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# In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter

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Manager
Joined: 07 Jan 2010
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Re: Slede by children [#permalink]

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10 Feb 2010, 06:48
well I went for A. Because if few kids still use wood sledge, it'd be better to first figure out how many accidents this year could be attributed to wood sledge before attributing it all to plastic sledge.
It does not "seriously" undermine the evidence the force of the argument, but still....

But maybe C is better ...though I don't quite get it ...
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Re: Slede by children [#permalink]

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10 Feb 2010, 09:00
Indien wrote:
well I went for A. ...

That's my thought too and C looks kind of irrelevant to the context as the discussion is not about application of slede. Answer 'A' looks to be correct answer as it makes the conclusion weaker by adding the fact that kids still use wooden sledes and they are very likely to add up to the no of accidents.
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Re: Slede by children [#permalink]

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14 Feb 2010, 18:32
Hey All,

chix475ntu did a great job trying to explain this one, but there still seems to be some confusion, so I thought I'd weigh in. The one thing I try to avoid when reviewing is writing off too many answer choices as "no effect" or "out of scope". This tends to ignore the subtlety of certain answer choices, and leads one to an attitude of ALL or NOTHING in terms of answer choices. Dangerous.

Conclusion: Plastic sleds are more dangerous than wooden sleds.

Premises: In past 10 years, plastic sleds have become more popular than wooden. More children injured on sleds now than 10 years ago.

Already, you should be able to see the assumption. We jumped to danger, without considering any other factors

Assumption: Some other factor is responsible for the jump in injuries (more people using sled, for example).

(A) A few children still use traditional wooden sleds.
PROBLEM: This doesn't weaken the argument. In fact, this is the argument. The whole idea is that lots of people are using plastic sleds, which are dangerous. A few children doesn't change that.

(B) Very few children wear any kind of protective gear, such as helmets, while sledding.
PROBLEM: This doesn't compare wooden sleds to plastic sleds, so doesn't explain why one might be more dangerous.

(C) Plastic sleds can be used in a much wider variety of snow conditions than wooden sleds can.
ANSWER: Now the plastic sled can get used a lot more often. This would explain why there are so many more injuries, because there's a lot more sledding going on. The argument that plastic sleds are more dangerous is now unlikely.

(D) Most sledding injuries occur when a sled collides with a tree, a rock, or another sled.
PROBLEM: Like B, this doesn't differentiate between wooden and plastic sleds.

(E) Because the traditional wooden sleds can carry more than one rider, an accident involving a wooden sled can result in several children being injured.
PROBLEM: We want to weaken the argument that plastic sleds are dangerous. Making wooden sleds hurt more people doesn't actually affect that. If anything, this strengthens the argument. If multiple people could get wounded on one wooden sled, then why would the #s be EVEN HIGHER for injuries on a plastic sled?

Hope that helps!
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Re: Slede by children [#permalink]

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14 Feb 2010, 20:16
TommyWallach wrote:
(C) Plastic sleds can be used in a much wider variety of snow conditions than wooden sleds can.
ANSWER: Now the plastic sled can get used a lot more often. This would explain why there are so many more injuries, because there's a lot more sledding going on. The argument that plastic sleds are more dangerous is now unlikely.

Hope that helps!

Yes it did, thanks
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Re: Slede by children [#permalink]

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15 Feb 2010, 00:18
Hey Tommy! Great explanation. But the problem is that in exam I'd have picked up A because from first impression it seems correct. How to avoid the trap?
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Re: Slede by children [#permalink]

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15 Feb 2010, 06:41
honeyrai wrote:
Hey Tommy! Great explanation. But the problem is that in exam I'd have picked up A because from first impression it seems correct. How to avoid the trap?

This and several others has taught me to mark the obvious ans (in this case let's say A) but scan rest and look for other probable ones. On the first read several options pop up and if i mark them so that i can evaluate which is THE BEST during the 2nd read. This has saved me in many occassions but i am ending up spending more time (for CR questions it is 1.30 mins?) and that's where the trick lies............

With another 3 weeks to go for my exam, hoping to become time efficient with practice. More suggestions welcome.
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Re: Slede by children [#permalink]

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15 Feb 2010, 12:45
Hey Honeyrai,

Glad that helped. Siddartho makes a great point here. Basically, you have to go through the answer choices with a detective's eye. Remember that there is very seldom a perfect answer to any GMAT verbal question. What there is is the best choice out of five not great choices. This means that even a good-looking answer can turn out to be not as good as the one next to it. Don't decide which one you think is the answer while reading through them, just keep track of which ones work and which ones don't. When you're down to a couple, really think through the argument using both of them.

There's not much else you can do than this. The best advice I can give is not to get tied to one answer choice while reading through all five, much as Siddartho described.

Also, doing a little bit of predictive work can help. In this argument, notice how my assumption pointed to some other reason why plastic sleds might lead to more injuries (other than their being more unsafe). Answer choice A doesn't address this at all. Prediction is dangerous in itself, but it can really help you sort the wheat from the chaff.

Hope that helps!
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Re: Slede by children [#permalink]

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16 Feb 2010, 02:56
(C) Plastic sleds can be used in a much wider variety of snow conditions than wooden sleds can.

if plastic sleds can be used in more places then no. of injuries bound to increases

so ans is C
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Re: In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter [#permalink]

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30 Mar 2012, 00:24
How is C correct when the conclusion clearly states "The concern that plastic sleds are more dangerous is clearly borne out by the fact that the number of children injured while sledding was much higher last winter than it was 10 years ago."

Choosing C implies injurie while not sledding. How is C weakening to this?

I personally like E but the OA is C!!

Bad question in my opinion.
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Re: In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter [#permalink]

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02 Oct 2012, 13:11
I have problem with understanding the question stem....after reading the question it's clearly a weaken question but then the question is asking you to undermine the force of the evidence(= number of injuries have went up). The question does not ask you to weaken any claim but attack the force of the evidence...What is that supposed to mean?
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Re: In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter [#permalink]

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25 Mar 2013, 11:12
I've never seen on GMAT club so many wrong answers the answer is C according to OG. Quite a weird question though
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Re: In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter [#permalink]

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16 Sep 2013, 07:24
Very Tricky question.....Level should be 650- 700.

Came down to B and D....Did not realize that it will gonna be the same for both plastic and wooden sleds...On the other hand Since plastic is used on all kind of snows there for the frequency is usage is higher and that must have resulted in increased no. of accidents.
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Re: In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter [#permalink]

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16 Oct 2014, 20:19
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Re: In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter [#permalink]

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18 Oct 2014, 05:15
thought undermines is going to weaken the accidents caused by plastic !!! but isnt it the role "undermines" plays??
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Re: In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter [#permalink]

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30 Oct 2014, 06:22
the conclusion is "plastic sledders are dangerous proven by the fact that there are more no of accidents "

we need to weaken the fact that it is not plastic sledders but something else that led to no of injuries last winter.

Only C helps to justify that different snow conditions led to increase in injuries.
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Re: In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter [#permalink]

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22 Dec 2015, 11:18
C and e are the only relevant options.

E does not make sense. Therefore option E by POE

kimmyg wrote:
In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter snow in Verland used wooden sleds with runners and steering bars. Ten years ago, smooth plastic sleds became popular; they go faster than wooden sleds but are harder to steer and slow. The concern that plastic sleds are more dangerous is clearly borne out by the fact that the number of children injured while sledding was much higher last winter than it was 10 years ago.

Which of the following, if true in Verland, most seriously undermines the force of the evidence cited?

(A) A few children still use traditional wooden sleds.
(B) Very few children wear any kind of protective gear, such as helmets, while sledding.
(C) Plastic sleds can be used in a much wider variety of snow conditions than wooden sleds can.
(D) Most sledding injuries occur when a sled collides with a tree, a rock, or another sled.
(E) Because the traditional wooden sleds can carry more than one rider, an accident involving a wooden sled can result in several children being injured.

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Re: In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter [#permalink]

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29 Dec 2015, 07:49
My answer is C because it is an answer which compares two types of sledges and says that plastic sledges can be used in a variety of ways. Hence they are more frequently used.Therefore the number of accidents caused might not be because of the plastic sledge but the more frequent usage of plastic sledges.
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Re: In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter [#permalink]

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16 Mar 2016, 16:45
Premise: Wooden Sleds caused more accidents than Plastic Sleds
Conclusion: Plastic Sleds are no more dangerous than Wooden Sleds
Weakness Gap: Show how plastic sleds are more dangerous than Wooden sleds.

Answer C is the closest one to show some weakness. It can be used in heavy snow, medium snow, no snow, snow storm; basically more variety of snow conditions so obviously its more dangerous.

Another good weakness/gap would have been that the population of the town increased by 90% and that's why Number of accidents were much higher last year compared to 10 years ago.

C, all the way!
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Re: In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter [#permalink]

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15 Apr 2016, 13:43
C.Plastic sleds can be used in a much wider variety of snow conditions than wooden sleds can.

More kids attempt to go sledding with plastic sleds nowadays leads to a greater number of injuries. The greater number of Injuries is a result of more kids sledding in the winter than before when it was not possible due to wooden sleds.

As a result, plastic sleds themselves might not be more dangerous mechanically than wooden ones, but they did contribute to a greater amount of injuries by allowing more kids to go sledding. For all you know, the % of injury plastic sled could be less than % of injury from wooden sled. But plastic sled allowed 1 million kids to go sledding while wooden sled 10 years ago only allowed 100,000 kids go sledding.
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Re: In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter [#permalink]

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21 Apr 2016, 08:22
In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter snow in Verland used wooden sleds with runners and steering bars. Ten years ago, smooth plastic sleds became popular; they go faster than wooden sleds but are harder to steer and slow. The concern that plastic sleds are more dangerous is clearly borne out by the fact that the number of children injured while sledding was much higher last winter than it was 10 years ago.

Which of the following, if true in Verland, most seriously undermines the force of the evidence cited?

(A) A few children still use traditional wooden sleds.
Just bc a few kids still use wooden sleds does not weaken the argument, we want to attack the idea that plastic sleds are more dangerous
(B) Very few children wear any kind of protective gear, such as helmets, while sledding.
This could work, Keep for now. But, the thing is, wouldn't wooden sled kids and plastic sled kids generally both not use protective gear? Probably not right.
(C) Plastic sleds can be used in a much wider variety of snow conditions than wooden sleds can.
Ok, so this could work in that maybe wooden sleds are only good for perfect snow, while plastic ones can be used in all types (good and bad) which may lead to higher injury rates, but not due to the plastic sleds but rather due to using sleds in unsafe conditions
(D) Most sledding injuries occur when a sled collides with a tree, a rock, or another sled.
This doesn't really mean anything and nothing can be differentiated between wooden and plastic sleds.
(E) Because the traditional wooden sleds can carry more than one rider, an accident involving a wooden sled can result in several children being injured.
Ok, so this does undermine the argument in that wooden sleds can hurt multiple people, but we want to attack why plastic sleds are more dangerous. In this case, C works better
Re: In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter   [#permalink] 21 Apr 2016, 08:22

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# In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter

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