to civilization, an obscure and unimaginable place that was considered the end of the world.
(A) before Australia was Australia, it was the antipodes
(B) before there was Australia, it was the antipodes
(C) it was the antipodes that was Australia
(D) Australia was what was the antipodes
(E) Australia was what had been known as the antipodes
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Re: In the minds of many people living in England, before [#permalink]

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04 Jan 2014, 23:32
nechets wrote:
Honestly, I am not a big buyer that the pronoum "IT" doesn't have a clear reference in answers A, B and C. Sometimes, the placeholder IT can be used to remove the awkward effect in a phrase:

E.g.1: It was him the culprit of _____. ----> It refers to "the culprit"
E.g.2: It was possible that he did ____. ----> It refers to "that____"
E.g.3: It is hard to think of _____. ---> It refers to "to think of___"

Can someone explain me why this is not the case?

1. It was him, the culprit of Stevens murders, who was hanged yesterday
2. It was possible that he did the right work
3. It is hard to think of an alibi.

In none of the above examples 'it' is acting as a pronoun, for the simple reason that 'it' cannot be replaced by a noun/noun phrase.
That's why 'it' is called a placeholder or a dummy pronoun or a syntactic expletive (it just performs a syntactic role and doesn't add to the meaning)

Simple words - If you can replace 'it' with a noun/noun phrase (mostly 'it' refers to neutral gender or things or animals), then 'it' is acting as a pronoun.
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Re: In the minds of many people living in England, before [#permalink]

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17 Feb 2015, 18:49
I don't know if it's just my computer, but the original post isn't showing which part of the sentence needs to be corrected. Can this be fixed to include the underline?
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Re: In the minds of many people living in England, before [#permalink]

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31 Aug 2016, 01:45
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
Re: In the minds of many people living in England, before   [#permalink] 31 Aug 2016, 01:45
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