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# In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter

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In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter [#permalink]

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21 Sep 2008, 14:26
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In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter snow in Verland used wooden sleds with runners and steering bars. Ten years ago, smooth plastic sleds became popular; they go faster than wooden sleds but are harder to steer and slow. The concern that plastic sleds are more dangerous is clearly borne out by the fact that the number of children injured while sledding was much higher last winter than it was ten years ago.

Which of the following, if true in Verland, most seriously undermines the force of the evidence cited?
A. A few children still use traditional wooden sleds.
B. Very few children wear any kind of protective gear, such as helmets, while sledding.
C. Plastic sleds can be used in a much wider variety of snow conditions than wooden sleds can.
D. Most sledding injuries occur when a sled collides with a tree, a rock, or another sled.
E. Because the traditional wooden sled can carry more than one rider, an accident involving a wooden sled can result in several children being injured.

OA B????
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter [#permalink]

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01 Oct 2012, 09:18
arorag wrote:
In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter snow in Verland used wooden sleds with runners and steering bars. Ten years ago, smooth plastic sleds became popular; they go faster than wooden sleds but are harder to steer and slow. The concern that plastic sleds are more dangerous is clearly borne out by the fact that the number of children injured while sledding was much higher last winter than it was ten years ago.

Which of the following, if true in Verland, most seriously undermines the force of the evidence cited?
A. A few children still use traditional wooden sleds.
B. Very few children wear any kind of protective gear, such as helmets, while sledding.
C. Plastic sleds can be used in a much wider variety of snow conditions than wooden sleds can.
D. Most sledding injuries occur when a sled collides with a tree, a rock, or another sled.
E. Because the traditional wooden sled can carry more than one rider, an accident involving a wooden sled can result in several children being injured.

OA B????

Are you sure the OA is
[Reveal] Spoiler:
B
? I highly doubt the OA.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
C
.

Anyone else any thoughts on this one ?

Thanks,
Ankit
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Re: In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter [#permalink]

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01 Oct 2012, 14:03
arorag wrote:
In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter snow in Verland used wooden sleds with runners and steering bars. Ten years ago, smooth plastic sleds became popular; they go faster than wooden sleds but are harder to steer and slow. The concern that plastic sleds are more dangerous is clearly borne out by the fact that the number of children injured while sledding was much higher last winter than it was ten years ago.

Which of the following, if true in Verland, most seriously undermines the force of the evidence cited?
A. A few children still use traditional wooden sleds.
B. Very few children wear any kind of protective gear, such as helmets, while sledding.
C. Plastic sleds can be used in a much wider variety of snow conditions than wooden sleds can.
D. Most sledding injuries occur when a sled collides with a tree, a rock, or another sled.
E. Because the traditional wooden sled can carry more than one rider, an accident involving a wooden sled can result in several children being injured.

OA B????

A. A few children still use traditional wooden sleds. This doesnt compare the plastic with wooden sleds
B. Very few children wear any kind of protective gear, such as helmets, while sledding. Irrelevant. This statement doesnt contradict/weaken why plastic sleds are dangerous
C. Plastic sleds can be used in a much wider variety of snow conditions than wooden sleds can. This explains correctly that plastic sleds are not only used in certain snow conds, but used in much wider variety. Thus, this statement weakens the conclusion when comparing wooden and plastic sleds
D. Most sledding injuries occur when a sled collides with a tree, a rock, or another sled. Irrelevant
E. Because the traditional wooden sled can carry more than one rider, an accident involving a wooden sled can result in several children being injured. Irrelevant

OA is C IMO.
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Re: In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter [#permalink]

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04 Oct 2012, 07:23
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The argument concludes that The concern that plastic sleds are more dangerous is clearly borne out by the fact that the number of children injured while sledding was much higher last winter than it was ten years ago.

If we read the question stem closely, it asks which option undermines the force of evidence, that is which option attacks the reason provided in the argument for increase in injuries while using plastic sled. option C clearly provides an alternative reason.

OA to this question is C only I have checked in other threads as well.
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Re: In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter [#permalink]

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11 Oct 2012, 21:16
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It's a question in Official Guide and the answer is C
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Re: In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter [#permalink]

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12 Jun 2014, 10:59
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter [#permalink]

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08 Aug 2014, 01:58
Freaks this was seriously an amazing weaken question!!!

I think the key here is the question i.e. 'Which of the following, if true in Verland, most seriously undermines the force of the evidence cited?'

The normal question is that 'Which of the following, if true in Verland, most seriously undermines the conclusion' but here we need to undermine the evidence and hence, weakening the conclusion.

I was stuck between options C & E.

C wins from the perspective of the question cited.

Certainly OA is C.

B is out of scope.
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Re: In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter [#permalink]

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17 Mar 2015, 18:51
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Explanation for choice C

Conclusion: the number of children injured while sledding was much higher than it was ten years ago => plastic sleds more dangerous.

Assumption: the number of children who involve in accidences is representative for each sleds. In other words, the number of time that children use plastic sleds is comparable to that of children using wooden sleds

Weaken: the assumption. hence choice C is correct
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Re: In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter [#permalink]

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05 Jun 2016, 20:23
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter [#permalink]

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11 Jun 2016, 00:13
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EXPLAINATION:-
In weaken questions one must try to attack the conclusion of the argument. Because there is a logical error in the conclusion and by revealing the error, you can show that the conclusion is weak. A weak conclusion makes the entire argument invalid (if the argument is deductive) or uncogent (if the argument is inductive). Also remember in Weaken question, we can use New Information.

Lets try to do this here
The argument tells us that Plastic sleds have these qualities:- faster, bad handling (hard to steer), weak brakes (harder to slow).
"Plastic sleds became popular; they go faster than wooden sleds but are harder to steer and slow" ===> mentioned in passage
Now if something skids fast, cannot be stopped and cannot be handled, it will crash more frequently and more injuries will occur.

The argument also tells us that Plastic Sleds have been used for 10 years but the rate of accident was higher only last year.
Ten years ago, smooth plastic sleds became popular ===> mentioned in passage
The number of children injured while sledding was much higher last winter than it was ten years ago. ===> mentioned in passage
Suddenly during last year the accident number has gone up? Why ? LET US INVESTIGATE.

A. A few children still use traditional wooden sleds.
This should actually cause less accident, since wooden sleds are safer. DISCARD OPTION A

B. Very few children wear any kind of protective gear, such as helmets, while sledding.
Well, children must not be wearing protection for 10 years. Why accidents have gone up last year only. doesn't answer this question. DISCARD OPTION B

C. Plastic sleds can be used in a much wider variety of snow conditions than wooden sleds can.
At first glance looks out of scope or irrelevant...BUT KEEP IT FOR LATER ANALYSIS

D. Most sledding injuries occur when a sled collides with a tree, a rock, or another sled.
So suddenly last year many trees, many rocks and many sleds appear? No indication about that DISCARD OPTION D

E. Because the traditional wooden sled can carry more than one rider, an accident involving a wooden sled can result in several children being injured.
This is reverse answer. More Wooden Sled = More injuries. So accidents should have been more 10 years ago when wooden sleds were used, not now. DISCARD OPTION E

What remains with us now is only option C which looked out of scope, or irrelevant
Now no matter, whether we like it or not it has to be the answer.

Lets Analyse it again
C. Plastic sleds can be used in a much wider variety of snow conditions than wooden sleds can.

Wooden sled can only be used in good weather when snow is soft and fresh, when there is no storm, when there is no fog, when visibility is good etc etc. Also given they are safer.

Plastic sled can be used in much wider condition such as when there is snow storm, still snowing, when the snow is hard and can cause injury on impact etc etc.

So may be last year something happened that has not happened in a long time after the introduction of plastic sleds. Finally after 10 years, last year snow conditions were bad. Now if people used wooden sleds , they could not sled because their wooden sleds don't have the capability. So NO sleds = NO accidents.
But Plastic sleds can still sleds in such extreme conditions. So people being stupid, ignored the bad condition and went out and coupled with the fact that plastic sleds are injury prone, People got injured and injured again and injured again. Stupid People

AND WHY DOES THIS HAPPENED:- THE BLAME LIES ON PLASTIC SLEDS BECAUSE THEY CAN WORK IN A VARIETY OF WEATHER CONDITIONS (INCLUDING BAD CONDITIONS)

Thats what exactly option C says

In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter snow in Verland used wooden sleds with runners and steering bars. Ten years ago, smooth plastic sleds became popular; they go faster than wooden sleds but are harder to steer and slow. The concern that plastic sleds are more dangerous is clearly borne out by the fact that the number of children injured while sledding was much higher last winter than it was ten years ago.

Which of the following, if true in Verland, most seriously undermines the force of the evidence cited?
A. A few children still use traditional wooden sleds.
B. Very few children wear any kind of protective gear, such as helmets, while sledding.
C. Plastic sleds can be used in a much wider variety of snow conditions than wooden sleds can.
D. Most sledding injuries occur when a sled collides with a tree, a rock, or another sled.
E. Because the traditional wooden sled can carry more than one rider, an accident involving a wooden sled can result in several children being injured.
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Last edited by LogicGuru1 on 13 Jun 2016, 11:08, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter [#permalink]

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13 Jun 2016, 02:36
The argument concludes that The concern that plastic sleds are more dangerous is clearly borne out by the fact that the number of children injured while sledding was much higher last winter than it was ten years ago.

If we read the question stem closely, it asks which option undermines the force of evidence, that is which option attacks the reason provided in the argument for increase in injuries while using plastic sled. option C clearly provides an alternative reason.

OA to this question is C only I have checked in other threads as well.

yes, "while sleding" are KEY WORDS for which to choose C.

great explanation
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Re: In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter [#permalink]

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05 Jan 2017, 20:00
The OA is correct and explanations provided in the thread appear sufficient. If there are any specific questions, please click again on the "Request Expert Reply" button and post your queries – closing this request.
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Re: In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter [#permalink]

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20 Jan 2017, 17:19
C. Plastic sleds can be used in a much wider variety of snow conditions than wooden sleds can.
The above option provides the reason how the plastic sledges are different to those made of wood gives an alternate reason for the findings
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In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter [#permalink]

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25 Feb 2017, 08:56
Its a tough call between C & E.

I guess the catch lies in the line"most children who went sledding in the winter snow in Verland used wooden sleds with runners and steering bars", meaning despite majority using wooden sleds the increase in number of accidents was attributed to plastic sleds. Despite being the minority if plastic sleds contribute more to the number of accident victims then to weaken the argument we need something positive to undermine the "dangerous" argument.

That's what I think.
In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter   [#permalink] 25 Feb 2017, 08:56
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