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In the next four years, the number of doctors, nurses, and

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Re: In the next four years, the number of doctors, nurses, and [#permalink]

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New post 19 Nov 2014, 02:17
droopy57 wrote:
In the next four years, the number of doctors, nurses, and other health care workers will increase significantly worldwide. Even so, the average compensation received by such professional will not decline but rather is likely to increase. This is due, at least partly, to the fact that the median age of the world’s population will increase steadily in this same period of time.

The argument above depends logically upon which of the following assumptions?

(A) The increase in the number of health care workers will be responsible for the increase in the average life span
(B) The compensation of doctors and physical therapists who treat the elderly will increase more than that of other health care workers
(C) As a group, older people receive more attention from health care workers than do younger people.
(D) Geriatrics, a branch of medicine focusing on the health problems of older people, is the most expensive element of American health care.
(E) Increase in the median age of the population will occur in all regions of the world.


C: As a group, older people receive more attention from health care workers than do younger people.
This clearly suggest that , we need more doctors & nurses to handle for those getting older.
So the total need remains there.
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Re: In the next four years, the number of doctors, nurses, and [#permalink]

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New post 02 Feb 2015, 00:02
confused bet C & D
Conclusion : the average compensation received by such professional will not decline but rather is likely to increase
C does nt explain why compensation will increase. Even if elder require greater attention does it mean that it will cost more.

while if we negate D that Geriatrics is not expensive than conclusion fall apart that compensation will increase.

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Re: In the next four years, the number of doctors, nurses, and [#permalink]

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New post 03 Feb 2015, 08:05
The conclusion of the argument is that the average compensation received by doctors, nurses, and other health care workers is likely to increase in the next 4 yrs.
The basis for this claim is that:
1. The median age of the world’s population will increase steadily in the next 4 yrs
2. The number of doctors, nurses, and other health care workers will increase significantly worldwide (Labor Supply)
For the law of demand & supply in labor market, when supply increases, the price also increases, the demand must also increase.
So from 1, it should be indicated that the demand for these professionals must increase.
While 1 deals with only ages, the median age increases -->More older ppl around the world.
==> This must mean that more older ppl = more demand.
A - The increase of life span does not have direct consequences on the demand for health care. It's possible that with longer life span, ppl also get healthier, then their needs do not increase.
B - Irrelevant. The comparison between salaries of 2 groups has nothing to do with the increasing average compensation.
C - Sounds okay. As the elder receive more attention, they need more time & more professionals to take care of them, so when their population increases, their caregivers must increase accordingly --> The demand increases. CORRECT.
D - Out of scope.
E - OUt of scope. It does not deal with geographical spread of population aging.

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Re: In the next four years, the number of doctors, nurses, and [#permalink]

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I know position of Kaplan regarding the right answer. However, I don't agree with it.
Here is my position:

1 premise: In the following years, the number of health care workers will increase significantly.
2 premise: The median age of the world’s population will increase.
Conclusion: The average compensation received by health care workers is likely to increase.

What is assumption?

Kaplan considers as a right answer following: choice (C) older people receive more attention from health care workers than do younger people.

Let's consider a situation: factory hand makes some amount of work and receives salary for it. Once he begins to make more work than previously, it doesn't necessarily mean that he will receive greater amount of salary. Greater amount of work can be related to different factors. For example there become more severe competition on the market and in order to survive management has decided to increase production. Employer can justify such position saying that company buys not the amount of labor but working time of employee. Moreover, if factory hand can cope with new amount of work it means that previously he was underloaded and received his salary unfairly.

Similarly, the assertion made by Kaplan that older people receive more attention does not automatically mean that employees will get greater salary. If it were so, we would take another assumption that greater amount of work lead to greater amount of salary. But we do not have such information neither in argument nor in answer choices.

To sum up, as for me, the answer choice, suggested by Kaplan is wrong.

Let's consider more correct assumption. (B) The compensation of doctors and physical therapists who treat the elderly will increase more than that of other health care workers.

This choice refers to situation in which, no matter why, doctors who treat the elderly get bigger salaries in comparison to their colleagues. This circumstance, in turn, leads to increase in average salary of all health care workers. In my opinion such assumption does make sense. Someone can object to such consideration saying that salary of all doctors can increase as well. But that objection is not relevant, because choice (B) tells us that the rate of salary increase for health care workers who treat elderly people is greater than that for other kinds of medicine stuff. Moreover, argument and answer choices imply that the increase in average salary is related, at least partly, to aging of population.

Guys, what do you think about my opinion?

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Re: In the next four years, the number of doctors, nurses, and [#permalink]

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New post 25 Aug 2015, 23:08
C, Many people have said B, but I think that is out of scope. There is no mention of any other type of health care experts in the passage.

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Re: In the next four years, the number of doctors, nurses, and [#permalink]

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New post 26 Sep 2015, 15:46
C it is!

Denial test - As a group, older people receive LESS attention from health care workers than do younger people.

If that was the truth, the link between rising median age and rising average compensation could not be drawn.

It makes the conclusion less logical, so it is surely an assumption.

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Re: In the next four years, the number of doctors, nurses, and [#permalink]

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New post 08 Oct 2015, 04:14
IMO, B is closer to correct assumption for that question than C, as B at very least talks about compensations and it contains closer link to the question than C.
For C to be correct, we need to make additional assumption that more time spend = higher compensations, which does not seem to be correct.

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Re: In the next four years, the number of doctors, nurses, and [#permalink]

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New post 09 Dec 2015, 08:14
droopy57 wrote:
In the next four years, the number of doctors, nurses, and other health care workers will increase significantly worldwide. Even so, the average compensation received by such professional will not decline but rather is likely to increase. This is due, at least partly, to the fact that the median age of the world’s population will increase steadily in this same period of time.

The argument above depends logically upon which of the following assumptions?

(A) The increase in the number of health care workers will be responsible for the increase in the average life span
(B) The compensation of doctors and physical therapists who treat the elderly will increase more than that of other health care workers
(C) As a group, older people receive more attention from health care workers than do younger people.
(D) Geriatrics, a branch of medicine focusing on the health problems of older people, is the most expensive element of American health care.
(E) Increase in the median age of the population will occur in all regions of the world.


Here , the conclusion is the first sentence and the last sentence is the premise. First find any gaps between conclusion and premise. Is each word of conclusion justified by premise or seems something jump? How the median age increase causes that number to increse seems needing clarification by assumption. So, what was the assumption that author assumes before jumping the conclusion? The author might assume a number of assumptions.Lets see:
(1)The author used 'significantly' in the conclusion since he thinks the median age of world population will increase steadily(you know which will only happen , if ppl live more or old ppl live further)
(2) worldwide in the conclusion can also be assumed .

A, D are obvious wrong. A is wrong since reverse causation. D is off topic.
E is good candidate. C is too.
B is not good candidate to be perfect answer here, since it fails to hit the main conclusion.
C is also a good candidate. But there is a subtle flaw in C. Older ppl receive more attention...is it synonymous to old ppl increase (since increase in median age)?? Old ppl can receive attention not only because they have increased hut also might be because they need more care or for various reasons. So, it seems that for the answer C to be fit here properly, we need another assumption. You know further assumption in the answer choices is invalid
Do, my answer is simply E.

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Re: In the next four years, the number of doctors, nurses, and [#permalink]

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New post 16 Mar 2016, 08:24
droopy57 wrote:
In the next four years, the number of doctors, nurses, and other health care workers will increase significantly worldwide. Even so, the average compensation received by such professional will not decline but rather is likely to increase. This is due, at least partly, to the fact that the median age of the world’s population will increase steadily in this same period of time.

The argument above depends logically upon which of the following assumptions?

(A) The increase in the number of health care workers will be responsible for the increase in the average life span
(B) The compensation of doctors and physical therapists who treat the elderly will increase more than that of other health care workers
(C) As a group, older people receive more attention from health care workers than do younger people.
(D) Geriatrics, a branch of medicine focusing on the health problems of older people, is the most expensive element of American health care.
(E) Increase in the median age of the population will occur in all regions of the world.



Answer : C
I eliminated E because we are talking about "AVERAGES" and it doesn't matter if Population in Country A increase by 1000, B by 500, C decreases by 500 this avg will be same even if A increases by 500, B by 300 and C by 200.

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Re: In the next four years, the number of doctors, nurses, and [#permalink]

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New post 27 Mar 2016, 04:42
TehJay wrote:
The assumption seems to be that the doctors who work with older patients will earn an increasing amount of money, thus raising the average earnings per doctor despite there being more doctors. But (B), (C), and (D) all seem to speak to this fact, and I couldn't really determine between them.

(B) The compensation of doctors and physical therapists who treat the elderly will increase more than that of other health care workers

Seems like exactly what I was looking for, and this is the answer I picked.

(C) As a group, older people receive more attention from health care workers than do younger people.

As the median age goes up, the doctors who work primarily with older people will get more business -> make more money -> increase the average. Seems to fit as well (and apparently is the OA)

(D) Geriatrics, a branch of medicine focusing on the health problems of older people, is the most expensive element of American health care.

More older people means there are more people who need to pay for geriatrics, which is the most expensive element -> the doctors who specialize in geriatrics will earn an increasing wage, improving the average. I think the key to this one is that it specifies AMERICAN health care, while the original argument was WORLDWIDE.

But why is (C) better than (B)? They both seem like perfectly legit answers.


I was confused between C and D and went with D, but your explanation makes sense. Thank you.
I think B is not the right answer as it talks about increase in the pay of health care workers just for the elderly whereas the question is addressing all the healthcare workers. That was my reason for not picking B.

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Re: In the next four years, the number of doctors, nurses, and [#permalink]

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New post 20 Apr 2016, 06:58
sanjay_gmat wrote:
droopy57 wrote:
In the next four years, the number of doctors, nurses, and other healthcare workers will increase significantly worldwide. Even so, the average compensation received by such professional will not decline but rather is likely to increase. This is due, at least partly, to the fact that the median age of the world’s population will increase steadily in this same period of time.

The argument above depends logically upon which of the following assumptions?

a. The increase in the number of health care workers will be responsible for the increase in the average life span
b. The compensation of doctors and physical therapists who treat the elderly will incrase more than that of other health care workers
c. As a group, older people receive more attention from health care workers than do younger people.
d. Geriatrics, a branch of medicine focusing on the health problems of older people, is the most expensive element of American health care.
e. Increase in the median age of the population will occur in all regions of the world.


median age increases because the number of older people increase. The total health cost will increase with this trend only if the cost of healthcare for old people will increase. So, C should be the right answer.

E - doesn't necessarily need to be true. Even if not all regions see this trend, the average salary of doctors can still go up.


U have mentioned that ... total health cost will increase with this trend only if the cost of healthcare for old people will increase.
I want to ask how does C tells that?
If older people receive more attention that does not mean cost of healthcare for old people will increase.
Please explain!!

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In the next four years, the number of doctors, nurses, and [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jun 2016, 22:10
droopy57 wrote:
In the next four years, the number of doctors, nurses, and other health care workers will increase significantly worldwide. Even so, the average compensation received by such professional will not decline but rather is likely to increase. This is due, at least partly, to the fact that the median age of the world’s population will increase steadily in this same period of time.

The argument above depends logically upon which of the following assumptions?

(A) The increase in the number of health care workers will be responsible for the increase in the average life span
(B) The compensation of doctors and physical therapists who treat the elderly will increase more than that of other health care workers
(C) As a group, older people receive more attention from health care workers than do younger people.
(D) Geriatrics, a branch of medicine focusing on the health problems of older people, is the most expensive element of American health care.
(E) Increase in the median age of the population will occur in all regions of the world.



E is a serious trap

The keyword here is average
Even if median age is not increasing worldwide, wherever it is increasing the salary go up, hiking the average. Had the question been about total increase everywhere, E would have been the perfect answer.

So between C and D

If older people receive more attention, increase in median age will obv lead to higher salaries. C is the answer

D is a flat out statement. We don't care if it's the most expensive. Even the least expensive over a million times is still a huge increase.
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Re: In the next four years, the number of doctors, nurses, and [#permalink]

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New post 22 Aug 2016, 20:24
Why should older people receive more attention?
It can be possible that doctors and nurses are putting more time and efforts on younger people and their health.. and may be this is the reason for increase in the median age...

Whats wrong in my thinking?

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Re: In the next four years, the number of doctors, nurses, and [#permalink]

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New post 23 Aug 2016, 02:28
droopy57 wrote:
In the next four years, the number of doctors, nurses, and other health care workers will increase significantly worldwide. Even so, the average compensation received by such professional will not decline but rather is likely to increase. This is due, at least partly, to the fact that the median age of the world’s population will increase steadily in this same period of time.

The argument above depends logically upon which of the following assumptions?

(A) The increase in the number of health care workers will be responsible for the increase in the average life span
(B) The compensation of doctors and physical therapists who treat the elderly will increase more than that of other health care workers
(C) As a group, older people receive more attention from health care workers than do younger people.
(D) Geriatrics, a branch of medicine focusing on the health problems of older people, is the most expensive element of American health care.
(E) Increase in the median age of the population will occur in all regions of the world.



C should be the correct answer.

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Re: In the next four years, the number of doctors, nurses, and [#permalink]

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Is this an official guide question? Because I don't think it seems all that representative. You have to make quite a few assumptions to get to the conclusion. Like why would we assume that they would increase the salary.

Just because there might be higher demand doesn't necessarily mean that there will be a salary increase.

And how are we to really know increase in median age equates to higher salary and more demand for healthcare. It sounds logical, but there are a lot of things that sound logical and they are not the right answer.

Just a crappy question all the way around in my opinion.

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Re: In the next four years, the number of doctors, nurses, and [#permalink]

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New post 05 Sep 2016, 20:55
Healthcare workers are going to increase in number.
The pay also is going to increase.
This is possible only when the supply of patients increases. This is further possible if the patients supplied into the market are those needing more medical attention, eventually paying more. Option C captures this idea.

Why not A?(A) The increase in the number of health care workers will be responsible for the increase in the average life span
The argument has nothing do to with lifespan. Speaking mathematically, the arguments says 4x + 2y = 10. Find X. While, statement 1 suggests Z is a boy.

Why not B?(B) The compensation of doctors and physical therapists who treat the elderly will increase more than that of other health care workers
Agreed that the increase in compensation increases the pay. But, what if there are no patients? What is the multiplying factor is minimal.

Why not D? (D) Geriatrics, a branch of medicine focusing on the health problems of older people, is the most expensive element of American health care.
it may be that the research is costly. Also, may be only medicine is costly. The use of words that narrow the spectrum in healthcare make this option less airtight.

Why not E? (E) Increase in the median age of the population will occur in all regions of the world.
What if the median age increases and nobody falls sick?
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Re: In the next four years, the number of doctors, nurses, and [#permalink]

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New post 19 Feb 2017, 01:48
Answer is C
Avg compensation received by doctor >>>> because of median age of worlds population will increase
Missing Link : More Age = More diseases/visit to doctors >> this will lead to high revenue generation (and profit)

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Re: In the next four years, the number of doctors, nurses, and [#permalink]

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New post 22 Feb 2017, 08:10
Can you please respond to this
and explain the answer ?

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Re: In the next four years, the number of doctors, nurses, and [#permalink]

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New post 22 Feb 2017, 12:47
The argument above depends logically upon which of the following assumptions?

(A) The increase in the number of health care workers will be responsible for the increase in the average life span
The increase in the life span of the health care workers is out of scope.
(B) The compensation of doctors and physical therapists who treat the elderly will increase more than that of other health care workers
this is not the assumption but a premise which is not supported in the argument so out of scope.
(C) As a group, older people receive more attention from health care workers than do younger people.
The reason why the salary of the healthcare workers will increase is because they have to work with more number of elderly who required more medical assistance than do younger people.this choice also passes the negation test.
(D) Geriatrics, a branch of medicine focusing on the health problems of older people, is the most expensive element of American health care.
geriatrics is a small portion of the entire medical and health support group which does not represents all the group so is limited ,
(E) Increase in the median age of the population will occur in all regions of the world.
the point is already mentioned in the argument,an argument is something which is not explicitly mentioned in the argument.

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Re: In the next four years, the number of doctors, nurses, and [#permalink]

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New post 23 Feb 2017, 09:36
sakshamgmat wrote:
Can you please respond to this
and explain the answer ?


Well explained by abhishekdadarwal2009. In case you have further queries, please post again specifically describing your doubt.

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Re: In the next four years, the number of doctors, nurses, and   [#permalink] 23 Feb 2017, 09:36

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